Chul Soo Park

Chonbuk National University, Tsiuentcheou, North Jeolla, South Korea

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Publications (67)89.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Located on 6q15 and 1p36.11, cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CNR2) genes are considered to be a positional and functional candidate gene for the development of mental disorders such as schizophrenia because CNR1 is known as a regulator of dopamine signaling in the hippocampus and the cerebral cortex. However, few genetic studies have been carried out to investigate an association of CNR1 and CNR2 polymorphisms and the risk of schizophrenia. In this study, although the result indicates that CNR1 and CNR2 variations are unlikely to influence schizophrenia susceptibility in a Korean population, the findings would provide meaningful information for further genetic studies.
    Psychiatric genetics. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The no-reflow phenomenon is a potential complication of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Predictors of the no-reflow phenomenon and the impact on long-term mortality remain unclear. Two thousand and seventeen patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who had undergone primary PCI were consecutively enrolled in the multicentre Acute Myocardial Infarction registry of Korea. The no-reflow phenomenon was diagnosed on the basis of angiographic criteria. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. The no-reflow phenomenon was diagnosed in 262 patients (13.0%). Independent predictors of no-reflow were older age, high Killip class, reduced pre-PCI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade, and longer stent length in the culprit vessel. During a median follow-up period of 4.1 years (interquartile range: 3.0-5.2 years), patients with no-reflow showed a higher rate of mortality than that observed in patients with reflow (30.2 vs. 18.3%, P<0.001). The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model identified the no-reflow phenomenon as an independent correlate of long-term mortality [adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 1.45; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.12-1.86; P=0.004]. Time period-specific analyses demonstrated that the association between no-reflow and mortality was significant and stronger for short-term (<30 days) mortality (adjusted HR: 3.11; 95% CI: 1.91-5.05; P<0.001) but was not significant for longer-term mortality (≥30 days; adjusted HR: 1.12; 95% CI: 0.82-1.52; P=0.47). In patients with STEMI who had undergone primary PCI, the no-reflow phenomenon was an independent predictor of short-term but not long-term mortality.
    Coronary artery disease 03/2014; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: β-blockers are the standard treatment for myocardial infarction (MI) based on evidence from the pre-thrombolytic era. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of β-blocker treatment in patients with acute MI and preserved systolic function in the era of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We analysed a multicentre registry and identified 3019 patients who presented with acute MI between 2004 and 2009. Patients were treated with PCI, had left ventricular EFs ≥50% according to echocardiograms that were performed during the index PCI, and were alive at the time of discharge. The association between β-blocker use after discharge and mortality (all-cause death and cardiac death) within 3 years was examined. Patients who were not treated with β-blockers (n=595) showed higher rates of all-cause death and cardiac death compared to patients treated with β-blockers (10.8% vs 5.7%, p<0.001, 7.6% vs 2.6%, p<0001). The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model showed that β-blocker treatment was associated with a significant reduction in all-cause death (adjusted HR 0.633, 95% CI 0.464 to 0.863; p=0.004) and cardiac death (adjusted HR 0.47, 95% CI 0.32 to 0.70; p<0.001). Comparable results were obtained after propensity score matching. β-blocker treatment was associated with reduced long term mortality in patients with acute MI and preserved systolic function who received PCI.
