Feng Pan

Hunan University, Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China

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Publications (21)97.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Alcohol dependence (AD) is a complex disorder characterized by impaired control over drinking. It is determined by both genetic and environmental factors. The recent approach of genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a powerful tool for identifying complex disease-associated susceptibility alleles, however, a few GWASs have been conducted for AD, and their results are largely inconsistent. The present study aimed to screen the loci associated with alcohol-related phenotypes using GWAS technology. A genome-wide association study with the behavior of regular alcohol drinking and alcohol consumption was performed to identify susceptibility genes associated with AD, using the Affymetrix 500K SNP array in an initial sample consisting of 904 unrelated Caucasian subjects. Then, the initial results in GWAS were replicated in three independent samples: 1972 Caucasians in 593 nuclear families, 761 unrelated Caucasian subjects, and 2955 unrelated Chinese Hans. Several genes were associated with the alcohol-related phenotypes at the genome-wide significance level, with the ankyrin repeat domain 7 gene (ANKRD7) showing the strongest statistical evidence for regular alcohol drinking and suggestive statistical evidence for alcohol consumption. In addition, certain haplotypes within the ANKRD7 and cytokine-like1 (CYTL1) genes were significantly associated with regular drinking behavior, such as one ANKRD7 block composed of the SNPs rs6466686-rs4295599-rs12531086 (P = 6.51 × 10(-8)). The association of alcohol consumption was successfully replicated with rs4295599 in ANKRD7 gene in independent Caucasian nuclear families and independent unrelated Chinese Hans, and with rs16836497 in CYTL1 gene in independent unrelated Caucasians. Meta-analyses based on both the GWAS and replication samples further supported the observed significant associations between the ANKRD7 or CYTL1 gene and alcohol consumption. The evidence suggests that ANKRD7 and CYTL1 genes may play an important role in the variance in AD risk.
    Chinese medical journal 03/2012; 125(6):1127-34. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lean body mass (LBM) is a heritable trait predicting a series of health problems, such as osteoporotic fracture and sarcopenia. We aim to identify sequence variants associated with LBM by a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of copy number variants (CNVs). We genotyped genome-wide CNVs of 1627 individuals of the Chinese population with Affymetrix SNP6.0 genotyping platform, which comprised of 9 40 000 copy number probes. We then performed a GWAS of CNVs with lean mass at seven sites: left and right arms, left and right legs, total of limb, trunk and whole body. We identified a CNV that is associated with LBM variation at the genome-wide significance level (CNV2073, Bonferroni corrected P-value 0.002 at right arm). CNV2073 locates at chromosome 15q13.3, which has been implicated as a candidate region for LBM by our previous linkage studies. The nearest gene, gremlin1, has a key role in the regulation of skeletal muscle formation and repair. Our results suggest that the gremlin1 gene is a potentially important gene for LBM variation. Our findings also show the utility and efficacy of CNV as genetic markers in association studies.
    Journal of Human Genetics 11/2011; 57(1):33-7. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hip OF carries the highest morbidity and mortality. Previous studies revealed that individual genes/loci in the Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) pathway were associated with bone metabolism. This study aims to verify the potential association between hip OF and TRAIL pathway. Using genome-wide genotype data from Affymetrix 500 K SNP arrays, we performed novel pathway-based association analyses for hip OF in 700 elderly Chinese Han subjects (350 with hip OF and 350 healthy matched controls). The TRAIL pathway achieved a significant p value (p = 0.01) for association with hip OF. Among the 38 genes in the TRAIL pathway, seven genes achieved nominally significant association with hip OF (p<0.05); the TNFSF10 (TRAIL) gene obtained the most significant p value (p = 1.70×10(-4)). SNPs (rs719126, rs6533015, rs9594738, rs1805034, rs11160706) from five genes (CFLAR, NFKB1, TNFSF11, TNFRSF11A, TRAF3) of the pathway had minor alleles that appear to be protective to hip OF. SNPs (rs6445063 and rs4259415) from two genes (TNFSF10 and TNFRSF10B) of the pathway had minor alleles (A) that are associated with an increased risk of hip OF, with the ORs (odds ratios) of 16.51 (95%CI:3.83-71.24) and 1.37 (95%CI:1.08-1.74), respectively. Our study supports the potential role of the TRAIL pathway in the pathogenesis of hip OF in Chinese Han population. Further functional study of this pathway will be pursued to determine the mechanism by which it confers risk to hip OF.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(7):e21835. