ABSTRACT: To assess the benefit of the UDCA-budesonide combination in association with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) at high risk of developing cirrhosis or liver failure.
Inclusion criteria for this three-year open study were: 1) suboptimal biochemical response to one-year UDCA therapy at 13-15 mg/kg/d; 2) significant interface hepatitis without cirrhosis at liver biopsy. Treatment regimen included UDCA (13-15 mg/kg/d), budesonide (6 mg/d) and MMF (1.5 g/d). All patients underwent a control biopsy at three years.
Fifteen patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Six patients (41%) normalized biochemistries and seven (47%) had a partial but significant biochemical response, as defined by a serum bilirubin less than 17 micromol/L, alanine aminotransferase less than 70 UI/L and alkaline phosphatase less than 250 UI/L. Histological activity and fibrosis were markedly improved. Side effects were minimal or absent.
Triple therapy with UDCA, budesonide and MMF may provide benefit in non-cirrhotic PBC patients with features of severe disease not responding to UDCA.
Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 04/2010; 34(4-5):283-7. · 0.80 Impact Factor