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ABSTRACT: Succinylacetone (SA) is a specific marker for the inherited metabolic disease, hepatorenal tyrosinemia. We developed a stable-isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of SA in dried blood spots (DBS) and liquid urine using a (13)C(4)-SA as internal standard. SA was extracted, converted to the butyl ester and derivatized with dansylhydrazine (Dns-H). Calibration curves in DBS and urine calibrators were linear up to 100 and 30 microM, respectively. At a signal-to-noise ratio of 3, the limits of detection in DBS and urine were 0.2 and 0.005 microM, respectively. Total run time was 5 min. Intra- and inter-assay precision expressed as coefficient of variation were better than 9.1% with more than 96% recovery. The method was applied retrospectively and prospectively for the diagnosis of hepatorenal tyrosinemia and for follow-up of patients under treatment.
Journal of Chromatography B 03/2006; 831(1-2):274-80. · 2.69 Impact Factor