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Copy number variation (CNV) is a type of genetic variation which may have important roles in phenotypic variability and disease susceptibility. To hunt for genetic variants underlying human height variation, we performed a genome wide CNV association study for human height in 618 Chinese unrelated subjects using Affymetrix 500K array set. After adjusting for age and sex, we found that four CNVs at 6p21.3, 8p23.3-23.2, 9p23 and 16p12.1 were associated with human height (with borderline significant p value: 0.013, 0.011, 0.024, 0.049; respectively). However, after multiple tests correction, none of them was associated with human height. We observed that the gain of copy number (more than 2 copies) at 8p23.3-23.2 was associated with lower height (normal copy number vs. gain of copy number: 161.2 cm vs. 153.7 cm, p = 0.011), which accounted for 0.9% of height variation. Loss of copy number (less than 2 copies) at 6p21.3 was associated with 0.8% lower height (loss of copy number vs. normal copy number: 154.5 cm vs. 161.1 cm, p = 0.013). Since no important genes influencing height located in CNVs at loci of 8p23.3-23.2 and 6p21.3, the two CNVs may cause the structural rearrangements of neighbored important candidate genes, thus regulates the variation of height. Our results expand our knowledge of the genetic factors underlying height variation and the biological regulation of human height.
    Journal of Genetics and Genomics 12/2010; 37(12):779-85. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a highly heritable common bone disease leading to fractures that severely impair the life quality of patients. Wrist fractures caused by osteoporosis are largely due to the scarcity of wrist bone mass. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of wrist bone mineral density (BMD). We examined ∼500000 SNP markers in 1000 unrelated homogeneous Caucasian subjects and found a novel allelic association with wrist BMD at rs11023787 in the SOX6 (SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 6) gene (P=9.00×10(-5)). Subjects carrying the C allele of rs11023787 in SOX6 had significantly higher mean wrist BMD values than those with the T allele (0.485:0.462 g cm(-2) for C allele vs. T allele carriers). For validation, we performed SOX6 association for BMD in an independent Chinese sample and found that SNP rs11023787 was significantly associated with wrist BMD in the Chinese sample (P=6.41×10(-3)). Meta-analyses of the GWAS scan and the replication studies yielded P-values of 5.20×10(-6) for rs11023787. Results of this study, together with the functional relevance of SOX6 in cartilage formation, support the SOX6 gene as an important gene for BMD variation.
    Science China. Life sciences 09/2010; 53(9):1065-72. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent success of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) on human height variation emphasized the effects of individual loci or genes. In this study, we used a developed pathway-based approach to further test biological pathways for potential association with stature, by examining approximately 370,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across the human genome in 618 unrelated elder Han Chinese. A total of 626 biological pathways annotated by any of the three major public pathway databases (KEGG, BioCarta and Ambion GeneAssist Pathway Atlas) were tested. The regulation-of-autophagy (ROA) (nominal P=0.012) pathway was marginally significantly associated with human stature after our family wise error rate multiple-testing correction. We also used 1000 random recruited US whites for further replication. Interestingly, the ROA pathway presented the strongest signals in whites for height variation (nominal P=0.002). The results correspond to biological roles of the ROA pathway in human long bone development and growth. Our findings also implied that multiple-genetic factors may work jointly as a functional unit (pathway), and the traditional GWASs could have missed important genetic information imbedded in those less significant markers.
    Journal of Human Genetics 05/2010; 55(7):441-7. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As pivotal immune guardians, B cells were found to be directly associated with the onset and development of many smoking-induced diseases. However, the in vivo molecular response of B cells underlying the female cigarette smoking remains unknown. Using the genome-wide Affymetrix HG-133A GeneChip microarray, we firstly compared the gene expression profiles of peripheral circulating B cells between 39 smoking and 40 non-smoking healthy US white women. A total of 125 differential expressed genes were identified in our study, and 75.2% of them were down-regulated in smokers. We further obtained genotypes of 702 single nucleotide polymorphisms in those promising genes and assessed their associations with smoking status. Using a novel multicriteria evaluation model integrating information from microarray and the association studies, several genes were further revealed to play important roles in the response of smoking, including ICOSLG (CD275, inducible T-cell co-stimulator ligand), TCF3 (E2A immunoglobulin enhancer binding factors E12/E47), VCAM1 (CD106, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1), CCR1 (CD191, chemokine C-C motif receptor 1) and IL13 (interleukin 13). The differential expression of ICOSLG (p = 0.0130) and TCF3 (p = 0.0125) genes between the two groups were confirmed by real-time reverse transcription PCR experiment. Our findings support the functional importance of the identified genes in response to the smoking stimulus. This is the first in vivo genome-wide expression study on B cells at today's context of high prevalence rate of smoking for women. Our results highlight the potential usage of integrated analyses for unveiling the novel pathogenesis mechanism and emphasized the significance of B cells in the etiology of smoking-induced disease.
