Dong Li

Tsinghua University, Peping, Beijing, China

Are you Dong Li?

Claim your profile

Publications (76)197.94 Total impact

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endometriosis is a common, benign, oestrogen-dependent, chronic gynaecological disorder associated with pelvic pain and infertility. Some researchers have identified nerve fibers in endometriotic lesions in women with endometriosis. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted interest for their possible use for both cell and gene therapies because of their capacity for self-renewal and multipotentiality of differentiation. We investigated how human umbilical cord-MSCs (hUC-MSCs) could affect nerve fibers density in endometriosis. In this experimental study, hUC-MSCs were isolated from fresh human umbilical cord, characterized by flow cytometry, and then transplanted into surgically induced endometriosis in a rat model. Ectopic endometrial implants were collected four weeks later. The specimens were sectioned and stained immunohistochemically with antibodies against neurofilament (NF), nerve growth factor (NGF), NGF receptor p75 (NGFRp75), tyrosine kinase receptor-A (Trk-A), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) to compare the presence of different types of nerve fibers between the treatment group with the transplantation of hUC-MSCs and the control group without the transplantation of hUC-MSCs. There were significantly less nerve fibers stained with specific markers we used in the treatment group than in the control group (p<0.05). MSC from human umbilical cord reduced nerve fiber density in the treatment group with the transplantation of hUC-MSCs.
    International journal of fertility & sterility 04/2015; 9(1):71-80. · 0.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Owing to their immunosuppressive properties mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are widely applicable in the treatment of autoimmune disease. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) genes enhanced the immunosuppressive functional ability of MSCs following stable transfection. To strengthen the immunomodulatory ability of MSCs, IDO-1 and COX-2 were overexpressed in umbilical cord progenitor cell-derived MSCs using recombinant plasmids and electroporation. RT-qPCR analysis and western blotting confirmed the expression of IDO-1 and COX-2 in transfected MSCs. Further functional assays in co-culture experiments, including lymphocyte proliferation and cyto-toxicity assays showed that COX-2‑transfected MSCs possessed more potent immunomodulatory cells than the untreated MSCs, or MSCs transfected with IDO-1. Additionally, synthesis of interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was significantly inhibited in lymphocytes co-cultured with COX-2‑transfected MSCs, which was consistent with changes in immune-related genes in MSCs. An enhanced expression of IDO-1, COX-2, heme-oxygenase-1, inducible nitric-oxide synthase, TNF-α-stimulated gene/protein-6, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), human leukocyte antigen molecule 5 (HLA-G5) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) was identified following COX-2 transfection. We showed that the overexpression of COX-2 enhanced the immunosuppressive function of MSCs. COX-2‑modified MSCs more potently inhibited the activation and proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 03/2015; DOI:10.3892/ijmm.2015.2137 · 1.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stem cell therapy has recently emerged as a breakthrough technology to treat a variety of diseases. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop appropriate methods to evaluate or monitor stem cell therapy efficiency. Herein, we report a portable and quantitative evaluation method for mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy for damaged hepatocytes by ubiquitous personal glucose meters (PGM). It is notable that most current methods for quantitative analysis still require laboratory-based or specialized equipment that is not widely available to the general public. PGMs are one of the devices that are successfully used for in-home medical diagnostics and which have worldwide accessibility to the public. Herein, we report an immunosensor based on PGM for the detection of albumin, the most important indicator for evaluating liver function. Albumin detection can be taken as an appropriate marker to evaluate the efficiency of MSC-based repair of damaged hepatocytes. The proposed sandwich-type immunosensor using PGM exhibits high sensitivity (low detection limit (0.5 ng mL−1), wide range (1 × 10−3 to 10 μg mL−1)), and good reliability. Given the wide availability of antibodies for numerous targets, the proposed method based on PGM can be successfully applied for sensitive detection of many other non-glucose targets, especially helpful for evaluating or monitoring stem cell therapy.
