G Li

The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States

Are you G Li?

Claim your profile

Publications (7)22.06 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Modifications of 4,4' residues of Biphalin have resulted in greater binding selectivity and biological potency for the mu opioid receptor. A higher partition coefficient across the phospholipid bilayer membrane has been achieved by using a beta-branched unusual amino acids.
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 04/1998; 8(5):555-60. · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peptide and protein biological activities depend on their three dimensionals structures in the free state and when interacting with their receptors/acceptors. The backbone conformations such as alpha-helix, beta-sheet, beta-turn, and so forth provide critical templates for the three-dimensional structure, but the overall shape and intrinsic stereoelectronic properties of the peptide or protein important for molecular recognition, signal transduction, enzymatic specificity, immunomodulation, and other biological effects depend on arrangement of the side chain groups in three-dimensional chi space (their chi 1, chi 2, etc. torsional angles). In this paper we explore approaches to the de novo design of polypeptides and peptidomimetics with biased or specific conformational/topographical properties in chi space. We consider computational and experimental methods that can be used to examine the effects of specific structural modifications in constraining side chain groups of amino acid residues and their similarities in chi space to the natural amino acids to evaluate what sort of mimetics are likely to mimic normal amino acids. We then examine some of the asymmetric synthetic methods that are being developed to obtain the amino acid mimetics. Finally, we consider selected examples in the literature where these specialized amino acids have been incorporated in biologically active peptides and the specific insights they have provided regarding the topographical requirements for bioactive peptide potency, selectivity, and other biochemical and pharmacological properties. Constraints in chi space show great promise as useful tools in peptide, protein, and peptidomimetic de novo design of structures and pharmacophores with specific stereostructural, biochemical and biological properties.
    Biopolymers 02/1997; 43(3):219-66. · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tyrosine1 and phenylalanine4 in dynorphin A (Dyn A) have been reported to be important residues for opioid agonist activity and for potency at kappa receptors. The glycine residues in the 2 and 3 positions of dynorphin A may affect the relative orientation of the aromatic rings in positions 1 and 4, but their flexibility precludes careful analysis. To examine these effects on dynorphin A, we previously have synthesized the linear analogues [D-Ala3]Dyn A(1-11)-NH2 (2) and [Ala3]Dyn A(1-11)-NH2 (3) and reported their biological activities. Analogues 2 and 3 displayed affinities for the central kappa opioid receptor (IC50 = 0.76 and 1.1 nM, respectively) similar to that of Dyn A(1-11)-NH2 (1) (IC50 = 0.58 nM) and greatly enhanced selectivities for kappa vs mu and kappa vs delta receptors (IC50 ratios of 350 and 1300 for 2, and 190 and 660 for 3, respectively). These results suggest that the structure and lipophilicity of the amino acid present in position 3 of Dyn A(1-11)-NH2 as well as the conformational changes they induce in the message sequence of dynorphin have important effects on potency and selectivity for kappa opioid receptors. To further investigate structure-activity relationships involving the residue at the 3 position of Dyn A(1-11)-NH2, a series of Dyn A analogues with aromatic, charged, and aliphatic side chain substitutions at the 3 position was designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their affinities for kappa, mu, and delta opioid receptors. It was found that analogues with lipophilic amino acids at the 3 position of Dyn A(1-11)-NH2 generally displayed higher affinity but similar selectivities for the kappa receptor than analogues with charged residues at the same position. It is suggested that the structural, configurational, and steric/lipophilic effects of amino acids at position 3 of Dyn A(1-11)-NH2 may play an important role in potency and selectivity for the kappa receptor.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 07/1996; 39(13):2456-60. · 5.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of position 10 in the beta-turn region of glucagon was investigated by substituting chiral constrained amino acids and other modifications in the N-terminal region. A series of glucagon analogues have been designed and synthesized by incorporating beta-methylphenylalanine isomers (2S,3S, 2S,3R, 2R,3R, and 2R,3S) at position 10 in order to explore the structural and topographical requirements of the glucagon receptor, and, in addition, utilizing previous studies which indicated that antagonism could be enhanced by modifications (des-His1, Glu9) and a bulky group at position 5. The structures of the new analogues are as follows: [des-His1,-Tyr5,Glu9]glucagon-NH2 (II), [des-His1,Tyr5,Glu9,Phe10]glucagon-NH2 (III), [des-His1,Tyr5,Glu9,-Ala10]glucagon-NH2 (IV), [des-His1,Tyr5,Glu9,(2S,3R)-beta-MePhe10]glucagon-NH2 (V), [des-His1,-Tyr5,Glu9,(2S,3S)-beta-MePhe10]glucagon-NH2 (VI), [des-His1,Tyr5,Glu9,D-Tyr10]glucagon-NH2 (VII), [des-His1,Tyr5,Glu9,D-Phe10]glucagon-NH2 (VIII), [des-His1,Tyr5,Glu9,D-Ala10]glucagon-NH2 (IX), [des-His1,Tyr5,Glu9,(2R,3R)-beta-MePhe10]glucagon-NH2 (X), and [des-His1,Tyr5,Glu9,(2R,3S)-beta-MePhe10]glucagon-NH2 (XI). These analogues led to dramatically different changes in in vitro binding affinities for glucagon receptors. Their receptor binding potencies IC50 values (nM) are 2.3 (II), 4.1 (III), 395.0 (IV), 10.0 (V), 170.0 (VI), 74.0 (VII), 34.5 (VIII), 510.0 (IX), 120.0 (X), and 180.0 (XI). Analogues II, III, V, VI, and XI were found to be weak partial agonists/partial antagonists with maximum stimulation between 5%-9%, while the other compounds (IV and VII-X) were antagonists unable to activate the adenylate cyclase system even at concentrations as high as 10(-5) M. In competition experiments, all of the analogues caused a right shift of the glucagon-stimulated adenylate cyclase dose-response curve. The pA2 values were 6.60 (II), 6.85 (III), 6.20 (IV), 6.20 (V), 6.10 (VI), 6.50 (VII), 6.20 (VIII), 5.85 (IX), 6.20 (X), and 6.00 (XI). Putative topographical requirements of the glucagon receptor for the aromatic side chain conformation in position 10 of glucagon antagonists are discussed.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 07/1996; 39(13):2449-55. · 5.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 06/1995; 26(24).
  • Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 03/1995; 38(4):585-6. · 5.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 03/1994; 25(10).