Christophe Laurent

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux, Burdeos, Aquitaine, France

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Publications (124)457.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The current literature suggests that anti-HLA donor-specific antibodies (DSA) may have deleterious effects on liver grafts but there is no proof that they are directly involved in the graft lesions. We report the case of a donor HLA-sensitized patient who needed a second graft 6months after the first transplantation owing to a progressive cholestatic disease that we could finally attribute to antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). We describe the longitudinal evolution of graft function, tissue histology, serum DSA and, for the first time, intra-graft DSA after elution from biopsies. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Transplant Immunology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.trim.2015.08.002 · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In view of increased response rates and survivals in patients with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) with FOLFIRINOX, many centers proposed this regimen as induction chemotherapy for borderline (BR) or locally advanced (LA) PAC. The aim of this study was to assess surgical and oncological outcomes of patients who underwent resection after induction FOLFIRINOX therapy. We prospectively identified surgical consecutive BR or LA PAC patients after induction FOLFIRINOX in 20 observational French centers between November 2010 and December 2013. Two independent experts retrospectively evaluated initial CT scan for central review. Eighty patients were included, 47 had BR and 33 had LA PAC. Median number of FOLFIRINOX cycles was 6 (range 1-30) and 65 % of patients received chemoradiation. The 30-day-mortality, major complications, and symptomatic pancreatic fistula rates were 2.5, 22.5, and 4 %, respectively. R0 resection was achieved in 84 %. After a median follow-up of 38.2 months since diagnosis, disease-free survival (DFS) was 17.16 months. The overall survival rates at 12 and 24 months were 92 and 81 %, respectively. A 26 % (n = 21) pathologic major response (pMR) rate was reached. In univariate and multivariate analysis, pMR was a prognostic factor for DFS (hazard ratio 0.33; P = 0.01 and hazard ratio 0.38; P = 0.035). Resection after induction FOLFIRINOX is safe and associated with similar or better outcomes as upfront surgery in patients with PAC. A pMR was observed in 26 % of cases and was prognostic of DFS. This therapeutic design should be investigated in prospective studies.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 08/2015; DOI:10.1245/s10434-015-4783-x · 3.93 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hepatology 04/2015; 62:S445. DOI:10.1016/S0168-8278(15)30572-9 · 11.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The feasibility and outcome of sphincter-saving resection for rectal cancer were assessed in patients previously treated by high-dose radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Between 2000 and 2012, 1066 patients underwent rectal excision for rectal cancer. There were 236 patients treated by conventional radiotherapy (45-Gy) and sphincter-saving resection (Group A) and 12 treated by external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for prostate cancer (70-Gy) and sphincter-saving resection (Group B) of whom five had a metachronous and seven a synchronous cancer. The end points were surgical morbidity, pelvic sepsis, reoperation and definitive stoma. Tumour characteristics were similar in both groups. Surgical morbidity (67% vs. 25%, p=0.004), anastomotic leakage (50% vs. 10%, p=0.001), and reoperation (50% vs. 17%, p=0.011) were significantly higher in Group B. Multivariate analyses showed that EBRT for prostate cancer was the only independent factor for anastomotic leakage (OR= 5.12; 95%CI 1.45-18.08; p=0.011) and definitive stoma (OR=10.56; 95%CI 3.02-39.92; p<0.001). High-dose radiotherapy for prostate cancer increases morbidity from rectal surgery and the risk of a permanent stoma. This suggests a delayed colo-anal anastomosis or a Hartmann procedure should be proposed as an alternative to low anterior resection in this population. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Colorectal Disease 03/2015; DOI:10.1111/codi.12962 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare survival between radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and surgical resection (SR) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within Milan criteria. METHODS: From January 2004 to December 2013 we consecutively and retrospectively included all patients with first occurrence of HCC within Milan criteria receiving SR or RFA as first-line treatment. The cumulative overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared after inverse probability weighting (including confounding factor). RESULTS: A total of 281 patients (RFA 178, SR 103) were enrolled. In multivariate Cox regression RFA and SR were not independent predictors of survival or recurrence. The respective weighted 5 years OS and DFS for patients with propensity scores between 0.1-0.9 in the SR and RFA groups were 54-33% and 60-16.9%, P = 0.695 and P = 0.426, respectively. Local tumour progression rate did not differ according to treatment (P = 0.523). Major complication rate was higher in the SR group, P = 0.001. Hospitalisation duration was lower in the RFA group (mean 2.19 days, range 2-7) than in the SR group (mean 10.2 days, range 3-30), P < 0.001. CONCLUSION: This large Western study has shown that OS and DFS did not differ after RFA (using mainly multipolar devices) and SR, for HCC within the Milan criteria in a European population, with a shorter hospitalisation time and a lower complication rate for RFA.