    RSC Advances 02/2015; 5(25). DOI:10.1039/C5RA00191A · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was to expand the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) through inducing the differentiation of umbilical blood monomuclear cells (UBMNC) by using various combination of cytokines, and to investigate the functions of expanded CTL. The MNC were isolated by ficoll density gradient centrifugation. Then, the PHA-P, IFN-γ combined with IL-2, IL-15 and other cytokines were used for induction and expansion of the cord blood-derived CTL. The biological function of CTL was examined by phenotype analysis, cytotoxic tests and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. After expansion for 15 days, the cell number increased by 1522% ± 137%. The content of CD3(-)CD8(-) cells in uncultured cord blood MNC was 95%, and the CD3(+)CD8(+) CTL cells reached 82.77% in cultured cord blood MNC after expansion for 15 days. The expanded CTL cell showed the cytotoxic activity against K562 and HeLa cell line. The killing rate of MNC was 61.88 ± 1.08%. After expansion, the killing rate could reach to 90% with the average value of 90.33 ± 2.02%. The expanded CTL cells highly expressed some key cytokines, such as granzyme A, granzyme B, GM-CSF, granulysin, IFN-γ, TGF-β, TNF-α and perforin. Compared with the control group, the expression of IFN-γ and TGF-β significantly increased (P < 0.05), and the other factors dramatically increased (P < 0.01). The cord blood-derived CTL can be expanded by different combinations of cytokines. These protocols may provide alternative choices for CTL cell expansion in tumor adoptive immunotherapy.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In tumor-bearing state, the function of neutrophils is converted from tumor-suppressing to tumor-promoting. Here we report that priming with IFN-γ and TNF-α could convert the potential of neutrophils from tumor-promoting to tumor-suppressing. The neutrophils with protumor potential have not lost their responsiveness to IFN-γ and TNF-α. After priming with IFN-γ and TNF-α, the potential of the neutrophils to express Bv8 and Mmp9 genes was reduced. Conversely, the tumor-promotional neutrophils recovered the expression of Rab27a and Trail, resumed the activation levels of PI3K and p38 MAPK pathways in response to stimuli, and expressed higher levels of IL-18 and NK-activating ligands such as RAE-1, MULT-1, and H60. Therefore, the anti-tumor function of the neutrophils was augmented, including the cytotoxicity to tumor cells, the capability of degranulation, and the capacity to activate NK cells. Since the function of NK cells is impaired in tumor-bearing state, the administration of normal NK cells could significantly augment the efficiency of tumor therapy based on neutrophil priming. These findings highlight the reversibility of neutrophil function in tumor-bearing state, and suggest that neutrophil priming by IFN-γ/TNF-α might be a potential approach to eliminate residual tumor cells in comprehensive strategy for tumor therapy.
    Oncotarget 12/2014; 5(24):12621-34. · 6.63 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive neoplastic disorder of immature hematopoietic precursors committed to T-cell lineage. T-ALL accounts for ~15% of pediatric ALL cases and is prone to early relapse. With new and improved treatment protocols, the prognosis of T-ALL has improved particularly in children; however, the outcome of relapsed T-ALL cases remains poor. The AIOLOS gene is necessary to control lymphocyte differentiation and may be a potential target of T-ALL therapy. In the present study, Jurkat cells were divided into three groups: untransfected (UT) control, lentiviral vector control (Lenti-Mock) and AIOLOS-overexpressing (Lenti-AIOLOS) groups. Lenti-AIOLOS Jurkat cells were constructed by lentiviral transduction; cell cycle analysis, apoptosis and cytotoxicity assays were then performed to evaluate the effects of AIOLOS on cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and cell chemosensitivity to etoposide of Jurkat cells in vitro. Moreover, the expression levels of genes associated with apoptosis and cell cycle were investigated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Results showed that the percentage of Jurkat cells in the G0/G1 phase increased from 71.5 (UT) to 85.4% (Lenti-AIOLOS; P<0.05), yet the percentage of cells in the S-phase decreased from 15.1 (UT) to 11.6% (Lenti‑AIOLOS; P<0.05). The percentage of total apoptotic cells was significantly increased in the AIOLOS-transfected Jurkat cells (21.93%) compared with this percentage in the Lenti-Mock (13.35%) or the UT group (13.30%; P<0.05). Consistent with these results, AIOLOS overexpression induced P21 and P27 upregulation and CCND3 and SKP2 downregulation. Furthermore, AIOLOS overexpression synergistically increased the cytotoxic effects of etoposide and downregulated NF-κB expression. Our findings revealed that lentivirus-mediated AIOLOS overexpression in Jurkat cells induced cell apoptosis, arrested the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase, and synergistically increased the sensitivity of Jurkat cells to etoposide by inhibiting NF-κB activity.
