C Rothschild

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Nice, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France

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Publications (46)197.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Six recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) products have been marketed worldwide. In January 2013 the Research of Determinants of Inhibitor Development (RODIN) study group reported an unexpectedly high risk of inhibitor development with a so-called second-generation full-length rFVIII (Product "D") in previously untreated patients (PUPs) with severe hemophilia A (HA). A prospective cohort was established by French public health authorities in 1994 to monitor hemophilia treatment safety. A PUP subgroup was specifically designed to investigate risk factors for inhibitor development. We analyzed our cohort dataset in view of the RODIN findings. After excluding 50 patients who also participated in the RODIN study, the primary analysis focused on 303 severe HA boys first treated with a rFVIII product. A clinically significant inhibitor was detected in 114 boys (37.6%). The inhibitor incidence was higher with Product D versus the most widely used rFVIII product (adjusted-HR 1.55, 95%CI 0.97-2.49). Similar results were found for high-titer inhibitors and in ten sensitivity analyses. No heterogeneity was observed between RODIN and FranceCoag results. Combined aHRs were 1.58 (95%CI 1.17-2.14) for all inhibitors and 1.70 (95%CI 1.15-2.52) for high-titer inhibitors. Our results confirm the higher immunogenicity of Product D versus other rFVIII products in PUPs with severe HA.
    Blood 09/2014; · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a stress inducible enzyme with anti-inflammatory activity, reduces the immunogenicity of therapeutic factor VIII in experimental hemophilia A. In human, HO-1 expression is modulated by polymorphisms in the promoter of the HO-1-encoding gene (HMOX1). We investigated the relationship between polymorphisms in the HMOX1 promoter and factor VIII inhibitor development in severe hemophilia A. We performed a case-control study on 99 inhibitor-positive patients and 263 patients who did not develop inhibitor within the first 150 cumulative days of exposure to therapeutic factor VIII. Direct sequencing and DNA fragment analysis were used to study (GT)n polymorphism and single nucleotide polymorphisms located at 1135 and 413 in the promoter of HMOX1. We assessed associations between the individual allele frequencies or genotypes, and inhibitor development. Our results demonstrate a higher frequency in inhibitor-positive patients of alleles with large (GT)n repeats (L: n≥30), that are associated with a lesser HO-1 expression [odds ratio (OR) 2.31; 95% CI 1.46-3.66, p<0.001]. Six genotypes (L/L, L/M, L/S, M/M, M/S and S/S) of (GT)n repeats were identified (S: n<21; M: 21≤n<30). The genotype group including L alleles (L/L, L/M and L/S) was statistically more frequent among inhibitor-positive than inhibitor-negative patients, as compared to the other genotypes (33.3% versus 17.1%) [OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.30-3.76, p<0.01]. To our knowledge, this is the first association between HMOX1 promoter polymorphism and development of anti-drug antibodies. Our study paves the way towards modulation of the endogenous anti-inflammatory machinery of hemophilia patients to reduce the risk of inhibitor development.
    Haematologica 05/2013; · 5.94 Impact Factor
  • G E Rivard, C Rothschild, T Toll, K Achilles
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    ABSTRACT: Immune tolerance induction (ITI) can overcome inhibitory factor VIII (FVIII) antibodies in haemophilia A patients receiving FVIII replacement therapy. The objective was to valuate the use of sucrose-formulated, full-length recombinant FVIII (rFVIII-FS) for ITI therapy. Patients (<8 years at ITI start) with severe haemophilia A and a peak inhibitor titre >5 Bethesda units (BU) who underwent ITI with any rFVIII-FS dose for ≥9 months (or until success) were eligible for this retrospective study. Efficacy analyses included descriptions of ITI treatment regimens and outcomes; ITI success was determined solely at the discretion of the investigator. Safety analyses included assessment of adverse events. Of 51 enrolled patients, 32 [high dose (≥85 IU kg(-1) day(-1) ), n = 21; low dose, n = 11] were eligible for analysis. ITI was successful in 69% (22/32) of patients (high dose, 66.7%; low dose, 72.7%) after a median of 1.4 years (range, 0.1-3.6 years). Influencing factors for ITI success were start of ITI <1 year after inhibitor detection and an inhibitor titre <10 BU at ITI start. All patients successfully tolerized with ITI continued to receive rFVIII-FS prophylaxis as maintenance therapy, with no inhibitor recurrence from the end of ITI until study enrolment. Use of rFVIII-FS for ITI was effective and well tolerated; success rates were similar to those in published studies.
