G C Ram

CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hissār, Haryana, India

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Publications (9)23.29 Total impact

  • S K Suneja, D S Wagle, G C Ram
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    ABSTRACT: Effects of T-2 toxin on liver lipid peroxidation, glutathione shuttle enzymes and microsomal reductases have been studied in rats at 8, 16 and 24 hr after feeding a single dose of toxin (2.0 mg/kg) and at 7, 14 and 21 days after feeding of toxin (0.75 mg/kg) daily. Feeding of a single dose of T-2 toxin caused significant increase in liver lipid peroxidation in rats at 8, 16 and 24 hr post treatment. The liver lipid peroxidation was also significantly increased at 14 and 21 days after feeding of 0.75 mg/kg of T-2 toxin daily to rats. The activities of liver GSH-shuttle enzymes, i.e. glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, were significantly higher in rats after both feeding schedules of T-2 toxin. NADPH-cytochrome c reductase activity was significantly lower at 8, 16 and 24 hr in liver of rats fed a single dose of T-2 toxin, whereas NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase was significantly higher until 16 hr and then declined below normal at 24 hr post treatment. In rats fed multiple doses of T-2 toxin, both liver microsomal reductases were significantly reduced. These results suggest that T-2 toxin/or its metabolites in the liver may be involved in the generation of free radicals which cause the observed increase in lipid peroxidation.
    Toxicon 02/1989; 27(9):995-1001. · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • S K Suneja, D S Wagle, G C Ram
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    ABSTRACT: The acute effects of oral administration of a single dose of T-2 toxin (2.0 mg/kg body wt) to rats on whole liver lipid metabolism were studied at 8, 16 and 24 h post-treatment. Administration of T-2 toxin significantly increased liver and microsomal total lipids, free cholesterol, esterified cholesterol and triglycerides initially at 8 h, which subsequently returned to control values at 24 h. However, no significant alterations were observed in the contents of whole liver and liver microsomal total phospholipids and phosphatidyl choline, except that phosphatidyl ethanolamine and sphingomyelin + lysophosphatidyl ethanolamine contents in liver at 16 and 24 h and sphingomyelin + lysophosphatidyl ethanolamine content in liver microsomes at all three periods were significantly lower. The incorporation of 1-14C-acetate into whole liver and liver microsomal total lipids was reduced at 16 and 24 h post feeding. However, the incorporation of 1-14C-acetate into liver and microsomal free cholesterol, esterified cholesterol and triglycerides was significantly higher at 8 h, subsequently returning to the control value at 24 h; incorporation was significantly lower even into microsomal triglycerides. The incorporation of 1-14C-acetate into liver and its microsomal total phospholipids, phosphatidyl choline, phosphatidyl ethanolamine and sphingomyelin + lysophosphatidyl ethanolamine, was significantly decreased at all three periods post toxin treatment. The results suggested that T-2 toxin inhibited the incorporation of 14C-acetate mainly into liver and its microsomal phospholipids and their subfractions in rats.
    Archive für Toxikologie 08/1987; 60(5):382-7. · 5.22 Impact Factor
  • S K Suneja, D S Wagle, G C Ram
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    ABSTRACT: Effects of oral administration of T-2 toxin (0.75 mg/kg body weight/day) for 7, 14 or 21 days on the liver and plasma of young male rats were studied. A significant decrease in body weight and an increase in liver weight were observed in rats treated with T-2 toxin. Liver protein and glycogen levels were significantly lower than in controls after 21 days of treatment, but no significant differences were observed after 7 or 14 days. Levels of RNA in liver were significantly increased after 7, 14 and 21 days of treatment whereas liver DNA levels were significantly lower than in controls at each time interval. Liver microsomal protein was significantly decreased after 14 and 21 days, but microsomal RNA contents were significantly increased at 7 days and significantly decreased at 21 days. The levels of serum protein at 7, 14 and 21 days and of blood glucose at 14 and 21 days were significantly lower in T-2 toxin-treated rats. The levels of incorporation of [14C]leucine and [3H]uridine into liver protein and RNA, and into liver microsomal protein and RNA, were higher than in controls at 7 days, but then decreased. The incorporation of [3H]thymidine into liver DNA was not significantly altered in animals treated with the toxin.
    Food and Chemical Toxicology 06/1987; 25(5):387-92. · 3.01 Impact Factor
  • S K Suneja, D S Wagle, G C Ram