    Oncology Reports 12/2014; 33(3). DOI:10.3892/or.2014.3677 · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is involved in the development of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD). In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PD-MSCs) and explored the NF-E2-related factor-2/heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1) signaling pathway in treating HIBD. P7 rats were subjected to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and randomly divided into four groups (control, HIBD, HIBD+PD-MSCs, and HIBD+fibroblasts). Forty-eight hours after the induction of HIBD, 5×10(5) of PD-MSCs were injected into cerebral tissue in the HIBD+PD-MSCs group, while the same dose of fibroblasts were injected in the HIBD+fibroblasts group. Morris Water Maze, gross and pathological changes were tested at P28. The level of malondialdehyde (MDA) was detected in rats' hippocampus. RT-PCR and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the changes of Nrf2/HO-1. The HIBD group showed significantly longer escape latency and a lower frequency of original platform crossing in the Morris Water Maze compared with the control group. Rats receiving PD-MSCs showed significant improvement of HIBD. The pathological changes were evident after HIBD, but ameliorated in the PD-MSCs group. Compared with the control group, HO-1 and Nrf2 were up-regulated at gene and protein levels in the HI brain, beginning at 6 hours and peaking at 48 hours (P<0.05). The expression of HO-1 and Nrf2 in the PD-MSCs treatment group was more pronounced than in the HIBD group (P<0.01). PD-MSCs also decreased MDA production in the brain tissue. These results demonstrate that PD-MSCs have neuroprotective effect during the treatment of HIBD and that the mechanism may be partly due to alleviating oxidative stress.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 12/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.1007/s12519-014-0531-8 · 1.05 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a potential source of adult stem cells for cell‑based therapeutics due to their substantial multilineage differentiation capacity and secretory functions. No information is presently available regarding the maintenance of immunosuppressive properties of this cell type with repeated passages. It was therefore the aim of the present study to analyze the biological properties, particularly the immunoregulatory effect, of MSCs from late passages. The differences between young and old MSCs in morphology, cell surface antigen phenotype, proliferation, gene expression and immunomodulatory ability were investigated. The results of the current study demonstrated that with the passage of cells, senescent MSCs displayed a characteristically enlarged and flattened morphology, different gene expression profiles and stronger immunosuppressive activities. Increased interleukin‑6 production may be a possible underlying mechanism for this enhanced immunomodulatory ability of MSCs. These findings suggest that aged MSCs may provide a treatment option for patients with graft versus host disease and other diseases associated with dysregulation of the immune system.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 10/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.3892/mmr.2014.2755 · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ObjectiveTo evaluate the impact of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) against hepatic I/R injury and explore the role of N-acetyltransferase 8 (NAT8) in the process.MethodsWe investigated the potential of injected MSCs systemically via the tail vein in healing injuried liver of the SD rat model of 70% hepatic I/R injury by measuring the biochemical and pathologic alterations. Subsequently, we evaluated the expression levels of NAT8 by western blotting in vivo. Concurrently, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis in the human normal liver cell line L02 was performed in vitro to evaluate the protective effects of MSC conditioned medium (MSC-CM) on L02 cells. In addition, we downregulated and upregulated NAT8 expression in L02 cells and induced apoptosis by using H2O2 to study the protective role of NAT8.ResultsMSCs implantation led to a significant reduced liver enzyme levels, an advanced protection in the histopathological findings of the acutely injured liver and a significantly lower percentage of TUNEL-positive cells, which were increased after I/R injury. In vitro assays, MSC-CM inhibited hepatocyte apoptosis induced by H2O2. Moreover, overexpression or downregulation of NAT8 prevented or aggravated hepatocyte apoptosis induced by H2O2, respectively.ConclusionsMSC transplantation provides support to the I/R-injured liver by inhibiting hepatocellular apoptosis and stimulating NAT8 regeneration.
