Publications (2)0 Total impact
ABSTRACT: Ni2SiO4, Liebenbergite, is an example of a quasi-one-dimensional magnet made up of frustrated corner sharing triangles of Ni2+ (S = 1) ions that propagate parallel to the b axis. Ni2SiO4 is isostructural with olivine, a common mineral of varying composition Fe2-xMgxSiO4, and is described in the orthorhombic space group Pnma. A synthetic polycrystalline sample of Ni2SiO4 was studied using constant wavelength powder neutron diffraction. Diffraction spectra were collected above and below the antiferromagnetic ordering transition (TN ~ 34 K) and were used to refine the atomic and magnetic structures of Ni2SiO4. Corepresentational theory was used to determine the symmetry-allowed magnetic structures after the Neel transition and the refned magnetic structure evidences both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic inter-chain interactions, and ferromagnetic intra-chain coupling. The competition between the magnetic interactions can be seen in the canting of the moments away from a collinear arrangement. Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, 1 table, conference proceeding
ABSTRACT: The search for the resonating valence bond (RVB) state continues to underpin many areas of condensed matter research. The RVB is made from the dimerisation of spins on different sites into fluctuating singlets, and was proposed by Anderson to be the reference state from which the transition to BCS superconductivity occurs. Little is known about the state experimentally, due to the scarcity of model materials. Theoretical work has put forward the S = 1/2 kagome antiferromagnet (KAFM) as a good candidate for the realization of the RVB state. In this paper we introduce a new model system, the S = 1/2 KAFM Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2. We show that its crystal structure is a good approximation to a 2-dimensional kagome antiferromagnet and that susceptibility data indicate a collapse of the magnetic moment below T = 25 K that is compatible with the spins condensing into the non-magnetic RVB state.