Francisco Cardoso

Federal University of Minas Gerais, Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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Publications (115)295.04 Total impact

  • Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive, Paulo Caramelli, Francisco Eduardo Costa Cardoso
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    ABSTRACT: The authors present a historical review of the neurological diseases related to the famous moviemaker Federico Fellini. There is an account of diseases depicted on his movies as well as his ischemic stroke and consequent neurological deficit - left spatial neglect.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria. 09/2014; 72(9):735-737.
  • Thiago Cardoso Vale, Paulo Caramelli, Francisco Cardoso
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the clinical and radiological features of vascular parkinsonism (VP) and Parkinson's disease (PD).
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Phacomatosis pigmentokeratotica is characterized by the coexistence of nevus sebaceus, papular nevus spilus and associated neurologic abnormalities. We report a case of phacomatosis pigmentokeratotica in a 28-year-old male who presented with palmar-plantar dysesthesia and ipsilateral brain hemiatrophy. As a characteristic neuroimaging finding of the disorder, we found multiple hypointense lesions involving the ipsilateral hemisphere.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 06/2014; 8(2):58-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Marcel Proust was one of the greatest French writers of all times. Since early in his life, Proust was interested in arts and particularly literature. He also demonstrated a great knowledge of medicine, particularly neurology. His father was a doctor, and contributed to neurology through studies on aphasia, stroke, hysteria, and neurasthenia. During his childhood, Proust had the first asthma attack, initially considered a manifestation of neurasthenia. Regarding his illness, Proust was in touch with several renowned neurologists, such as Brissaud, Babinski and Sollier, and other disciples of Charcot. Proust spent the last three years of his life mostly confined to his bedroom since his health had badly deteriorated. In one moment, Babinski was called, examined Proust and after leaving his bedroom, announced to his brother that Proust was practically dead. Few hours later, Proust developed vomica and died.
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 06/2014; 72(6):469-470. · 0.83 Impact Factor
  • Hélio A G Teive, Renato P Munhoz, Francisco Cardoso
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    ABSTRACT: Marcel Proust is one of the most important French writers of the 20th century. His relationship with medicine and with neurology is possibly linked to the fact that his asthma was considered to be a psychosomatic disease classified as neurasthenia. Stendhal's syndrome is a rare psychiatric syndrome characterized by anxiety and affective and thought disturbances when a person is exposed to a work of art. Here, the authors describe neurological aspects of Proust's work, particularly the occurrence of Stendhal's syndrome and syncope when he as well as one of the characters of In Search of Lost Time see Vermeer's View of Delft during a visit to a museum. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    European Neurology 03/2014; 71(5-6):296-298. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    Neurological Sciences 02/2014; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sydenham's chorea, a major manifestation of rheumatic fever, is characterized by chorea, behavioral changes, and cognitive dysfunction. Perfusion changes in the basal ganglia are the most frequent imaging findings observed in patients with Sydenham's chorea. Twelve adult women with Sydenham's chorea in remission underwent brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Their scans underwent a quantification process to evaluate the perfusion of Brodmann's areas of the frontal lobes and basal ganglia. The results were compared with the findings from a control group that was matched by age. A pattern of hyperperfusion in the left putamen was observed in the patient group (P = 0.02). No significant difference was observed in relation to other brain regions. The findings of brain SPECT suggest that perfusion abnormalities of the basal ganglia may persist even after the remission of abnormal movements in patients with Sydenham's chorea. © 2013 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
    Movement Disorders 02/2014; 29(2):256-8. · 5.63 Impact Factor
  • Francisco Cardoso
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to review movement disorders in children. They are common but have etiology and phenomenology different than in adults. Tics are the most common phenomena although in most instances they are mild and have a favorable long-term prognosis. Dystonia is the second most common phenomena but when present it is usually genetic or idiopathic and causes meaningful disability. Sydenham's chorea is the most common cause of chorea in children worldwide. Systemic lupus erythematosus is a much rarer cause of chorea but it is always to be ruled out given the lack of a specific diagnostic marker for Sydenham's chorea. Tremor, usually caused by drugs or essential tremor, is regarded as rather uncommon in children. Arguably, most pediatric patients with tremor do not seek medical attention because of the lack of disability. Stereotypies are relatively uncommon but their recognition is clinically relevant since they are usually associated with severe conditions such as autism and Rett syndrome. Parkinsonism is quite rare in children and either results from encephalitis or is a side effect of medications. Wilson's disease must be ruled out in all children with movement disorders.
    Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 01/2014; 20S1:S13-S16. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 38-year-old woman with AIDS who developed opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia syndrome during a period different from other cases reported in literature. Opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia syndrome had already been reported as the initial neurological presentation of AIDS, as well as at the time of HIV-seroconversion and immune reconstitution syndrome. Our case is unique since the patient had an elevated CD4 count and negative viral load in the period when the opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia syndrome occurred.
