C Francannet

University Hospital Estaing of Clermont-Ferrand, Clermont, Auvergne, France

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Publications (78)186.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Overgrowth conditions are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterised by increased growth and variable features, including macrocephaly, distinctive facial appearance and various degrees of learning difficulties and intellectual disability. Among them, Sotos and Weaver syndromes are clinically well defined and due to heterozygous mutations in NSD1 and EZH2, respectively. NSD1 and EZH2 are both histone-modifying enzymes. These two epigenetic writers catalyse two specific post-translational modifications of histones: methylation of histone 3 lysine 36 (H3K36) and lysine 27 (H3K27). We postulated that mutations in writers of these two chromatin marks could cause overgrowth conditions, resembling Sotos or Weaver syndromes, in patients with no NSD1 or EZH2 abnormalities.
    Journal of medical genetics. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital malformations occur in 3-4% of live births. Their prenatal detection is performed by ultrasound screening. Any announcement about a suspected malformation is a source of stress for the parents, and misdiagnosis during ultrasound screening can lead to expensive and sometimes iatrogenic medical interventions. In this study, we aim to determine the false-positive rate, first overall and then by anatomical system, of ultrasound screening for congenital malformations in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Our sample includes all children born between 1 January, 2006, and 31 December, 2009, in the French region of Auvergne, whose mother had a prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of a congenital malformation during the second or third trimester of pregnancy confirmed by a follow-up ultrasound examination by an expert consultant ultrasonographer. The study included 526 fetuses, divided in 3 groups: false positives, diagnostic misclassifications, and true positives. The rates of false positives and diagnostic misclassifications were calculated for the sample as a whole and then by anatomical system. Overall, the false-positive rate was 8.8% and the rate of diagnostic misclassification 9.2%. The highest false-positive rates were found for renal and gastrointestinal tract malformations, and the highest diagnostic misclassification rates for cerebral and cardiac malformations. The diagnostic misclassification rate was significantly higher than the false-positive rate for cardiac malformations. The false-positive rate during prenatal ultrasound is not insignificant; these misdiagnoses cause psychological stress for the parents and overmedicalisation of the pregnancy and the child.
    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 03/2014; 14(1):112. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Three overlapping conditions, namely Rothmund-Thomson (RTS), Baller-Gerold (BGS) and RAPADILINO syndromes, have been attributed to RECQL4 mutations. Differential diagnoses depend on the clinical presentation, but the number of known genes remains low, leading to the widespread prescription of RECQL4 sequencing. The aim of our study was therefore to determine the best clinical indicators for the presence of RECQL4 mutations in a series of 39 patients referred for RECQL4 molecular analysis and belonging to the RTS (27 cases) and BGS (12 cases) spectrum. One or two deleterious RECQL4 mutations were found in 10/27 patients referred for RTS diagnosis. Clinical and molecular reevaluation led to a different diagnosis in 7/17 negative cases, including Clericuzio-type Poikiloderma with Neutropenia, hereditary sclerosing poikiloderma, and Craniosynostosis/anal anomalies/porokeratosis. No RECQL4 mutations were found in the BGS group without poikiloderma, confirming that RECQL4 sequencing was not indicated in this phenotype. One chromosomal abnormality and one TWIST mutation was found in this cohort. This study highlights the search for differential diagnoses before the prescription of RECQL4 sequencing in this clinically heterogeneous group. The combination of clinically-defined subgroups and next-generation sequencing will hopefully bring to light new molecular bases of syndromes with poikiloderma, as well as BGS without poikiloderma.
    Clinical Genetics 02/2014; · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interstitial duplication within the long arm of chromosome 20 is an uncommon chromosome structural abnormality. We report here the clinical and molecular characterization associated with pure 20q13.2 duplication in three unrelated patients. The most frequent clinical features were developmental delay, facial dysmorphism, cardiac malformation and skeletal anomalies. All DNA gains occurred de novo, ranging from 1.1 Mb to 11.5 Mb. Compared with previously reported conventional cytogenetic analyses, oligonucleotides array CGH allowed us to refine breakpoints and determine the genes of interest in the region. Involvement of SALL4 in cardiac malformations and NFATC2 gene disruption in both cardiac and skeletal anomalies are discussed.
