[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dewar crater is a 50-km diameter impact structure located in the highlands northwest of the South Pole-Aitken basin on the lunar farside. A low-albedo area with enhanced Th and Sm values is centered east-northeast of Dewar crater. This area also exhibits elevated FeO abundances (9.0-16.6 wt %) and TiO2 values (0.6-2 wt %). The range of FeO and TiO2 abundances determined for the darkest portions of the geochemical anomaly overlap the range of FeO and TiO2 values determined for nearside mare basalt deposits. Analysis of Clementine spectra obtained from the darkest portions of the Dewar geochemical anomaly indicates that the low-albedo materials contain large amounts of high-Ca clinopyroxene consistent with the presence of major amounts of mare basalt. Cryptomare deposits have played an important role in the formation of the Dewar geochemical anomaly. The evidence indicates that buried basalt, or cryptomare, was excavated from depth during impact events that formed dark-haloed craters in the region. We show that an early Imbrian- or Nectarian-age, low-TiO2 mare basalt deposit with enhanced Th concentrations (6-7 mug/g) exists in the Dewar region. This ancient mare unit was buried by ejecta from Dewar crater, creating a cryptomare. Although most mare units on the central farside of the Moon exhibit low Th abundances, the enhanced Th values associated with the Dewar cryptomare deposit indicate that at least some portions of the underlying lunar interior (mantle and crust) on the farside of the Moon were not Th poor.
Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres 02/2008; 113(E2). DOI:10.1029/2007JE002904 · 3.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present the first analysis of Mariner 10 multispectral image data for the eastern limb and farside of the moon. A new, rigorous calibration of these data is used that provides results that are consistent with independently derived data sets. From these newly calibrated data, a color ratio image (0.48/0.58 micron) is produced to show relative TiO2 abundances in mare units on the eastern limb and farside of the moon. Our results indicate that the farside lunar mare deposits examined have TiO2 contents that are intermediate to low (2.5 pct TiO2) relative to mare deposits on the nearside. We find no evidence for areally extensive deposits of either very low titanium or high to very high titanium basalts in these portions of the moon. Our findings support previous interpretations that the source regions for lunar mare basalts are laterally heterogeneous. Additionally, examination of highland units reveals a relatively blue region that corresponds with a previously proposed cryptomare, suggesting enhanced TiO2 for this unit. Finally, based on these Mariner 10 data, telescopic spectral data, Galileo multispectral image data, and lunar meteorite analyses we speculate that volcanism in farside mare deposits did not include high titanium basalts.