    Einstein (Sao Paulo, Brazil). 12/2013; 11(4):533-534.
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    ABSTRACT: Sydenham's chorea (SC) has been associated with increased frequency of psychiatric disorders. The objective of the present study was to determine whether there is any difference in the frequency of psychiatric disorders between SC patients in remission and patients with persistent chorea. Fifty consecutive patients with SC (mean age ± SD, years; 21.5 ± 6.7; M/F; 10/40) were subjected to a comprehensive and structured psychiatric evaluation. The most frequent psychiatric disorders observed in SC patients were: major depression (14%); generalized anxiety disorder (16%), social phobia (24%) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (24%). The frequency of psychiatric disorders did not differ between SC patients in remission in comparison with patients with persistent chorea, except for depressive disorders which were more frequent in the later CONCLUSIONS: Psychiatric disorders are common among young adults with SC regardless of the status of motor symptoms.
    Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 11/2013; · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Research is scarce regarding the use of prosodic parameters in the expression of attitudes in Parkinson's disease (PD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the parameters used in prosodic expression of attitudes in individuals with idiopathic PD and the effect of levodopa on these parameters. Method We studied the use of levodopa in 10 individuals with idiopathic PD during the "off" and "on" periods, and 10 individuals without neurological abnormalities. Results PD patients showed lower frequency measurements and longer duration measurements. The levodopa caused reduction in the duration parameter. Conclusion PD patients use prosody to express their attitudes in the same way as controls in both off and on periods. However, when attitudes are not taken into account, levodopa is effective in improving the duration parameter.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 11/2013; 71(11):835-40. · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    Thiago Cardoso Vale, Paulo Caramelli, Francisco Cardoso
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To report the clinical and neuroimaging findings in a case series of vascular parkinsonism (VP). Methods Seventeen patients with VP were evaluated with motor, cognitive, and neuroimaging standardized tests and scales. Results All patients had arterial hypertension. Ten patients were male and the mean age of the whole sample was 75.8±10.1 years. The mean age of parkinsonism onset was 72.2±10.0 years. Common clinical features were urinary incontinence (88.2%), lower limb parkinsonism with freezing of gait and falls (82.3%), and pyramidal signs (76.4%). The mean Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and Hoehn-Yahr scores were 72.5±21.6 points and 3.3±0.9 points, respectively. Sixteen (94.1%) patients had freezing of gait and executive dysfunction. Twelve (70.5%) patients had probable vascular dementia. The mean dose of levodopa was 530.9 mg/day. Unresponsiveness to the drug was confirmed by a 6.9 mean point reduction in the UPDRS score after the "practically defined off" test. Conclusion This series provides a profile of VP with predominant lower-limb involvement, freezing of gait and falls, pyramidal signs, executive dysfunction, concomitant vascular dementia, and poor levodopa response.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 10/2013; 71(10):757-62. · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    Thiago Cardoso Vale, Andrew Lees, Francisco Cardoso
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    ABSTRACT: William Richard Gowers was born in 1845 in the London Borough of Hackney, at a time when a number of infec-tious epidemic diseases were sweeping across Western Europe and causing many fatalities. The fourth child of a Hackney lady shoemaker, by the age of 11 years, Gowers witnessed the death of both his younger siblings and fa-ther. His widowed mother then moved out of London to be closer to relatives in Oxford and Gowers "gained an ade-quate acquaintance of French, German, Latin, a mastery of incisive English of peculiar beauty and clarity, and a most elegant penmanship" 1 . Three years later, at the age of 16, William started to spend his summer holidays working on a farm in Yorkshire and there was a real possibility that he may have ended up as a farmer. He was eventually persuaded by his family that lived in Coggeshall in Essex to accept a two-year medical apprenticeship with one of the village doctors, Thomas Simpson 1,2 . In January 1863, Gowers' family moved to London and he passed the entrance examina-tion for University College London, in which he studied German, Greek, Latin, chemistry, botany, zoology, mathematics, geom-etry, English, and natural philosophy 1,2 . In 1865, the man em-barked on his undergraduate career and had the good fortune
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 07/2013; 71(6):411-413. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    Thiago Cardoso Vale, Andrew Lees, Francisco Cardoso
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    ABSTRACT: William Richard Gowers (1845-1915) spent his career working at the National Hospital for the Relief and Cure for the Paralyzed and Epileptic at Queen Square, in London, United Kingdom, and at the nearby University College Hospital. His "Manual of the Diseases of the Nervous System" and many published lectures were based almost entirely on his own clinical observations meticulously recorded in shorthand. In this paper, we have focused on an analysis of his inpatient case records from 1878 to 1911 preserved in the archives at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square. We reviewed all 42 volumes and analyzed 2,478 patients. Between 1897 and 1909, a mean of 129.7 cases per year were admitted to the hospital under Gowers' care. We grouped the diagnoses in 12 different categories. Epilepsy (16.5%), followed by spinal cord diseases (10.3%), cerebrovascular diseases (9.5%), and functional disorders (7.9%) were the most common diagnoses.