    European journal of medical genetics 01/2014; · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-syndromic arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is characterized by multiple congenital contractures resulting from reduced fetal mobility. Genetic mapping and whole exome sequencing were performed in 31 multiplex and/or consanguineous undiagnosed AMC families. Although this approach identified known AMC genes, we here report pathogenic mutations in two new genes. Homozygous frameshift mutations in CNTNAP1 were found in four unrelated families. Patients showed a marked reduction in motor nerve conduction velocity (<10 m/sec) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of sciatic nerve in the index cases revealed severe abnormalities of both nodes of Ranvier width and myelinated axons. CNTNAP1 encodes CASPR, an essential component of node of Ranvier domains which underly saltatory conduction of action potentials along myelinated axons, an important process for neuronal function. A homozygous missense mutation in Adenylate Cyclase 6 gene (ADCY6) was found in another family characterized by a lack of myelin in the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) as determined by TEM. Morpholino knockdown of the zebrafish orthologs led to severe and specific defects in peripheral myelin in spite of the presence of Schwann cells. ADCY6 encodes a protein that belongs to adenylate cyclase family responsible for the synthesis of cAMP. Elevation of cAMP can mimic axonal contact in vitro and upregulates myelinating signals. Our data indicate an essential and so far unknown role of ADCY6 in PNS myelination likely through the cAMP pathway. Mutations of genes encoding proteins of Ranvier domains or involved in myelination of Schwann cells are responsible for novel and severe human axoglial diseases.
    Human Molecular Genetics 12/2013; · 7.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is associated with facial dysmorphism including high forehead, high nasal bridge, hypertelorism and severe mental retardation. WHS results from a 4p16.3 deletion. Only a small number of reports have been made on the prenatal ultrasound findings observed in WHS. Here we report our experience on 10 cases of WHS ascertained prenatally between 1983 and 2009 through the CEMC-Auvergne registry of congenital malformations. The assumption that a "Greek warrior helmet" facies is pathognomonic of WHS could lead to misdiagnosis. Other clinical findings such as severe and early onset intrauterine growth retardation, facial dysmorphism (high forehead, high nasal bridge, low-set ears, micrognathia, hypertelorism), atrial or ventricular septal defect, and renal dysplasia should help obstetricians to suspect the diagnosis of WHS prenatally. Birth Defects Research (Part A), 97:806-811, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Birth Defects Research Part A Clinical and Molecular Teratology 12/2013; 97(12):806-11. · 2.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anophthalmia and/or microphthalmia, pulmonary hypoplasia, diaphragmatic hernia, and cardiac defects are the main features of PDAC syndrome. Recessive mutations in STRA6, encoding a membrane receptor for the retinol-binding protein, have been identified in some cases with PDAC syndrome, although many cases have remained unexplained. Using whole-exome sequencing, we found that two PDAC-syndrome-affected siblings, but not their unaffected sibling, were compound heterozygous for nonsense (c.355C>T [p.Arg119(∗)]) and frameshift (c.1201_1202insCT [p.Ile403Serfs(∗)15]) mutations in retinoic acid receptor beta (RARB). Transfection studies showed that p.Arg119(∗) and p.Ile403Serfs(∗)15 altered RARB had no transcriptional activity in response to ligands, confirming that the mutations induced a loss of function. We then sequenced RARB in 15 subjects with anophthalmia and/or microphthalmia and at least one other feature of PDAC syndrome. Surprisingly, three unrelated subjects with microphthalmia and diaphragmatic hernia showed de novo missense mutations affecting the same codon; two of the subjects had the c.1159C>T (Arg387Cys) mutation, whereas the other one carried the c.1159C>A (p.Arg387Ser) mutation. We found that compared to the wild-type receptor, p.Arg387Ser and p.Arg387Cys altered RARB induced a 2- to 3-fold increase in transcriptional activity in response to retinoic acid ligands, suggesting a gain-of-function mechanism. Our study thus suggests that both recessive and dominant mutations in RARB cause anophthalmia and/or microphthalmia and diaphragmatic hernia, providing further evidence of the crucial role of the retinoic acid pathway during eye development and organogenesis.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 09/2013; · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the introduction of array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) techniques in the diagnostic setting of patients with developmental delay and congenital malformations, many new microdeletion syndromes have been recognized. One of these recently recognized microdeletion syndromes is the 16p11.2 deletion syndrome, associated with variable clinical outcomes including developmental delay, autism spectrum disorder, epilepsy, and obesity, but also apparently normal phenotype. We report on a 16-year-old patient with developmental delay, exhibiting retinis pigmentosa with progressive visual failure from the age of 9 years, ataxia, and peripheral neuropathy. Chromosomal microarray analysis identified a 1.7-Mb 16p11.2 deletion encompassing the 593-kb common deletion (∼29.5 to ∼30.1 Mb; Hg18) and the 220-kb distal deletion (∼28.74 to ∼28.95 Mb; Hg18) that partially included the CLN3 gene. As the patient's clinical findings were different from usual 16p11.2 microdeletion phenotypes and showed some features reminiscent of juvenile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (JNCL, Batten disease, OMIM 204200), we suspected and confirmed a mutation of the remaining CLN3 allele. This case further illustrates that unmasking of hemizygous recessive mutations by chromosomal deletion represents one explanation for the phenotypic variability observed in chromosomal deletion disorders.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 17 July 2013; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2013.141.
