ABSTRACT: Constitutive activation of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) cascade by either thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) or gsp mutations is considered to be the major molecular cause of toxic thyroid nodules (TTNs). In a recent study we investigated a consecutive series of 31 TTNs and identified 15 somatic TSHR mutations (n = 14 in exon 10; n = 1 in exon 9) but no mutations in gsp exons 7-10. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the extracellular TSHR domain would be a candidate for mutations causing TTNs. Therefore, we screened TSHR exons 1-8 in the remaining 16 TTNs without mutations in TSHR exons 9 and 10 and gsp exons 7-10 of our previous study. Except for a known functional polymorphism in exon 1 (Pro 52 Thr) in 2 TTNs and a silent base exchange in exon 7 (187 Asn) in 7 other TTNs no TSHR mutations were identified. To clarify the molecular etiology of TTNs without TSHR or gsp mutations, candidate genes in other steps of the cAMP cascade have to be considered.
Thyroid 12/1998; 8(11):997-1001. · 4.79 Impact Factor