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Publications (11)97.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A novel human X-linked gene shows placenta-specific expression and has been named PLAC1. The gene maps 65 kb telomeric to HPRT at Xq26 and has been completely sequenced at the cDNA and genomic levels. The mouse orthologue Plac1 maps to the syntenically equivalent region of the mouse X chromosome. In situ hybridization studies with the antisense mRNA during mouse embryogenesis detect Plac1 expression from 7.5 dpc (days postcoitum) to 14.5 dpc in ectoplacental cone, giant cells, and labyrinthine trophoblasts. The putative human and murine PLAC1 proteins are 60% identical and 77% homologous. Both include a signal peptide and a peptide sequence also found in an interaction domain of the ZP3 (zona pellucida 3) protein. These results make PLAC1 a marker for placental development, with a possible role in the establishment of the mother-fetus interface.
    Genomics 10/2000; 68(3):305-12. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The region Xq21.3/Yp11.1 represents the largest segment of homology between the sex chromosomes in humans, though no recombination occurs in male meiosis. It presumably arose as a transposition from the X to the Y chromosome; the present-day organization in the latter chromosome indicates a paracentric inversion that disrupted its continuity. Moreover, an X-specific block (defined by the marker DXS214) is embedded in the region. Previously, no hypotheses about the length, origin, or evolution of this X-specific segment have been proposed. Here we report on the refinement of the size and the sequence of the distal boundary of the X-specific block. Furthermore, we have tracked by FISH experiments the evolution of this region in primates. This further clarifies the multistep mechanism of origin for the XY homology region, by demonstrating that the X-specific block was deleted from the Y chromosome after the initial transfer from the X chromosome.
    Genomics 12/1999; 62(2):293-6. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: GPC3, the gene modified in the Simpson-Golabi-Behmel gigantism/overgrowth syndrome (SGBS), is shown to span more than 500 kb of genomic sequence, with the transcript beginning 197 bp 5' of the translational start site. The Xq26.1 region containing GPC3 as the only known gene has been extended to > 900 kb by sequence analysis of flanking BAC clones. Two GC isochores (40.6 and 42.6% GC) are observed at the 5' and 3' ends of the locus, with a large repertoire of repetitive sequences that includes an unusual cluster of four L1 elements > 92% identical over 2.8 kb. Eight exons, accounting for the full 2.4-kb GPC3 cDNA, have been sequenced along with neighboring intronic regions. PCR assays have been developed to amplify each exon and exon/intron junction sequence, to help discriminate instances of SGBS among individuals with overgrowth syndromes and to facilitate mutational analysis of lesions in the gene.
    Genomics 10/1997; 45(1):48-58. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ectodermal dysplasias comprise over 150 syndromes of unknown pathogenesis. X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA) is characterized by abnormal hair, teeth and sweat glands. We now describe the positional cloning of the gene mutated in EDA. Two exons, separated by a 200-kilobase intron, encode a predicted 135-residue transmembrane protein. The gene is disrupted in six patients with X;autosome translocations or submicroscopic deletions; nine patients had point mutations. The gene is expressed in keratinocytes, hair follicles, and sweat glands, and in other adult and fetal tissues. The predicted EDA protein may belong to a novel class with a role in epithelial-mesenchymal signalling.
    Nature Genetics 09/1996; 13(4):409-16. · 35.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA comprising 219 447 bp was sequenced in nine cosmids and verified at > 99.9% precision. Of the standard repetitive elements, 187 Alus make up 20.6% of the sequence, but there were only 27 MERs (2.9%) and 17 L1 fragments (1.6%). This may be characteristic of such high GC (57%) regions. The sequence also includes an 11.3 kb tract duplicated with 99.2% identity at a distance of 38 kb. The region is 80-90% transcribed and 12.5% translated. Thirteen known genes and their exon-intron borders are all accurately predicted at least in part by GRAIL programs, as are six additional genes. From centromere to telomere, the orientation of transcription varies among the first eight genes, then runs centromeric to telomeric for the next five, and is in the opposite sense for the last six. Eighteen of the 19 genes are associated with CpG islands. Two islands are exact copies in the 11.3 kb repeat units, and could thus give rise to double dosage levels of an X-linked gene. Another island is associated with two genes transcribed in opposite directions. From the sequence data, three genes and their exon structure are inferred. One of them, previously associated with HEX2, is shown to be a different gene unrelated to hexokinases; a second gene, previously known by an EST, is plexin, from its 65.5% identity with the Xenopus analog; and a third is a subunit of a vacuolar H-ATPase, and is named VATPS1.
