[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A mutant human factor IX with arginine at 338 residual changed to alanine (hFIXR338A) by site-directed mutagenesis was introduced into AAV vectors, and a recombinant adeno-associated viral vector containing hFIXR338A, prepared by rHSV/AAV hybrid helper virus system, was directly introduced to the hind leg muscle of factor IX knock out mice. The expression and the biological activity of human factor IX mutant, hFIXR338A, and the immune response against it in the treated mice were assayed and detected. The results showed that (i) the high-level expression of human factor IX mutant protein, hFIXR338A, has been detected in rAAV-hFIXR338A treated hemophilia B mice and lasted more than 15 weeks; (ii) the clotting activity of hFIXR338A in plasma is 34.2%+/-5.23%, which is remarkably higher than that of (14.27% +/- 3.4%) of wild type hFIX treated mice in the activated partial thromboplastin assay; (iii) immune response against factor IX R338A was absent, with no factor IX mutant protein (hFIXR338A) inhibitors development in the treated mice; and (iv) no local or systemic side-effects and toxicity associated with the gene transfer were found. It demonstrated the potential use of treating hemophilia B by recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors with mutant hFIXR338A gene, an alternative strategy for hemophilia B gene therapy to wild-type human factor IX.
Science in China Series C Life Sciences 01/2002; 44(6):585-92. · 1.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To probe into the feasibility of increasing hFIX cDNA transfer and expression in muscle.
The high-frequency electric field was used to promote both Lac-Z-encoding plasmid pCMV beta and hFIX-expressing plasmid G1NaMCIX to transfer and express in muscle. The effects of frequency and length of square pulse, as well as eletroporation time on hFIX expression were investigated.
Electric stimulation could increase the transfer and expression of pCMV beta in muscle, the number of X-gal positive myofiber cells in electroporation-treated mice is 2.1 times larger than that of mice not treated by electroporation (P<0.01). The most optimal electric simulation condition for hFIX cDNA transfer and expression was obtained, under this condition, the highest level of hFIX antigen in plasma is (40+/- 5.4) ng/ml and 7 times higher than that of mice without electroporation P < 0.001).
Electroporation is able to enhance hFIX cDNA transfer and expression in muscle efficiently.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 12/2001; 18(6):476-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To establish a new method for single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) typing based on allele specific PCR: single-tube bi-directional amplification (SB-ASA), and study the influence on specific extension by introducing a mismatch at the third 3'terminal base of allele specific primers.
Two allele specific primers, with a mismatch introduced at the third 3'terminal base, were both included in PCR system; they extended in opposite directions and amplified two allele specific fragments different in size. The genotype was determined by observing the length of amplified fragments after agarose electrophoresis. The proper ranges of annealing temperature (Ta) under which primers can specifically extend were achieved by observing the amplification status at different temperatures.
SB-ASA was successfully used to type 36 samples for four different kinds of SNPs. Typing results were completely consistent with those by directional sequencing. Proper Ta ranges of two primers were expanded respectively from 64-69 degrees centigrade to 46-66 degrees centigrade and from 60-62 degrees centigrade to 56-61 degrees centigrade by introducing a mismatch at the third 3'terminal base.
SB-ASA is a simple, rapid and efficient new method for SNP typing. During allele specific PCR reaction, specific primers with a mismatch at the third 3'terminal base have more power to identify two alleles.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 09/2001; 18(4):306-9.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To test the hypotheses of modern human origin in East Asia, we sampled 12,127 male individuals from 163 populations and typed for three Y chromosome biallelic markers (YAP, M89, and M130). All the individuals carried a mutation at one of the three sites. These three mutations (YAP+, M89T, and M130T) coalesce to another mutation (M168T), which originated in Africa about 35,000 to 89,000 years ago. Therefore, the data do not support even a minimal in situ hominid contribution in the origin of anatomically modern humans in East Asia.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore whether human umbilical cord blood hematopoietic progenitor cells transduced with human aldehyde dehydrogenase class 3 (ALDH3) and multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) could increase resistance to 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) and P-glycoprotein effluxed drugs.
