D C Taylor

Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, United States

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Publications (4)17.76 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The structural and functional strength of a muscle immediately after an experimentally created strain injury was examined to provide clinically relevant information for the early treatment of muscle strain injuries. The extensor digitorum longus muscles of 12 adult male rabbits were studied. Contractile force and shortening, and peak load were determined for control muscles. A nondisruptive strain injury was created by stretching the experimental muscles just short of complete rupture. Contractile force generation and shortening, and peak load were determined after the experimental strain injury. Peak load was 63% and elongation to rupture was 79% for the experimental muscles relative to the controls. Statistically significant lower values for contractile force generation and shortening were also seen in the experimental muscles. Histologic and gross examinations revealed that incomplete disruptions occurred near the distal muscle-tendon junction. These experimental data suggest clinical implications, such as 1) a muscle-tendon unit is significantly more susceptible to injury following a strain injury than normal muscle, 2) early return to the uncontrolled environment of athletic competition may place the injured muscle at risk for further injury, and 3) therapeutic regimens designed to achieve an early return to competition may further increase the risk for additional injury by eliminating protective pain mechanisms. Although the decrements in peak load and elongation to failure are less than normal muscle, the values seem high enough to allow mobilization of the injured extremity and functional rehabilitation.
    The American Journal of Sports Medicine 01/1993; 21(2):190-4. · 4.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective study of 50 syndesmosis sprains in 44 football players was performed. Five patients (6 ankles) were lost to follow-up, allowing review of 44 injuries. Average follow-up was 47 months. The patients were evaluated for recurrent injury, overall ankle function, and for persistent ankle symptoms, including stiffness, pain, limping, and swelling. Follow-up radiographs of the injured ankle were obtained in 22 patients. The average return time to full activity was 31 days. Pain with pushing-off was a major factor preventing return to activity. At final followup, 36% of the patients complained of persistent mild to moderate stiffness of the ankle. Twenty-three percent had mild to moderate pain, usually with activity. One patient had a mild limp with activity, and 18% of the ankles had persistent mild to moderate swelling. Ankle function was rated as good to excellent in 86%. All patients with fair results had recurrent ankle sprains. There were no poor results. Eleven of the 22 patients with follow-up radiographs developed heterotopic ossification within the interosseous membrane, but no patient developed a frank synostosis. The patients with heterotopic ossification required an average of 11 days more recovery time than those without ossification. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups' ultimate ratings of ankle function or ankle symptoms, but the ankles with heterotopic ossification were associated with more recurrent lateral ankle sprains. We conclude that syndesmosis sprains require a longer recovery period than other types of ankle sprains. Most of these injuries showed good to excellent ankle function after recovery, unless there was a recurrent ankle sprain.2+ formation of heterotopic ossification.
    The American Journal of Sports Medicine 01/1992; 20(2):146-50. · 4.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There has been increasing interest within the European sports medicine community regarding the etiology and treatment of groin pain in the athlete. Groin pain is most commonly caused by musculotendinous strains of the adductors and other muscles crossing the hip joint, but may also be related to abdominal wall abnormalities. Cases may be termed "pubalgia" if physical examination does not reveal inguinal hernia and there is an absence of other etiology for groin pain. We present nine cases of patients who underwent herniorrhaphies for groin pain. Two patients had groin pain without evidence of a hernia preoperatively (pubalgia). In the remaining seven patients we determined the presence of a hernia by physical examination. At operation, eight patients were found to have inguinal hernias. One patient had no hernia but had partial avulsion of the internal oblique fibers from their insertion at the public tubercle. The average interval from operation to return to full activity was 11 weeks. All patients returned to full activity within 3 months of surgery. One patient had persistent symptoms of mild incisional tenderness, but otherwise there were no recurrences, complications, or persistence of symptoms. Abnormalities of the abdominal wall, including inguinal hernias and microscopic tears or avulsions of the internal oblique muscle, can be an overlooked source of groin pain in the athlete. Operative treatment of this condition with herniorrhaphy can return the athlete to his sport within 3 months.
    The American Journal of Sports Medicine 01/1991; 19(3):239-42. · 4.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most muscle stretching studies have focused on defining the biomechanical properties of isolated elements of the muscle-tendon unit or on comparing different stretching techniques. We developed an experimental model that was designed to evaluate clinically relevant biomechanical stretching properties in an entire muscle-tendon unit. Our objectives were to characterize the viscoelastic behavior of the muscle-tendon unit and to consider the clinical applications of these viscoelastic properties. Rabbit extensor digitorum longus and tibialis anterior muscle-tendon units were evaluated using methods designed to simulate widely used stretching techniques. Additionally, the effects of varying stretch rates and of reflex influences were evaluated. We found that muscle-tendon units respond viscoelastically to tensile loads. Reflex activity did not influence the biomechanical characteristics of the muscle-tendon unit in this model. Experimental techniques simulating cyclic stretching and static stretching resulted in sustained muscle-tendon unit elongations, suggesting that greater flexibility can result if these techniques are used in the clinical setting. With repetitive stretching, we found that after four stretches there was little alteration of the muscle-tendon unit, implying that a minimum number of stretches will lead to most of the elongation in repetitive stretching. Also, greater peak tensions and greater energy absorptions occurred at faster stretch rates, suggesting that the risk of injury in a stretching regimen may be related to the stretch rate, and not to the actual technique. All of these clinically important considerations can be related to the viscoelastic characteristics of the muscle-tendon unit.
    The American Journal of Sports Medicine 01/1990; 18(3):300-9. · 4.44 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

446 Citations
17.76 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1990–1993
    • Duke University Medical Center
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Durham, NC, United States