D Wang

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, United States

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Publications (8)27.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ectopic expression of the alpha5 integrin subunit in cancer cells with little or no endogenous expression of this integrin often results in reduced proliferation as well as reduced malignancy. We now show that inhibition resulting from ectopic expression of alpha5 integrin is due to induction of autocrine negative transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) activity. MCF-7 breast cancer cells do not express either alpha5 integrin or type II TGF-beta receptor and hence are unable to generate TGF-beta signal transduction. Ectopic expression of alpha5integrin expression enhanced cell adhesion to fibronectin, reduced proliferation, and increased the expression of type II TGF-beta receptor mRNA and cell surface protein. Receptor expression was increased to a higher level in alpha5 transfectants by growth on fibronectin-coated plates. Induction of type II TGF-beta receptor expression also resulted in the generation of autocrine negative TGF-beta activity because colony formation was increased after TGF-beta neutralizing antibody treatment. Transient transfection with a TGF-beta promoter response element in tandem with a luciferase cDNA into cells stably transfected with alpha5 integrin resulted in basal promoter activities 5-10-fold higher than those of control cells. Moreover, when alpha5 transfectants were treated with a neutralizing antibody to either TGF-beta or integrin alpha5, this increased basal promoter activity was blocked. Autocrine TGF-beta activity also induced 3-fold higher endogenous fibronectin expression in alpha5 transfectants relative to that of control cells. Re-expression of type II receptor by alpha5 transfection also restored the ability of the cells to respond to exogenous TGF-beta and led to reduced tumor growth in athymic nude mice. Taken together, these results show for the first time that TGF-beta type II receptor expression can be controlled by alpha5beta1 ligation and integrin signal transduction. Moreover, TGF-beta and integrin signal transduction appear to cooperate in their tumor-suppressive functions.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 05/1999; 274(18):12840-7. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported that unaggressive, growth factor-dependent FET human colon carcinoma cells downregulated their transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) expression in a quiescent state (G0/G1) induced by growth factor and nutrient deprivation (Mulder, 1991, Cancer Res., 51:2256-2262). In contrast, highly aggressive, growth factor-independent HCT116 human colon carcinoma cells aberrantly upregulated this autocrine activity in the quiescent state (Mulder, 1991, Cancer Res., 51:2256-2262; Howell et al., 1998, Mol. Cell. Biol., 18:303-313). In this report, the role of autocrine TGFalpha and the mechanism of its regulation of expression during reentry into the cell cycle from a noncycling growth state were determined in FET cells. Optimal induction of DNA synthesis from a quiescent state in FET cells is dependent upon autocrine TGFalpha as well as exogenous transferrin and insulin. Reentry into the cell cycle resulting from treatment with exogenous transferrin and insulin resulted in approximately 3-fold induction of TGFalpha expression within 1 hr. TGFalpha induction was controlled at the transcription level, and the cis-controlling element was localized to the region between bp -370 - -201 relative to the translation start codon within the TGFalpha promoter. Thus neutralization of autocrine TGFalpha protein revealed that the induced TGFalpha autocrine activity was necessary for DNA synthesis and acted only in the early G1 phase of the cell cycle. Blockade of autocrine TGFalpha expression early in the cell cycle resulted in the reduction of DNA synthesis, whereas treatment with neutralization antibody at later times had no effect. This suggested that autocrine TGFalpha functions to initiate cell growth from noncycling states. This was further confirmed by the dependence of FET cells upon autocrine TGFalpha for colony formation in experiments where the plating density was sufficiently low to generate a lag phase in tissue culture. In contrast, TGFalpha autocrine activity was not required for exponential phase cells, as evidenced by the failure of TGFalpha neutralizing antibody to inhibit proliferation in this growth state. Taken together, these results suggest that autocrine TGFalpha acts primarily in the process of growth initiation by moving cells from a noncycling state back into the cell cycle, rather than supporting cell growth already initiated.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 01/1999; 177(3):387-95. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CBS human colon carcinoma cells are poorly tumorigenic in athymic nude mice, whereas FET colon carcinoma cells are non-tumorigenic. Both cell lines have well differentiated properties in tissue culture. Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) was ectopically expressed by stable transfection of a TGF-alpha cDNA under repressible tetracycline control. The TGF-alpha-transfected cells showed enhanced clonal initiation and shortened lag phase growth in tissue culture without an alteration in doubling time in exponential phase relative to untransfected cells. Furthermore, the TGF-alpha transfectants showed increased independence from exogenous growth factors in clonal growth assays and induction of DNA synthesis after release from quiescence. Growth factor independence was associated with sustained epidermal growth factor receptor activation in quiescent TGF-alpha-transfected cells and the requirement of exogenous insulin for stimulation of quiescent cells to re-enter the cell cycle. Higher cloning, reduced lag time in tissue, and the acquisition of growth factor independence for DNA synthesis without a change in doubling time of TGF-alpha-transfected cells indicate that autocrine TGF-alpha functions by facilitating re-entry into the cell cycle from sub-optimal growth states rather than promoting or controlling the proliferation of actively cycling cells. The modulation of growth regulation by autocrine TGF-alpha was associated with increased malignant properties as TGF-alpha transfectants showed increased tumorigenicity in athymic nude mice. The administration of tetracycline reversed the effects of TGF-alpha expression in these cells both in vivo and in vitro, indicating that the alterations of the biological properties were due to the expression of TGF-alpha. Since these cells are continuously grown in a completely chemically defined medium without serum supplementation, it was possible to assign the mechanism underlying the generation of growth factor independence to the replacement of a requirement for exogenous insulin in parental cells by autocrine TGF-alpha.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/1998; 273(47):31471-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autocrine transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) is an important positive growth effector in malignant cells and plays a significant role in generating the growth factor-independent phenotype associated with malignant progression. However, the molecular mechanisms by which TGFalpha confers a growth advantage in progression is poorly understood. The highly tumorigenic cell line HCT116 up-regulates TGFalpha mRNA expression during growth arrest, whereas the poorly tumorigenic growth factor-dependent FET cell line down-regulates TGFalpha mRNA expression as it becomes quiescent. We have identified a 25-bp sequence at -201 to -225 within the TGFalpha promoter which mediates the differential regulation of TGFalpha expression during quiescence establishment in these two cell lines. This same sequence confers TGFalpha promoter responsiveness to exogenous growth factor or autocrine TGFalpha. The abberant upregulation of TGFalpha mRNA in quiescent HCT116 cells may allow them to return to the dividing state under more stringent conditions (nutrient replenishment alone) then quiescent FET cells (requires nutrients and growth factors). Antisense TGFalpha approaches showed that the dysregulated TGFalpha expression in quiescent HCT116 cells is a function of the strong TGFalpha autocrine loop (not inhibited by blocking antibodies) in these cells.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/1998; 273(15):9214-23. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • R Fan, H Wang, D Wang
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    ABSTRACT: To study histologically the biological behaviour of the grafts and the reactions in the receipt area after reconstruction of temporomandibular joint (TMJ), we have reconstructed experimentally removed TMJs on purebred juvenile pigs by transplanting autogenous costo-chondral grafts. The findings of continuously survey of histologic changes in the receipt areas and the grafts showed that autogenous grafts healed well with the surrounding soft tissues, and induced the mesenchymal-like cells from the receipt region, rather than the periosteal cells which might be left, to differentiate and ossify both within and at the surface of them, and they themselves were gradually replaced by the new-formed bone; and that active osteogenesis could also be seen within the thick tissues far from the graft, which could not be the result of graft's induction. It may be concluded that the new bone, both from the induction of the graft which acts as a framework and somehow from the outside tissues, reconstructs the new condyle and determines the postsurgical growth of the mandible.
    Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology 08/1997; 32(4):224-6.
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    ABSTRACT: We characterized the expression of alpha 5 beta 1 integrin in two distinct phenotypes of colon carcinoma cell lines. Highly invasive colon cell lines (designated Group I cell lines) expressed higher levels of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 mRNA and protein than did poorly invasive colon cell lines (designated Group III cell lines). The relatively high expression of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 in Group I cell lines resulted in strong enhancement of cell adhesion to fibronectin (FN) tissue culture plates, whereas Group III cell lines showed little or no enhancement of cell adhesion by coating. There was no significant difference between Group I and Group III cell lines with respect to cell adhesion to laminin and collagen IV. Cell adhesion to FN in Group I cells was mainly mediated by integrin alpha 5 beta 1 because a monoclonal anti-alpha 5 subunit antibody could block cell adhesion to FN, whereas anti-alpha 2 and anti-alpha 3 antibodies had no effect on cell adhesion to FN. The divergence of alpha 5 beta 1 expression in these two distinct colon carcinoma phenotypes suggested that high expression of alpha 5 beta 1 might contribute to malignant progression in this model system. To test this hypothesis, GEO cells, a Group III cell line that did not express alpha 5 integrin, were transfected with the alpha 5 subunit. Stable transfection of alpha 5 sense cDNA into a typical GEO-limiting dilution clone led to the expression of alpha 5 subunit mRNA and cell surface alpha 5 beta 1 protein. The alpha 5 sense transfectants showed enhanced attachment to FN-coated plates and were more tumorigenic when the cells were injected into athymic nude mice. These results indicate that inappropriately high alpha 5 beta 1 integrin expression contributes to malignant progression in colon carcinoma.
    Cell growth & differentiation: the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 02/1997; 8(1):83-90.
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    ABSTRACT: We show that integrin alpha 5 subunit expression is stimulated when human fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells are released from quiescence. The alpha 5 subunit mRNA level in quiescent HT1080 cells was increased 24 hr after their release by 10% fetal bovine serum-containing medium reaching a maximum of 2.5 fold on day 2. Similar levels of induction of cell-surface alpha 5 subunit protein as well as beta 1 subunit protein were also observed. This resulted in a significant increase of cell attachment to fibronectin. The serum stimulation also increased alpha 5 subunit promoter activity by twofold which was protein synthesis independent. Subsequent deletion of alpha 5 subunit promoter DNA showed that the cis-element responsible for the activation is located between -92 bp and the transcription start site. The promoter activity was not induced until 12 hr after the release. Comparison of the effect of a serum-free medium and a 10% fetal bovine serum-supplemented medium revealed that both the DNA synthesis and alpha 5 subunit induction were independent of exogenous growth factors. The increased integrin alpha 5 beta 1 appears to function by reducing mitogenic activity since blockade of fibronectin binding to its receptor with a RGD peptide, a monoclonal anti-fibronectin antibody, or a monoclonal anti-alpha 5 subunit antibody during the release from quiescence significantly stimulated DNA synthesis. On the other hand, stable overexpression of the alpha 5 subunit resulted in decreased DNA synthesis.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 10/1995; 164(3):499-508. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) has been extensively studied as an exogenous agent that stimulates the expression of extracellular matrix proteins and their cell-surface integrin receptors in a variety of cell types. However, the recent demonstration of autocrine TGF-beta growth effects in a number of cell types suggests that the steady-state expression of extracellular matrix and integrin proteins and their biological activity may also be under autocrine TGF-beta control. Previously, we reported that repression of autocrine TGF-beta 1 activity by constitutive expression of a full-length TGF-beta 1 antisense cDNA led to abrogation of autocrine negative TGF-beta and, as a result, increased tumorigenicity and anchorage-independent growth of a poorly tumorigenic, well-differentiated colon carcinoma cell line designated FET (Wu, S., Theodorescu, D., Kerbel, R. S., Willson, J. K. V., Mulder, K. M., Humphrey, L. E., and Brattain, M. G. (1992) J. Cell Biol. 116, 187-196). Consequently, we have used this model system to study the effects of repression of autocrine TGF-beta 1 activity on the expression of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 and integrin alpha 5 beta 1-mediated cell adhesion to fibronectin. The expression of the integrin alpha 5 subunit was reduced in TGF-beta 1 antisense transfected FET cells at both mRNA and protein levels as determined by RNase protection assays and immunoprecipitation, respectively. Autocrine TGF-beta 1 had no effect on the transcription of integrin alpha 5 and beta 1 subunits, indicating that autocrine TGF-beta 1 may regulate integrin alpha 5 beta 1 expression at the post-transcriptional level. The diminished expression of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 on the cell surface led to the reduced adhesion of TGF-beta 1 antisense transfected cells to fibronectin. This phenomenon could be reversed by treatment with exogenous TGF-beta 1.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/1995; 270(23):14154-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

121 Citations
27.04 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999
    • Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
      • Department of Surgery
      Lubbock, TX, United States
  • 1995–1999
    • Medical University of Ohio at Toledo
      Toledo, Ohio, United States
  • 1998
    • Case Western Reserve University
      Cleveland, Ohio, United States
  • 1997
    • Zunyi Medical University
      Tsun-i-ch’eng, Guizhou Sheng, China