[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 2-amino substituted derivatives of guanine, N2-(p-n-butylphenyl)guanine (BuPG) and N2-(3',4'-trimethylenephenyl) guanine (TMPG), were synthesized and found to selectively inhibit, respectively, HeLa cell DNA polymerase alpha (po1 alpha) and B. subtilis DNA polymerase III (po1 III). Both purines, like their corresponding uracil analogs, BuAu and TMAU (2,9), were specifically competitive with dGTP in their inhibitory action on their target polymerases. BuPG, the pol alpha-specific purine, was also toxic for HeLa cells in vivo, selectively inhibiting DNA synthesis. These N2-substituted purines, in contrast to the 6-substituted uracils, provide a structural basis for the synthesis of nucleosides and nucleotides with considerable potential as probes for the analysis of the structure of specific replicative DNA polymerases and their function in cellular DNA metabolism.
Nucleic Acids Research 08/1982; 10(14):4431-40. · 8.28 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of 6-anilinouracils, dGTP analogues which selectively inhibit specific bacterial DNA polymerases, were examined for their capacity to inhibit purified DNA polymerases from HeLa cells. The p-n-butyl derivative (BuAU) was found to inhibit DNA polymerase alpha with a Ki of approximately 60 microM. The inhibitory effect of BuAU was reversed specifically by dGTP and was observed only for DNA polymerase alpha; polymerases beta and lambda were not inhibited by drug at concentrations as high as 1 mM. BuAU also was inhibitory in vivo in HeLa cell culture; at 100 microM it reversibly inhibited cell division and selectively depressed DNA synthesis. The results of these studies indicate that BuAU is an inhibitor with considerable potential as a specific probe with which to dissect the structure of mammalian polymerase alpha and its putative role in cellular DNA replication.
Nucleic Acids Research 02/1980; 8(1):99-109. · 8.28 Impact Factor