    European journal of human genetics: EJHG 07/2013; · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) or Bruton disease is a relatively rare constitutionally immune disorder due to a genetic mutation of BTK (Bruton Tyrosin Kinase) gene which encodes for BTK protein. BTK is a signal-transducing protein expressed in hematopoietic lineages. The genetic disorder is responsible of B cells lymphocytes maturation arrest. The humoral immunodeficiency caused by BTK mutation is linked with recurrent bacterial and viral infections. Genetic investigations of prepositus as well as the other members of the family are necessary to characterize a mutation in BTK gene to confirm the diagnosis and reveal a hereditary transmission or de novo mutation. Authors propose and comment a case report of an 8 month aged child who suffers of Bruton disease. Initial presentation was neutropenia, genetic investigation has revealed a previously non-reported mutation in the BTK gene. The same mutation was found in the mother with low expression of BTK in monocytes and normal in B-cells suggesting a lineage specific extinction of BTK which has never been reported before.
    Gene 06/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transcription factor SOX10 plays a role in the maintenance of progenitor cell multipotency, lineage specification, and cell differentiation and is a major actor in the development of the neural crest. It has been implicated in Waardenburg syndrome (WS), a rare disorder characterized by the association between pigmentation abnormalities and deafness, but SOX10 mutations cause a variable phenotype that spreads over the initial limits of the syndrome definition. On the basis of recent findings of olfactory-bulb agenesis in WS individuals, we suspected SOX10 was also involved in Kallmann syndrome (KS). KS is defined by the association between anosmia and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism due to incomplete migration of neuroendocrine gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) cells along the olfactory, vomeronasal, and terminal nerves. Mutations in any of the nine genes identified to date account for only 30% of the KS cases. KS can be either isolated or associated with a variety of other symptoms, including deafness. This study reports SOX10 loss-of-function mutations in approximately one-third of KS individuals with deafness, indicating a substantial involvement in this clinical condition. Study of SOX10-null mutant mice revealed a developmental role of SOX10 in a subpopulation of glial cells called olfactory ensheathing cells. These mice indeed showed an almost complete absence of these cells along the olfactory nerve pathway, as well as defasciculation and misrouting of the nerve fibers, impaired migration of GnRH cells, and disorganization of the olfactory nerve layer of the olfactory bulbs.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 05/2013; 92(5):707-24. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association of marfanoid habitus (MH) and intellectual disability (ID) has been reported in the literature, with overlapping presentations and genetic heterogeneity. A hundred patients (71 males and 29 females) with a MH and ID were recruited. Custom-designed 244K array-CGH (Agilent®; Agilent Technologies Inc., Santa Clara, CA) and MED12, ZDHHC9, UPF3B, FBN1, TGFBR1 and TGFBR2 sequencing analyses were performed. Eighty patients could be classified as isolated MH and ID: 12 chromosomal imbalances, 1 FBN1 mutation and 1 possibly pathogenic MED12 mutation were found (17%). Twenty patients could be classified as ID with other extra-skeletal features of the Marfan syndrome (MFS) spectrum: 4 pathogenic FBN1 mutations and 4 chromosomal imbalances were found (2 patients with both FBN1 mutation and chromosomal rearrangement) (29%). These results suggest either that there are more loci with genes yet to be discovered or that MH can also be a relatively non-specific feature of patients with ID. The search for aortic complications is mandatory even if MH is associated with ID since FBN1 mutations or rearrangements were found in some patients. The excess of males is in favour of the involvement of other X-linked genes. Although it was impossible to make a diagnosis in 80% of patients, these results will improve genetic counselling in families.