    Immunogenetics 03/2010; 62(4):237-51. · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a major public health problem. It is mainly characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and/or low-trauma osteoporotic fractures (OF), both of which have strong genetic determination. The specific genes influencing these phenotypic traits, however, are largely unknown. Using the Affymetrix 500K array set, we performed a case-control genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 700 elderly Chinese Han subjects (350 with hip OF and 350 healthy matched controls). A follow-up replication study was conducted to validate our major GWAS findings in an independent Chinese sample containing 390 cases with hip OF and 516 controls. We found that a SNP, rs13182402 within the ALDH7A1 gene on chromosome 5q31, was strongly associated with OF with evidence combined GWAS and replication studies (P = 2.08x10(-9), odds ratio = 2.25). In order to explore the target risk factors and potential mechanism underlying hip OF risk, we further examined this candidate SNP's relevance to hip BMD both in Chinese and Caucasian populations involving 9,962 additional subjects. This SNP was confirmed as consistently associated with hip BMD even across ethnic boundaries, in both Chinese and Caucasians (combined P = 6.39x10(-6)), further attesting to its potential effect on osteoporosis. ALDH7A1 degrades and detoxifies acetaldehyde, which inhibits osteoblast proliferation and results in decreased bone formation. Our findings may provide new insights into the pathogenesis of osteoporosis.
    PLoS Genetics 01/2010; 6(1):e1000806. · 8.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Poor femoral neck bone geometry at the femur is an important risk factor for hip fracture. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of femoral neck bone geometry, examining approximately 379,000 eligible single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 1000 Caucasians. A common genetic variant, rs7430431 in the receptor transporting protein 3 (RTP3) gene, was identified in strong association with the buckling ratio (BR, P = 1.6 x 10(-7)), an index of bone structural instability, and with femoral cortical thickness (CT, P = 1.9 x 10(-6)). The RTP3 gene is located in 3p21.31, a region that we found to be linked with CT (LOD = 2.19, P = 6.0 x 10(-4)) in 3998 individuals from 434 pedigrees. The replication analyses in 1488 independent Caucasians and 2118 Chinese confirmed the association of rs7430431 to BR and CT (combined P = 7.0 x 10(-3) for BR and P = 1.4 x 10(-2) for CT). In addition, 350 hip fracture patients and 350 healthy control individuals were genotyped to assess the association of the RTP3 gene with the risk of hip fracture. Significant association between a nearby common SNP, rs10514713 of the RTP3 gene, and hip fracture (P = 1.0 x 10(-3)) was found. Our observations suggest that RTP3 may be a novel candidate gene for femoral neck bone geometry.
    Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 12/2009; 25(2):320-9. · 6.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Femoral neck (FN) bone geometry is an important predictor of bone strength with high heritability. Previous studies have revealed certain candidate genes for FN bone geometry. However, the majority of the underlying genetic factors remain to be discovered. In this study, pathway-based genome-wide association analysis was performed to explore the joint effects of genes within biological pathways on FN bone geometry variations in a cohort of 1000 unrelated US whites. Nominal significant associations (nominal p value<0.05) were observed between 76 pathways and a key FN bone geometry variable-section modulus (Z), biomechanically indicative of bone strength subject to bending. Among them, EphrinA-EphR pathway was most significantly associated with FN Z even after multiple testing adjustments (p(FWER) value=0.035). The association of EphrinA-EphR pathway with FN Z was also observed in an independent sample from Framingham Osteoporosis Study. Overall, these results suggest the significant genetic contribution of EphrinA-EphR pathway to femoral neck bone geometry.
