ABSTRACT: During atrial fibrillation (AF), ventricular response is highly irregular and thus the beat-to-beat variation of blood pressure is increased because of variations in filling time and in contractility.
Aim of the present study is to investigate the short-term dynamics of RR and SAP series in patients with AF, during rest and tilt, and after restoration of sinus rhythm.
We computed symbolic sequences of the three phases, as they retain important features of the dynamics generated by the underlying control system. Then we applied a method based on rank order statistics of symbolic sequences to investigate the profile of different types of dynamics. The linguistic distance (range 0-1) between sequences represents a measure of similarity to assess whether the different physiological states are reflected on the dynamics of RR and SAP series.
The distance between rest and tilt phases is 0.06 ± 0.02 for RR series, meaning they are very similar, while it is 0.21 ± 0.13 for SAP series, showing a difference in the short-term dynamics. RR mean decreases during tilt (738 ± 164 vs. 692 ± 152 ms, p <0.05, rest vs. tilt), while mean SAP is not significantly different (101 ± 20 vs. 104 ± 14 mmHg, rest vs. tilt). Comparing AF and sinus rhythm, both RR and SAP series result different in terms of the computed distance.
SAP short-term dynamics seem to significantly change when comparing rest and tilt phases, while RR series remain unchanged. Moreover, RR mean but not SAP series significantly decreases during tilt.
Methods of Information in Medicine 01/2010; 49(5):516-20. · 1.53 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia characterized by desynchronization of atrial electrical activity causing a consequent irregular ventricular response. Blood pressure (BP) fluctuates in a complex mode composed of both short-term and long-term variability. In AF, the beat-to-beat variation of BP is increased because of variations in filling time and in contractility. However, a few studies have analysed short-term BP variations in AF being the interest mainly addressed to 24-hour variations. Aim of this study was to describe BP variability spectrum during AF in short-term recordings. Fifteen patients, referred for electrical cardioversion, with persistent AF were included in the study. An harmonic LF component was observable in all patientspsila BP spectra, even during AF, i.e., in presence of a very irregular RR series.
Computers in Cardiology, 2008; 10/2008
Computers in Cardiology, 2004; 10/2004