    Clinical Genetics 03/2013; · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asphyxiating Thoracic Dysplasia (ATD) belongs to the short rib polydactyly group and is characterized by a narrow thorax, short long bones and trident acetabular roof. Other reported features include polydactyly, renal, liver and retinal involvement. To date, mutations in IFT80, DYNC2H1, TTC21B and WDR19 have been reported in ATD. The clinical and molecular heterogeneity leads to difficulties in the evaluation of the long-term prognosis. We investigated 53 ATD cases (23 living cases and 30 fetuses) from 39 families. They benefited from a combined approach of deep phenotyping and IFT80 and DYNC2H1 molecular screening. Among the 23 postnatal cases, pulmonary insufficiency was noted in 60% of cases, with tracheotomy requirement in five cases. Renal and liver diseases occurred respectively in 17% and 22% of cases, whereas retinal alteration was present in 50% of cases aged more than 5 years. We identified DYNC2H1 mutations in 23 families (59%) and IFT80 mutations in two families (5%). However, in six families, only one heterozygote mutation in either IFT80 or DYNC2H1 was identified. Finally, the two genes were excluded in 14 families (36%). We conclude that DYNC2H1 is a major gene responsible for ATD, while IFT80 is rarely involved. The presence of only one mutation in six families and the exclusion of the two genes in 14 families support the involvement of other causal cilia genes. The long-term follow up emphasizes that the pulmonary prognosis is probably less pejorative and retinal involvement more frequent than previously thought.
    Journal of Medical Genetics 02/2013; 50(2):91-8. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microdeletions of 8q21.3-8q22.1 have been identified in all patients with Nablus mask-like facial syndrome (NMLFS). A recent report of a patient without this specific phenotype presented a 1.6 Mb deletion in this region that partially overlapped with previously reported 8q21.3 microdeletions, thus restricting critical region for this syndrome. We report on another case of an 8q21.3 deletion revealed by array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) in a 4-year-old child with global developmental delay, autism, microcephaly, but without Nablus phenotype. The size of the interstitial deletion was estimated to span 5.2 Mb. By combining the data from previous reports on 8q21.3-8q22.1 deletions and our case, we were able to narrow the critical region of Nablus syndrome to 0.5 Mb. The deleted region includes FAM92A1, which seems to be a potential candidate gene in NMLFS. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 12/2012; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome first described in 1997 in children with macrocephaly, cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, and several other abnormalities. Since 2007, this syndrome has been renamed macrocephaly-capillary malformation. CASE REPORT: The pregnancy was marked by polyhydramnios associated with fetal macrosomia and macrocephaly. Clinical examination of the newborn confirmed overgrowth, macrocephaly, and found skin abnormalities with diffuse marbled skin, filtrum and upper lip vascular anomaly, and several superficial capillary malformations on the chest and abdomen, partial bilateral syndactyly between the 2nd and 3rd toes, and right hemi-hypertrophy of the body. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed moderate right hemimegalencephaly. Radiological examination of the skeleton showed asymmetry of the limbs. At 8 months, the medical follow-up confirmed the diagnosis and its neurosurgical treatment of hydrocephalus secondary to an Arnold Chiari malformation. DISCUSSION: The patient reported herein presented macrocephaly-capillary malformation syndrome characterized by macrocephaly and more than two of the main reported findings comprising cutis marmorata, superficial vascular anomaly, syndactyly, and body asymmetry. We describe the major components of this multiple malformative syndrome that is rarely reported in the pediatric literature, especially in newborns. This syndrome should be detected early because medical multidisciplinary follow-up is necessary to prevent different complications (neurological, orthopedic, or oncologic).