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 01/2014; · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fusarium head blight (FHB; scab) caused mainly by Fusarium graminearum is a devastating disease of wheat and barley around the world. FHB causes yield reductions and contamination of grain with trichothecene mycotoxins such as deoxynivalenol (DON) which are a major health concern for humans and animals. The objective of this research was to develop an easy seed or seedling inoculation assay, and to compare these assays with whole plant resistance of twenty-nine Korean winter wheat cultivars to FHB. The clip-dipping assay consists of cutting off the coleoptiles apex, dipping the coleoptiles apex in conidial suspension, covering in plastic bag for 3 days, and measuring the lengths of lesions 7 days after inoculation. There were significant cultivar differences after inoculation with F. graminearum in seedling relative to the controls. Correlation coefficients between the lesion lengths of clip-dipping inoculation and FHB Type II resistance from adult plants were significant (r=0.45; P
    The plant pathology journal 01/2014; 30(1). · 0.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Producing rice flour of good quality by dry milling is necessary to reduce milling costs and promote the processed rice food industry. This study was conducted to evaluate the dry milling properties of Suweon 542, a floury endosperm mutant, and identify the chromosomal region responsible for the floury endosperm characteristics. Compared with the wild type, after dry milling process, the grain hardness of Suweon 542 was significantly lower because of its round and loosely packed starch granules. Also, the flour of Suweon 542 had significantly smaller particles and less damaged starch than Namil and other rice cultivars and its particle size distribution was similar to a commercial wheat cultivar. Considering that the yield loss of Suweon 542 due to its floury endosperm was largely compensated for by an increased number of spikelets per panicle, Suweon 542 has potential value as a raw material for rice flour production. Association analysis using 70 genome-wide SSR markers and 94 F2 plants derived from Suweon 542/Milyang 23 showed that markers on chromosome 5 explained a large portion of the variation in floury grains percentage (FGP). Further analysis with an increased number of SSR markers revealed that the floury endosperm of Suweon 542 was directed by a major recessive locus, flo7(t), located in the 19.33-19.86 Mbp region of chromosome 5, with RM18639 explaining 92.2% of FGP variation in the F2 population. The floury endosperm of Suweon 542 is suitable for dry milling, with a small flour particle size and low damaged starch content. Further physical mapping of flo7(t), the floury endosperm locus of Suweon 542, would facilitate efficient breeding of rice cultivars with proper dry milling adaptability that can be used in the processed rice food industry.
    Rice 12/2013; 6(1):37. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histopathological grading of papillary urothelial tumors (PUTs) of the urinary bladder is subjective and poorly reproducible. We investigated the relationship between the expression of frequently deregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) as well as their target genes (ZEB1/ZEB2) and bladder cancer histopathological grade in an attempt to find a miRNA that might allow more reliable grading of PUTs. We measured the expression levels of four miRNAs (miR-145, miR-205, miR-125b, and miR-200c) in 120 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded bladder tumor tissue samples using real-time PCR assays. ZEB1 and ZEB2 expression was assessed in the same bladder tissues by immunohistochemistry. MiR-205 distinguished low-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (LG) from high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (HG), and miR-145 distinguished HG from infiltrating carcinoma (CA) with an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.992 and 0.997, respectively (sensitivity/specificity of 95.8/96.7 % and 100/91.7 %, respectively; p < 0.05). The expression level of miR-125b was significantly lower in LG than in PUNLMP, with an AUC value of 0.870 (93.3 % sensitivity and 84.2 % specificity; p < 0.05). ZEB1 immunoreactivity was more frequently detected in HG than in LG (57 % vs 13 %, p < 0.01) and in HG than in CA (57 % vs 17 %, p < 0.01). ZEB2 immunoreactivity was more frequent in CA than in HG (83 % vs 54 %, p < 0.05). ZEB1/ZEB2 and miRNAs expression seems to reliably distinguish between different grades of PUTs of the urinary bladder. They might well serve as useful complementary diagnostic biomarkers for grading of papillary urothelial tumors.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 12/2013; · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • Korean journal of anesthesiology 12/2013; 65(6 Suppl):S32-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Stent length has been considered an important predictor of adverse events after percutaneous coronary intervention, even with the first-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs). The introduction of newer-generation DES has further reduced the rates of adverse clinical events such as restenosis, myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of stent length on the long-term clinical outcomes between first- and newer-generation DESs. The effects of stent length (≥32 vs <32 mm) on the clinical outcomes were evaluated in 8,445 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using either a first-generation DES (sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents, n = 6,334) or a newer-generation DES (everolimus- and zotarolimus-eluting stents, n = 2,111) from January 2004 to December 2009. The 3-year adverse outcomes (composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis) were compared using the inverse probability of treatment-weighted method according to the stent length. After adjustment for differences in the baseline risk factors, a stent length of ≥32 mm was significantly associated with higher cumulative rates of target vessel revascularization and stent thrombosis in the patients treated with a first-generation DES (adjusted hazard ratio 1.875, 95% confidence interval 1.531 to 2.297, p <0.001; adjusted hazard ratio 2.964, 95% confidence interval 1.270 to 6.917, p = 0.012), but it was not associated with the clinical outcomes in patients treated with a newer-generation DES. In conclusion, stent length might not be associated with long-term clinical outcomes in newer-generation DES era, whereas stent length might be associated with long-term clinical outcomes in the first-generation DESs.