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Oncologic and functional outcomes were compared between transanal and transabdominal specimen extraction after laparoscopic coloanal anastomosis for rectal cancer. Background: Laparoscopic coloanal anastomosis is an attractive new surgical option in patients with low rectal cancer because laparotomy is not necessary due to transanal specimen extraction. Risks of tumor spillage and fecal incontinence induced by transanal extraction are not known. Methods: Between 2000 and 2010, 220 patients with low rectal cancer underwent laparoscopic rectal excision with hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis. The rectal specimen was extracted transanally in 122 patients and transabdominally in 98 patients. End points were circumferential resection margin, mesorectal grade, local recurrence, survival, and functional outcome. Results: The mortality rate was 0.5% and surgical morbidity rate was 17%. The rate of positive circumferential resectionmargin was 9% and the mesorectum was graded complete in 79%, subcomplete in 12%, and incomplete in 9%. After a follow-up of 51 months (range, 1-151), the local recurrence rate was 4% and overall survival and disease-free survival rates were 83% and 70% at 5 years, respectively. The continence score was 6 (range, 0-20). There was no difference of mortality rate, morbidity rate, circumferential resection margin, mesorectal grade, local recurrence (4% vs 5%, P = 0.98), and disease-free survival rate (72% vs 68%, P = 0.63) between transanal and transabdominal extraction groups. Continence score was also similar (6 vs 6, P = 0.92). Conclusions: Transanal extraction of the rectal specimen did not compromise oncologic and functional outcome after laparoscopic surgery for low rectal cancer and seems as a safe option to preserve the abdominal wall.
    Annals of Surgery 09/2014; 261(1). DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000000855 · 8.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the utility of computed tomography (CT) for determination of tumor response and prediction of resectability after neoadjuvant combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy (CRT) in patients with nonmetastatic locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Materials and methods: This study received institutional review board approval, and all participants provided written informed consent. Consecutive patients with cephalic locally advanced pancreatic cancer who underwent surgical exploration and/or resection following neoadjuvant CRT were prospectively enrolled from June 2009 to May 2013. Two radiologists independently analyzed the baseline and post-CRT CT scans for the size, attenuation, and circumferential vascular contacts of the tumor. Associations between the postoperative histologic grade of the tumor response (pTNM) and the clinical, biologic, and CT criteria were assessed by using Spearman correlation coefficients. CT criteria related to the presence of complete (ie, R0) resection were assessed by using logistic regression. Results: Forty-seven patients were included, 33 with an R0 resection and 14 with positive margins (ie, R1) or no resection. Variables demonstrating a significant correlation with the histologic tumor classification of tumor response were post-CRT carbohydrate antigen 19-9 level (r = 0.46), post-CRT largest tumor axis (r = 0.44), post-CRT sum of the largest and smallest tumor axes (r = 0.46), change in the largest axis (r = -0.31), change in the sum of the largest and smallest axes (r = -0.39), change in superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and/or portal vein (hereafter, SMV/portal vein) contact (r = -0.38), and post-CRT superior mesenteric artery contact (r = 0.34). Partial regression of tumor contact with the SMV/portal vein was associated in all cases with R0 resection (10 of 10 patients, positive predictive value = 100%), and partial regression of tumor contact with any peripancreatic vascular axis was associated with R0 resection in 91% of cases (20 of 22 patients, positive predictive value = 91%). Persistence of SMV/portal vein stenosis after CRT was not predictive of R1 resection. Conclusion: Partial regression of tumor-vessel contact indicates suitability for surgical exploration, irrespective of the degree of decrease in tumor size or the degree of residual vascular involvement.