    Haemophilia 03/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immune tolerance induction (ITI) can eliminate factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitory antibodies that appear during FVIII replacement therapy. If first-line ITI fails, switching to a different FVIII concentrate, especially one containing von Willebrand factor (VWF), has been advocated. The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of Haemate(®) P, a plasma-derived FVIII concentrate containing high levels of VWF, as ITI in severe haemophilia A patients who had failed at least one prior ITI attempt with a different FVIII concentrate. In this multicentre, observational study, Haemate(®) P was administered at a starting dose of 83-308 IU kg(-1) day(-1) (1500-6000 IU day(-1) ). Efficacy was assessed by standard criteria (e.g. Bethesda titre, FVIII recovery and half-life), and bleeding characteristics. Nine patients from six haemophilia centres were treated with Haemate(®) P after failing one (n = 2), two (n = 5) or three (n = 2) prior ITI courses. The median time from inhibitor detection to Haemate(®) P treatment was 5.4 years. The median Haemate(®) P dose was 134 IU kg(-1) , and the median treatment duration 32 months. During median of 47 months of follow-up, complete response, partial response and treatment failure were observed in one, three and five patients respectively. Five patients experienced seven adverse events (AEs), including two serious AEs (sepsis). Haemate(®) P was discontinued due to an AE in one patient with a partial response. Haemate(®) P salvage ITI resulted in complete or partial tolerization in four of nine patients (44%) who had failed previous ITI attempts using different FVIII concentrates.
    Haemophilia 10/2012; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obturator muscles haematoma are rarely reported. The most often reported cases are primary pyomyositis or posttraumatic haematomas occurring during pelvic fractures. We firstly report herein two cases of spontaneous obturator internus haematoma (OIH) in two haemophiliacs with inhibitor. Clinical data and imaging of two patients treated in our clinic are reported here according to previously defined criteria of OIH in posttraumatic situation. Both patients were children suffering from severe and moderate haemophilia A, respectively, with an inhibitor at the time of the event. The clinical feature was marked by an iliopelvic pain letting discussing hip haemarthrosis, appendicitis or iliopsoas haematoma. For both patients ultrasonography (US) failed to provide the diagnosis. Careful and repeated clinical examinations eventually lead to suspect obturator haematoma which was confirmed by abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Respectively, high dose of FVIII or rFVIIa regimen allowed a rapid control of the muscular bleeding in the low and high responder inhibitor patients. Spontaneous OIH may be added to the differential diagnosis of iliopelvic pain in severe forms of haemophilia. US still often performed at first in such case remains unhelpful; abdominopelvic CT or MRI should be performed to discriminate among different diagnoses, including OIH which stays probably undiagnosed.
    Haemophilia 08/2012; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Measuring von Willebrand factor (VWF) activity is essential to the diagnosis of von Willebrand disease (VWD). The VWF activity is usually assessed based on measurement of the ristocetin cofactor (VWF:RCo). However, that test is technically challenging and has high intra- and inter-assay variabilities. The HemosIL VWF activity (VWF:AC) is a fully automated assay, recently proposed as a good alternative to VWF:RCo for VWD diagnosis. This study was undertaken to assess this new method. First, the analytical performance of VWF:AC on an automated coagulo-meter (ACLTop) was determined, and then this new method was compared with VWF:RCo and the platelet function analyzer (PFA100) for 160 patients referred for VWD screening. The VWF:AC achieved acceptable precision with within-run and between-run coefficients of variation ranging from 2.3% to 14.1%, and linearity from 10% to 100%. Despite some marked differences between VWF:AC and VWF:RCo for 10 plasmas tested, their agreement for VWD diagnosis was good. The VWF:AC had sensitivity similar to that of PFA100 (close to 100%), but better specificity (97.7% vs. 66% or 60%, depending on the cartridge used). The good analytical performance, and the sensitivity and specificity of VWF:AC to detect VWF deficiency renders it a suitable method for VWD screening. Our findings support VWF:AC use for the diagnostic work-up of VWD, paying close attention to concomitant clinical signs and bleeding score, as recommended for VWD.
