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Publications (3)18.58 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: GATA3, a member of the GATA family that is abundantly expressed in the T-lymphocyte lineage, is thought to participate in T-cell receptor gene activation through binding to enhancers. To understand GATA3 gene regulation, we cloned the human gene and the 5' end of the mouse GATA3 gene. We show that the human GATA3 gene contains six exons distributed over 17 kb of DNA. The two human GATA3 zinc fingers are encoded by two separate exons highly conserved with those of GATA1, but no other structural homologies between these two genes can be found. The human and mouse GATA3 transcription units start at a major initiation site. The promoter sequence analysis of these two genes revealed that they are embedded within a CpG island and share structural features often found in the promoters of housekeeping genes. Finally, we show that a DNA fragment containing the human GATA3 transcription unit, 3 kb upstream from the initiation site and 4 kb downstream from the polyadenylation site, displays T-cell specificity.
    Genomics 06/1994; 21(1):1-6. DOI:10.1006/geno.1994.1217 · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: GATA-3 is a zinc finger transcription factor which is expressed in a highly restricted and strongly conserved tissue distribution pattern in vertebrate organisms, specifically, in a subset of hematopoietic cells, in cells within the central and peripheral nervous systems, in the kidney, and in placental trophoblasts. Tissue-specific cellular genes regulated by GATA-3 have been identified in T lymphocytes and the placenta, while GATA-3-regulated genes in the nervous system and kidney have not yet been defined. We prepared monoclonal antibodies with which we could dissect the biochemical and functional properties of human GATA-3. The results of these experiments show some anticipated phenotypes, for example, the definition of discrete domains required for specific DNA-binding site recognition (amino acids 303 to 348) and trans activation (amino acids 30 to 74). The signaling sequence for nuclear localization of human GATA-3 is a property conferred by sequences within and surrounding the amino finger (amino acids 249 to 311) of the protein, thereby assigning a function to this domain and thus explaining the curious observation that this zinc finger is dispensable for DNA binding by the GATA family of transcription factors.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 04/1994; 14(3):2201-12. DOI:10.1128/MCB.14.3.2201 · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The human GATA1, hGATA1 (previously called NF-E1, GF-1 or Eryf-1), a major sequence-specific DNA-binding protein of the erythrocytic lineage, is a member of a zinc-finger family of DNA-binding proteins. We report here the cloning of a human cDNA for a new member of this family. This member, called hGATA3, has 85% amino acid homology with hGATA1 in the DNA-binding domain and no homology elsewhere in the protein. Unlike hGATA1, hGATA3 is not localized on the X chromosome and we map it to the 10p15 band of the human genome. Northern blot analysis indicates that this factor is a T-cell specific transcription factor, present before activation and up-regulated during T-cell activation. The encoded hGATA3 protein, made in an in vitro transcription-translation assay, binds the WGATAR motif present in the human T-cell receptor (TCR) delta gene enhancer and, by transfection in HeLa cells, we show that hGATA3 can transactivate this TCR delta gene enhancer. Interestingly this enhancer binds and is also transactivated by hGATA1. Conversely, the promoter of the human glycophorin B (GPB), which is erythroid-specific and contains two WGATAR motifs, binds and is transactivated by hGATA1 and, to a lesser extent, by hGATA3. These results indicate that the activation of specific genes by hGATA1 or hGATA3 is partly governed by the lineage expression of these two factors during haematopoiesis and that, in the T-cell lineage, hGATA3 binds the human TCR delta gene enhancer and is involved in its expression.
    The EMBO Journal 08/1991; 10(7):1809-16. · 10.75 Impact Factor