    Radiology 06/2014; 273(1):132914. DOI:10.1148/radiol.14132914 · 6.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Laparoscopic sphincter preservation for low rectal cancer is challenging because of the high risk of positive circumferential resection margin. We hypothesized that perineal dissection of the distal rectum may improve quality of surgery, compared with the conventional abdominal dissection. Methods: Between 2008 and 2012, 100 patients with low rectal cancer (< 6 cm from the anal verge) suitable for sphincter preservation were randomized between perineal and abdominal low rectal dissection. Surgery included laparoscopic mobilization of the left colon with high rectal dissection. Distal rectal dissection was performed laparoscopically in the abdominal group and transanally in the perineal group. The primary endpoint was quality of surgery (circumferential resection margin, mesorectum grade, and lymph nodes). Secondary end points were morbidity and conversion. Results: The rate of positive circumferential resection margin decreased significantly after perineal compared with abdominal low rectal dissection, 4% versus 18% (P = 0.025). The mesorectum grade and the number of lymph nodes analyzed did not differ between the 2 groups. There was no difference in surgical morbidity (12% vs 14%; P = 0.766) and conversion (4% vs 10%; P = 0.436) between perineal and abdominal rectal dissection. Multivariate analysis showed that abdominal rectal dissection was the only independent factor of positive circumferential resection margin (odds ratio = 5.25; 95% confidence interval: 1.03-26.70; P = 0.046). Conclusions: Perineal rectal dissection reduces the risk of positive circumferential resection margin, as compared with the conventional abdominal dissection in low rectal cancer. This suggests the perineal rectal dissection as a new standard in laparoscopic sphincter-saving resection for low rectal cancer.
    Annals of Surgery 06/2014; 260(6). DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000000766 · 8.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aim: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver cancer. We characterised HCC associated with infection compared with non-HBV-related HCC to understand interactions between viral and hepatocyte genomic alterations and their relationships with clinical features. Methods: Frozen HBV (n=86) or non-HBV-related (n=90) HCC were collected in two French surgical departments. Viral characterisation was performed by sequencing HBS and HBX genes and quantifying HBV DNA and cccDNA. Nine genes were screened for somatic mutations and expression profiling of 37 genes involved in hepatocarcinogenesis was studied. Results: HBX revealed frequent non-sense, frameshift and deletions in tumours, suggesting an HBX inactivation selected in HCC. The number of viral copies was frequently lower in tumour than in non-tumour tissues (p=0.0005) and patients with low HBV copies in the non-tumour liver tissues presented additional risk factor (HCV, alcohol or non-alcoholic steato-hepatitis, p=0.006). P53 was the most frequently altered pathway in HBV-related HCC (47%, p=0.001). Furthermore, TP53 mutations were associated with shorter survival only in HBV-related HCC (p=0.02) whereas R249S mutations were identified exclusively in migrants. Compared with other aetiologies, HBV-HCC were more frequently classified in tumours subgroups with upregulation of genes involved in cell-cycle regulation and a progenitor phenotype. Finally, in HBV-related HCC, transcriptomic profiles were associated with specific gene mutations (HBX, TP53, IRF2, AXIN1 and CTNNB1). Conclusions: Integrated genomic characterisation of HBV and non-HBV-related HCC emphasised the immense molecular diversity of HCC closely related to aetiologies that could impact clinical care of HCC patients.
    Gut 06/2014; 64(5). DOI:10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306228 · 14.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Somatic mutations activating telomerase reverse-trancriptase promoter were recently identified in several tumour types. Here we identify frequent similar mutations in human hepatocellular carcinomas (59%), cirrhotic preneoplastic macronodules (25%) and hepatocellular adenomas with malignant transformation in hepatocellular carcinomas (44%). In hepatocellular tumours, telomerase reverse-transcripase- and CTNNB1-activating mutations are significantly associated. Moreover, preliminary data suggest that telomerase reverse-trancriptase promoter mutations can increase the expression of telomerase transcript. In conclusion, telomerase reverse-trancriptase promoter mutation is the earliest recurrent genetic event identified in cirrhotic preneoplastic lesions so far and is also the most frequent genetic alteration in hepatocellular carcinomas, arising from both the cirrhotic or non-cirrhotic liver.
