F Mauri

Azienda Ospedaliera Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milano, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (63)347.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to verify whether transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) determined changes in mitral valve (MV) function, in terms of mitral regurgitation (MR) and stenosis. Little data is available regarding the effects of TAVI on global MV function, often derived from analysis primarily focused on clinical and aortic related outcomes. From May 2008 to March 2010, 73 patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis underwent TAVI with the CoreValve ReValving System. The study population consisted of 58 patients (27 males, mean age 82 ± 7 years) who underwent transthoracic echocardiography at least ≥1 month after implantation (mean follow-up 7.8 ± 5.4 months). In patients with a left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction, EF, <45%) at the baseline, EF significantly increased from 37 ± 6% to 48 ± 7% after TAVI (P = 0.003). Before TAVI, 42 patients had no or mild MR, 13 mild-to-moderate, and 3 moderate or moderate-to-severe. During follow-up, the MR degree was unchanged in the majority of patients (55%), 12% reduced, and 33% worsened. Variables associated with worsening in MR were depth of aortic prosthesis (P = 0.02 for the distance between the ventricular end and the right coronary cusp; P = 0.04 for mean distance right-left coronary cusps) and left atrium area at the baseline (P = 0.02). After TAVI, six patients (10%) developed mild or moderate mitral stenosis, often in a native valve with anterior calcifications. In the majority of patients no significant changes occurred in the degree of MR in native valve, but we found that if the aortic valve was deeply implanted in the left ventricle outflow tract, a worsening in MR can be observed. A mitral stenosis development must be sought in patients with heavy calcifications of the anterior leaflet.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 07/2011; 78(4):638-44. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to test whether the 9p21.3 variant rs1333040 influences the occurrence of new cardiovascular events and coronary atherosclerosis progression after early-onset myocardial infarction. 9p21.3 genetic variants are associated with ischemic heart disease, but it is not known whether they influence prognosis after an acute coronary event. Within the Italian Genetic Study of Early-onset Myocardial Infarction, we genotyped rs1333040 in 1,508 patients hospitalized for a first myocardial infarction before the age of 45 years who underwent coronary angiography without index event coronary revascularization. They were followed up for major cardiovascular events and angiographic coronary atherosclerosis progression. Over 16,599 person-years, there were 683 cardiovascular events and 492 primary endpoints: 77 cardiovascular deaths, 223 reoccurrences of myocardial infarction, and 383 coronary artery revascularizations. The rs1333040 genotype had a significant influence (p = 0.01) on the primary endpoint, with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.19 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08 to 1.37) for heterozygous carriers and 1.41 (95% CI: 1.06 to 1.87) for homozygous carriers. Analysis of the individual components of the primary endpoints provided no significant evidence that the rs1333040 genotype influenced the hazard of cardiovascular death (p = 0.24) or the reoccurrence of myocardial infarction (p = 0.57), but did provide significant evidence that it influenced on the hazard of coronary revascularization, with adjusted heterozygous and homozygous ratios of 1.38 (95% CI: 1.17 to 1.63) and 1.90 (95% CI: 1.36 to 2.65) (p = 0.00015), respectively. It also significantly influenced the angiographic endpoint of coronary atherosclerosis progression (p = 0.002). In early-onset myocardial infarction, the 9p21.3 variant rs1333040 affects the progression of coronary atherosclerosis and the probability of coronary artery revascularization during long-term follow-up.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 07/2011; 58(4):426-34. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies support the role for a strong genetic component in the occurrence of early-onset myocardial infarction (MI), although the specific genetic variants responsible for familial clustering remain largely unknown. The Italian study of early-onset MI is a nationwide case-control study involving 1864 case patients <45 years old who were hospitalized for a first MI, and age/sex/place of origin-matched controls (n = 1864). We investigated the association between early-onset MI, lipid levels and 20 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the candidate genes ADIPOQ, APOA5, ALOX5AP, CYBA, IL6, LPL, PECAM1, PLA2G2A and PLA2G7, chosen because of previously reported associations with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) or with CHD risk factors. Of all the SNPs investigated, APOA5-1131T>C [(rs662799), minor allele frequency 0.084 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07-0.09)] alone showed a statistically significant association with risk of early-onset MI (p = 6.7 × 10(-5)), after Bonferroni correction, with a per C allele odds ratio of 1.44 (95% CI 1.23-1.69). In controls, APOA5-1131T>C was significantly associated with raised plasma triglyceride levels (p = 0.001), compared with non-carriers, the per C allele increase being 11.4% (95% CI 4-19%), equivalent to 0.15 mmol/L (95% CI 0.11-0.20 mmol/L). In cases, the association with early MI risk remained statistically significant after adjustment for triglycerides (p = 0.006). The APOA5-1131C allele, associated with higher fasting triglyceride levels, strongly affects the risk for early-onset MI, even after adjusting for triglycerides. This raises the possibility that APOA5-1131T>C may affect the risk of early MI over and above effects mediated by triglycerides.