    Bone 09/2009; 46(1):129-36. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Low lean body mass (LBM) is related to a series of health problems, such as osteoporotic fracture and sarcopenia. Here we report a genome-wide association (GWA) study on LBM variation, by using Affymetrix 500K single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays. In the GWA scan, we tested 379,319 eligible SNPs in 1,000 unrelated US whites and found that two SNPs, rs16892496 (p = 7.55 x 10(-8)) and rs7832552 (p = 7.58 x 10(-8)), within the thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor (TRHR) gene were significantly associated with LBM. Subjects carrying unfavorable genotypes at rs16892496 and rs7832552 had, on average, 2.70 and 2.55 kg lower LBM, respectively, compared to those with alternative genotypes. We replicated the significant associations in three independent samples: (1) 1488 unrelated US whites, (2) 2955 Chinese unrelated subjects, and (3) 593 nuclear families comprising 1972 US whites. Meta-analyses of the GWA scan and the replication studies yielded p values of 5.53 x 10(-9) for rs16892496 and 3.88 x 10(-10) for rs7832552. In addition, we found significant interactions between rs16892496 and polymorphisms of several other genes involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid and the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-I axes. Results of this study, together with the functional relevance of TRHR in muscle metabolism, support the TRHR gene as an important gene for LBM variation.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 04/2009; 84(3):418-23. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is a major public health problem characterized with high body mass index (BMI). Copy number variations (CNVs) have been identified to be associated with complex human diseases. The effect of CNVs on obesity is unknown. In this study, we explored the association of CNVs with BMI in 597 Chinese Han subjects using Affymetrix GeneChip Human Mapping 500K Array Set. We found that one CNV at 10q11.22 (from 46.36 Mb to 46.56 Mb) was associated with BMI (the raw P=0.011). The CNV contributed 1.6% of BMI variation, and it covered one important obesity gene-pancreatic polypeptide receptor 1(PPYR1). It was reported that PPYR1 was a key regulator of energy homeostasis. Our findings suggested that CNV might be potentially important for the BMI variation. In addition, our study suggested that CNV might be used as a genetic marker to locate genes associated with BMI in Chinese population.
    Journal of Human Genetics 03/2009; 54(4):199-202. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify and validate genes associated with bone mineral density (BMD), which is a prominent osteoporosis risk factor, we tested 379,319 SNPs in 1000 unrelated white U.S. subjects for associations with BMD. For replication, we genotyped the most significant SNPs in 593 white U.S. families (1972 subjects), a Chinese hip fracture (HF) sample (350 cases, 350 controls), a Chinese BMD sample (2955 subjects), and a Tobago cohort of African ancestry (908 males). Publicly available Framingham genome-wide association study (GWAS) data (2953 whites) were also used for in silico replication. The GWAS detected two BMD candidate genes, ADAMTS18 (ADAM metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 18) and TGFBR3 (transforming growth factor, beta receptor III). Replication studies verified the significant findings by GWAS. We also detected significant associations with hip fracture for ADAMTS18 SNPs in the Chinese HF sample. Meta-analyses supported the significant associations of ADAMTS18 and TGFBR3 with BMD (p values: 2.56 x 10(-5) to 2.13 x 10(-8); total sample size: n = 5925 to 9828). Electrophoretic mobility shift assay suggested that the minor allele of one significant ADAMTS18 SNP might promote binding of the TEL2 factor, which may repress ADAMTS18 expression. The data from NCBI GEO expression profiles also showed that ADAMTS18 and TGFBR3 genes were differentially expressed in subjects with normal skeletal fracture versus subjects with nonunion skeletal fracture. Overall, the evidence supports that ADAMTS18 and TGFBR3 might underlie BMD determination in the major human ethnic groups.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 03/2009; 84(3):388-98. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although copy number variation (CNV) has recently received much attention as a form of structure variation within the human genome, knowledge is still inadequate on fundamental CNV characteristics such as occurrence rate, genomic distribution and ethnic differentiation. In the present study, we used the Affymetrix GeneChip(R) Mapping 500K Array to discover and characterize CNVs in the human genome and to study ethnic differences of CNVs between Caucasians and Asians. Three thousand and nineteen CNVs, including 2381 CNVs in autosomes and 638 CNVs in X chromosome, from 985 Caucasian and 692 Asian individuals were identified, with a mean length of 296 kb. Among these CNVs, 190 had frequencies greater than 1% in at least one ethnic group, and 109 showed significant ethnic differences in frequencies (p<0.01). After merging overlapping CNVs, 1135 copy number variation regions (CNVRs), covering approximately 439 Mb (14.3%) of the human genome, were obtained. Our findings of ethnic differentiation of CNVs, along with the newly constructed CNV genomic map, extend our knowledge on the structural variation in the human genome and may furnish a basis for understanding the genomic differentiation of complex traits across ethnic groups.