    The American journal of cardiology 11/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Magnesium has protective effects in ischaemia-reperfusion injury, and is involved in immunomodulation. We investigated the effects of magnesium pretreatment on the secretion of T helper (Th) cytokines and on the severity of post-reperfusion syndrome (PRS) in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Methods: forty patients were allocated to two groups of 20 (magnesium and saline groups). Blood samples for cytokine analysis were collected before infusion of the study solution at the end of anhepatic phase (time point 1), as well as five min and 30 min after allograft reperfusion (time points 2 and 3, respectively). Levels of cytokines were quantified using a sandwich enzyme immunoassay test kit. Results: The duration of PRS was shorter in the magnesium group (p = 0.038). The level of interferon (IFN)-γ released from Th1 was lower in the magnesium group at time point 3 (p = 0.009). Of the cytokines released from Th2 cells, interleukin (IL)-6 was present in higher concentrations in the magnesium group at time points 2 and 3 (p<0.05). The concentrations of IL-4 and IL-10, which were secreted from Th2 cells, were also higher in the magnesium group at time point 3 (p<0.05). The IFN-γ /IL-6, IFN-γ /IL-4 and IFN-γ /IL-10 ratios were lower in the magnesium group after allograft reperfusion. Conclusions: Magnesium pretreatment attenuated PRS and reinforced Th2 cell activity, shifting the Th1-to-Th2 cytokine balance towards Th2 in patients undergoing LDLT.
    Magnesium research: official organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium 07/2013; · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DISC1 gene is considered to be a strong candidate gene for the development of schizophrenia. This study examines the association of DISC1 polymorphisms with schizophrenia in a Korean population. Although we fail to discover convincing evidence that DISC1 affects schizophrenia development, our findings may be useful for further genetic studies.
    Psychiatry research. 03/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Serum phosphorus is greatly affected by liver surgeries, but its change after liver transplantation has not yet been clarified. We investigated the predictive role of serum phosphorus for early allograft dysfunction (EAD) after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Perioperative factors, including serum phosphorus level, of 304 patients who underwent LDLT were retrospectively studied and compared between patients with and without EAD after LDLT. Potentially significant factors (P < 0.15) in univariate comparisons were subjected to multivariate logistic regression analysis to develop a prediction model for EAD. A total of 48 patients (15.8%) met the EAD criteria. Patients with EAD experienced more severe preoperative disease conditions, higher one-month mortality and more elevated serum phosphorus concentrations during the first week after surgery compared with patients without EAD (P = 0.016). Multivariate analysis showed that a serum phosphorus level ≥4.5 mg/dl on postoperative day 2 was an independent predictor of EAD occurrence after LDLT (relative risk: 2.36, 95% confidence interval [1.18-4.31], P = 0.017), together with a history of past abdominal surgery, emergency transplantation and preoperative continuous veno-venous haemodiafiltration. These data indicate that hyperphosphataemia during the immediate postoperative days could be utilized as a predictor of EAD after LDLT.
    Transplant International 01/2013; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Agronomic characteristics and grain properties of Korean wheat of 175 farmers in nationwide for two years, 2010/2011 and 2011/2012, were evaluated to support basic data for improving grain quality of Korean wheat and enhancing Korean wheat consumption. Agronomic characteristics, including culm length, spike length, number of and rate of off-type plant, and grain properties, including 1000 kernel weight, test weight, moisture, ash and protein content, were influenced by year and location. Number of , test weight, moisture, ash and protein content of wheat cultivated in 2011 were higher than those of 2012 and culm length, spike length, rate of off-type plant and 1000 kernel weight of 2012 were higher than those of 2011. Wheat cultivated in southern part of Korea showed higher culm length and 1000 kernel weight and lower test weight than those of northern part of Korea. Spike length, number of and test weight were reduced by additional fertilization after mid of March, although there was no significant difference between date of additional fertilization and grain properties. Cultivated wheats in Jeollabuk-do showed lower ash content and higher protein content than those of other provinces and cultivated wheats in Jeollanam-do exhibited higher ash content than that of other provinces. As amount of fertilization increased, culm length, 1000 kernel weight and protein content increased and spike length and ash content were decreased, although date of additional fertilization did not effect on agronomic characteristics and grain properties. Amount of fertilization was positively correlated with 1000 kernel weight and protein content (r = 0.159, P < 0.05 and r = 0.212, P < 0.01, respectively) and was negatively correlated with ash content (r = -0.185, P < 0.05). Thousand kernel weight was negatively correlated with ash content (r = -0.226, P < 0.01) and positively correlated with protein content (r = 0.207, P < 0.01). Ash content increased as test weight and culm length decreased and 1000 kernel weight was influenced by culm and spike length (r = 0.397, P < 0.001 and r = -0.205, P < 0.01, respectively).