    Atherosclerosis 02/2011; 214(2):397-403. · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Giornale italiano di cardiologia (2006) 10/2010; 11(10):767-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR) has emerged as a valuable option to treat patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis at high surgical risk. There are few data available regarding the effects of PAVR on mitral valve (M V) function. Aim of this study was to verify whether PAVR determined changes in MV function, in terms of regurgitation and stenosis in native valve or dysfunction in prosthetic valve, early and during follow-up. Methods: The study population consisted of 42 patients (82±7 years) who underwent PAVR (CoreValve Revalving System) with a echocardiographic control at least ≥1 month after implantation (7±4months). Four patients had previously undergone mechanical MV replacement. The echocardiographic evaluation of native and prosthesis MV function was performed before and after the implantation, and during the follow-up. Results: All patients with mitral prosthesis showed a normally functioning prosthesis at baseline evaluation. After PAVR, no interference between the two prostheses occurred in terms of under-expansion or deformation of the aortic prosthesis, housing and mobility of occluder of the M V. MR in native valve before PAVR was none or mild in 30 (71 %) patients, mild-to-moderate in 10 (24%) and moderate in 2 (5%). MR was unchanged during the follow-up in the majority of patients (24,56%) and improved in 6 patients (14%) due to the decrease in pressure overload. 13 patients (30%) with a worsening in MR showed a moderate grade at most, with the exception of one who developed severe MR. In this patient the aortic prosthesis was deeply implanted in the left ventricle outflow tract significantly interfering with anterior mitral leaflet and altering the geometry of mitral annulus. In baseline, 3 patients had mild mitral stenosis (mean gradient <5 mmHg) and after PAVR transvalvular gradients remained stable. Nevertheless, 5 patients developed mild-to-moderate mitral stenosis. In these patients the aortic prosthesis was slightly low positioned in left ventricle and the MV showed heavy calcification of the anterior leaflet. Conclusions: Echocardiography provides useful data regarding the morphology and function of mitral valve after PAVR. In our experience no direct mechanical effect of PAVR on the mitral prostheses was observed, if the aortic valve was deeply implanted in the left ventricle outflow tract an interference with mitral leaflet and annulus can occur. In patients with heavy calcification of the anterior leaflet the left ventricle tract of the aortic prosthesis potentially limit the leaflet excursion.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. 01/2010; Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography:B74.
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    ABSTRACT: {Consistent but indirect evidence has implicated genetic factors in smoking behavior1,2. We report meta-analyses of several smoking phenotypes within cohorts of the Tobacco and Genetics Consortium (n = 74,053). We also partnered with the European Network of Genetic and Genomic Epidemiology (ENGAGE) and Oxford-GlaxoSmithKline (Ox-GSK) consortia to follow up the 15 most significant regions (n > 140,000). We identified three loci associated with number of cigarettes smoked per day. The strongest association was a synonymous 15q25 SNP in the nicotinic receptor gene CHRNA3 (rs1051730[A]
    Nature Genetics. 01/2010; 42(5):441-U134.