    PLoS ONE 01/2009; 4(11):e7958. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis, a highly heritable disease, is characterized mainly by low bone-mineral density (BMD), poor bone geometry, and/or osteoporotic fractures (OF). Copy-number variation (CNV) has been shown to be associated with complex human diseases. The contribution of CNV to osteoporosis has not been determined yet. We conducted case-control genome-wide CNV analyses, using the Affymetrix 500K Array Set, in 700 elderly Chinese individuals comprising 350 cases with homogeneous hip OF and 350 matched controls. We constructed a genomic map containing 727 CNV regions in Chinese individuals. We found that CNV 4q13.2 was strongly associated with OF (p = 2.0 x 10(-4), Bonferroni-corrected p = 0.02, odds ratio = 1.73). Validation experiments using PCR and electrophoresis, as well as real-time PCR, further identified a deletion variant of UGT2B17 in CNV 4q13.2. Importantly, the association between CNV of UGT2B17 and OF was successfully replicated in an independent Chinese sample containing 399 cases with hip OF and 400 controls. We further examined this CNV's relevance to major risk factors for OF (i.e., hip BMD and femoral-neck bone geometry) in both Chinese (689 subjects) and white (1000 subjects) samples and found consistently significant results (p = 5.0 x 10(-4) -0.021). Because UGT2B17 encodes an enzyme catabolizing steroid hormones, we measured the concentrations of serum testosterone and estradiol for 236 young Chinese males and assessed their UGT2B17 copy number. Subjects without UGT2B17 had significantly higher concentrations of testosterone and estradiol. Our findings suggest the important contribution of CNV of UGT2B17 to the pathogenesis of osteoporosis.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 12/2008; 83(6):663-74. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Caucasian, several studies have identified some common variants associated with human stature variation. However, no such study was performed in Chinese, which is the largest population in the world and evidently differs from Caucasian in genetic background. To identify common or ethnic specific genes for stature in Chinese, an initial GWAS and follow-up replication study were performed. Our initial GWAS study found that a group of 13 contiguous SNPs, which span a region of approximately 150 kb containing two neighboring genes, zinc finger protein (ZNP) 510 and ZNP782, achieved strong signals for association with stature, with P values ranging from 9.71 x 10(-5) to 3.11 x 10(-6). After false discovery rate correction for multiple testing, 9 of the 13 SNPs remain significant (FDR q=0.036-0.046). The follow-up replication study in an independent 2,953 unrelated southern Chinese confirmed the association of rs10816533 with stature (P=0.029). All the 13 SNPs were in consistently strong linkage disequilibrium (D'>0.99) and formed a single perfect haplotype block. The minor allele frequencies for the 13 contiguous SNPs have evidently ethnic difference, which range from 0.21 to 0.33 in Chinese but have as low as approximately 0.017 reported in dbSNP database in Caucasian. The present results suggest that the genomic region containing the ZNP510 and ZNP782 genes is an ethnic specific locus associated with stature variation in Chinese.
    Human Genetics 12/2008; 125(1):1-9. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The plasma level of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha receptor 2 (TNFR2) is associated with obesity phenotypes. However, the genetic polymorphisms for such an association have rarely been explored and are generally unknown. In this study, by employing a large sample of 1,873 subjects from 405 Caucasian nuclear families, we explored the association of 12 SNPs of the TNFR2 gene and obesity-related phenotypes, including body mass index (BMI), fat mass, and percentage fat mass (PFM). The within-family quantitative transmission disequilibrium test, which is robust to sample stratification, was implemented to evaluate the association of TNFR2 gene with obesity phenotypes. Evidence of association was obtained at SNP9 (rs5746059) with fat mass (P = 0.0002), BMI (P = 0.002), and PFM (P = 0.0006). The contribution of this polymorphism to the variation of fat mass and PFM was 6.24 and 7.82%, respectively. Individuals carrying allele A at the SNP9 site had a 4.6% higher fat mass and a 2.5% increased PFM compared to noncarriers. The results remained significant even after correction for multiple testing. Evidence of association between the TNFR2 gene and obesity phenotypes are also found in 700 independent Chinese Han and 1,000 random Caucasians samples. The results suggest that the TNFR2 gene polymorphisms contribute to the variation of obesity phenotypes.