    Korean Journal of Crop Science. 01/2013; 58(3).
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    Chul Soo Park
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 12/2012; 27(4):388-90.
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNA (miRNA) expression is known to be deregulated in ovarian carcinomas. However, limited data is available about the miRNA expression pattern for the benign or borderline ovarian tumors as well as differential miRNA expression pattern associated with histological types, grades or clinical stages in ovarian carcinomas. We defined patterns of microRNA expression in tissues from normal, benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian tumors and explored the relationship between frequently deregulated miRNAs and clinicopathologic findings, response to therapy, survival, and association with Her-2/neu status in ovarian carcinomas. We measured the expression of nine miRNAs (miR-181d, miR-30a-3p, miR-30c, miR-30d, miR-30e-3p, miR-368, miR-370, miR-493-5p, miR-532-5p) in 171 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded ovarian tissue blocks as well as six normal human ovarian surface epithelial (HOSE) cell lines using Taqman-based real-time PCR assays. Her-2/neu overexpression was assessed in ovarian carcinomas (n = 109 cases) by immunohistochemistry analysis. Expression of four miRNAs (miR-30c, miR-30d, miR-30e-3p, miR-370) was significantly different between carcinomas and benign ovarian tissues as well as between carcinoma and borderline tissues. An additional three miRNAs (miR-181d, miR-30a-3p, miR-532-5p) were significantly different between borderline and carcinoma tissues. Expression of miR-532-5p was significantly lower in borderline than in benign tissues. Among ovarian carcinomas, expression of four miRNAs (miR-30a-3p, miR-30c, miR-30d, miR-30e-3p) was lowest in mucinous and highest in clear cell samples. Expression of miR-30a-3p was higher in well-differentiated compared to poorly differentiated tumors (P = 0.02), and expression of miR-370 was higher in stage I/II compared to stage III/IV samples (P = 0.03). In multivariate analyses, higher expression of miR-181d, miR-30c, miR-30d, and miR-30e-3p was associated with significantly better disease-free or overall survival. Finally, lower expression of miR-30c, miR-30d, miR-30e-3p and miR-532-5p was significantly associated with overexpression of Her-2/neu. Aberrant expression of miRNAs is common in ovarian tumor suggesting involvement of miRNA in ovarian tumorigenesis. They are associated with histology, clinical stage, survival and oncogene expression in ovarian carcinoma.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 08/2012; 10:174. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the relationship between frequently deregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) and enodometrial pathology in an attempt to find the most dependable miRNA or combination of miRNAs to identify normal, hyperplastic and malignant endometrial tissues. We also investigated the association between those miRNAs and PTEN status. We measured the expression of six miRNAs (miR-21, 182, 183, 200a, 200c and 205) in 75 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded normal, hyperplastic, and malignant endometrial tissue blocks using Taqman-based real-time PCR assays. PTEN loss of expression was assessed in the same endometrial tissues by immunohistochemistry. Expression of five miRNAs (miR-182, 183, 200a, 200c and 205) was significantly higher in endometrial carcinoma (CA) when compared with complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH), simple hyperplasia (SH) and normal endometrial tissue (P<0.05, respectively). Considering the likelihood ratio and number of parameters, the composite panel of six miRNAs was the best marker, revealing a sensitivity of 91% and a specificity of 94% in differentiating endometrial CA from endometrial hyperplasia or normal endometrium while the individual miRNAs exhibited 64-77% sensitivity and 66-91% specificity. Interestingly, in distinguishing endometrial CA from CAH, the composite panel of four miRNAs (miR-182, 183, 200a, 200c) was the best marker, producing 95% sensitivity and 91% specificity. The percentage of PTEN loss was significantly higher in endometrial CA compared with SH (68% vs 24%, P<0.05), and it was also higher in CAH compared with SH (71% vs 24%, P<005). Aberrant expression of miRNAs and loss of PTEN expression are common in endometrial hyperplasia and CA. They might serve to increase the diagnostic reproducibility and improve discrimination, especially, between CAH and CA by miRNA expression profiles and between simple and complex hyperplasia through PTEN expression patterns. Those expression profiles of biomarkers also might be used to predict the potential for progression from endometrial hyperplasia to invasive CA.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 6 July 2012; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2012.111.