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    ABSTRACT: The effects on liver and serum enzymes of feeding a single dose (2 mg/kg) and daily doses (0.75 mg/kg) of T-2 toxin were studied in young male rats. Sample times were 8, 16 and 24 hr for single dose administration and 7, 14 and 21 days for daily dose administration. T-2 toxin in single and daily doses significantly reduced activities of hepatic glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) and alkaline and acid phosphatases at all the sampling periods. In both feeding trials, levels of serum GPT increased, while that of acid and alkaline phosphatases significantly decreased at all the sampling times. This study indicates that the liver is affected by feeding T-2 toxin to rats.
    Toxicon 02/1987; 25(7):793-6. · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • S.K. Suneja, D.S. Wagle, G.C. Ram
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    ABSTRACT: S. K. Suneja, D. S. Wagle and G. C. Ram. T-2 toxin induced changes in liver and serum enzymes of rats. Toxicon25, 793 – 796, 1987.—The effects on liver and serum enzymes of feeding a single dose (2 mg/kg) and daily doses (0.75 mg/kg) of T-2 toxin were studied in young male rats. Sample times were 8, 16 and 24 hr for single dose administration and 7, 14 and 21 days for daily dose administration. T-2 toxin in single and daily doses significantly reduced activities of hepatic glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) and alkaline and acid phosphatases at all the sampling periods. In both feeding trials, levels of serum GPT increased, while that of acid and alkaline phosphatases significantly decreased at all the sampling times. This study indicates that the liver is affected by feeding T-2 toxin to rats.
    Toxicon. 01/1987;
  • Nizamuddin Ahmed, G.C. Ram
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    ABSTRACT: N. Ahmed and G. C. Ram. Nuclear lipid peroxidation induced in rat liver by T-2 mycotoxin. Toxicon24, 947 – 949, 1986.—Oral administration to rats of T-2 mycotoxin (1.25 mg/kg) for five days causes an increase in lipid peroxidation (ascorbate-induced as well as NADPH-dependent) in hepatic nuclei, while the activity of liver glutathione-S-transferase (EC 2.5.1.18) is decreased. The hepatotoxicity could be due to lipid peroxidation induced by depletion of hepatic reduced glutathione and/or production of free radicals.
    Toxicon. 01/1986;
  • S K Suneja, G C Ram, D S Wagle
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of oral dosing of rats with 1.5 mg T-2 toxin/kg body weight daily for 4 days on metabolism of liver lipids was studied. T-2 toxin significantly elevated total liver lipids, triglycerides, free cholesterol, total phospholipids and phosphatidyl choline, whereas the level of sphingomyelin + lysophosphatidyl ethanolamine was reduced. No change in the esterified cholesterol and phosphatidyl ethanolamine contents was observed. Incorporation of [1-14C]acetate into liver lipids, esterified cholesterol, triglycerides, free cholesterol and phosphatidyl ethanolamine was reduced in T-2 toxin-treated animals, implying reduced lipogenesis. Increased lipids in liver in T-2 toxin-treated rats are possibly due to an impaired secretion of lipids from the liver.
    Toxicology Letters 08/1984; 22(1):113-8. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • S K Suneja, G C Ram, D S Wagle
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the uptake of D-glucose and L-tryptophan by the small intestine and estimated the activities of the intestinal brush border enzymes (sucrase, lactase, NA+-K+-ATPase and alkaline phosphatase) and lysosomal enzymes in rats receiving T-2 toxin orally. considerable decrease occurred in glucose and tryptophan uptake and in brush border sucrase, lactase and (Na+-K+)-ATPase. Alkaline phosphatase activity and release of lysosomal enzymes (acid phosphatase and acid ribonuclease) was unchanged.
    Toxicon 01/1984; 22(1):39-43. · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • S K Suneja, G C Ram, D S Wagle
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    ABSTRACT: Young male albino rats were fed 1.5 mg T-2 toxin/kg body weight daily for 4 days and the effects on body weight, liver weight and protein, RNA, and DNA contents of liver and intestinal mucosa were studied. A significant decrease in body weight and an increase in liver weight were observed. Liver protein and DNA and intestinal mucosal protein contents were significantly decreased, whereas intestinal mucosal RNA content was increased. Decreased liver and intestinal mucosal protein synthesis in T-2 toxin-fed rats was inferred from the [14C]leucine incorporation studies.
    Toxicology Letters 09/1983; 18(1-2):73-6. · 3.15 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

47 Citations
23.29 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1983–1989
    • CCS Haryana Agricultural University
      • Department of Biochemistry
      Hissār, Haryana, India
  • 1986–1987
    • Indian Veterinary Research Institute
      • Immunology Section
      Barelī, Uttar Pradesh, India