Publications (3)21.87 Total impact
Article: [Preoperative chemotherapy in primary operable breast cancer with a dose-dense combination of doxorubicin and docetaxel (ADoc) - Experience of the GEPARDO-GABG study group].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The German Adjuvant Breast Cancer Study Group (GABG) conducts trials of preoperative chemotherapy in patients with primary breast cancer using a combination of doxorubicin and docetaxel (ADoc). - We conducted a parallel-grouped phase IIa-study with 42 patients with a conventionally dosed and a dose-dense ADoc-schedule (4 cycles of Doxorubicin 50 mg/m(2), Docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) i. v. day 1, q day 15 or 22; G-CSF day 3-15 only for the dose-dense schedule) and a randomized phase IIb-study (GEPARDO-Study) with 250 patients with ADoc +/- Tamoxifen. Biological factors were determined immunohistochemically on 197 core biopsies before treatment. A comparison to a sequential AC-Doc regimen including 913 patients has been completed recently. - ADoc can be applicated on schedule in 93 % of all patients. The dose-dense regimen shows a tendency to more toxicity but also to more efficacy. The rate of complete pathological remissions (pCR) was 9.7 %. No difference was found between chemo- and chemoendocrine treatment. Clinically negative lymphnodes and a negative estrogen receptor status is predictive for a higher pCR-rate. To date no differences in toxicity could be found between ADoc and AC-Doc. - The dose-dense ADoc regimen is well tolerated and highly effective as preoperative therapy of breast cancer.Zentralblatt für Gynäkologie 10/2001; 123(9):497-504.
Article: Dose-dense doxorubicin, docetaxel, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support with or without tamoxifen as preoperative therapy in patients with operable carcinoma of the breast: a randomized, controlled, open phase IIb study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of adding tamoxifen to a preoperative dose-dense doxorubicin and docetaxel regimen on the pathologic response of primary operable breast cancer. Patients (tumor size > or = 3 cm, N0 to 2, M0) were prospectively randomized to receive every 14 days a total of four cycles of doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 and docetaxel 75 mg/m(2), either with (ADocT) or without (ADoc) simultaneous tamoxifen. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was routinely given on days 5 to 10. Surgery followed 8 to 10 weeks after the start of treatment. Within 14 months, 250 patients were included in the study at 56 centers. Of 992 planned cycles, 97.9% were administered. Pathologically complete remission (pCR) with no detectable viable tumor cells was achieved in 9.7%. There was a nonsignificant difference of -1.2% in favor of ADoc, with a 95% confidence interval of -8.6% to 6.2%. A further 2.4% had only noninvasive tumor residues, and 13.8% had focal invasive residues. Complete and partial responses detected by palpation were observed in 28.9% and 52.4%, respectively. The response rates (complete and partial) by best appropriate imaging methods were 77.5% and 67.5% for ADocT and ADoc, respectively. Breast conservation was possible in 68.8% of the patients. A tendency toward more frequent toxic events was observed with ADocT treatment. Significant predictors of pCR to chemotherapy were negative lymph node and negative estrogen receptor status. A dose-dense regimen of ADoc with G-CSF offers high compliance, moderate toxicity, and rapid efficacy as a form of preoperative chemotherapy in operable breast cancer. Concurrent treatment with tamoxifen for 8 weeks could not improve the pathologic response rate.Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2001; 19(15):3506-15. · 18.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has become standard therapy in the management of breast cancer patients with locally advanced disease with inoperable tumors and inflammatory breast cancer. Patients with earlier stage breast cancer and operable tumors may also benefit from treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Docetaxel (Taxotere; Rhône-Poulenc Rorer, Collegeville, PA) is thought to be one of the most potent agents in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer and is therefore being investigated for its likely benefit in preoperative, neoadjuvant regimens. Several large phase II and randomized phase III trials are evaluating docetaxel as a single agent, in combination, and/or sequentially in the preoperative setting. Preliminary findings demonstrate high complete and partial response rates and a tolerable toxicity profile. These results are consistent with the view that incorporation of docetaxel in neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens will contribute to improved patient outcome. Ongoing studies will provide important information regarding the most appropriate regimens and schedules of docetaxel to use in the preoperative, neoadjuvant setting.Seminars in Oncology 07/1999; 26(3 Suppl 9):24-31. · 3.50 Impact Factor