    Human Molecular Genetics 05/1996; 5(5):659-68. · 7.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) is an X-linked condition characterized by pre- and postnatal overgrowth with visceral and skeletal anomalies. To identify the causative gene, breakpoints in two female patients with X;autosome translocations were identified. The breakpoints occur near the 5' and 3' ends of a gene, GPC3, that spans more than 500 kilobases in Xq26; in three families, different microdeletions encompassing exons cosegregate with SGBS. GPC3 encodes a putative extracellular proteoglycan, glypican 3, that is inferred to play an important role in growth control in embryonic mesodermal tissues in which it is selectively expressed. Initial western- and ligand-blotting experiments suggest that glypican 3 forms a complex with insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), and might thereby modulate IGF2 action.
    Nature Genetics 04/1996; 12(3):241-7. · 35.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A cosmid containing 36.4 kb of high GC human DNA centromeric to the G6PD gene has been analyzed. The sequence was 99.9% precise, based on the comparison of 4.3 kb that overlaps an earlier analysis of 20.1 kb containing G6PD. Properties of the entire 52 kb region that may be characteristic of high GC portions of the genome include a very high density of sixty-two half or full Alu sequences, or 1.2/kb, and an absence of L1 sequences. Other highly repetitive sequences include 11 MER sequences, one of them interrupted at two positions by groups of 3 Alu elements. In segments of unique sequence, computer-aided analysis predicted three possible genes, one of which has thus far been confirmed by the recovery of a corresponding cDNA, both by a direct hybridization method and by a PCR-based method based on a primer pair inferred from the genomic sequence. The cDNA has been sequenced, and is completely concordant with counterpart genomic sequence; it has no resemblance to any previously described gene.
    DNA Sequence 02/1995; 6(1):1-11. · 0.75 Impact Factor
  • M Zollo, E Y Chen
    BioTechniques 04/1994; 16(3):370-2. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • E Y Chen, D Schlessinger, J Kere
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    ABSTRACT: Ordered shotgun sequencing proposes to organize the mapping and sequencing of YACs with a hierarchical strategy that incorporates a feedback loop. Building on current protocols, a YAC is subcloned into plasmids, plasmid insert ends are sequenced, and the sequences are overlapped to create a partial map. Complete sequencing then starts with plasmids whose end-sequence tracts have overlapped, but to a minimal extent. The next plasmids to be sequenced are again selected for least overlap, striking out progressively to span the YAC with minimal directed gap-filling. Simulations support its feasibility and indicate that during the generation of the complete sequence, the approach facilitates the early choice of regions for selective sequencing, for example, for coding units. The sequencing of plasmids would also require less redundancy, and discriminate repetitive sequences more easily, than random sequencing across larger clones. The overall effort scales with YAC size and can be further reduced by additional mapping information.
    Genomics 10/1993; 17(3):651-6. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A full-length mouse glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) cDNA has been isolated and sequenced, and the evolutionary conservation of many portions of the sequence has been verified by comparison with that of human and other sources.
    DNA Sequence 02/1993; 3(5):319-22. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The sequence of 20,114 bp of DNA including the human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) gene was determined. The region included a prominent CpG island, starting about 680 nucleotides upstream of the transcription start site, extending about 1050 nucleotides downstream of the start site, and ending just at the start of the first intron. The transcribed region from the start site to the poly(A) addition site covers 15,860 bp. The sequence of the 13 exons agreed with published cDNA sequence and for the 11 exons tested, with the corresponding sequence in a yeast artificial chromosome (YAC). The latter confirms YAC cloning fidelity at the DNA sequence level. Sixteen Alu sequences constitute 24% of the total sequence tract. Four were outside the borders of the mRNA transcript of the gene; all the others were found in a large (9858 bp) intron between exons 2 and 3. Two Alu clusters each contain Alus lying between the monomers of another.
    Genomics 08/1991; 10(3):792-800. · 3.01 Impact Factor