A bicistronic retroviral vector G1Na-ALDH3-IRES-MDR1 cDNA was constructed and transfected the packaging cell lines GP + E86 and PA317 by LipofectAMINE method, using the medium containing VCR and 4-HC for cloning selection and ping-ponging supernatant infection between ecotropic producer clone and amphotropic producer clone, cord blood CD(34)(+) cells were enriched with a high-gradient magnetic cell sorting system (MACS), and then repeatedly transfected with supernatant of retrovirus containing human ALDH3 and MDR1 cDNA under stimulation of hematopoietic growth factors. PCR, RT-PCR, Southern blot, Northern blot, FACS and MTT assay were used to evaluate the transfection and expression of the double genes.
The purity of cord blood CD(34)(+) cells was approximately 91% and the recovery rate was 72%. The highest titer of recombinant amphotropic retrovirus in the supernatant was up to 6.5 x 10(5) CFU/ml. The efficiency of gene transduction was 18%, 20% and 16.7% tested by colony formation, PCR and FACS, respectively. Rhodamine 123 efflux showed 16% transduced cells with P-gp function. No helper virus was found by both nested PCR and rescue assay. The MTT analysis showed a 3.5 to 6.8-fold increase of resistance of transducted cells to cyclophosphamide and P-glycoprotein effluxes drug as compared with the nontransduced cells.
The efficiency and co-expression of this dual genes transfer system provided a foundation for ameliorating combination chemotherapy toxicity in clinical trial.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 05/2001; 22(4):197-201.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study was conducted to investigate single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) in beta2-adrenoceptor(beta2-AR) gene and the distribution of these identified SNPs in Chinese Han ethnic group.
beta2-AR gene was sequenced to detect SNPs by fluorescent labeling automatic sequencing method in 80 unrelated samples from territory of Dabie Mountain in Anhui province.
A total of 8 SNPs were identified in length of 3.8 kb, including 5 SNPs in code region, 3 SNPs in regulatory region. Although the variations, -468C to G, -367T to C, -47C to T,-20T to C, +79C to G, +100G to A, +491C to T, +1098T to C have been identified in other ethnic groups, they have not been found in our study. The allele distribution of SNPs is in good unity with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
The distribution of SNPs in beta2-AR gene is not equable and the SNPs in different ethnic groups differ greatly. The allele distribution of SNPs conforms well to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 03/2001; 18(1):1-3.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study whether human umbilical cord blood CD34+ cells transduced with human aldehyde dehydrogenase class-1 (ALDH-1) and multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) have increases resistance to 4-Hydroperoxycyclo-phosphamide (4-HC) and P-glycoprotein effluxed drugs.
A bicistronic retroviral vector G1Na-ALDH1-IRES-MDR1 was constructed and used to transfect the packaging cell lines GP + E86 and PA317 by LipofectAMINE method, using the medium containing VCR and 4-HC agents for cloning selection and ping-ponging supernatant infection between the ecotropic producer clone and the amphotropic producer clone, we obtained high titer amphotropic PA317 producing cells with high titers up to 5.6 x 10(5) CFU/ml. Cord blood CD34+ cells were transfected repeatedly with supernatant of retrovirus containing human ALDH-1 and MDR1cDNA under the stimulation of hemopoietic growth factors.
Bicistronic retroviral vector construction was verified by restriction endonuclease analysis. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), reverse transcription (RT)-PCR, Southern blot, Northern blot, fluorescenceactivated cell sorting (FACS) method and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) analyses showed that dual drug resistance genes have been integrated into the genomic DNA of cord blood CD34+ cells and expressed efficiently. The transgenes recipient cells confered 4-fold stronger resistance to 4-HC and 5.5 to 7.2-fold P-glycoprotein effluxed drug than untransduced cells.
