ABSTRACT: The authors present the early and late results of a series of 40 patients treated for chronic post-traumatic aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta from 1975 to 2005. With the exception of a patient who died of an intra-pleural rupture before surgery, the patients were treated by aortotomy and prosthetic graft (N=17), aortotomy and direct suture (N=17) or endoprosthesis (N=5). The use of distal aortic perfusion in 22 patients enabled 17 direct sutures (77.3%) thanks to extensive mobilisation of the aortic arch. Endoprostheses have been used since 1997 in high surgical risk patients with severe comorbid conditions. There were no deaths, one transient paraparesia after simple aortic clamping, one reoperation for a haemothorax and four cases of dysphonia due to paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Thirty-five patients (90%) were followed up for an average of 119.7 +/- 16.4 months. There were no clinical complications and the late morphological results were good in all cases with the exception of one type 1 endoprosthetic leak. The treatment of chronic post-traumatic aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta gives excellent early and late results, justifying wide operative indications. The wish to avoid use of a prosthesis in young patients with a long life expectancy should give preference to conventional surgical techniques which, providing distal aortic perfusion is employed, allow direct suture of three quarters of cases. Endovascular treatment is reserved only for "poor surgical risks".
Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux 10/2006; 99(9):813-7. · 0.40 Impact Factor