ABSTRACT: In the present report, the putative effect of a single electrical stimulation (75, 150 or 300 microA) to the baso-lateral amygdala (BLA) nucleus was assessed in shock probe defensive burying behavior test (DB) and elevated plus maze (EPM). These models have been used for measuring anxiety levels and screening putative anxiolytic compounds. A group of 28 rats were randomly divided for the following experimental conditions: Control-control, sham-operated, BLA stimulated groups: 75, 150 and 300 microA tested for DB. The cumulative defensive burying in a 15 min-test, the latency of burying, the number of shock received and the height of the bedding material in the probe were recorded. Another group of 28 individuals was also randomly distributed for the following experimental conditions: Control-control, sham-operated, BLA stimulated animals: 75, 150, 300 microA and tested in the EPM. The time the subjects spent in the open arms, the crosses and the faeces number excreted during the test were recorded. Decreased levels of defensive burying were observed in 75, 150 and 300 microA stimulated groups. The 150 and 300 microA groups reached statistical significance. The fact that 300 microA stimulated group showed statistically significant increase in the latency of defensive burying, in the number of shock received and decreased amount in bedding material suggests a sedative action of electrical stimulation. Increased time in the open arms and augmented number of crossings in 150 microA group was observed. No changes in the number of faeces were observed in any group. The evidence supported the notion of an inhibitory amygdaline mechanism triggered by sub-threshold electrical stimulation.
Life Sciences 02/2003; 72(7):819-29. · 2.53 Impact Factor