    Nature Communications 07/2013; 4:2218. DOI:10.1038/ncomms3218 · 11.47 Impact Factor
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    Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 05/2013; 32(5):889-90. DOI:10.7863/ultra.32.5.889 · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: : Surgical treatment of low rectal cancer is controversial, and one of the reasons is the lack of definition and standardization of surgery in low rectal cancer. : We classified low rectal cancers in 4 groups with the aim of demonstrating that most patients with low rectal cancer can receive conservative surgery without compromising oncologic outcome. : Patients with low rectal cancer <6 cm from anal verge were defined in 4 groups: type I (supra-anal tumors: >1 cm from anal ring) had coloanal anastomosis, type II (juxta-anal tumors: <1 cm from anal ring) had partial intersphincteric resection, type III (intra-anal tumors: internal anal sphincter invasion) had total intersphincteric resection, and type IV (transanal tumors: external anal sphincter invasion) had abdominoperineal resection. Patients with ultra-low sphincter-preserving surgery (types II-III) were compared with those with conventional sphincter-preserving surgery (type I). : Postoperative mortality, morbidity, surgical margins, local and distant recurrence, and survival were analyzed. : Of 404 patients with low rectal cancer, 135 were type I, 131 type II, 55 type III, and 83 type IV. There was no difference in local recurrence (5% to 9% vs 6%), distant recurrence (23% vs 23%), and disease-free survival (70%-73% vs 68%) at 5 years between ultra-low (types II-III) and conventional (type I) sphincter-preserving surgery. Predictive factors of survival were tumor stage and R1 resection but not the type of tumor or type of surgery. : This study is limited by the retrospective analysis of a database, obtained from a single institution and covering a 16-year period. : Classification of low rectal cancers and standardization of surgery permitted sphincter-preserving surgery in 79% of patients with low rectal cancer without compromising oncologic outcome. This new surgical classification should be used to standardize surgery and increase sphincter-preserving surgery in low rectal cancer.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 05/2013; 56(5):560-7. DOI:10.1097/DCR.0b013e31827c4a8c · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Europe and North America, hepatocellular adenomas (HCA) occur, classically, in middle-aged woman taking oral contraceptives. Twenty percent of women, however, are not exposed to oral contraceptives; HCA can more rarely occur in men, children, and women over 65 years. HCA have been observed in many pathological conditions such as glycogenosis, familial adenomatous polyposis, MODY3, after male hormone administration, and in vascular diseases. Obesity is frequent particularly in inflammatory HCA. The background liver is often normal, but steatosis is a frequent finding particularly in inflammatory HCA. The diagnosis of HCA is more difficult when the background liver is fibrotic, notably in vascular diseases. HCA can be solitary, or multiple or in great number (adenomatosis). When nodules are multiple, they are usually of the same subtype. HNF1 α -inactivated HCA occur almost exclusively in woman. The most important point of the classification is the identification of β -catenin mutated HCA, a strong argument to identify patients at risk of malignant transformation. Some HCA already present criteria indicating malignant transformation. When the whole nodule is a hepatocellular carcinoma, it is extremely difficult to prove that it is the consequence of a former HCA. It is occasionally difficult to identify HCA remodeled by necrosis or hemorrhage.
    04/2013; 2013:253261. DOI:10.1155/2013/253261
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    ABSTRACT: Bubble-enhanced heating (BEH) can be exploited to increase heating efficiency in treatment of liver tumors with non-invasive high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). The objectives of this study were: (i) to demonstrate the feasibility of increasing the heating efficiency of sonication exploiting BEH in pig liver in vivo using a clinical platform; (ii) to determine the acoustic threshold for such effects with real-time, motion-compensated magnetic resonance-guided thermometry; and (iii) to compare the heating patterns and thermal lesion characteristics resulting from continuous sonication and sonication including a burst pulse. The threshold acoustic power for generation of BEH in pig liver in vivo was determined using sonication of 0.5-s duration ("burst pulse") under real-time magnetic resonance thermometry. In a second step, experimental sonication composed of a burst pulse followed by continuous sonication (14.5 s) was compared with conventional sonication (15 s) of identical energy (1.8 kJ). Modification of the heating pattern at the targeted region located at a liver depth between 20 and 25 mm required 600-800 acoustic watts. The experimental group exhibited near-spherical heating with 40% mean enhancement of the maximal temperature rise as compared with the conventional sonication group, a mean shift of 7 ± 3.3 mm toward the transducer and reduction of the post-focal temperature increase. Magnetic resonance thermometry can be exploited to control acoustic BEH in vivo in the liver. By use of experimental sonication, more efficient heating can be achieved while protecting tissues located beyond the focal point.
    Ultrasound in medicine & biology 04/2013; 39(8). DOI:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2013.01.014 · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • Q Denost · L Quintane · E Buscail · M Martenot · C Laurent · E Rullier
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    ABSTRACT: Aim Obesity is associated with increased technical difficulty in laparoscopic surgery. However, its impact has been measured mainly for colectomy but not specifically for rectal excision. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on technical feasibility and oncological outcome of laparoscopic rectal excision for cancer. Method A total of 490 patients treated by laparoscopic rectal excision for rectal cancer from January 1999 to June 2010 were included. Seventy per cent had had preoperative radiochemotherapy. Patients were separated into four groups according to BMI (kg/m2): < 20, 20–25, 25–30 and ≥ 30. The impact of BMI on conversion, surgical morbidity, quality of excision (Quirke mesorectal grade and circumferential resection margin) and long-term oncological outcome was determined. Results Among the 490 patients BMI was < 20 in 43, 20–25 in 223, 25–30 in 177 and ≥ 30 in 47. Mortality (overall 1%) and morbidity (overall 19%) were similar between the groups. Conversion in the four groups was 5%, 14%, 23% and 32% (P = 0.001). The quality of mesorectal excision and circumferential margins did not differ between the groups. The 5-year local recurrence rates (0%, 4.6%, 5.3% and 5.9% respectively; P = 0.823) and the overall and disease-free survival were not significantly influenced by BMI. Conclusion In laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer, BMI influenced the risk of conversion but not surgical morbidity, quality of surgery and survival. This suggests that all patients, including obese patients, are suitable for laparoscopic surgery.
    Colorectal Disease 04/2013; 15(4):463-469. DOI:10.1111/codi.12026 · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hepatology 04/2013; 58:S257-S258. DOI:10.1016/S0168-8278(13)60633-9 · 11.34 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hepatology 04/2013; 58:S262. DOI:10.1016/S0168-8278(13)60645-5 · 11.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare preservation with the division of the splenic vessels in the surgical management of laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy. Bicentric retrospective study. Prospectively maintained databases. Between January 1997 and January 2011, 140 patients who underwent laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for benign or lowgrade malignant tumors in the body/tail of the pancreas were included. Patients treated with the attempted splenic vessel preservation were compared with patients treated with the attempted division of the splenic vessels (Warshaw technique). Operative outcomes and postoperative morbidity were evaluated. The outcomes of 55 patients in the splenic vessel preservation group were compared with those of 85 patients in the Warshaw technique group. The clinical characteristics were similar in both groups, except for tumor size, which was significantly greater in the Warshaw technique group (33.6 vs. 42.5 mm; P=.001). The mean operative time, mean blood loss, and rate of conversion to the open procedure did not differ between the 2 groups. The rate of successful spleen preservation was significantly improved following the splenic vessel preservation technique (96.4% vs. 84.7%; P=.03). Complications related to the spleen only occurred in the Warshaw technique group (0% vs. 10.5%; P=.03), requiring a splenectomy in 4 patients (4.7%). The mean length of stay was shorter in the splenic vessel preservation group (8.2 vs. 10.5 days; P=.01). The short-term benefits associated with the preservation of the splenic vessels should lead to an increased preference for this technique in selected patients undergoing laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for benign or low-grade malignant tumors in the body/tail of the pancreas.
    JAMA SURGERY 03/2013; 148(3):246-52. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess oncological outcomes in patients treated with pancreaticoduodenectomy for advanced pancreatic head adenocarcinoma after preoperative chemoradiotherapy and to compare these with outcomes in patients treated with surgery alone. Methods: From 2004 to 2009, patients treated with pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head adenocarcinoma were included in a retrospective comparative study. Patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma were treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT group) and were compared with those treated with surgery alone (SURG group). Results: A total of 111 patients were included; these comprised 72 patients in the SURG group and 39 patients in the CRT group. The median follow-up was 21 months. Patients in the CRT group presented with a more advanced tumoral status. Microscopic resection rates were similar in both groups, but nodal status and vascular or lymphatic emboli were lower in the CRT group. At 3 years, the SURG and CRT groups exhibited similar overall (36% and 51%, respectively) and disease-free (35% and 37%, respectively) survival (P = 0.10). Conclusions: In patients with advanced pancreatic head adenocarcinoma, a good response after preoperative chemoradiotherapy results in a survival rate similar to that in patients treated with surgery alone in whom the initial prognosis is better.
    HPB 01/2013; 15(9). DOI:10.1111/hpb.12039 · 2.68 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
457.53 Total Impact Points


  • 2000–2014
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
  • 1997–2014
    • University of Bordeaux
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
  • 2001–2013
    • Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2
      • • Centre de Résonance Magnétique des Systèmes Biologiques
      • • Groupe de Recherche pour l'Etude du Foie
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
  • 2003
    • Fondation Jean Dausset (CEPH)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Tours
      • Department of Surgery
      Tours, Centre, France