    Haemophilia 09/2011; 18(3):e158-63. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Deaths occurring in the context of acquired haemophilia (AH) may be related to inter-connected causes and mechanisms including bleeding, specific or older patient co-morbidities or iatrogenic complications. However, their magnitude remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the respective weight and frequency of the various causes of death in AH. Multiple-cause analysis based on death certificates data is used in this purpose. Over a 10-year period (2000-2009), 121 deaths with AH as a cause were registered in France. All the deaths were of adults (extremes: 47 and 99 years; mean age: 80.7 years). The average number of causes per death certificate was 4.7. AH was the underlying cause of death (UCD) in 69.4% of the cases, and was more frequent in the older subjects. In contrast, before age of 75 years, AH was more often a contributing cause of death. No postpartum or obvious thromboembolism-related deaths were registered. Haemorrhagic shock was the most frequent direct cause of death (DCD), followed by infectious events, cardiac dysfunction, metabolic and nutritional disorders with muscle wasting and decubitus complications, and cancers (52.9%, 26.4%, 7.5%, 5.8% and 4.1%, respectively). However, when AH was not reported as an UCD, infections become the first DCD (32.4%) followed by bleeding events (16.2%). Best prophylactic and curative strategies for infections are particularly required to improve the prognosis in AH. Moreover, as several of its DCD correspond also to steroids side effects, best tolerated immunosuppressant regimen with steroid-sparing agents adjoining are particularly awaited in AH population.
    Haemophilia 09/2011; 18(3):339-44. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In haemophiliacs, synovectomy is indicated for recurrent joint bleedings, despite medical treatment. We report a series of 23 surgical synovectomies of the knee with a median follow-up of 8.8 years. The median age of patients at surgery was 13.5 years. Clinical and radiological evaluations were made according to the Petrini and the Pettersson scores, at 1 and 5 years after surgery, and at the last follow-up. Wilcoxon and Spearman's tests were used for the statistical analysis. The Petrini score improved at 1 and 5 years (P < 0.001). Nine patients have 20 years of follow-up and a stable result. In more than half of the knees, no episode of recurrent bleeding occurred. The effect of surgery on the range of motion (ROM) was moderate and mobilisation under anaesthesia did not improve it significantly. There was a progressive worsening of the radiological score, but no correlation between clinical and radiological score was noticed (ρ = 0.08, P = 0.77). Complete synovectomy gives good long-term results in term of bleeding recurrence and overall function.
    Journal of Children s Orthopaedics 02/2010; 4(1):33-7.
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    ABSTRACT: During the last decades, long-term prophylaxis has become the gold standard for the treatment of children with severe haemophilia A or B. Prophylactic replacement regimens modify the natural history of the disease by aiming at the prevention of haemarthrosis, target joints and arthropathy. This treatment represents a constraint and an enhanced exposure to anti-haemophilic concentrates, which means potential increase of related risks and significant additional cost. The context of crisis of confidence due to the blood borne infections in the 1980s, may have delayed prophylaxis as an universal gold standard.In the early 2000s, the French group CoMETH proposed recommendations based on the review of the international experience. At first, specific guidelines of long-term prophylaxis were dedicated to children with severe haemophilia A or B, aged 3 years or less, with no history of target joint or arthropathy. The main concerns of this regimen consist in the early start and the escalating intensification of the treatment. In the French haemophilia care centres, the diffusion of these guidelines has apparently induced a significant turning point in therapeutic practices for haemophilia children. In 2006, more comprehensive recommendations were diffused to take into account all the children with severe haemophilia, whatever the bleeding history and joint status. The analysis of their impact, jointly with the National cohort "France Coag Network", will first assess the widespread implementation of the recommendations and the observance of the prophylactic regimen and identify factors associated to the compliance.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 12/2009; 16(12):1571-8. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of inhibitors following factor VIII replacement therapy is a serious complication in severe inherited haemophilia. Whereas significant experience, notably in orthopaedic surgery, is now obtained with the use of bypassing agents in haemophilia with high-titre inhibitor, new surgical challenges might occur due to patients' increasing life expectancy. A 56-year-old severe haemophilia A patient with a high-titre inhibitor was diagnosed for probable right temporoparietal malignant glioneuronal tumour on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (4 cm x 3 cm cerebromeningeal tumour with perilesional oedema and transfalcial herniation) requiring total resection. Then recombinant activated FVII (rFVIIa) was chosen as the haemostatic agent: bolus of 270 microg kg(-1) every 2 h during the first 24 h, 180 microg kg(-1) every 3, 4 and 6 h, respectively, at days 2-3, from days 4-10 and finally from days 11-15. Tranexamic acid was associated. Pre- and postoperative courses were uneventful, the surgical procedure being assessed at optimal haemostatic condition without any unusual haemorrhage on MRI controls, diffuse intravascular coagulation criteria or thromboembolic event. Intensive rFVIIa therapy has shown to be safe and effective in this first reported neurosurgery about a malignant tumour exhibiting to a high-bleeding risk notably in haemophilia with high-titre inhibitor. The use of lower doses of rFVIIa might have been possible; however, in the absence of accurate test for monitoring rFVIIa therapy, the potentially life-threatening complications of this procedure required maximum haemostasis with high rFVIIa doses.
    Haemophilia 09/2009; 16(1):54-60. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of anti-factor VIII (FVIII) antibodies (Abs), also called inhibitors, is currently one of the most serious complications arising during the treatment of hemophilia A patients. Improved prevention and eradication of these Abs remain a challenge both for clinicians and scientists. Numerous studies in the literature have reported on their epitope specificity, on their mechanism of FVIII inactivation, as well as on the methods used for their detection. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on the nature (isotypes, kinetic properties), epitope properties, and mechanisms of action of anti-FVIII Abs. Furthermore, we present methods for detection and epitope characterization of anti-FVIII Abs with emphasis on the Luminex technique susceptible to facilitate the monitoring of changes in the epitope specificity of these Abs.
    Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology 02/2009; 37(2):67-79. · 5.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inherited afibrinogenemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the absence or trace amounts of plasma fibrinogen inducing varying bleeding tendencies. Little is known about the pharmacokinetics of plasma-derived fibrinogen concentrates used in the treatment of afibrinogenemic patients. This open, prospective, multicenter study assessed the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of FIBRINOGENE T1 (FGT1; LFB, Les Ulis, France), a human fibrinogen concentrate treated with three specific biological safety steps. Patients/methods: Five adult patients with congenital afibrinogenemia received a single infusion of 0.06 g kg(-1) of FGT1. Plasma samples drawn up to day 14 were assayed for fibrinogen antigen and activity and for coagulation parameters in a central laboratory. Fibrinogen antigen and activity were similar and highly correlated, with very low between-patient variability for pharmacokinetic parameters. Fibrinogen levels increased rapidly and significantly, with a mean plasma concentration of 1.39 g L(-1) being achieved 1 h after the end of the infusion, leading to almost complete in vivo recovery (94%). The mean half-life was 3.4 days, with slow linear elimination, and the distribution was mainly restricted to the vascular compartment. Coagulation parameters were normalized after the infusion and during the following 6-10 days. FGT1 was well tolerated overall. FGT1 behaves like natural functional fibrinogen, and its pharmacokinetic properties are in line with those expected from a fibrinogen concentrate. Our findings suggest that FGT1 can restore efficient hemostasis in afibrinogenemic patients, and predict good clinical efficacy.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 09/2008; 6(9):1494-9. · 6.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A survey of 21 haemophilia doctors, throughout Europe, who care for a total of approximately 5000 patients with bleeding disorders addressing practice and opinions regarding prophylaxis in patients aged 16-24 years and adults aged over 50 years, is presented. The outcome of adolescent patients who reduced or stopped prophylaxis was recorded. Eighteen of 19 respondents would consider modification of established prophylaxis in the adolescent age group, principal considerations being avoidance of risks of further concentrate exposure, predicted poor compliance and treatment costs. The preferred age for modification was 16-20 years, but there was very little consensus on the particular prophylactic regime recommended. Approximately, half of a cohort of 218 patients with severe haemophilia successfully reduced or stopped prophylaxis when they reached adolescence. Only 26 of 92 (28%) of the patient cohort who stopped prophylaxis, required reintroduction of a prophylactic regime and 12 of 59 (20%) of those who reduced the intensity of prophylaxis had to reintroduce a more intensive regime. A majority of respondents would consider starting prophylaxis in those over 50 years. There was no consensus as to indications for this practice or the nature of the prophylaxis protocol. We conclude that there is an absence of consensus on the management of patients with severe haemophilia, as they pass through adolescence and young adulthood, and reach the age of 50. Aggregate outcome data suggest a significant proportion of patients in the 18-22 years age range may be able to reduce or stop prophylaxis. A substantial number of older patients are on prophylaxis.