The bicistronic retroviral vector-mediated transfer of two different types of drug resistance genes into human cord blood CD34+ cells and co-expression provided an experimental foundation for improving combination chemotherapy tolerance in tumor clinical trial.
Chinese medical journal 02/2001; 114(1):25-9. · 0.90 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemokine receptors (CCR5, CXCR4 and CCR2) have been shown to be important co-receptors for HIV infection. Mutations at CCR5 (CCR5-delta2), CCR2 (CCR2-641), and stromal-derived factor SDF1 (SDF1-3'A), a primary ligand for CXCR4, are known to have protective effects against HIV-1 infection and the onset of AIDS symptoms. We studied the three-locus genotype frequency distributions in 70worldwide populations from a sample of 2341 individuals without any known history of HIV-1 infection and AIDS symptoms. From these data, we estimated the risk of AIDS onset (relative hazard, RH) of each population. This survey shows that the substantial allele frequency differences of each of these mutations translate into an extensive variation in relative hazards for AIDS in worldwide populations. However, no evidence of natural selection against the mutant gene carriers is detected. Finally, the combined three-locus genotype data predict the highest relative hazard (RH) in South-East Asia and Africa where AIDS is known to be more prevalent.
European Journal of HumanGenetics 01/2001; 8(12):975-9. · 4.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To detect single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) existing in code region of beta(2)-adrenoceptor(2-AR) gene and to investigate association of the identified SNPs with essential hypertension in Chinese Han population.
Beta(2)-AR gene was sequenced with fluorescent labelling automatic sequencing method in unrelated Chinese Han population from Dabie Mountain in Anhui Province. Genotype of the SNPs were typed with PCR-RFLP method.
Two SNPs were identified in length of 774bp, at position + 1053 with G-->C substitution and + 1239 with A-->G substitution respectively. The frequency of genotype of the two SNPs complied well with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in normal group. Distribution of genotype AA, GA, GG of the SNPs at locus + 1239 in hypertension group was significantly different from that in normal group (chi(2) = 6.70, df = 2, P < 0.05). No significant difference was observed in distribution of genotypes of the SNPs at locus + 1053 between the two groups.
These results indicate that the SNPs at locus + 1239 of beta(2)-AR gene is associated with EH. The SNPs at position + 1053 was not linked to hypertension.
Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 01/2001; 40(1):22-4.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore human umbilical cord blood hematopoietic progenitor cells transduced with human O(6)-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) gene increase resistance to 1,3-Bis(2-Chloroethyl)-1-Nitrosourea(BCNU).
The present authors obtained a full length cDNA fragment encoding the human MGMT from a patient with cholelithiasis liver tissue by RT-PCR method and confirmed by DNA sequencing. The fragment was cloned into pGEM-T vector and further subcloned into G1Na retrovirus vector. Then the G1Na-MGMT was transfected into the packaging cell lines GP+E86 and PA317 by LipofectAMINE method; using the medium containing BCNU for cloning selection and ping-ponging supernatant infection between ecotropic producer clone and amphotropic producer clone, the authors obtained high titer amphotropic PA317 producer clone with the highest titer up to 1.6x10(6) CFU/ml. Cord blood CD34(+) cell were transfected repeatedly with supernatant of retrovirus containing human MGMT cDNA under stimulation of hemopoietic growth factors.
PCR, RT-PCR, Southern blot, Northern blot, Western blot and MTT analyses showed that MGMT gene had been integrated into the genomic DNA of cord blood CD34(+) cells and expressed efficiently in the transfected cells. The transgene recipient cells conferred 4 folds stronger resistance to BCNU than that of the non-transduced.