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    ABSTRACT: Fibrosis is a common end point of many pathological processes affecting the myocardium and may alter myocardial relaxation properties. By measuring myocardial fibrosis with cardiac magnetic resonance and diastolic function with Doppler echocardiography, we sought to define the influence of fibrosis on left ventricular diastolic function. Two hundred four eligible subjects from 252 consecutive subjects undergoing late postgadolinium myocardial enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance and Doppler echocardiography were investigated. Subjects with normal diastolic function exhibited no or minimal fibrosis (median LGE score, 0; interquartile range, 0 to 0). In contrast, the majority of patients with cardiomyopathy (regardless of underlying cause) had abnormal diastolic function indices and substantial fibrosis (median LGE score, 3; interquartile range, 0 to 6.25). Prevalence of LGE positivity by diastolic filling pattern was 13% in normal, 48% in impaired relaxation, 78% in pseudonormal, and 87% in restrictive filling (P<0.0001). Similarly, LGE score was significantly higher in patients with deceleration time <150 ms (P<0.012), and it progressively increased with increasing left ventricular filling pressure estimated by tissue Doppler imaging-derived E/E' (P<0.0001). After multivariate analysis, LGE remained significantly correlated with degree of diastolic dysfunction (P=0.0001). Severity of myocardial fibrosis by LGE significantly correlates with the degree of diastolic dysfunction in a broad range of cardiac conditions. Noninvasive assessment of myocardial fibrosis may provide valuable insights into the pathophysiology of left ventricular diastolic function and therapeutic response.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 11/2009; 2(6):437-43. · 5.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in technology have provided the opportunity for off-line analysis of digital video-clips of two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiographic images. Commercially available software that follows the motion of cardiac structures during cardiac cycle computes both regional and global velocity, strain, and strain rate (SR). The present study aims to evaluate the clinical applicability of the software based on the tracking algorithm feature (studied for cardiology purposes) and to derive the reference values for longitudinal and circumferential strain and SR of the left ventricle in a normal population of children and young adults. 45 healthy volunteers (30 adults: 19 male, 11 female, mean age 37 +/- 6 years; 15 children: 8 male, 7 female, mean age 8 +/- 2 years) underwent transthoracic echocardiographic examination; 2D cine-loops recordings of apical 4-four 4-chamber (4C) and 2-chamber (2C) views and short axis views were stored for off-line analysis. Computer analyses were performed using specific software relying on the algorithm of optical flow analysis, specifically designed to track the endocardial border, installed on a Windows based computer workstation. Inter and intra-observer variability was assessed. The feasibility of measurements obtained with tissue tracking system was higher in apical view (100% for systolic events; 64% for diastolic events) than in short axis view (70% for systolic events; 52% for diastolic events). Longitudinal systolic velocity decreased from base to apex in all subjects (5.22 +/- 1.01 vs. 1.20 +/- 0.88; p < 0.0001). Longitudinal strain and SR significantly increased from base to apex in all subjects (-12.95 +/- 6.79 vs. -14.87 +/- 6.78; p = 0.002; -0.72 +/- 0.39 vs. -0.94 +/- 0.48, p = 0.0001, respectively). Similarly, circumferential strain and SR increased from base to apex (-21.32 +/- 5.15 vs. -27.02 +/- 5.88, p = 0.002; -1.51 +/- 0.37 vs. -1.95 +/- 0.57, p = 0.003, respectively). Values of global systolic SR, both longitudinal and circumferential, were significantly higher in children than in adults (-1.3 +/- 0.2, vs. -1.11 +/- 0.2, p = 0.006; -1.9 +/- 0.6 vs. -1.6 +/- 0.5, p = 0.0265, respectively). No significant differences in longitudinal and circumferential systolic velocities were identified for any segment when comparing adults with children. This 2D based tissue tracking system used for computation is reliable and applicable in adults and children particularly for systolic events. Measured with this technology, we have established reference values for myocardial velocity, Strain and SR for both young adults and children.
    Cardiovascular Ultrasound 02/2009; 7:8. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the feasibility of transthoracic live three-dimensional echocardiography in the diagnosis of a thrombus attached to the mitral bioprosthetic valve.
    Heart and Vessels 08/2007; 22(4):287-9. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several cases of transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome have already been described, but the pathophysiological mechanisms of this syndrome still remain unclear. We report the case of a patient evaluated in the acute phase of apical ballooning by coronary angiography and echocardiography who was submitted to I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy and dobutamine stress echocardiography one month after the discharge. MIBG scintigraphy demonstrated a decreased tracer uptake in the apical and periapical anterior regions, whilst myocardial perfusion at rest was normal. Dobutamine induced an increased left ventricular outflow tract gradient and hypokinesis in the apical and periapical segments, mimicking the findings that occurred in the acute phase, and in agreement with the location of MIBG abnormalities. After a two-month treatment with carvedilol, MIBG uptake increased in the apical and periapical anterior regions.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 04/2007; 8(3):205-9. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This report first describes the efficiency achieved by a large scale clinical trial (GISSI), which is widely recognized as having made an important contribution to the therapy of AMI, and second emphasizes how a comprehensive research project based upon an innovative clinical trial methodology can influence the attitude and the scientific productivity of a professional community operating within a national health system. To understand the methodology of GISSI, one must appreciate both the cultural and institutional setting in which the first GISSI trial took place as well as the strong economic and scientific expectation surrounding the second GISSI trial.