    Modern Pathology 07/2012; · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    Chul Soo Park
    Korean Circulation Journal 06/2012; 42(6):379-81.
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    ABSTRACT: The human receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-4 (ERBB4) gene mediates neuregulin 1 (NRG1) signaling, and is involved in neuronal migration and differentiation. Despite the potential significance of ERBB4 in the development of schizophrenia, relatively few genetic studies for the association of ERBB4 with schizophrenia were performed in the populations including Ashkenazi Jews, Americans including Caucasians and African Americans, and Han Chinese. In this study, differences in ERBB4 variations were investigated to determine association with schizophrenia and smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) abnormality in a Korean population. Seven polymorphisms in ERBB4 gene were genotyped in 435 schizophrenia cases and 390 unrelated healthy controls. In order to investigate the relationship between ERBB4 and the risk of schizophrenia and SPEM abnormality, differences in SNP and haplotype distribution were analyzed using logistic and multiple regression analyses. However, we failed to replicate the associations reported by previous studies in other populations. Although statistically not significant, the tendency towards associations between ERBB4 polymorphisms and the risk of schizophrenia and SPEM abnormality in this study from a Korean population would be helpful for further genetic etiology studies in schizophrenia.
    Brain research 05/2012; 1466:146-51. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of barnyard millet (Echinochloa spp.) content (10~30%) on wheat flour dough and noodle properties were investigated. As the amount of barnyard millet increased, the particle size and ash content of mixed flour increased, while lightness tended to decrease. The gelatinization characteristics of millet flour showed higher peak viscosity, holding strength, final viscosity, and setback compared with wheat flour. There was significant positive correlation between protein content and sedimentation volume, as well as between protein content and water absorption. As the amount of barnyard millet increased, hardness, springiness and cohesiveness of wet noodles tended to decrease. From the results of sensory evaluation, composite flours (addition up to 20% barnyard millet) were rated with a quality score for taste and overall acceptance which was comparable with the control flour.
    The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition. 01/2012; 25(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is a serious and disabling mental disorder with a high heritability rate. The human neuregulin 1 (NRG1) on 8p12 has been implicated as a candidate gene for schizophrenia. However, controversial results of the associations of NRG1 polymorphisms with schizophrenia and related phenotypes have been reported. In this study, four NRG1 single nucleotide polymorphisms, three in the promoter region, and one nonsynonymous in coding region, were genotyped in a total of 825 subject including 435 schizophrenia cases and 390 normal controls of Korean ethnicity. Although logistic association analysis of NRG1 polymorphisms and haplotypes with schizophrenia showed a nominal association in rs4623364G > C (P = 0.04), the significance disappeared after corrections for multiple testing (corrected P > 0.05). Additional case/control and multiple regression analyses in schizophrenia patients using a method that measures the smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) function globally based on natural logarithmic values of the signal/noise ratio also showed no association between NRG1 variants and SPEM abnormality among patients with schizophrenia (P > 0.05). Despite the need for further replications in other cohorts, our findings provide additional supporting information that four variants in NRG1 investigated in this study may not be associated with schizophrenia and its related SPEM function in a Korean population.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 11/2011; 46(3):688. · 2.89 Impact Factor
  • Psychiatric genetics 09/2011; 22(3):153-4. · 2.33 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

269 Citations
89.54 Total Impact Points


  • 2010–2013
    • Chonbuk National University
      • • Department of Food Science & Biotechnology
      • • Department of Crop Agriculture and Life Science
      Tsiuentcheou, North Jeolla, South Korea
    • Sogang University
      • Department of Life Science
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • • Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
      • • Department of Hospital Pathology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007–2013
    • Gyeongsang National University
      • Department of Psychiatry
      Shinshū, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2007–2008
    • Institute for Infocomm Research
      Tumasik, Singapore
  • 2005–2007
    • Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology
      • School of Information and Communications
      Kwangju, Gwangju, South Korea
    • Korea Photonics Technology Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea