[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The metabolic syndrome may cause disease progression in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, the interactions between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and metabolic factors remain unknown. We investigated the association of HBV infection with metabolic profiles in HBV-infected and noninfected subjects. In addition, the impacts of serum HBV DNA level on metabolic profiles were studied. Initially, a case-control analysis of patients with and without chronic HBV infection was performed. The HBV group consisted of 322 patients with chronic HBV infection, and the control group consisted of 870 matched subjects without HBV infection. Fasting blood glucose, lipid profiles and adiponectin levels were compared. The results were then confirmed in a second retrospective cohort study in 122 CHB patients with serum HBV DNA levels and HOMA-IR index values. In the case-control analysis, the HBV group had significantly higher serum adiponectin, but lower triglyceride (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) levels than the control group. These relationships already existed in subjects younger than 45 years of age and were modified by serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. In the retrospective cohort, serum HBV DNA levels were negatively proportional to TG levels, but not to other metabolic parameters. Moreover, this relationship was significant only in subjects with higher ALT levels. Compared with healthy adults, patients with chronic HBV infection have significantly higher serum adiponectin, but lower TG and HDL levels. These relationships are modified by ALT levels and already exist in middle-age patients with chronic HBV infection, implying HBV may interact with host metabolism.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis 02/2012; 19(2):e48-57. · 3.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes/mutants are known to affect natural outcomes. The virologic differences among HBV genotype, precore and basal core promoter (BCP) mutations were investigated. HBV strains were isolated from 18 hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients (nine genotype B and nine genotype C). All had precore and BCP wild-type sequences. After cloning of full-length HBV genome, the effects of viral genotype, precore and BCP mutations singly or additively on the expression of viral DNA and antigens were investigated by mutagenesis and transfection assays in Huh7 cells. Significant findings included the following: (i) expression of intracellular core protein increased when precore or BCP mutation was introduced in genotype C strains; (ii) expression of intracellular surface protein was lower in genotype C precore wild-type strain compared with genotype B; (iii) precore mutation was associated with a lower extracellular expression level of HBV DNA; (iv) secretion of hepatitis B surface antigen in genotype C was lower than that in genotype B; and (v) secretion of HBeAg in genotype B was lower than that in genotype C. No additive effect was observed by combining precore and BCP mutations. Hence, HBV genotype and precore/BCP mutations correlate with intrahepatic expression of viral antigens in vitro.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis 10/2011; 18(10):e482-90. · 3.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vitamin D exhibits immunomodulatory and antiproliferative effects through vitamin D receptor (VDR) in chronic infections and cancers. We genotyped the BsmI (rs1544410), ApaI (rs7975232) and TaqI (rs731236) polymorphisms of VDR gene in 250 Taiwanese chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers who were categorized into six phenotypes. After adjustment for age and sex, the frequencies of the VDR B/b, B/a, B/T, B/a/T in patients with hepatitis flare(s) were lower than those without (7 vs 20%, P=0.009; 1 vs 9%, P=0.004; 3 vs 10%, P=0.007; 1 vs 9%, P=0.005, respectively); in contrast, T/t, A/T, A/t, b/A/t were higher in flare(s) (8 vs 3%, P=0.003; 49 vs 34%, P=0.027; 2 vs 1%, P=0.004; 0.5 vs 0%, P=0.001, respectively). In addition, B/b, B/B, T/t, b/A, B/a, B/A, B/T, B/t, A/t, b/A/T, B/a/T, B/A/T, B/A/t, b/A/t were higher in patients positive for HBeAg. The distribution of VDR genotypes was comparable between patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). VDR gene polymorphisms are associated with distinct clinical phenotypes in Taiwanese HBV carriers but not with HCC development.
Genes and immunity 09/2009; 11(1):87-93. · 4.22 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adiponectin has been linked to the metabolic syndrome and coronary artery disease in recent years. The animal and human data also suggest that adiponectin may be beneficial for liver functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between plasma adiponectin level and liver function tests in adults with or without chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.
We analysed the blood levels of liver enzymes and adiponectin in 140 apparently healthy adults, including 21 HBV carriers.
We found that the plasma adiponectin levels were inversely correlated to aspartate aminotransferase (r = -0.314, P = 0.000) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (r = -0.430, P = 0.000). Among the HBV carriers, the ALT correlated with the plasma adiponectin levels (r = -0.521, P = 0.015). In linear regression models adjusting for age, sex and the other metabolic variables, the ALT was independently related to the plasma adiponectin levels (beta = -0.371 +/- 0.134, P = 0.007), even in HBV carriers (beta = -1.143 +/- 0.482, P = 0.034). The ALT was also independently correlated to the plasma adiponectin levels (beta = 0.552 +/- 0.132, P < 0.001) with adjustment for age, sex and insulin-resistance index by homeostasis model assessment, even in HBV carriers (beta = -1.202 +/- 0.562, P = 0.048). The subjects with normal ALT had a significantly higher least square mean of plasma adiponectin than those with abnormal ALT (4.01 +/- 0.19 vs 3.30 +/- 0.30, P = 0.014) with adjustment for age, sex, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance and HBV status.