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 06/2013; 71(6). · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease with a multitude of symptoms, which requires access to specialized multidisciplinary care for adequate management. The aim of this study was to survey the characteristics of care in various HD centers in South America (SA). Methods A questionnaire was sent to 24 centers involved in the care for HD patients in SA. Results Of the total 24 centers, 19 (79.2%) are academic units. The majority of centers (62.5%) are general movement disorders clinics. Multidisciplinary care is available in 19 (79.2%) centers and in 20 (83.3%) care is provided free of charge. Genetic testing and counseling are available in 25 and 66.6% of centers, respectively. The majority of centers (83.3%) have no institutional support for end-stage care. Conclusions Although HD centers in SA are committed to providing multidisciplinary care, access to genetic counseling and end-stage care are lacking in most centers.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 06/2013; 71(6). · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 05/2013; · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 59-year-old woman presented with a 10-day history of involuntary movements of the right body. She initially complained of continuous, irregularly timed, and unpredictable movements of her right hand that ultimately spread to her entire right upper limb, sometimes having an abrupt violent character (video, segment 1, on the Neurology(®) Web site at www.neurology.org). She had poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.(1) Her neurologic examination revealed slight right facial weakness and right hemichorea-hemiballismus. Blood glucose was at 31 mmol/L with no ketone bodies in the urine. Brain imaging revealed spontaneous high signal of the left caudate nucleus and putamen (figure). She received insulin and neuroleptics (risperidone) with rapid improvement (video, segment 2).
    Neurology 04/2013; 80(16):e178. · 8.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: to evaluate the impact of voice disorders on quality of life of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and with adductor spasmodic dysphonia. METHOD: the study consisted of 56 females, 28 in the control group; 14, the adductor spasmodic dysphonia group in the period prior to treatment with botulinum toxin; and 14, the group of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The participants filled in the Voice-Related Quality of life (V-RQOL) questionnaire validated for Brazilian Portuguese. To check the difference between averages of the groups it was used the method of analysis of variance by Kruskal-Wallis and Tamhane test for multiple comparisons, with significance <0.05. RESULTS: the average age of the groups were 66.18 for the control group, 67.21 for the Parkinson's disease group and 59.7 for the adductor spasmodic dysphonia group, with no statistical difference between the groups. In the V-RQOL protocol the mean domain social-emotional, physical functioning and total score were higher in the control group, followed by group of Parkinson's disease and, finally, the group of adductor spasmodic dysphonia with statistically significant difference between them. In addition, there was statistical difference for each pair of groups, concerning the areas V-RQOL protocol, except as regards the pair control and Parkinson's disease group in the social-emotional domain (p= 0,076) CONCLUSION: the negative impact of voice on quality of life is greatest in the adductor spasmodic dysphonia group, followed by Parkinson's disease group and at last, the control group.
    Revista CEFAC 04/2013; 15(2):427-435.
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    ABSTRACT: Prevalence data on different types of tremor among the elderly population are very scarce. The objective of this study was to study the prevalence of tremor in a community-dwelling elderly population in the town of Bambuí, Brazil. The authors studied 1186 inhabitants aged≥64 years. This was a 2-phase study in which all participants who screened positive in a questionnaire for tremor and parkinsonism or who used drugs capable of causing/suppressing tremor were examined. In this population, the prevalence rate was 17.4% for tremor, 7.4% for essential tremor, 5.6% for parkinsonian tremor, 2.8% for enhanced physiological tremor, and 1.6% for other causes. There were no gender differences in prevalence rates for all types. Patients who had Parkinson's disease with tremor were older than those who had essential tremor, whereas patients who had enhanced physiological tremor were significantly younger. The age-specific prevalence of tremor increased with advancing age for both men and women. The prevalence of tremor in the studied population was high and increased with advancing age. Essential tremor, parkinsonian tremor, and enhanced physiological tremor were the most commonly identified causes. © 2013 Movement Disorder Society.
    Movement Disorders 02/2013; · 5.63 Impact Factor
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Publication Stats

777 Citations
295.04 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Federal University of Minas Gerais
      • • Faculdade de Medicina
      • • Hospital das Clínicas
      Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2011–2013
    • Unimed Belo Horizonte
      Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2012
    • Universitário de Belo Horizonte - UNI-BH
      Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2009
    • Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
      Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2006–2009
    • Hospital de Clínicas Niterói
      Vila Real da Praia Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • University of São Paulo
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
    • Fundação Hospitalar do Estado de Minas Gerais
      Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2008
    • Hôpital La Pitié Salpêtrière (Groupe Hospitalier "La Pitié Salpêtrière - Charles Foix")
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2007
    • Universidade FUMEC
      Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil