Andrey P Lage

Federal University of Minas Gerais, Cidade de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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Publications (55)56.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Brucella abortus live vaccines have been used successfully to control bovine brucellosis worldwide for decades. However, due to some limitations of these live vaccines, efforts are being made for the development of new safer and more effective vaccines that could also be used in other susceptible species. In this context, understanding the protective immune responses triggered by B. abortus is critical for the development of new vaccines. Such understandings will enhance our knowledge of the host/pathogen interactions and enable to develop methods to evaluate potential vaccines and innovative treatments for animals or humans. At present, almost all the knowledge regarding B. abortus specific immunological responses comes from studies in mice. Active participation of macrophages, dendritic cells, IFN-γ producing CD4(+) T-cells and cytotoxic CD8(+) T-cells are vital to overcome the infection. In this review, we discuss the characteristics of the immune responses triggered by vaccination versus infection by B. abortus, in different hosts. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Vaccine 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.05.057 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eleven commercially available PE-labeled anti-human (IL-1-α, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, IL-17A, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-13) and anti-mouse (IL-10, TNF-α) cytokine monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were tested for cross-reactivity with cattle, goat, and sheep cytokines. Cross-reactivity was assessed by comparative analysis with the standard reactivity of the target species. Our data demonstrated that anti-human IL-1-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17A and IL-10 mAbs cross-react with all ruminant species tested. Anti-human IL-5 mAb showed a strong cross-reactivity with cattle and goat IL-5, while anti-human TNF-α mAb showed a selective cross-reactivity with goat TNF-α. No cross-reactivity with the ruminant cytokines was observed for anti-human IL-12 and IL-13 mAbs or for the two anti-mouse cytokine mAbs tested. The present study demonstrated the cross-reactivity of various anti-human cytokine mAbs with cattle, sheep, and goat cytokines, increasing the range of immunological biomarkers for studies in veterinary medicine.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 01/2015; 14(1):940-951. DOI:10.4238/2015.February.3.1 · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the growth of the B. abortus reference strains and field isolates on media containing different inhibitor agents. Reference strains were seeded on tryptose agar containing: i-erythritol (1.0 mg/mL), fuchsin (20 μg/mL and 80 μg/mL), thionin (2.5 μg/mL and 10 μg/mL), rifampicin (200 μg/mL) and safranin O (200 μg/mL). Field isolates were tested only on media containing i-erythritol, rifampicin and thionin. Furthermore, each suspension was also inoculated on tryptose agar incubated in air, to test its ability to grow without CO2. Sensitivity to fuchsin was similar among reference strains evaluated. Growth of S19, 544 and 2308 but not RB51 were inhibited on media containing rifampicin. Medium with safranin O showed no inhibition for RB51, 544 and 2308, but it partially inhibited the S19 growth as well as medium containing i-erythritol. Treatment/control growth ratio for 2308 on tryptose agar containing thionin (2.5 μg/mL) was approximatelly 1.0, whereas S19 and RB51 showed 0.85 and 0.89 ratios, respectively. Growth of 544, S19 and RB51 but not 2308 was completely inhibited on medium with thionin (10 μg/mL). All field strains grew on medium containing i-erythritol, but were completelly inhibited by rifampicin. With exception of A1 (B. abortus biovar 3) all field isolates grew on medium with thionin, although some strains showed a treatment/control growth ratio of 0.75-0.80 (10 μg/mL). These results showed that tryptose agar with thionin, i-erythritol or rifampicin could be useful for differentiating vaccine, challenge and field strains of B. abortus.
    Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 01/2015; 46(ahead):00-00. DOI:10.1590/S1517-838246120130625 · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to address the protective immune response induced by S19 vaccination (n = 10) and RB51 revaccination, in pregnant (n = 9) and non-pregnant (n = 10) S19 calfhood-vaccinated cattle as follows: evaluate the in vitro CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocytes specific proliferation, and in vitro expression of IFN-γ by CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells and IL-4 by CD4+, CD8+ and CD21+ lymphocytes subset. Upon in vitro stimulation with γ-irradiated Brucella abortus 2308, blood mononuclear cells from S19 vaccinated and RB51 revaccinated cows exhibited significantly higher proliferation of CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocytes and CD4+IFN-γ+ T-cells compared to non-vaccinated animals. RB51 revaccination, regardless of the pregnancy status, did not enhance the proliferation of CD4+ or CD8+ T-cells nor IFN-γ or IL-4 production. Data from the present study suggest that cattle's cellular immune response induced after brucellosis vaccination and revaccination is due to CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocytes, being CD4+ T-cells the main source of IFN-γ.