    Haemophilia 10/2007; 13(5):473-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In France, patients with haemophilia were infected by HIV up until October 1985, with a maximum of seroconversion between 1983 and 1985. There was a progressive development of AIDS in the 1158 infected patients as reported by Health Authorities. By the end of 1992, 32% of the haemophilia population had developed AIDS and 38 had developed clinical or biological symptoms of immunodeficiency. However, 27% had no clinical symptoms and no severe disorder of the immune system. The present study was established to determine factors common to patients with prolonged survival.
    Haemophilia 06/2007; 1(1):33 - 36. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A plasma-derived von Willebrand factor (VWF) concentrate with low factor VIII (FVIII) content was specifically developed to treat von Willebrand disease (VWD). Efficacy and safety were investigated by merging the results of two comparable protocols conducted prospectively in 5 European and 12 French centers. Fifty patients with clinically severe VWD (72% had VWF ristocetin cofactor activity less than 10 IU dL(-1) and 46% had FVIII < 20 IU dL(-1)) were treated with the concentrate as the only therapy, except for clinical situations requiring a priming dose of FVIII to rapidly correct an intrinsic coagulation defect. A total of 139 spontaneous bleeding episodes were treated; only 53 (38%) needed a concomitant FVIII dose. Outcome was excellent or good in 89% of the episodes. Forty-four patients underwent 108 surgical or invasive procedures. Outcome was excellent or good in 95 scheduled procedures (only VWF was infused) and 13 emergency procedures (a priming FVIII dose was co-administered with the first VWF infusion). There were no thrombotic complications and none of the 18 patients with type 3 VWD developed anti-VWF or anti-FVIII antibodies. This concentrate safely and effectively provides hemostasis in patients with clinically severe VWD.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 06/2007; 5(6):1115-24. · 6.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ReFacto is a recombinant B-domain-deleted, monoclonal antibody-purified, solvent-detergent-treated factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) with no albumin added to the final formulation. Although ReFacto has been shown to be bioequivalent to a plasma-derived FVIII product (Hemophil-M) in a randomized, crossover pharmacokinetic (PK) study, the comparability of ReFacto with the full-length (complete sequence) recombinant FVIII (FLrFVIII, Advate) product has not been previously examined in this manner. The primary objective of this study was to compare the PKs of ReFacto with those of Advate in patients with severe haemophilia A. This was a third-party unblinded, randomized, multicentre, two-period crossover PKs study of ReFacto and Advate in subjects with severe haemophilia A (FVIII:C < or =1%). Blood samples were collected over a 48-h period after i.v. administration of each of the FVIII products. FVIII:C was determined using the chromogenic substrate assay (CSA) in a central laboratory. The plasma FVIII:C PK parameters of ReFacto and Advate were determined using non-compartmental analysis. Bioequivalence was assessed on maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) and the area under the plasma concentration vs. time curves (AUCs) using an anova. The two products were judged to be equivalent if the 90% confidence limits of the ratio of the geometric mean values of C(max) and AUCs fell within the interval of 80-125%. Results from this PKs comparison of two different rFVIII products, using chromogenic substrate assay to measure FVIII:C, showed that ReFacto and Advate are bioequivalent to each other.
