ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to test whether the 9p21.3 variant rs1333040 influences the occurrence of new cardiovascular events and coronary atherosclerosis progression after early-onset myocardial infarction.
9p21.3 genetic variants are associated with ischemic heart disease, but it is not known whether they influence prognosis after an acute coronary event.
Within the Italian Genetic Study of Early-onset Myocardial Infarction, we genotyped rs1333040 in 1,508 patients hospitalized for a first myocardial infarction before the age of 45 years who underwent coronary angiography without index event coronary revascularization. They were followed up for major cardiovascular events and angiographic coronary atherosclerosis progression.
Over 16,599 person-years, there were 683 cardiovascular events and 492 primary endpoints: 77 cardiovascular deaths, 223 reoccurrences of myocardial infarction, and 383 coronary artery revascularizations. The rs1333040 genotype had a significant influence (p = 0.01) on the primary endpoint, with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.19 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08 to 1.37) for heterozygous carriers and 1.41 (95% CI: 1.06 to 1.87) for homozygous carriers. Analysis of the individual components of the primary endpoints provided no significant evidence that the rs1333040 genotype influenced the hazard of cardiovascular death (p = 0.24) or the reoccurrence of myocardial infarction (p = 0.57), but did provide significant evidence that it influenced on the hazard of coronary revascularization, with adjusted heterozygous and homozygous ratios of 1.38 (95% CI: 1.17 to 1.63) and 1.90 (95% CI: 1.36 to 2.65) (p = 0.00015), respectively. It also significantly influenced the angiographic endpoint of coronary atherosclerosis progression (p = 0.002).
In early-onset myocardial infarction, the 9p21.3 variant rs1333040 affects the progression of coronary atherosclerosis and the probability of coronary artery revascularization during long-term follow-up.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 07/2011; 58(4):426-34. · 14.16 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies support the role for a strong genetic component in the occurrence of early-onset myocardial infarction (MI), although the specific genetic variants responsible for familial clustering remain largely unknown.
The Italian study of early-onset MI is a nationwide case-control study involving 1864 case patients <45 years old who were hospitalized for a first MI, and age/sex/place of origin-matched controls (n = 1864). We investigated the association between early-onset MI, lipid levels and 20 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the candidate genes ADIPOQ, APOA5, ALOX5AP, CYBA, IL6, LPL, PECAM1, PLA2G2A and PLA2G7, chosen because of previously reported associations with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) or with CHD risk factors.
Of all the SNPs investigated, APOA5-1131T>C [(rs662799), minor allele frequency 0.084 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07-0.09)] alone showed a statistically significant association with risk of early-onset MI (p = 6.7 × 10(-5)), after Bonferroni correction, with a per C allele odds ratio of 1.44 (95% CI 1.23-1.69). In controls, APOA5-1131T>C was significantly associated with raised plasma triglyceride levels (p = 0.001), compared with non-carriers, the per C allele increase being 11.4% (95% CI 4-19%), equivalent to 0.15 mmol/L (95% CI 0.11-0.20 mmol/L). In cases, the association with early MI risk remained statistically significant after adjustment for triglycerides (p = 0.006).
The APOA5-1131C allele, associated with higher fasting triglyceride levels, strongly affects the risk for early-onset MI, even after adjusting for triglycerides. This raises the possibility that APOA5-1131T>C may affect the risk of early MI over and above effects mediated by triglycerides.
Atherosclerosis 02/2011; 214(2):397-403. · 3.79 Impact Factor
Giornale italiano di cardiologia (2006) 10/2010; 11(10):767-8.