ABSTRACT: The keratin-14 IL-4 transgenic (Tg) mouse model of atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by skin infiltration of T cells, early up-regulation of T(h)2 cytokines and late surge of T(h)1 cytokines. In the present study, we investigated the role of CCL27, a T cell skin-homing chemokine known to be elevated in sera of human AD patients, in disease development in our animal model of AD. The results showed that the mRNA and protein levels of CCL27 in the skin and serum were significantly increased in IL-4 Tg mice. The percentage of T cells expressing CCR10 in skin draining lymph nodes of IL-4 Tg mice was increased, consistent with the findings of >80% of skin-infiltrating T cells in Tg mice expressing CCR10. Chemotaxis transmigration assay demonstrated that CCL27 promotes a greater degree of migration of T cells in diseased Tg mice. Subcutaneous injection of neutralizing anti-CCL27 to IL-4 Tg mice with early skin lesions resulted in reduced clinical progression of inflammation, accompanied with decreased T cell and mast cell infiltration in the skin, and down-regulation of inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, CCL27 and CCR10 interaction is important for the development of skin inflammation in our AD model.
International Immunology 08/2006; 18(8):1233-42. · 3.41 Impact Factor