    PLoS ONE 07/2014; 9(7):e103355. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0103355 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate changes in gene expression that occur upon treatment with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) for hepatic cirrhosis using a rat model system.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was objective to explore the effect of IFN-γ on immunosuppressive capability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) derived from umbilical cord. The immunomodulating capability of MSC was changed by stimulating cell surface receptors like Toll-like receptors (TLR). The inhibition of T-lymphocyte proliferation by MSC was tested via cell co-cultures. Further RT-PCR and ELISA were performed to examine the expression changes in gene and protein level. The results showed that the IFN-γ could promote the immunosuppressive effect of umbilical cord derived MSC. IFN-γ-stimulated MSC could suppress the proliferation of T cells more effectively. IFN-γ stimulation up-regulated the expression of immunosuppressive genes like IDO1, COX2, HLA-G, and soluble suppressive proteins such as HLA-G, KYN, IL10, PGE2 of MSC. And the immuno suppression capability of IFN-γ-stimulated MSC was 2-7 folds higher than control in MSC and lymphocyte co-culture tests. It is concluded that IFN-γ can effectively enhance the immunosupp-ressive capability of MSC.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The AIOLOS gene is important in the control of mature B-lymphocyte differentiation and proliferation. Previous research has shown that deregulated AIOLOS expression is associated with adult B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia in human patients. However, the function of AIOLOS in childhood B-cell precursor (BCP)-ALL is not fully understood. In the present study, Nalm-6 cells were divided into three groups: the untransfected control (UT), the lentiviral vector control (Lenti-Mock) and the AIOLOS-overexpressing (Lenti-AIOLOS) group. Lenti-AIOLOS Nalm-6 cells were constructed by lentiviral transduction, followed by cell proliferation assay, cell-cycle analysis and apoptosis assay, to evaluate the effects of AIOLOS on proliferation, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of Nalm-6 cells in vitro. Moreover, the expression levels of genes associated with apoptosis and the cell cycle, as well as the transcription factors IKZF1 and NF-κB, were investigated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The results showed that the proliferation of Nalm-6 cells in the Lenti-AIOLOS group was reduced by 16% on day 8 compared with cells in the UT group (P>0.05). The reduction peaked at 29% on day 10 (P<0.05). The percentage of Nalm-6 cells in the G0/G1 phase increased from 70.4 (UT) to 84.1% (Lenti-AIOLOS) (P<0.01), and the S-phase cells decreased from 20.3 (UT) to 11.7% (Lenti-AIOLOS) (P<0.01). Total apoptotic cells significantly decreased in AIOLOS-transfected Nalm-6 cells (10.75%) compared with those in the Lenti-Mock (17.00%) or UT group (19.05%) (P<0.01). In particular, the difference between the groups in the percentage of late apoptotic cells was significant (2.85 vs. 7.95%; P<0.01). In addition, overexpression of AIOLOS resulted in upregulation of BCL-2 and downregulation of CCND3, BAX, IKZF1 and NF-κB. No changes were detected on C-MYC and P27. Our findings indicate that lentivirus-mediated overexpression of AIOLOS in Nalm-6 cells could inhibit cell proliferation, suppress cell apoptosis and arrest the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase in vitro.
