ABSTRACT: The clinical histories of 27 neonates ventilated with high frequency respirators (Volumetric Diffusive Respirator VDR-2) have been analyzed in order to evaluate the efficiency of this type of ventilation in neonatal pathology. The average gestational age of these patients was 32 +/- 4 weeks. Most of them (70%) presented respiratory distress due to hyaline membrane disease. Of the remaining cases, three (11%) presented with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, two with pulmonary hypertension, two with meconium aspiration syndrome, one with Group B Streptococal sepsis/shock and one with case diaphragmatic agenesia. Between two and six hours after initiation of high frequency ventilation (HFV), pH, paCO2 and pO2 improved significantly in relationship to former values (p < 0.05- p < 0.001), reaching values in the normal range at 6.5 +/- 14 hours regarding pH, 30 +/- 50 hours regarding paCO2 and 6.5 +/- 10 hours regarding paO2. No hemodynamic modification could be attributed to this procedure. The principal complications were ectopic air (62%) and necrotizing tracheobronchitis (TBN) (25%). Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BDP) was diagnosed in 20% of the cases, ductus (DAP) in 33% of the cases and intracraneal hemorrhage in 25% of the cases. Mortality was 70%. High frequency ventilation is an alternative procedure to conventional ventilation in this group of neonates. It produces an important number of favorable responses, but has complications that can not be overlooked.
Anales espanoles de pediatria 11/1992; 37(5):361-5.