    Statistics in Medicine 10/2006; 9(1‐2):17 - 27. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic value of a single measurement of ejection fraction and peak oxygen uptake in chronic heart failure has been extensively investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of serial changes in ejection fraction and exercise performance in moderate to severe chronic heart failure. 182 patients (156 men, 53 [47-58] years) underwent echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing at baseline and after 10 [8-12] months. Most patients had idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (69%) and all patients presented left ventricular ejection fraction <45%. Median follow-up was 21 [14-34] months; cardiac death and heart transplantation were the end-points. Hazard ratio (HR, per unit) is presented with its 95% confidence interval (CI). During follow-up 18 patients (9.9%) died and 14 (7.7%) underwent heart transplantation. Baseline ejection fraction (HR, 0.94, 95% CI, 0.89-0.98 P=.006) and mitral regurgitation (HR, 4.22, 95% CI, 1.63-10.92, P=.003), and delta (second examination-baseline) ejection fraction (HR, 0.93, 95% CI, 0.88-0.98, P=.01) were the only significant variables at univariate analysis. Both ejection fraction and delta ejection fraction remained independently associated with events at multivariate analysis. The prognostic power significantly increased between a model including ejection fraction alone and another one including ejection fraction plus delta ejection fraction. In clinically stable patients with chronic heart failure, ejection fraction and its changes were independently associated with outcome; on the contrary, serial cardiopulmonary exercise testing did not provide significant prognostic value. Baseline plus changes in ejection fraction showed better prognostic performance than baseline ejection fraction alone.
    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 09/2006; 59(9):905-10. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with many recurrences of acute pericarditis are commonly alarmed by the fear of constriction. We studied their long-term outcome and the possible presence of systemic diseases. Sixty-one Italian patients (36 men) were followed for an average of 8.3 years according to a predefined protocol, including testing for autoimmune diseases and familial Mediterranean fever. Symptomatic pericarditis lasted from 1 to 43 years (mean 5.4 years). Fifty-two patients had been referred to us after failure of previous therapies, including steroids. We observed 378 attacks with a mean of 1.6 per patient per year and 156 hospital admissions. Thirteen patients had a post-cardiac injury syndrome. In 43 (70.5%), the pericarditis remained idiopathic, whereas we made a new diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis in 1 and of Sjogren's syndrome in 4 patients, but in these patients pericarditis represented the dominant clinical manifestation. Cardiac tamponade occurred during the initial attacks in 4 patients (6.5%) but never recurred. Pleural effusions were present during the first attack in 22 patients (36.0%) and liver involvement in 5 (8%). No patients developed constrictive pericarditis. Echocardiographic examination produced no evidence of chronic myocardial disease. Response to therapy was good. Thirty-one patients (50.8%) are in sustained remission, without any therapy; their total observation period has averaged 10.3 years. In idiopathic patients, antinuclear antibodies were present in 56.2% and anti-Ro/SSA in 8.3%. Mutations linked to familial Mediterranean fever were absent. In conclusion, in this large series of difficult patients with recurrent acute pericarditis and a very long follow-up, the long-term prognosis is good.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 08/2006; 98(2):267-71. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present the case of a patient admitted to hospital with pulmonary edema and atrial fibrillation. The transthoracic echocardiogram showed noncoronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm ruptured into the left atrium, with a turbulent flow directed toward the left atrium floor and the pulmonary vein, which explained the clinical presentation. Echocardiography played a crucial role in identification of the cause and correct therapeutic approach.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 08/2006; 19(7):938.e9-11. · 2.98 Impact Factor
  • Antonella Moreo, Francesco Mauri
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    ABSTRACT: The most common cardiac arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation (AF). Echocardiography has been an important tool in the evaluation of patients with AF. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) offers excellent visualization of the atria and accurate identification or exclusion of atrial thrombi. Patients undergoing cardioversion are treated conventionally with therapeutic anticoagulation for 3 weeks before and 4 weeks after cardioversion to decrease the risk of thromboembolism. A TEE-guided strategy has been proposed as an alternative that may lower stroke and bleeding events. Patients without atrial thrombus by TEE are cardioverted on achievement of therapeutic anticoagulation, whereas cardioversion is delayed in patients with any thrombus. The two management strategies comparably lower the patient's embolic risk when the guidelines are properly followed. The TEE-guided approach offers the advantage of simplified anticoagulation management and may lower the incidence of bleeding complications.