    Oncology Reports 12/2013; 31(3). DOI:10.3892/or.2013.2964 · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), a heterogeneous population including myeloid progenitor and immature myeloid cells, are known to inhibit T cell responses. The issue of whether tumor-derived MDSCs regulate the immune response in an asthma environment is currently unclear. Here, we have reported that tumor-derived MDSCs shift the balance back to normal in a Th2-dominant asthmatic environment. In an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mouse asthma model, injected tumor-derived MDSCs were recruited to the lungs of asthmatic mice by CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2). MDSCs transferred into asthmatic mice via i.v. injection suppressed the infiltration of inflammatory cells into the lung, the Th2 cytokine, IL-4, concentration in bronchial lavage fluid, and the serum level of OVA-specific IgE. Increased TGF-β1 production in the lung was detected after transfer of MDSCs. The inhibitory effects of MDSCs were reversed upon treatment with an anti-TGF-β1 antibody, suggesting dependence of these activities on TGF-β1. Our findings imply that tumor-derived MDSCs inhibit the Th2 cell-mediated response against allergen in a TGF-β1-dependent manner. Based on the collective results, we propose that asthma may be effectively targeted using a novel MDSC-based cell therapy approach. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 12/2013; DOI:10.1111/sji.12140 · 1.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The protective properties of the Coptis chinensis inflorescence ethanolic extracts (CE) and its main alkaloid components against ultraviolet-B-induced oxidative damage were investigated. The content of berberine, jatrorrhizine, coptisine, epiberberine, and palmatine of CE were determined by HPLC. Results showed that the mixture of five alkaloids contributed to the protective properties of CE in vitro and that berberine had better antioxidant effects than coptisine. Furthermore, the protective properties of CE were investigated in vivo. The skin tissues of UVB-irradiated animals exhibited a significant decrease in glutathione peroxidase, catalase, superoxide dismutase, and hydroxyproline. Additionally, these tissues exhibited a significant increase in the formation of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS). These changes were significantly reversed in a dose-dependent manner after treatment with CE and the standard treatment with gallic acid. Thus, CE and its main alkaloids possess potent protective properties against oxidative damage and may have valuable applications as a kind of tea in the functional food industry.
    Journal of Functional Foods 10/2013; 5(4):1665–1672. DOI:10.1016/j.jff.2013.07.010 · 4.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow (BM) and umbilical cord (UC) are the major sources of menchymal stem cells for therapeutics. This study was aimed to compare the basic biologic characteristcs of bone marrow-derived and umbilical cord derived-mesenchgmal stem cells (BM-MSC and UC-MSC) and their immunosuppresive capability in vitro. The BM-MSC and UC-MSC were cultured and amplified under same culture condition. The growth kinetics, phenotypic characteristics and immunosuppressive effects of UC-MSC were compared with those of BM-MSC.Gene chip was used to compare the genes differentially expressed between UC-MSC and BM-MSC. The results showed that UC-MSC shared most of the characteristics of BM-MSC, including morphology and immunophenotype. UC-MSC could be ready expanded for 30 passages without visible changes.However, BM-MSC grew slowly, and the mean doubling time increased notably after passage 6. Both UC-MSC and BM-MSC could inhibit phytohemagglutinin-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell proliferation, in which BM-MSC mediated more inhibitory effect. Compared with UC-MSC, BM-MSC expressed more genes associated with immune response. Meanwhile, the categories of up-regulated genes in UC-MSC were concentrated in organ development and growth.It is concluded that the higher proliferation capacity, low human leukocyte antigen-ABC expression and immunosuppression make UC-MSC an excellent alternative to BM-MSC for cell therapy. The differences between BM-MSC and UC-MSC gene expressions can be explained by their ontogeny and different microenvironment in origin tissue. These differences can affect their efficacy in different therapeutic applications.