    Vaccine 09/2014; 32(46). DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.08.060 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundOvine epididymitis is predominantly associated with Brucella ovis infection. Molecular characterization of Brucella spp. achieved by multi-locus variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) analyses (MLVA) have proved to be a powerful tool for epidemiological trace-back studies. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic diversity of Brucella ovis isolates from Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, by MLVA16.FindingsMLVA16 genotyping identified thirteen distinct genotypes and a Hunter-Gaston diversity index of 0.989 among the fourteen B. ovis genotyped strains. All B. ovis MLVA16 genotypes observed in the present study represented non-previously described profiles. Analyses of the eight conserved loci included in panel 1 (MLVA8) showed three different genotypes, two new and one already described for B. ovis isolates. Among ten B. ovis isolates from same herd only two strains had identical pattern, whereas the four isolates with no epidemiologic information exhibited a single MLVA16 pattern each. Analysis of minimal spanning tree, constructed using the fourteen B. ovis strains typed in this study together with all nineteen B. ovis MLVA16 genotypes available in the MLVAbank 2014, revealed the existence of two clearly distinct major clonal complexes.ConclusionsIn conclusion, the results of the present study showed a high genetic diversity among B. ovis field isolates from Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, by MLVA16.
    BMC Research Notes 07/2014; 7(1):447. DOI:10.1186/1756-0500-7-447
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC-PCR) as a tool for molecular typing of C. pseudotuberculosis isolates from eight different hosts in twelve countries. Ninety-nine C. pseudotuberculosis field strains, one type strain (ATCC 19410T) and one vaccine strain (1002) were fingerprinted using the ERIC-1R and ERIC-2 primers, and the ERIC-1R+ERIC-2 primer pair. Twenty-nine different genotypes were generated by ERIC 1-PCR, 28 by ERIC 2-PCR and 35 by ERIC 1+2-PCR. The discriminatory index calculated for ERIC 1, ERIC 2, and ERIC 1+2-PCR was 0.89, 0.86, and 0.92, respectively. Epidemiological concordance was established for all ERIC-PCR assays. ERIC 1+2-PCR was defined as the best method based on suitability of the amplification patterns and discriminatory index. Minimal spanning tree for ERIC 1+2-PCR revealed three major clonal complexes and clustering around nitrate-positive (biovar Equi) and nitrate-negative (biovar Ovis) strains. Therefore, ERIC 1+2-PCR proved to be the best technique evaluated in this study for genotyping C. pseudotuberculosis strains, due to its usefulness for molecular epidemiology investigations.
    PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e98758. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0098758 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to develop and validate real-time PCR for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium bovis isolates. Two hundred and seventy-four M. bovis isolates and 156 M. tuberculosis isolates were tested. Both qPCRs amplified all of the 274 M. bovis samples, but none of the 156 M. tuberculosis samples. The qPCR for PE-PGRS 20 had 91% efficiency and a detection limit of 0.32 ng (sensitivity and specificity for qPCR "Mbovis.100" were 99.64 and 100%, respectively). The qPCR for RD4 had 100% efficiency, and a detection limit of 4 pg (diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 100 and 100%. The qPCR tests were performed using 4 extraction sets, 3 qPCR kits, and with a range of equipment; yet, all combinations produced similar results in a diagnostic test, demonstrating the robustness of this method. The techniques proved to be efficient, robust, sensitive, and specific for the diagnosis of M. bovis.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 01/2014; 13(2):4607-4616. DOI:10.4238/2014.June.18.3 · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brucellosis is a worldwide distributed zoonosis that causes important economic losses to animal production. In Brazil, information on the distribution of biovars and genotypes of Brucella spp. is scarce or unavailable. This study aimed (i) to biotype and genotype 137 Brazilian cattle isolates (from 1977 to 2008) of B. abortus and (ii) to analyze their distribution. B. abortus biovars 1, 2 and 3 (subgroup 3b) were confirmed and biovars 4 and 6 were first described in Brazil. Genotyping by the panel 1 revealed two groups, one clustering around genotype 40 and another around genotype 28. Panels 2A and 2B disclosed a high diversity among Brazilian B. abortus strains. Eighty-nine genotypes were found by MLVA16. MLVA16 panel 1 and 2 showed geographic clustering of some genotypes. Biotyping and MLVA16 genotyping of Brazilian B. abortus isolates were useful to better understand the epidemiology of bovine brucellosis in the region.
    PLoS ONE 12/2013; 8(12):e81152. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0081152 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The genus Campylobacter contains pathogens causing a wide range of diseases, targeting both humans and animals. Among them, the Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus and venerealis deserve special attention, as they are the etiological agents of human bacterial gastroenteritis and bovine genital campylobacteriosis, respectively. We compare the whole genomes of both subspecies to get insights into genomic architecture, phylogenetic relationships, genome conservation and core virulence factors. Pan-genomic approach was applied to identify the core- and pan-genome for both C. fetus subspecies and members of the genus. The C. fetus subspecies conserved (76%) proteome were then analyzed for their subcellular localization and protein functions in biological processes. Furthermore, with pathogenomic strategies, unique candidate regions in the genomes and several potential core-virulence factors were identified. The potential candidate factors identified for attenuation and/or subunit vaccine development against C. fetus subspecies contain: nucleoside diphosphate kinase (Ndk), type IV secretion systems (T4SS), outer membrane proteins (OMP), substrate binding proteins CjaA and CjaC, surface array proteins, sap gene, and cytolethal distending toxin (CDT). Significantly, many of those genes were found in genomic regions with signals of horizontal gene transfer and, therefore, predicted as putative pathogenicity islands. We found CRISPR loci and dam genes in an island specific for C. fetus subsp. fetus, and T4SS and sap genes in an island specific for C. fetus subsp. venerealis. The genomic variations and potential core and unique virulence factors characterized in this study would lead to better insight into the species virulence and to more efficient use of the candidates for antibiotic, drug and vaccine development.
    Gene 08/2012; 508(2):145-56. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2012.07.070 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, multiplex PCR was employed to investigate the virulence factors of Escherichia coli strains isolated from 60-day-old calves. Faecal samples were collected from 54 calves at 12 dairy farms in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A total of 156 isolates were obtained after culture and microbiological isolation and were tested by multiplex PCR for the presence of genes encoding toxins (Stx1, Stx2 and STa) and adherence factors (intimin, F41 and F5). Seventy of 156 isolates were positive for at least one virulence factor: ten (14.3 %) from diarrhoeic animals and 60 (85.7 %) from healthy calves. The virulence markers identified were: Stx1 (82.8 %), eae (24.3 %), F41 (11.4 %), F5 (10 %), STa (4.28 %) and Stx2 (4 %). In diarrhoeic animals, Stx1 (70 %) and F41 (30 %) were identified, while Stx1 (83.3 %), eae (28.3 %), F41 (8.3 %), F5 (11.6 %), STa (5 %) and Stx2 (1.6 %) were detected in isolates from healthy calves. Mixed infections with pathotypes Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC)/enteropathogenic E. coli, STEC/enterohaemorrhagic E. coli and STEC/other (eae/F5, Stx1/STa) were detected in five healthy calves. Pathogenic E. coli were identified in 59.26 % of all calves and on 75 % of the dairy farms studied, not only in diarrhoeic (five of six) but also in healthy calves (27 of 48), which demonstrates the importance of this agent in the aetiology of diarrhoea in calves in the state of Minas Gerais.
    Tropical Animal Health and Production 04/2012; 44(7):1783-90. DOI:10.1007/s11250-012-0139-8 · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a prevalência de anticorpos contra linfadenite caseosa (LC) em rebanhos ovinos comerciais do Distrito Federal (DF). Foram coletadas 1.028 amostras de soro entre março e junho de 2004, de todas as propriedades (32) do Distrito Federal com pelo menos 20 fêmeas adultas no rebanho. A soroprevalência da linfadenite caseosa foi determinada por ELISA com proteínas secretadas de Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Cinquenta por cento das 32 propriedades apresentaram pelo menos um animal soropositivo para o LC e a prevalência real para animais foi de 44,0% (IC 95: 41,0; 47,0), portanto, esses dados sugerem que a LC está presente em rebanhos ovinos comerciais no Distrito Federal. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Ovinos, linfadenite caseosa, prevalência, Distrito Federal.
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    ABSTRACT: O presente estudo avalia a interferência do teste de tuberculinização no teste do interferon gama (INFg), estima a sensibilidade e a especificidade do INFg em condições brasileiras e simula a utilização dos testes múltiplos usando a tuberculinização comparada e o teste do INFg. Trezentos e cinquenta animais oriundos de dois rebanhos livres e dois rebanhos positivos foram submetidos à tuberculinização comparada e ao teste de INFg. A tuberculinização comparada foi realizada utilizando PPD aviária e bovina. O teste de INFg foi realizado utilizando o kit Bovigam® (CSL Veterinary, Austrália) de acordo com as especificações do fabricante. A sensibilidade e especificidade do teste de INFg foram calculadas pelo Modelo Bayesiano de Classe Latente. Esses parâmetros foram também estimados para os testes múltiplos. Os resultados do teste de INFg no D0 e D3 após o teste de tuberculinização foram comparados pelos testes estatísticos de McNemar e kappa. Os resultados das médias de densidade ótica do teste de INFg em ambos os dias foram similares. A sensibilidade e a especificidade do teste de INFg apresentaram resultados variando (95% intervalo de confiança) de 72 a 100% e 74 a 100%, respectivamente. A sensibilidade do teste em paralelo foi acima de 97,5% enquanto a especificidade do teste em série foi acima de 99,7%. O teste do INFg provou ser um método de diagnóstico muito útil.
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    ABSTRACT: Resumo Foram determinadas por estudo de soroprevalência as aglutininas anti- Leptospira spp. em 1360 amostras de soros de bovinos clinicamente sadios e em idade reprodutiva, sem histórico de vacinação, com mais de três anos de idade, criados extensivamente em ...
    03/2012; 13(1):131-138. DOI:10.5216/cab.v13i1.13190
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    ABSTRACT: Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the infectious agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA), is responsible for substantial economic losses in goat and sheep production. Molecular characterization of C. pseudotuberculosis isolates by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR has shown promising results in genotyping strains isolated from sheep with CLA. We evaluated the genetic diversity of C. pseudotuberculosis isolates collected from the Sertão region of the Pernambuco (PE) State, Brazil, and investigated the potential of ERIC-PCR as a tool for the molecular typing of strains of C. pseudotuberculosis isolated from goats. Thirty-two C. pseudotuberculosis strains isolated from goats in the municipalities of Floresta and Ibimirim, PE, C. pseudotuberculosis type strain ATCC 19410, the 1002 vaccine strain, and a field isolate of Rhodococcus equi were fingerprinted using the primers ERIC-1R and ERIC-2 and the primer pair ERIC- 1R+ERIC-2. Using 100% similarity as the cutoff, 8, 10, and 7 genotypes were obtained with ERIC-1-PCR, ERIC-2-PCR, and ERIC-1+2-PCR, respectively. The Hunter-Gaston discriminatory index calculated for the ERIC-1-PCR was 0.75. The index for the ERIC-2-PCR was 0.88, and the index for the ERIC-1+2-PCR was 0.79. Among goat isolates of C. pseudotuberculosis, three, two and four genotypes (found by ERIC-1-PCR, ERIC-2-PCR, and ERIC-1+2-PCR, respectively) had been previously described among sheep isolates from Minas Gerais State, Brazil. These results showed that ERIC-PCR has good discriminatory power and typeability, making it a useful tool for discrimination among C. pseudotuberculosis isolates from goats.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 01/2012; 11(3):2051-9. DOI:10.4238/2012.August.6.9 · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA), caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, is one of the most important diseases of sheep and goats, causing considerable economic losses for herd owners. We assessed the seroprevalence of infection with C. pseudotuberculosis in 805 sheep from 23 sheep farms that supply slaughterhouses in the state of Minas Gerais; we also analyzed management practices that could be associated with CLA occurrence, used on these and nearby farms that also supplied animals to the slaughterhouse (n = 60). The serum samples for assaying CLA infection were taken at the slaughterhouse. Frequency of infection with C. pseudotuberculosis was estimated at 43.7%, and farm frequency was estimated at 100%. Management practices were analyzed through a questionnaire. All farmers (60/60) had extensive/semi-extensive rearing system; 70.0% (42/60) identified sheep individually; 11.7% (7/60) had periodical technical assistance; 41.7% (25/60) disinfected the facilities; 86.7% (52/60) used barbed wire fences and did not implement adequate CLA control measures; only 11.7% (7/60) of breeders reported vaccination against C. pseudotuberculosis; 13.3% (8/60) took note of animals with clinical signs of CLA; 1.7% (1/60) opened and sanitized abscesses, and isolated the infected animals; 10.0% (6/60) knew the zoonotic potential of this disease and 1.7% (1/60) of the farmers culled animals in case of recurrence of abscesses. It can be concluded that C. pseudotuberculosis infection is widely spread in sheep flocks in Minas Gerais state in Brazil and that there is a lack of good management measures and vaccination, allowing transmission of this infectious agent throughout the production network.