    Italian heart journal. Supplement: official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology 01/2006; 6(12):780-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectives The prognostic value of a single measurement of ejection fraction and peak oxygen uptake in chronic heart failure has been extensively investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of serial changes in ejection fraction and exercise performance in moderate to severe chronic heart failure. Methods 182 patients (156 men, 53 [47-58] years) underwent echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing at baseline and after 10 [8-12] months. Most patients had idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (69%) and all patients presented left ventricular ejection fraction <45%. Median follow-up was 21 [14-34] months; cardiac death and heart transplantation were the endpoints. Hazard ratio (HR, per unit) is presented with its 95% confidence interval (CI). Results During follow-up 18 patients (9.9%) died and 14 (7.7%) underwent heart transplantation. Baseline ejection fraction (HR, 0.94, 95% CI, 0.89-0.98 P=.006) and mitral regurgitation (HR, 4.22, 95% CI, 1.63-10.92, P=.003), and delta (second examination-baseline) ejection fraction (HR, 0.93, 95% CI, 0.88-0.98, P=.01) were the only significant variables at univariate analysis. Both ejection fraction and delta ejection fraction remained independently associated with events at multivariate analysis. The prognostic power significantly increased between a model including ejection fraction alone and another one including ejection fraction plus delta ejection fraction. Conclusions In clinically stable patients with chronic heart failure, ejection fraction and its changes were independently associated with outcome; on the contrary, serial cardiopulmonary exercise testing did not provide significant prognostic value. Baseline plus changes in ejection fraction showed better prognostic performance than baseline ejection fraction alone.
    Revista Espanola De Cardiologia - REV ESPAN CARDIOL. 01/2006; 59(9):905-910.
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to determine whether the extent of myocardial ischaemia on the admission electrocardiogram (ECG) has independent predictive value for short-term risk stratification of patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS). Although the presence of ischaemic ECG changes on admission has been shown to predict outcome, the relationship between the extent of ECG changes and the risk of cardiac events is still ill defined. We analysed the admission ECGs of 5192 ACS patients enrolled in the GUSTO-IIb trial, without an ECG indication for thrombolysis. ECG tracings showing one or more of the following were eligible: ST-segment depression >0.5 mm, T-wave inversion >1 mm, and ST-segment elevation >0.5 mm but <1 mm. ECG variables associated with unfavourable 30 day outcomes in a univariable analysis were further assessed in a multivariable logistic regression model including independent clinical predictors. In the multivariable clinical, enzymatic, and ECG model, the sum of ST-segment depression (in millimetres) in all leads was a powerful independent predictor of 30 day death (P<0.0001), with a continuous increase in risk with the extent of ST-segment depression. The sum of ST-segment depression (P<0.0001) and the presence of minimal inferior ST-segment elevation (P<0.0001) or anterior ST-segment elevation (P=0.0182) were also independent predictors of the composite of death and myocardial infarction or reinfarction. The extent of ST-segment depression showed a highly significant correlation with the prevalence of three-vessel (P<0.0001) or left main coronary disease (P<0.0001), and also with the peak levels of creatine kinase (P<0.0001) during the index episode of ACS. In patients with NSTE ACS, the sum of ST-segment depression in all ECG leads is a powerful predictor of all-cause mortality at 30 days, independent of clinical variables and correlates with the extent and severity of coronary artery disease. The presence of even minimal (<1 mm) ST-segment elevation in anterior or inferior leads is independently associated with adverse outcomes.
    European Heart Journal 10/2005; 26(20):2106-13. · 14.72 Impact Factor
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    European Journal of Heart Failure Supplements 01/2005;
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Publication Stats

904 Citations
347.11 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1988–2009
    • Azienda Ospedaliera Niguarda Ca' Granda
      • Department of Cardiology
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1990–1996
    • Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
      • Department of Cardiovascular Research
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy