C Zhao

Lund University, Lund, Skane, Sweden

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Publications (4)8.85 Total impact

  • European journal of pharmacology 10/2000; 403(3):289. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histamine in the oxyntic mucosa of the rat stomach occurs in mast cells (10%) and ECL cells (90%). Unlike the mast cells, the ECL cells operate under the control of gastrin. alpha-Fluoromethylhistidine, an irreversible inhibitor of the histamine-forming enzyme, histidine decarboxylase depletes ECL-cell but not mast-cell histamine. This report shows that the effectiveness by which histidine decarboxylase inhibition depletes ECL-cell histamine depends on the rate of histamine secretion. Rats received alpha-fluoromethylhistidine by continuous subcutaneous infusion for 24 h. Maximally effective doses (>/=3 mg/kg/h) inhibited histidine decarboxylase and reduced oxyntic mucosal histamine in fed rats by 80-90%. In fasted rats, the reduction was 50%. alpha-Fluoromethylhistidine greatly reduced the number of histamine-immunoreactive ECL cells (immunocytochemistry) and of secretory vesicles in the ECL cells (electron microscopy) in fed but not in fasted rats. The half-life of oxyntic mucosal histamine (determined upon histidine decarboxylase inhibition) was 2.6 h in fed rats and 19.4 h in fasted rats. The amount of histamine secreted in response to gastrin (monitored by gastric submucosal microdialysis) was greatly reduced by alpha-fluoromethylhistidine in fed rats but not in fasted rats. ECL cells were isolated from rat stomach by elutriation (80% purity). Their histamine content was determined after culture, with or without alpha-fluoromethylhistidine, in the presence of varying concentrations of gastrin. In a medium containing 10 nM gastrin, ECL cells responded to a maximally effective concentration of alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (0.1 nM) with 80% reduction in histamine content. In the absence of gastrin, ECL cells responded to alpha-fluoromethylhistidine with 45% reduction of histamine; the releasable histamine pool was unaffected. In conclusion, the combination of histidine decarboxylase inhibition and a high rate of histamine secretion will promptly exhaust the ECL-cell histamine pool, while histidine decarboxylase inhibition and a low secretion rate will affect the histamine pool much less.
    European Journal of Pharmacology 08/2000; 400(1):1-10. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • General Pharmacology 01/1999; 32(4).
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    ABSTRACT: The ECL cells are histamine- and peptide hormone-producing endocrine cells in the rat oxyntic mucosa. They are rich in secretory vesicles and also contain microvesicles and electron-dense granules. They operate under the control of circulating gastrin. In the present study, we examined the ECL-cell ultrastructure after long term treatment with omeprazole, which is known to induce hypergastrinemia, and after withdrawal of the drug. Rats received omeprazole (400 micromol/kg per day, orally) for 16 days and were killed 1, 5, 20, or 40 days after the last dose of the drug. Oxyntic mucosal specimens were processed for electron microscopy. Electron micrographs of ECL-cell profiles were analyzed planimetrically. The ECL-cell profile area increased promptly in response to omeprazole, the secretory vesicles and granules were reduced in number and volume density, the microvesicles were unchanged in number but reduced in volume density, and vacuoles appeared. Within a week after stopping the omeprazole treatment, the numbers and volume densities of secretory vesicles and microvesicles returned to pre-stimulation values. Also, the vacuoles disappeared promptly. The ECL-cell profile area decreased below the pre-stimulation level within five days after stopping treatment, while, in contrast, the granules increased in number and volume density. Somewhat surprisingly, the cell size and the granule compartment did not return to normal until 40 days after stopping treatment.
    Cell and Tissue Research 02/1998; 291(1):91-5. · 3.68 Impact Factor