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 09/2013; 21(5):1248-55.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The critical function of microRNAs in the pathogenesis and prognosis of hematopoietic cancer has become increasingly apparent. However, only a few miRNAs have been reported to be altered in acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). To uncover aberrantly expressed miRNAs in pediatric B-cell ALL, our study employed genome-wide miRNA microarray analysis and stem-loop real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to examine common precursor B-cell ALL samples. The target genes of miRNA-708 were then identified and verified by bioinformatics, dual-luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, and Western blot. Significant upregulation of miR-708, miR-210, and miR-181b, and downregulation of miR-345 and miR-27a were observed in common precursor B-cell ALL (common-ALL) samples (P < 0.05). In addition, elevated expression of miR-708 and miR-181b were found in high-risk common-ALL compared to standard and intermediate ones. miR-708 inhibited luciferase reporter activity by binding to the 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTRs) of CNTFR, NNAT, and GNG12 mRNA in HEK-293 cell line and suppressed the protein levels of CNTFR, NNAT, and GNG12 in Jurkat cells. In addition, mRNA levels of CNTFR and NNAT, but not of GNG12, were found to be downregulated in high risk common-ALL samples. Mutational analysis revealed that miR-708 binds to the 394-400 bp sequence region of the 3'-UTR of CNTFR mRNA. The expression level of miR-708 reflects differences among the clinical types of common-ALL, and CNTFR, NNAT, and GNG12 were identified as targets of miR-708. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Blood & Cancer 08/2013; 60(12). DOI:10.1002/pbc.24583 · 2.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective:This study examines whether silencing specific β-nerve growth factor small interfering RNA (β-NGF siRNA) can affect the growth of ectopic endometriotic implants, generalized hyperalgesia, and nerve fiber density in endometriosis.Methods:Four specific β-NGF siRNAs were detected by Western blot analysis, and the most efficient specific siRNA was transferred into rats with surgically induced endometriosis through gene transfer. The length × width × height of each ectopic transplant that survived from 2 groups were measured at pre-and postbombardment after 2 weeks. The transplants were collected 2 weeks after bombardment. Warm-water tail flick test was performed before the rats were sacrificed. The specimens were sectioned and stained immunohistochemically with antibodies against the types of nerve fibers to compare the presence of different nerve fibers in the treatment and control groups. The serums and supernatants of the peritoneal washings in the treatment and control groups were collected for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analysis. The extra rats were successfully induced with endometriosis and through gene transfer as described above. The spherical volumes of the transplants and tail flick latency post-bombardment after 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks were measured.Results:The spherical volumes in the treatment group were much smaller than those in the control group, and tail flick latency significantly increased in the treatment group postbombardment after 2 weeks. The ELISA analysis showed that the concentrations of β-NGF in the serums and supernatants of the peritoneal fluid decreased in the treatment group unlike in the control group. Less sympathetic and sensory innervation was observed in the treatment group postbombardment after 2 weeks. The outcomes of the spherical volumes of the transplants and tail flick latency postbombardment after 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks showed that the sizes of the transplants did not return to their previous size and that the treatment had some effects on generalized hyperalgesia.Conclusion:Specific siRNA-mediated silencing of the β-NGF gene expression after gene transfer suppressed the growth of ectopic endometriotic implants resulted in a significant improvement in generalized hyperalgesia as well as reduced sympathetic and sensory nerve fiber density in the treatment group.
    Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) 07/2013; 21(3). DOI:10.1177/1933719113497279 · 2.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the immunomodulatory ability of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UB-MSC) along with prolonging of culture time and increasing of passages in vitro. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) were isolated from human umbilical cord and cultured in vitro. The morphological changes and nucleocytoplasmic ratio of MSC were observed using Giemsa staining. MSC of the 5th passage were selected as control group, and MSC of the 13th passage were taken as senile group. The degree of cell senescence was detected by aging cells in situ test kit. Cell Counting Kit-WST-8 was used to determine the proliferation of lymphocytes in mixed lymphocytes coculture system with different passages of MSC. The expression of immunomodulation-related genes was detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that the length-breadth ratio of MSC increased and nucleocytoplasmic ratio decreased along with the increasing of passages. The senium degree of cells of the 13th passage was higher than that of the 5th passage cells. The capacity of suppressing lymphocyte proliferation of the 13th passage MSC was enhanced, compared with the 5th passage. Moreover, the expression of immunosuppression-related genes of senile MSC increased and the expression of most anti-inflammation associated genes declined as compared with young MSC by RT-PCR. It is concluded that the degree of MSC senescence gradually develops with increasing of culture passage, but the immunosupressive ability of MSC strengthens with continuous culture.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 07/2013; 21(4):1010-4.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn leaves have been used as medicinal herbs in the past 1300 years, specifically utilized to cure hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, and obesity. It has been recorded in the most famous medicinal book in China for more than 400 years. The present study aims to identify the potential therapeutic activities of the flavonoids isolated from N. nucifera leaves. N. nucifera leaf flavonoids (NLF) were tested for the inhibition of lipase, α-glucosidase, and α-amylase activities in vitro. A single dose of NLF was administered by oral gavage in mice for acute toxicity. Wistar rats with high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemia and two other animal models were used to evaluate the hypolipidemic effects of NLF. Our in vitro biochemistry tests revealed that the NLF showed high inhibitory activity against porcine pancreatic lipase, α-amylase, and α-glucosidase with IC50 values of 0.38±0.022, 2.20±0.18, and 1.86±0.018mg/mL, respectively. Furthermore, the NLF significantly lowered the lipid components, such as the total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and malondialdehyde, in various established in vivo systems and raised the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Moreover, the NLF alleviated high-fat diet-induced lipid accumulation in the liver. The results demonstrate that NLFs can effectively ameliorate hyperlipidemia and inhibit the key enzymes related to type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our findings may provide new pharmacological basis for the treatment of hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, and obesity using NLFs.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 06/2013; 149(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2013.06.034 · 2.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: TGF-β1 has the potential to activate multiple signaling pathways required for inducing metastatic potential of tumor cells. However, TGF-β1 was inefficient in inducing metastatic potential of many non-invasive human tumor cells. Here we report that the enhancement of TGF-β1 signaling is required for inducing metastatic potential of non-invasive breast cancer cells. TGF-β1 alone could not efficiently induce the sustained activation of Smad and non-Smad pathways in non-invasive breast cancer cells. TLR4 ligand (LPS) and H2O2 cooperated with TGF-β1 to enhance the sustained activation of non-Smad pathways, including p38MAPK, ERK, JNK, PI3K, and NF-κB. The activation of MAPK and PI3K pathways resulted in a positive feed-back effect on TGF-β1 signaling by down-regulating Nm23-H1 expression and up-regulating the expression of TβRI and TβRII, favoring further activation of multiple signaling pathways. Moreover, the enhanced TGF-β1 signaling induced higher expression of SNAI2, which also promoted TβRII expression. Therefore, the sustained activation levels of both Smad and non-Smad pathways were gradually increased after prolonged stimulation with TGF-β1/H2O2/LPS. Consistent with the activation pattern of signaling pathways, the invasive capacity and anoikis-resistance of non-invasive breast cancer cells were gradually increased after prolonged stimulation with TGF-β1/H2O2/LPS. The metastatic potential induced by TGF-β1/H2O2/LPS was sufficient for tumor cells to extravasate and form metastatic foci in an experimental metastasis model in nude mice. The findings in this study suggested that the enhanced signaling is required for inducing higher metastatic capacity of tumor cells, and that targeting one of stimuli or signaling pathways might be potential approach in comprehensive strategy for tumor therapy.
    PLoS ONE 05/2013; 8(5):e65906. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0065906 · 3.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
197.94 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2015
    • Tsinghua University
      • School of Environment
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2008–2015
    • University of Jinan (Jinan, China)
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2006–2015
    • Shandong University
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • School of Stomatology
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2002–2014
    • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2002–2003
    • Tongji Medical University
      • Department of Medical Molecular Biology
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China