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ABSTRACT: Different potencies for hypocretin-1 and -2 in sleep-wake regulation and feeding after intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration have been reported. These differences were often explained by the selectivity of the two hypocretins for hypocretin receptor-1 and -2, but little attention has been paid to kinetics of hypocretin peptides. We investigated the kinetics of the ICV hypocretin-1 and -2 in rats. ICV hypocretin-1 (10 nmol) increased hypocretin-1 peptide level in the CSF by 800-fold from baseline with the elevation lasting over 4 h. In contrast, after ICV hypocretin-2 (10 nmol), no significant rise in the CSF was found. CSF hypocretin levels were significantly correlated with the biological activities of CSF hypocretin-1 and -2 using the Ca(2+) mobilization assay. Difference in the kinetics of hypocretins should be considered for interpreting ICV effects of hypocretins.
Neuroscience Letters 09/2003; 346(3):182-6. · 2.03 Impact Factor