Fang Yan

China Pharmaceutical University, Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China

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Publications (2)4.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Tanshinone A is a novel derivative of phenanthrene-quinone extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza BUNGE, a traditional herbal medicine. Cytotoxic effect of tanshinone A was observed in this study. Additionally its mechanism of promoting apoptosis was also investigated. MTT and SRB assays were applied to measure the effects of tanshinone A on the cell viability, the cell cycle distribution and cell apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry using PI staining and Annexin V/PI double staining method respectively. The changes of mitochondrial membrane potential were also detected by flow cytometry. Spectrophotometric method was used to detect the changes of caspase-3 activity. Western blotting assay was used to evaluate the expression of bcl-2, bax and c-Myc proteins. Results indicated that tanshinone A displayed a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of K562 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and showed obvious minor damage to LO2 cells. Tanshinone A could arrest K562 cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase and induce apoptosis, decrease the mitochondrial transmembrane potential, decrease the expressions of bcl-2 and c-Myc proteins, increase the expression of bax protein and the activity of caspase-3. Accordingly, it was presumed that the apoptosis induction may be through the endogenous pathway. Subsequently, tanshinone A could be a promising candidate in the development of a novel antitumor agent.
    European journal of pharmacology 06/2011; 667(1-3):129-35. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) by tumors results in multidrug resistance (MDR) to structurally unrelated anti-tumor agents. HZ08, a chiral compound, was a newly synthesized tetraisohydroquinoline derivative to reverse Pgp and MRP1 mediated MDR. In present studies, R, S-HZ08 and their racemate reversed the resistance to adriamycin and vincristine of adriamycin-selected human leukemia (K562/ADM) cells that overexpress Pgp. R, S-HZ08 and their racemate modulated adriamycin cytotoxicity when R, S-HZ08 and their racemate were removed 12 h prior to the cytotoxicity assay. In addition, R, S-HZ08 and their racemate increased intracellular accumulation of Rhodamine123 in Caco-2 cells that overexpress Pgp. Furthermore, using a DNA content analysis and an annexin V binding assay, R, S-HZ08 and their racemate effectively reversed the resistance to adriamycin-induced apoptosis in K562/ADM cells. R, S-HZ08 and their racemate also moderately reversed the resistance to adriamycin and vincristine of MCF-7/ADM cells that overexpress MRP1. However, R, S-HZ08 and their racemate hardly affected intracellular glutathione (GSH) levels and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities in MCF-7/ADM cells. The result showed that R, S-HZ08 and their racemate possibly reverse MDR1 mediated multidrug resistance by a direct interaction with MRP1, not interaction with MRP1 via GSH. Thus, R, S-HZ08 and their racemate should be useful for treating patients with tumors that overexpress both Pgp and MRP1.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 06/2008; 31(6):1258-64. · 1.85 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

20 Citations
4.43 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008
    • China Pharmaceutical University
      • Department of Physiology
      Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China