The retrovirus vector-mediated transfer of MGMT drug resistance gene into human cord blood CD34(+) cells and expression could confer the resistance of transgene cells to BCNU toxicity.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 01/2001; 17(6):395-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The genetic origin of Tibetans was investigated using Y chromosome markers. A total of three populations were studied, two from central Tibet speaking central Tibetan and one from Yunnan speaking Kham. Two dominant paternal lineages (>80%) were identified in all three populations with one possibly from central Asia (YAP+) and the other from east Asia (M122C). We conclude that Tibetan Y chromosomes may have been derived from two different gene pools, given the virtual absence of M122C in central Asia and YAP+ in east Asia, with drift an unlikely mechanism accounting for these observations.
Human Genetics 04/2000; 106(4):453-4. · 4.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Duodenase, a serine proteinase from bovine Brunner's (duodenal) glands that was predicted to be a natural activator of enteropeptidase zymogen, cleaves and activates recombinant single-chain bovine proenteropeptidase (kcat/Km = 2700 M(-1) s(-1)). The measured rate of proenteropeptidase cleavage by duodenase was about 70-fold lower compared with the rate of trypsin-mediated cleavage of the zymogen. The role of duodenase is supposed to be the primary activator of proenteropeptidase maintaining a certain level of active enteropeptidase in the duodenum. A new scheme of proteolytic activation cascade of digestive proteases is discussed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thrombopoietin (TPO) is likely to he a potent, specific and reliable medication in the treatment of thrombocytopenia. A TPO-highly-expressed plasmid pcDNA3-TPO was constructed and a primary study was made on the expression of TPO cDNA in vitro and gene transfer study for thrombocytopenia in vivo. rhTPO showed complete and stable bioactivity by a series of indicators. High expression of TPO was detected in plasma from healthy mice or thrombocytopenia mice model receiving direct intramuscular injection of pcDNA3-TPO. And the platelet level of healthy mice peaked to 1.9-fold of baseline. Mice with CTX-induced thrombocytopenia achieved profound nadirs, acceleration of recovery, even 1.8-2.0-fold supranormal levels of peripheral platelet counts. The results offered experimental support for clinical application of gene therapy for thrombocytopenia via direct intramuscular injection of TPO cDNA.
Science in China Series C Life Sciences 01/2000; 42(6):591-8. · 1.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The efficacy of recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector to deliver and express human blood clotting factor IX (hFIX) gene in skeletal muscle of coagulation factor IX deficiency mouse strain (FactorIX-knockout) is evaluated. The muscle creatine kinase enhancer (MCK) and beta-actin promoter (betaA) were used to drive the hFIX minigene (hFIXml), which was flanked by AAV inverted terminal repeats (ITRs). Following intramuscular injection of high titer (2.5 x 10(11) vector genomes/mL) of rAAV, increased hFIX expression (256 ng/mL of plasma) was achieved. The time course of hFIX expression demonstrated that the expression level gradually increased over a period of two weeks before anti-hFIX antibodies developed in mouse circulating plasma. Those results provided a promising evidence that rAAV-mediated gene transfer and skeletal muscle-specific expression of hFIX is a feasible strategy for treating patients for hemophilia B.
Science in China Series C Life Sciences 01/2000; 42(6):628-34. · 1.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The timing and nature of the arrival and the subsequent expansion of modern humans into eastern Asia remains controversial. Using Y-chromosome biallelic markers, we investigated the ancient human-migration patterns in eastern Asia. Our data indicate that southern populations in eastern Asia are much more polymorphic than northern populations, which have only a subset of the southern haplotypes. This pattern indicates that the first settlement of modern humans in eastern Asia occurred in mainland Southeast Asia during the last Ice Age, coinciding with the absence of human fossils in eastern Asia, 50,000-100,000 years ago. After the initial peopling, a great northward migration extended into northern China and Siberia.
The American Journal of Human Genetics 01/2000; 65(6):1718-24. · 11.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the linkage between asthma and 5q31-33 in a Chinese population.
The linkage between microsatellite markers in 5q and asthma and allergy was tested by lod score analysis.
The linkage between asthma and 5q31-33 was not confirmed.
The genes at 5q31-33 are not likely to contribute to inheritance of asthma in this Chinese population.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 11/1999; 16(5):318-20.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemokine receptor CCR2 and stromal-derived factor (SDF-1) are involved in HIV infection and AIDS symptom onset. Recent cohort studies showed that point mutations in these two genes, CCR2-64I and SDF1-3'A, can delay AIDS onset > or = 16 years after seroconversions. The protective effect of CCR2-64I is dominant, whereas that of SDF1-3'A is recessive. SDF1-3'A homozygotes also showed possible protection against HIV-1 infection. In this study, we surveyed the frequency distributions of the two alleles at both loci in world populations, with emphasis on those in east Asia. The CCR2-64I frequencies do not vary significantly in the different continents, having a range of 0.1-0.2 in most populations. A decreasing cline of the CCR2-64I frequency from north to south was observed in east Asia. In contrast, the distribution of SDF1-3'A in world populations varies substantially, and the highest frequency was observed in Oceanian populations. Moreover, an increasing cline of the SDF1-3'A frequency from north to south was observed in east Asia. The relative hazard values were computed to evaluate the risk of AIDS onset on the basis of two-locus genotypes in the east Asian and world populations.
The American Journal of Human Genetics 10/1999; 65(4):1047-53. · 11.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oligonucleotide of cFIX cDNA (canine FIX, cFIX) was used to transcript mRNA of dog liver cell to cDNA by RT-PCR, and further construct it on the plasmid vector pGEM-T. The correct sequence of cFIX cDNA was obtained which covered the entire cFIX coding region. Furthermore, G1NaCcIX (driven by hCMV promoter) and G1NaMBcIX (driven by MCK enhancer and beta-actin promoter) were constructed using the retroviral vector backbone of G1Na. Canine skin fibroblast (CSF) was used as target cell, transduced with the above constructors respectively. The results showed that these modified CSF cells could express cFIX and that the expression levels were 173 ng/10(6) cell/24 h (G1NaCcIX) and 211 ng/10(6) cell/V24 h (G1NaMBcIX) respectively. Those data offered a promising result for further animal study.
Science in China Series C Life Sciences 09/1999; 42(4):370-5. · 1.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Enteropeptidase is a heterodimeric type II membrane protein of the brush border of duodenal enterocytes. In this location, enteropeptidase cleaves and activates trypsinogen, thereby initiating the activation of other intestinal digestive enzymes. Recombinant bovine enteropeptidase was sorted directly to the apical surface of polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. Replacement of the cytoplasmic and signal anchor domains with a cleavable signal peptide (mutant proenteropeptidase lacking the amino-terminal signal anchor domain (dSA-BEK)) caused apical secretion. The additional amino-terminal deletion of a mucin-like domain (HL-BEK) resulted in secretion both apically and basolaterally. Further deletion of the noncatalytic heavy chain (L-BEK) resulted in apical secretion. Thus enteropeptidase appears to have at least three distinct sorting signals as follows: the light chain (L-BEK) directs apical sorting, addition of most of the heavy chain (HL-BEK) inhibits apical sorting, and addition of the mucin-like domain (dSA-BEK) restores apical sorting. Inhibition of N-linked glycosylation with tunicamycin or disruption of microtubules with colchicine caused L-BEK to be secreted equally into apical and basolateral compartments, whereas brefeldin A caused basolateral secretion of L-BEK. Full-length BEK was not found in detergent-resistant raft domains of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells or baby hamster kidney cells. These results suggest apical sorting of enteropeptidase depends on N-linked glycosylation of the serine protease domain and an amino-terminal segment that includes an O-glycosylated mucin-like domain and three potential N-glycosylation sites. In contrast to many apically targeted proteins, enteropeptidase does not form detergent-resistant associations with sphingolipid-cholesterol rafts.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/1999; 274(3):1596-605. · 4.65 Impact Factor