    Archives de Pédiatrie 08/2012; 19(9):917-20. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microduplications 22q11.2 have been recently characterized as a new genomic duplication syndrome showing an extremely variable phenotype ranging from normal or mild learning disability to multiple congenital defects and sharing some overlapping features with DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome (DGS/VCFS), including heart defects, urogenital abnormalities and velopharyngeal insufficiency. We present an atypical and inherited 0.8-Mb duplication at 22q11.2, in the distal segment of the DGS/VCFS syndrome typically deleted region (TDR), in a 3-year-old boy with motor delay, language disorders and mild facial phenotype. This 22q11.2 microduplication was identified by MLPA, designed to detect recurrent microdeletions and microduplications of chromosomal regions frequently involved in mental retardation syndromes and was further characterized by aCGH. The duplicated region encompasses 14 genes, excluding TBX1 but including CRKL, ZNF74, PIK4CA, SNAP29 and PCQAP known to contribute to several aspects of the DGS/VCFS phenotype. To the best of our knowledge, only one case of an isolated duplication in the distal segment of the TDR between chromosome 22-specific low-copy repeats B (LCR22-B) and D (LCR22-D) has been published, but the present report is the first one with a detailed description of physical and developmental features in a patient carrying this kind of atypical 22q11.2 duplication. This case illustrates the importance of reporting unusual 22q11.2 duplications to further evaluate the incidence of these rearrangements in the general population and to improve genotype-phenotype correlations and genetic counseling.
    European journal of medical genetics 07/2012; 55(11):650-5. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sjogren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by ichthyosis, spastic di- or tetraplegia and mental retardation due a defect of the fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH), related to mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene. In this study, we screened a French cohort of patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) for mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene. The five unrelated patients with typical SLS all present mutations in this gene. Three novel mutations were identified whereas three other ones were previously described. We also realized functional analyses at the mRNA level for two splice site mutations to study their deleterious consequences. Two of the previously described mutations had already been identified in the same region of Europe, suggesting a putative founder effect. We suggest that, (1) when clinical and MR features are present, direct sequencing of the ALDH3A2 gene in SLS is of particular interest without necessity of a skin biopsy for enzymatic assay in order to propose genetic counsel and (2) identification of mutations already described in the same population with putative founder effects may simplify genetic analysis in this context.
    Journal of the neurological sciences 08/2011; 312(1-2):123-6. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Usher syndrome (USH) combines sensorineural deafness with blindness. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive mode. Early diagnosis is critical for adapted educational and patient management choices, and for genetic counseling. To date, nine causative genes have been identified for the three clinical subtypes (USH1, USH2 and USH3). Current diagnostic strategies make use of a genotyping microarray that is based on the previously reported mutations. The purpose of this study was to design a more accurate molecular diagnosis tool. We sequenced the 366 coding exons and flanking regions of the nine known USH genes, in 54 USH patients (27 USH1, 21 USH2 and 6 USH3). Biallelic mutations were detected in 39 patients (72%) and monoallelic mutations in an additional 10 patients (18.5%). In addition to biallelic mutations in one of the USH genes, presumably pathogenic mutations in another USH gene were detected in seven patients (13%), and another patient carried monoallelic mutations in three different USH genes. Notably, none of the USH3 patients carried detectable mutations in the only known USH3 gene, whereas they all carried mutations in USH2 genes. Most importantly, the currently used microarray would have detected only 30 of the 81 different mutations that we found, of which 39 (48%) were novel. Based on these results, complete exon sequencing of the currently known USH genes stands as a definite improvement for molecular diagnosis of this disease, which is of utmost importance in the perspective of gene therapy.
    Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 05/2011; 6:21. · 4.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the implication of SLC26A4, FOXI and KCNJ10 genes in unilateral hearing impairment associated with ipsilateral inner ear malformation (Enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct and/or Mondini dysplasia). We have gathered 25 patients presenting unilateral hearing impairment and ipsilateral enlarged vestibular aqueduct. For each of the patients, we have analyzed SLC26A4, FOXI1 and KCNJ10 genes sequences. The analysis of SLC26A4 revealed only eight heterozygous SLC26A4 sequence variants, three of them being novel (p.Met147Ile, p.Asn538Asn and p.Leu627Arg). None of the patients carried a second mutation on the other allele. Moreover, the SLC26A4 locus was excluded by segregation analysis in two families. No mutations were present in FOXI1 and KCNJ10 genes. Together, these data suggest that SLC26A4, FOXI1 and KCNJ10 are not major determinants in unilateral deafness and enlarged vestibular aqueduct compared with their implication in Pendred syndrome and non-syndromic bilateral enlarged vestibular aqueduct.
