[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The long-term outcome of percutaneous acetic acid injection (PAI) and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) for treating small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear.
To compare the long-term outcome of PAI vs. PEI for treating small HCC.
From July 1998 to July 2004, 125 patients with small HCC were enrolled. Seventy patients receiving PAI and 55 patients receiving PEI were enrolled. There were no significant differences in the clinical characteristics between the two groups. Tumour recurrence and survival rates were assessed.
Mean follow-up time was 43 months. The local recurrence rate and new tumour recurrence rate were similar between the PAI and PEI groups. The PAI group had significantly better survival than the PEI group (P = 0.027). Multivariate analysis revealed that PAI was the significant factor associated with overall survival [PAI vs. PEI, RR: 0.639, 95% CI: (0.419-1.975), P = 0.038]. The treatment sessions required to achieve complete tumour necrosis were significantly fewer in the PAI group than in the PEI group (2.4 +/- 1.0 vs. 2.9 +/- 1.3, P = 0.018).
Percutaneous acetic acid injection required fewer treatment sessions than PEI and provided better survival after long-term follow-up.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endoscopic ligation has been extensively applied in the management of esophageal and gastric varices with or without bleeding. The varices are automatically eradicated through the use of ligation. However, whether avascular necrosis will occur in a gastrointestinal polyp when the base is ligated remains unclear. The aims of this pilot study were to investigate the sequential changes of gastric hyperplastic polyps following endoscopic detachable snare ligation and to determine the possibility of induction of avascular necrosis in these lesions following ligation.
Eleven patients with eighteen gastric hyperplastic polyps were treated with endoscopic detachable-snare ligation. The polyps were observed for 5 minutes and biopsies were then conducted. At 14 days after endoscopic ligation, follow-up endoscopies were performed to assess the outcome of the strangulated polyps.
After being strangulated by the detachable snares, a majority of the polyps immediately congested (94%), and then developed cyanotic change (89%) approximately 4 minutes later. Pathological examination revealed severe venous congestion in the lamina propria of the strangulated polyps. On follow-up endoscopy 2 weeks later, all the snares had dropped off, and avascular necrosis occurred in sixteen polyps (89%). All of the polyps with avascular necrosis were detected to have developed cyanotic changes in initial endoscopy. No complications occurred during or following the ligation procedure.
Most gastric hyperplastic polyps develop avascular necrosis following ligation by detachable snare. Cyanotic change is an important predictor of the outcomes of the lesions following endoscopic ligation. The application of this ligation technique in treatment of bleeding or non-bleeding gastrointestinal polyps deserves further investigation.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi = Chinese medical journal; Free China ed 12/2001; 64(11):609-14.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, commonly known as Osler-Weber-Rendu disease, is a systemic autosomal dominant inherited disorder, that occurs in Caucasian populations. We report the case of a 56-year-old housewife who was admitted to the gastrointestinal and cardiovascular ward because she had suffered from recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding and heart failure from 1994 to 1997. Panendoscopy showed vascular ectasia scattered over the tongue, larynx, esophagus, and posterior wall of the gastric body. Colonoscopy showed clusters of telangiectasia over the cecum and ascending colon. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) were found in the liver and lungs on computerized tomography. Recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding was controlled by estrogen treatment during the follow-up period. In July 1997, the patient was readmitted to our cardiovascular section due to aggravated dyspnea, orthopnea and bilateral lower leg edema. Cardiac catheterization showed a large fistula from the left pulmonary artery to the left atrium and left ventricle, pulmonary arterial pressure of 37/13 mmHg and cardiac output of 9.61/minute. Other studies excluded the possibility of sepsis, and high-output cardiac failure was suspected. The patient was discharged in a stable condition and scheduled for AVM embolization management. Unfortunately, she died of a suspected heart attack at home two weeks following discharge.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi = Chinese medical journal; Free China ed 05/2000; 63(4):339-43.