[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our previous work demonstrated the capacity of galectin-3 (a beta-galactoside binding animal lectin) to inhibit IL-5 gene expression in different cell types, but the interaction of lectin with the cells and the pathways for the inhibition process are unknown. One of the purposes of this work was to study the cellular ligand for galectin-3. We have demonstrated that galectin-3 can bind to the low affinity IgG receptor (FcgammaRII or CD32) by using different experimental approaches, such as flow cytometry, fusion protein GST technology, and with a model of FcgammaRII-deficient mice. To further analyze the interaction between FcgammaRII and galectin-3, and its implication in IL-5 gene down-regulation we used FcgammaRII-deficient mice. When PBMC from these mice were incubated with galectin-3, the expression of the IL-5 gene was unchanged. However, when PBMC from wild type mice and FcgammaRIII-deficient mice were incubated with galectin-3, IL-5 gene expression was down-regulated. Finally, we studied the implication of the negative regulatory sequence in the IL-5 gene promoter. In the presence of galectin-3, a DNA-protein complex was formed with the IL-5REIII region. This complex was not observed when unrelated oligonucleotide was used. So, galectin-3 induces a pathway, which activates a transcription factor that binds to IL-5REIII. This interaction is capable of inhibiting IL-5 gene transcription.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Galectin-3 is an animal lectin, formerly named epsilon-binding protein or Mac-2, which has been described to play an important role in some inflammatory processes by the implication of different cells and the increase in cell adhesion functions through laminin binding activity. In this work we analyzed the role of galectin-3 in the modulation of Th2 cytokines that have an important role in the development of the inflammatory response. We have found that the addition of galectin-3 to human eosinophils, the eosinophilic cell line EoL-3, PBMC, and an Ag-specific T cell line (CD4+) produced a selective inhibition of IL-5 transcription. No inhibitory effect was found on the IL-4 mRNA transcription rate. The inhibitory effect on IL-5 transcription was reversed by incubation with lactose and using specific Ab against galectin-3. Galectin-3 is able to induce inhibition of the IL-5 released in the supernatants from PBMC stimulated with phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate and anti-CD3. Similar results were obtained when a T-specific cell line was stimulated with Ag. Also, EoL-3 stimulated with anti-CD32 produced IL-5 protein, the synthesis of which was partially inhibited by galectin-3. The present results demonstrate that galectin-3 induces a selective down-regulation of IL-5 expression in different cell types, opening important new possibilities in the regulation of the allergic reactions.
The Journal of Immunology 08/1998; 161(1):385-9. · 5.52 Impact Factor