    International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology 09/2010; 74(9):1049-53. · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), an emblematic disease in the rapidly evolving field of ciliopathies, is characterized by pleiotropic clinical features and extensive genetic heterogeneity. To date, 14 BBS genes have been identified, 3 of which have been found mutated only in a single BBS family each (BBS11/TRIM32, BBS13/MKS1 and BBS14/MKS4/NPHP6). Previous reports of systematic mutation detection in large cohorts of BBS families (n > 90) have dealt only with a single gene, or at most small subsets of the known BBS genes. Here we report extensive analysis of a cohort of 174 BBS families for 12/14 genes, leading to the identification of 28 novel mutations. Two pathogenic mutations in a single gene have been found in 117 families, and a single heterozygous mutation in 17 families (of which 8 involve the BBS1 recurrent mutation, M390R). We confirm that BBS1 and BBS10 are the most frequently mutated genes, followed by BBS12. No mutations have been found in BBS11/TRIM32, the identification of which as a BBS gene only relies on a single missense mutation in a single consanguineous family. While a third variant allele has been observed in a few families, they are in most cases missenses of uncertain pathogenicity, contrasting with the type of mutations observed as two alleles in a single gene. We discuss the various strategies for diagnostic mutation detection, including homozygosity mapping and targeted arrays for the detection of previously reported mutations.
    Human Genetics 02/2010; 127(5):583-93. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TGFBR2 mutations were recognized recently among patients with a Marfan-like phenotype. The associated clinical and prognostic spectra remain unclear. Clinical features and outcomes of 71 patients with a TGFBR2 mutation (TGFBR2 group) were compared with 50 age- and sex-matched unaffected family members (control subjects) and 243 patients harboring FBN1 mutations (FBN1 group). Aortic dilatation was present in a similar proportion of patients in both the TGFBR2 and FBN1 groups (78% versus 79%, respectively) but was highly variable. The incidence and average age for thoracic aortic surgery (31% versus 27% and 35+/-16 versus 39+/-13 years, respectively) and aortic dissection (14% versus 10% and 38+/-12 versus 39+/-9 years) were also similar in the 2 groups. Mitral valve involvement (myxomatous, prolapse, mitral regurgitation) was less frequent in the TGFBR2 than in the FBN1 group (all P<0.05). Aortic dilatation, dissection, or sudden death was the index event leading to genetic diagnosis in 65% of families with TGFBR2 mutations, versus 32% with FBN1 mutations (P=0.002). The rate of death was greater in TGFBR2 families before diagnosis but similar once the disease had been recognized. Most pregnancies were uneventful (without death or aortic dissection) in both TGFBR2 and FBN1 families (38 of 39 versus 213 of 217; P=1). Seven patients (10%) with a TGFBR2 mutation fulfilled international criteria for Marfan syndrome, 3 of whom presented with features specific for Loeys-Dietz syndrome. Clinical outcomes appear similar between treated patients with TGFBR2 mutations and individuals with FBN1 mutations. Prognosis depends on clinical disease expression and treatment rather than simply the presence of a TGFBR2 gene mutation.
    Circulation 12/2009; 120(25):2541-9. · 15.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
186.93 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013–2014
    • University Hospital Estaing of Clermont-Ferrand
      Clermont, Auvergne, France
  • 2011
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2010–2011
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Clermont-Ferrand
      Clermont, Auvergne, France
  • 2005–2008
    • Université de Rennes 2
      Roazhon, Brittany, France
    • Polytech Clermont-Ferrand
      Auvergne, France
  • 2007
    • Institut Pasteur
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2005–2007
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2006
    • University of Auvergne
      Clermont, Auvergne, France
  • 2003
    • Lund University
      Lund, Skåne, Sweden