    Haemophilia 04/2007; 13(2):124-30. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with mild/moderate hemophilia A (MHA) may develop inhibitors to factor VIII (FVIII). In this condition, FVIII clotting activity (FVIII:C) baseline levels may remain stable for some patients, but may be reduced to less than 0.01 U/mL for others. Several risk factors for the development of inhibitors in MHA have been proposed. Genetic factors, such as mutations in the FVIII gene, may play a central role; however, other influences, such as intensive treatment with FVIII products, may also be important. Optimal treatment regimens have yet to be determined, not only for the eradication of inhibitors, but also for the management or surgical prophylaxis of hemorrhages associated with this condition. Several treatment options for the control of bleeding in patients with MHA and inhibitors (MHAI) are currently available, and the choice of therapeutic strategy should be given careful consideration; some treatments may produce an anamnestic response, thus delaying the return to FVIII:C baseline levels and adversely affecting the duration of the severe bleeding phenotype. To increase our knowledge of MHAI, a retrospective collection of data is currently being performed among hemophilia centers in France and Belgium. Based on five examples of patients with MHAI collated from preliminary study data, we illustrate the impact on inhibitor outcome of the therapeutic choices used to treat bleeding episodes in these patients.
    Seminars in Hematology 02/2006; 43(1 Suppl 1):S3-9. · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibitor development is the major treatment complication in children with severe hemophilia A. It is not clear whether the risk of inhibitors is higher with recombinant factor VIII or with plasma-derived factor VIII. We used multivariate analysis to compare 2 cohorts of previously untreated patients (PUPs) with severe hemophilia A: 62 patients treated with the same brand of high-purity plasma-derived FVIII (pFVIII) containing von Willebrand factor (VWF) and 86 patients treated with full-length recombinant FVIII (rFVIII). In addition to the usual end points (all inhibitors, high inhibitors), we also examined a third end point (high inhibitors and/or immune tolerance induction). The risk of inhibitor development was higher in patients treated with rFVIII than in patients treated with pFVIII, regardless of other risk factors (F8 genotype; nonwhite origin; history of inhibitors in patients with a family history of hemophilia; age at first FVIII infusion). The adjusted relative risk (RRa) for inhibitor development with rFVIII versus pFVIII was 2.4 (all inhibitors), 2.6 (high inhibitors), and 3.2 (high inhibitors and/or immune tolerance induction), respectively, depending on the end point (above). The pathophysiology of this large effect must be understood in order to improve the characteristics of recombinant products and to reduce the incidence of inhibitors to FVIII.
    Blood 02/2006; 107(1):46-51. · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prospective surveillance studies to monitor drug safety in the postapproval period are rarely employed systematically, although they are of greatest value for caregivers, drug users and regulatory authorities. Safety issues have affected not only conventional pharmaceuticals, but also especially coagulation factors in haemophilia treatment. The reputation of postmarketing surveillance (PMS) studies has been questionable, mainly due to their misuse to solicit prescriptions. Other weaknesses include inappropriate design, lack of standardized observation, limited follow-up periods, absence of rigour in identifying potential adverse drug effects, and infrequent publication. Although well-designed clinical trials represent the gold standard for generating sound clinical evidence, a number of aspects would make PMS studies valuable, if properly conducted. One of their main advantages is broader inclusion, and absence of an 'experimental' design. Lack of proper guidelines, and standardization may constitute a reason for the generally low quality of PMS studies. This paper proposes guidelines for haemophilia-specific PMS studies, in order to improve the acceptance of a basically valuable tool. In the absence of consistent regulatory guidance it will be especially important that the design and supervision of PMS studies involves physicians from the beginning. This will not only make such studies more scientifically relevant, but also help to implement them into daily clinical practice. Specifically in haemophilia, PMS studies may provide valuable data on clinical outcomes, or Quality of Life, which is of great importance when considering adequate standards of care in haemophilia patients.
    Haemophilia 08/2005; 11(4):353-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 12/2003; 1(11):2450-1. · 6.08 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

831 Citations
197.93 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2014
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
      Nice, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
  • 2009–2012
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2007
    • The Bracton Centre, Oxleas NHS Trust
      Дартфорде, England, United Kingdom