ALT was inversely related to adiponectin levels, independent of the metabolic factors and HBV status. Whether there is any potential prognostic and therapeutic value of adiponectin in human liver diseases remains to be investigated.
Internal Medicine Journal 06/2007; 37(6):365-71. · 1.82 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Advanced age and high hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level are risk factors associated with the development of HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, little is known about the role of viral load in the carcinogenesis of HCC in young people. A total of 183 HBV-related HCC patients and 202 HBV carriers were therefore enrolled to compare serum viral loads in young (</=40 years of age) and old (>40 years of age) age groups. Other factors associated with the development of HCC were also analysed. The results showed that serum alanine aminotransferase (38.7 +/- 24.1 vs 58.4 +/- 65.4 IU/L, P = 0.006) and HBV DNA levels (log(10) titre: 4.20 +/- 1.33 vs 4.80 +/- 1.39, P = 0.053) were lower in young HCC patients than in old HCC patients. There was a positive correlation between age and serum HBV DNA level in HCC patients but a negative correlation in HBV carriers. Young HCC patients with HBV genotype B infection had higher viral loads than those with genotype C infection (log(10) titre: 4.79 +/- 1.34 vs 3.27 +/- 0.60, P = 0.001). By multivariate logistic regression analyses, high serum HBV DNA level was associated with the development of HCC in old patients [odds ratio (OR) 1.584, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.075-2.333] rather than in young patients (OR 0.848, 95% CI 0.645-1.116). In conclusion, viral factors in association with the development of HBV-related HCC in young patients may be different from their old counterparts. The complicated interplay between host and virus could be responsible for the emergence and aggressive outcome of early-onset HCC.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis 03/2007; 14(3):153-60. · 3.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed at elucidating the effects of interferon (IFN)-alpha on glucose metabolism in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C infections. Twenty-eight biopsy-proven patients with chronic hepatitis B (ten cases) and hepatitis C (18 cases) were given IFN-alpha for a total of 24 weeks. The patients received a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glucagon stimulation test, tests for type 1 diabetes-related autoantibodies and an insulin suppression test before and after IFN-alpha therapy. Ten of the 28 patients responded to IFN-alpha therapy. Steady-state plasma glucose of the insulin suppression test decreased significantly in responders (13.32+/-1.48 (S.E.M.) vs 11.33+/-1.19 mmol/l, P=0.0501) but not in non-responders (12.29+/-1.24 vs 11.11+/-0.99 mmol/l, P=0.2110) immediately after completion of IFN-alpha treatment. In the oral glucose tolerance test, no significant difference was observed in plasma glucose in either responders (10.17+/-0.23 vs 10.03+/-0.22 mmol/l) or non-responders (10.11+/-0.22 vs 9.97+/-0.21 mmol/l) 3 Months after completion of IFN-alpha treatment. However, significant differences were noted in C-peptide in both responders (2.90+/-0.13 vs 2.20+/-0.09 nmol/l, P=0.0040) and non-responders (2.45+/-0.11 vs 2.22+/-0.08 nmol/l, P=0.0287) before vs after treatment. The changes of C-peptide in an OGTT between responders and non-responders were also significantly different (P=0.0028), with responders reporting a greater reduction in C-peptide. No case developed autoantibodies during the treatment. In patients who were successfully treated with IFN-alpha, insulin sensitivity improved and their plasma glucose stayed at the same level without secreting as much insulin from islet beta-cells.
Journal of Endocrinology 10/2003; 178(3):457-65. · 4.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The human adiponectin gene has been implicated in the pathophysiology of obesity, type II diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis. Investigation of the physiological functions of the adiponectin gene in humans was mainly conducted at the levels of plasma proteins or DNA polymorphisms. The depot-specific adiponectin mRNA levels also could be relevant to these physiological functions.
The relation between the adipose depot-specific adiponectin mRNA expression levels and various metabolic factors, including BMI, fasting plasma glucose, insulin, triglycerides (TGs) and HDL-cholesterol and insulin resistance index by HOMA, was investigated among 66 nondiabetic women using quantitative real-time PCR.
The subcutaneous relative adiponectin mRNA levels (SRAmR) correlated significantly with the omental relative adiponectin mRNA levels (ORAmR) (gamma=0.468, P=0.0001). The SRAmR correlated inversely with the fasting plasma glucose with a borderline significance (gamma=-0.35, P=0.058). On the other hand, the ORAmR correlated negatively with serum TG levels with the adjustment for age (gamma=-0.33, P=0.007) or age plus BMI (gamma=-0.27, P=0.027).
These results indicate that the adiponectin mRNA levels in different adipose depots were at least related to certain phenotypes of metabolic syndrome. The expression levels of adiponectin in the omental adipose depots are related to TG metabolism.
International Journal of Obesity 09/2003; 27(8):896-900. · 5.22 Impact Factor