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ABSTRACT: In this work we have examined the effects of P2X3 receptor antagonist A-317491 on P2X3 expression in superior cervical ganglion (SCG) from naive and myocardial ischemic rats to observe the effect of P2X3 receptors in cardiac nociceptive transmission. A-317491 improved nociceptive behavior. In the ganglia neurons of rats at 14 days after myocardial ischemic injury, the staining of P2X3 receptor in myocardial ischemic groups appeared to be more intense than those of naive rats detected by immunohistochemistry. After myocardial ischemic rats treated with A-317491, the intensity of the P2X3 immunoreactivity was lower than that in myocardial ischemic rats. The signals of P2X3 and its protein and mRNA in myocardial ischemic groups were higher than those in control group measured by western blotting and in situ hybridization. After myocardial ischemic rats treated with A-317491, the intensity of the P2X3 and its mRNA was lower than that in myocardial ischemic rats. These results suggest the involvement of P2X3 receptors in cardiac nociceptive transmission and A-317491 may inhibit the transmission mediated by P2X3 receptors in rat SCG after myocardial ischemia.
Journal of physiology and biochemistry 10/2007; 63(3):249-57. · 1.65 Impact Factor
Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry - J PHYSIOL BIOCHEM. 01/2007; 63(3):249-257.
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ABSTRACT: Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) is one of the alkaloids contained in Ligustrazine which has been used in traditional Chinese medicine as an analgesic for injury and dysmenorrhea. ATP can elicit the sensation of pain. This study observed the effects of TMP on ATP-activated current (IATP) in rat DRG neurons. TMP (0.1-1 mM) concentration-dependently inhibited ATP (100 microM)-activated current in rat DRG neurons. The inhibitory time of ATP (100 microM)-activated current appeared at 15 s after preapplication of TMP and reached its peak at about 45 s. The dose-response curves for IATP in the absence and presence of 1 mM TMP showed that TMP (1 mM) shifted the concentration-response curve of IATP downward markedly and the two EC50 values were very close (75 vs. 82 microM), while the threshold value remained unchanged. Therefore, the inhibitory effect of TMP on IATP may be noncompetitive. TMP did not alter the reversal potential (0 mV) of ATP-activated current, indicating that the site of TMP action is on or near the exterior surface of channel protein and not within the channel pore. Externally applied TMP (1 mM) increases the inhibitory effect of chelerythrine (PKC inhibitor) contained in pipette solution on IATP. The site of TMP action may be the binding of TMP to an allosteric site on the large extracellular region of ATP receptor-ion channel complex (P2X receptors) or PKC site of the N-terminus of P2X receptors. The mechanism of TMP action may be the allosteric regulation via acting on the large extracellular region of ATP receptor-ion channel complex (P2X receptors) and promoting the phosphorylation of PKC site of the N-terminus of P2X receptors.
Brain Research 05/2005; 1040(1-2):92-7. · 2.88 Impact Factor