[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An unusual case of prolymphocytic leukemia of the B cell type (B-PLL) in a 79-year-old patient is reported. The clinical and cytomorphological features of the disease were typical of B-PLL, but membrane and cytoplasmic immunoglobulins (Ig) could not be demonstrated by immunofluorescence techniques; 3% to 4% of the cells were shown to have IgG kappa in the cytoplasm by a more sensitive immunoperoxidase method. The cells were unreactive with a panel of monoclonal antibodies against T cell antigens but they were positive with B cell lineage reagents: FMC4, anti-HLA-Dr determinants; FMC7, which reacts with most B-PLL; anti-B1 and anti-B4, which react with most B cell leukemias. Analysis of Ig genes at the DNA level demonstrated that both heavy-chain alleles and one kappa chain allele were rearranged, confirming that the patient's cells were of B lineage. Chromosome analysis revealed a consistent abnormality, t(17;21)(p11;p11), in all cells and, in addition, a 14q+ marker in 10% of the cells. This study highlights the value of DNA analysis techniques for the characterization of neoplastic B cells. The low rate of expression of Ig genes, despite their rearrangement, suggests that a specific transcriptional or posttranscriptional defect must exist in these cells.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a chromosome translocation t(2;13) (p11-12;p11) involving the kappa (kappa) light chain gene region (2p11-12), and a subsequent translocation t(11;22) (q23;11) involving the lambda (lambda) light chain gene region (22q11) within the same clone, in a patient with B-cell prolymphocytic leukaemia (B-PLL), of whose peripheral mononuclear cells 82% expressed (kappa) chains and 8% expressed (lambda) chains. Electron microscope (EM) studies using the immunogold method showed that both kappa- and lambda-producing cells were prolymphocytes. Immunoglobulin (Ig) gene analysis by Southern blotting demonstrated rearrangement of both Ig heavy (H) chain genes and one kappa gene. Although a lambda gene rearrangement corresponding to the minor lambda-positive population was not detected, a small monoclonal (M) band of IgM-lambda was present in the serum. The chromosome translocations and the pattern of light chain expression, particularly the lambda-producing cells, are discussed in the light of the restricted light chain expression observed in Burkitt's lymphomas with variant translocations involving the light chain genes.
International Journal of Cancer 01/1985; 34(6):769-73. · 6.20 Impact Factor