[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A large deep and nearly complete B<24.5 redshift sample is used to measure the change in distribution function of the stellar mass production rate in individual galaxies with redshift. The evolution of the star formation rate distribution with redshift is interpreted in terms of the history of spiral galaxy formation, with the disk component modelled as a single evolving entity, and the characteristic timescales, luminosities, and epochs varying according to galaxy type. The more massive forming galaxies seen at z=1 to 3 are identified as earlier type spirals, whose star formation rates are initially high and then decline rapidly at z<1, while for later type spirals and smaller mass irregulars the mass formation rates at z<1 are lower, and the formation process persists to redshifts much closer to the present epoch. We find that these models can be consistent with the data and fit well into a broad picture of other recent results if qnought=0.02 and many of the disks begin their growth at z<<3, but that they predict too many bright star formers at high z in flat universes. Comment: 12 pages, LaTeX (aaspp4.sty), 3 PostScript figures included. ApJ (Letters) in press
The Astrophysical Journal 02/1997; · 6.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present the results of ground-based and HST imaging studies targeted on z>4.5 quasar fields. High-redshift galaxies identified in deep narrow-band Lyman alpha images of the fields surrounding the quasars BR1202-0725 (z=4.694) and BR2237-0607 (z=4.558) have been confirmed with follow-up spectroscopy using the LRIS spectrograph on the Keck 10m telescope. These high-redshift galaxies are typically only moderately luminous objects and their sub-L* magnitudes imply star formation rates of only a few solar masses per year. For BR1202-0725 tip-tilt imaging in Lyman alpha at the UH 2.2m telescope and deep narrow-band IR imaging in [OII] at CFHT reveals a complex and structured system which may be merging to produce the host galaxy of the quasar. For BR2237-0607 the Lyman-alpha-emitting galaxies show the strong Lyman alpha emission and weak continuum expected for objects before substantial chemical enrichment and consequent dust formation and extinction has occurred. These objects appear to be galaxies in their first outburst of star formation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using the OH-airglow suppressor spectrograph at the University of Hawaii 2.2m telescope and the CGS4 spectrometer at the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope, we have found exceptionally large Balmer decrements in two unusual high-z QSOs, Hawaii 167 (z=2.36, Ha/Hb = 13) and Q0059-2735 (z=1.59, Ha/Hb = 7.6), the latter being a so-called low-ionization broad absorption line QSO (BALQSO). We argue that these objects are young QSOs heavily enshrouded by dust. In fact, the internal reddening might be so large as to completely extinguish the QSO light in the restframe UV, allowing us to see the underlying stellar population. Our possible detection of the 4000 A break in Hawaii 167 supports this idea. Its small amplitude indicates a very young age for the population, ~15 Myrs. To explain the properties of these QSOs, we propose a model in which a young QSO is surrounded by a shell of young massive stars mixed with significant amounts of dust. We predict that as the QSO emerges from this dust cocoon, it will eventually take on the appearance of a normal BALQSO. Comment: 21 pages (LaTeX, AASTEX4.0) , 1 Postscript table (landscape), 6 Postscript figures, accepted for publication in Astronomical Journal, July 1996 issue
The Astronomical Journal 04/1996; · 4.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the detection of a nearby emission-line companion to the z = 4.695 quasar BR 1202-0725. Deep narrowband exposures on this field from the University of Hawaii 2.2 m telescope show a Ly alpha flux of 1.5 x 10-16 ergs cm-2 s-1. High-resolution imaging in the F814W filter band with the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera (WFPC2) shows continuum structure near the emission position, at 2."6 northwest of the quasar, corresponding to a projected separation of ~7.5 h-1 kpc for q0 = 0.5, where h ≡ H0/100 km s-1 Mpc-1. We discuss possible explanations for the combined line and color properties. The ionization is most likely produced by the quasar, but, if due to underlying star formation, would require a star formation rate of ~7 h-2 M&sun; yr-1.
The Astrophysical Journal 01/1996; 459. · 6.73 Impact Factor