    BMC Veterinary Research 11/2011; 7:68. DOI:10.1186/1746-6148-7-68 · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A infecção por Brucella ovis é considerada uma das principais causas de epididimite e infertilidade em carneiros, resultando em falhas reprodutivas e perdas econômicas significativas em rebanhos ovinos ao redor do mundo. O estudo teve o objetivo de avaliar três testes sorológicos disponíveis para o diagnóstico da brucelose ovina por B. ovis, utilizando 181 soros ovinos. Amostras de soro provenientes de carneiros experimentalmente infectados foram coletadas ao longo de 192 dias pós-infecção (n=117) e durante o período pré-infecção (n=9). Adicionalmente, amostras de soro foram obtidas de ovinos provenientes de um rebanho livre para B. ovis (n=55). As técnicas de imunodifusão em gel de agar (IDGA), utilizando dois antígenos disponíveis comercialmente, e de fixação de complemento foram comparadas (FC). Foram obtidos resultados de sensibilidade especificidade semelhantes para ambos os métodos de IDGA e ainda, a técnica de IDGA foi mais eficiente do que a da FC para o diagnóstico sorológico da infecção por B. ovis.
    Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia 08/2011; 63(4):1016-1021. DOI:10.1590/S0102-09352011000400031 · 0.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Differences in the protein profile of Leptospira sp. strains Sponselee, Norma and Hardjoprajitno were observed, with bands ranging from 175.47 kDa to 12.10 kDa. Strain Sponselee presented a 12-band profile, while strain Norma showed 11 and strain Hardjoprajitno showed 9 bands in the profile. All bands observed in Sponselee strain profile could match bands in the other two strains. Strain Norma lacks a band at 35.77 kDa and strain Hardjoprajitno lacks the bands at 89.59 kDa, 35.77 kDa and 12.10 kDa. The recognition profile from hyperimmune sera was also different for the studied serovar Hadjo strains. The majority of recognized proteins was in the range of 35.83 kDa to 29.19 kDa. Cattle sera against strain Norma only recognized low molecular mass proteins in strains Norma (6.80 kDa) and Hardjoprajitno (6.80 kDa and 5.30 kDa). Bovine sera against strain Hardjoprajitno recognized a 44.33 kDa protein in all studied strains and proteins of 4.22 kDa in strains Sponselee and Norma and of 10.49 kDa and 6.16 kDa in strain Hadjoprajitno. The different identified proteins could become specific targets to the development of diagnostic tests and vaccines against bovine leptospirosis.
    Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 07/2011; 31(7):555-560. DOI:10.1590/S0100-736X2011000700002 · 0.44 Impact Factor
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    Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 04/2011; 31(4):336-344. DOI:10.1590/S0100-736X2011000400011 · 0.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed to detect antigen-specific secretory IgA antibodies to Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in bovine vaginal mucus with a protein extract of the Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis by the acid glycine extraction method. Mean optical density measurement (λ=450 nm) was 0.143±0.9. The most immunoreactive protein bands of the Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis or Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus recognized by IgA in immunoblotting, using bovine vaginal mucus samples, migrate at 42.6 kDa. The protein that migrates at 93 kDa was recognized exclusively for C. fetus subsp. venerealis. A positive vaginal mucus sample of a cow from negative herd recognized antigens of C. jejuni subsp. jejuni e C. fetus subsp. fetus.
    Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 03/2011; 31(3):247-254. DOI:10.1590/S0100-736X2011000300011 · 0.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: RESUMO.-O presente estudo avaliou a indução da produ-ção de anticorpos contra Leptospira spp.por dez bacterinas, sendo nove polivalentes e uma monovalente experimental para a sorovariedade Hardjo amostra Norma. A concentra-ção celular foi controlada e utilizou-se adjuvante de emulsão óleo em água. Um ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA) indire-to foi desenvolvido utilizando-se conjugado anti-IgG total para mensurar os níveis de anticorpos da classe IgG con-ferido pelas bacterinas utilizando três amostras diferen-tes: Hardjoprajitino, Norma e Hardjo-bovis. Paralelamente foi utilizado também o Teste de Soroaglutinação Micros-cópica (SAM) para mensurar os níveis de anticorpos con-tra as mesmas amostras. Encontraram-se títulos variá-veis entre as bacterinas de acordo com o teste ELISA. Os títulos no SAM foram de pouca intensidade e de curta du-ração indicando a necessidade de controle celular para uma posterior padronização destes produtos. Com base nos resultados encontrados no presente estudo, a bacterina monovalente foi a que apresentou melhor desempenho. TERMOS DE INDEXAÇÃO: Leptospira, vacina, bovinos, imu-noglobulinas.