    Human Genetics 10/2008; 124(2):171-7. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Total body fat mass (TBFM) and total body lean mass (TBLM) are the major components of the human body. Although these highly correlated phenotypic traits are frequently used to characterize obesity, the specific shared genetic factors that influence both traits remain largely unknown. Our study was aimed at identifying common quantitative trait loci (QTLs) contributing to both TBFM and TBLM. We performed a whole genome-linkage scan study in a large sample of 3255 subjects from 420 Caucasian pedigrees. Bivariate linkage analysis was carried out in both the entire sample and gender-specific subsamples. Several potentially important genomic regions that may harbour QTLs important for TBFM and TBLM were identified. For example, 20p12-11 achieved a LOD score of 2.04 in the entire sample and, in the male subsample, two genomic regions, 20p12 (LOD=2.08) and 3p26-25 (LOD=1.92), showed suggestive linkage. In addition, two-point linkage analyses for chromosome X showed suggestive linkages on Xp22 in the entire sample (LOD=2.14) and significant linkage on Xp22 in the female subsample (LOD=3.05). Complete pleiotropy was suggested for 20p12 and 3p26-25 in males. Our results suggest that QTLs on chromosomes 20p12, 3p26-25 and Xp22 may jointly influence TBFM and TBLM. Further fine mapping and gene identification studies for these pleiotropic effects are needed.
    Genetics Research 07/2008; 90(3):259-68. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Late age at menarche (AAM), an important type of endocrinopathy in females, is associated with lower bone mineral density (BMD), a major risk factor for osteoporosis. The correlation is mainly mediated through common genetic factors, which are largely unknown. A bivariate genome-wide linkage scan was conducted on 2,522 females from 414 Caucasian pedigrees to identify quantitative trait loci influencing both AAM and BMD. The strongest linkage signal was detected on chromosome 22q13. Other regions such as the 3q13, 3p25, 7p15, and 15q13 were also suggested. The inferred promising candidate genes in the linkage regions may contribute to our understanding of pathogenesis of endocrinopathy and osteoporosis in females.
    Human Genetics 06/2008; 123(4):419-27. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Osteoporosis is characterized by low BMD. Studies have shown that B cells may participate in osteoclastogenesis through expression of osteoclast-related factors, such as RANKL, transforming growth factor β (TGFB), and osteoprotegerin (OPG). However, the in vivo significance of B cells in human bone metabolism and osteoporosis is still largely unknown, particularly at the systematic gene expression level.Materials and Methods: In this study, Affymetrix HG-U133A GeneChip arrays were used to identify genes differentially expressed in B cells between 10 low and 10 high BMD postmenopausal women. Significance of differential expression was tested by t-test and adjusted for multiple testing with the Benjamini and Hochberg (BH) procedure (adjusted p ≤ 0.05).Results: Twenty-nine genes were downregulated in the low versus high BMD group. These genes were further analyzed using Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (Ingenuity Systems). A network involving estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) and mitogen activated protein kinase 3 (MAPK3) was identified. Real-time RT-PCR confirmed differential expression of eight genes, including ESR1, MAPK3, methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2), proline-serine-threonine phosphatase interacting protein 1 (PSTPIP1), Scr-like-adaptor (SLA), serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11), WNK lysine-deficient protein kinase 1 (WNK1), and zinc finger protein 446 (ZNF446).Conclusions: This is the first in vivo genome-wide expression study on human B cells in relation to osteoporosis. Our results highlight the significance of B cells in the etiology of osteoporosis and suggest a novel mechanism for postmenopausal osteoporosis (i.e., that downregulation of ESR1 and MAPK3 in B cells regulates secretion of factors, leading to increased osteoclastogenesis or decreased osteoblastogenesis).
    Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 04/2008; 23(5):644 - 654. · 6.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

403 Citations
97.12 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Hunan University
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 2011
    • University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
      • Department of Medical Instrument Engineering (School of Medical Instruments and Food Engineering)
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2008–2011
    • Xi'an Jiaotong University
      • • Key Laboratory of Environment and Genes Related to Diseases
      • • Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education
      Xi’an, Shaanxi Sheng, China
  • 2009
    • University of Missouri - Kansas City
      • School of Medicine
      Kansas City, MO, United States
  • 2008–2009
    • Creighton University
      • Osteoporisis Research Center
      Omaha, Nebraska, United States