[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common form of pediatric vasculitis. Though its etiology is unknown, researchers have suggested that it is related to genetics. The inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor type 3 (ITPR3) gene has a strong association with the development of type 1 diabetes and, plays a critical role in the development of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and Graves' disease. The aim of study is to examine the association of ITPR3 polymorphisms with KD risk in Taiwanese children. This study evaluates the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) rs2229634 in the ITPR3 gene with KD in a case-control study involving 93 KD patients and 680 healthy, gender- and age-matched controls. The frequency of the rs2229634 T/T genotype was significantly higher in KD patients with coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) than in patients without CAA [odds ratio (OR) = 2.56, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.35-4.88, P = 0.004]. In addition, KD patients with the T/T genotype elevated mean serum levels of C-reactive protein compared with patients with the C/C or C/T genotype (12.2 mg dL(-1) vs. 8.5 mg dL(-1) , P = 0.036). In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that the rs2229634 SNP in the ITPR3 gene is associated with the risk of CAA formation in Taiwanese KD patients.
International Journal of Immunogenetics 12/2010; 37(6):439-43. · 1.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease and can lead to deformities and severe disabilities, due to irreversible damage of tendons, joints, and bones. A previous study indicated that a DNA repair system was involved in the development of RA. In this study, we investigated the association of four N-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase (MPG) gene polymorphisms (rs3176364, rs710079, rs2858056, and rs2541632) with susceptibility to RA in 384 Taiwanese individuals (192 RA patients and 192 control subjects). Our data show a statistically significant difference in genotype frequency distributions at rs710079 and rs2858056 SNPs between RA patients and control groups (P = 0.040 and 0.029, respectively). Our data also indicated that individuals with the GG genotype at rs2858056 SNP may have a higher risk of developing RA. In addition, compared with the haplotype frequencies between case and control groups, individuals with the GCGC haplotype appeared to be at a greater risk of RA progression (P = 0.003, OR = 1.75; 95% CI = 1.20-1.55). Our results suggest that rs710079 and rs2858056 polymorphisms and the GCGC haplotype in the MPG gene are associated with the risk of RA progression, and thus may be used as molecular markers of RA if they are confirmed by further research.
Journal of applied genetics 01/2010; 51(4):519-21. · 1.85 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: XRCC1 plays a central role in mammalian DNA repair processes. Two polymorphisms of XRCC1, rs1799782 (Arg > Trp at codon 194) and rs25487 (Arg > Gln at codon 399), are common in the Han Chinese population. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between these two functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the Taiwanese Han Chinese population. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) on 172 SLE patients and 160 normal controls. Our data indicate that the frequency of A/G at codon 399 differed between patients and controls (p = 0.01; odds ratio: 1.80; 95% confidence interval: 1.17-2.75), but the allelic frequency analysis did not reveal significant differences. For the SNP at codon 194, there were no differences in either allelic or genotype frequencies between SLE patients and normal subjects. Clinical association studies of SLE symptoms revealed the involvement of the A/G polymorphism at codon 399 in SLE pathogenesis. Our results indicate that a functional SNP at codon 399 of XRCC1 is associated with the development of SLE.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a pediatric systemic vasculitis of unknown cause for which a genetic influence is supposed. The purpose of this study was to identify possible genetic variants in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region that are associated with KD and the development of coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) in a Taiwanese population.
The 168 genetic variants covering the MHC locus were analyzed in an association study of a Taiwanese cohort of 93 KD patients and 680 unrelated healthy children matched for sex and age with the study patients.
Eleven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with the occurrence of KD. The SNP located at the 3'-untranslated region of HLA-E (rs2844724) was highly associated (P < 1 x 10(-7)). In addition, the frequency of the C allele was higher in KD patients without CAAs than in controls (P < 0.001) due to a significantly increased frequency of the CC and CT genotypes. Plasma levels of soluble HLA-E were significantly higher in KD patients than in controls regardless of the presence of CAAs. Furthermore, there was a trend toward higher plasma levels of soluble HLA-E in KD patients with the CT and TT genotypes of the HLA-E gene polymorphism.
Our results suggest that the HLA-E gene polymorphism may play a role in the pathogenesis of KD.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), an important proinflammatory cytokine, exerts a variety of physiological and pathogenic effects that lead to tissue destruction. Studies on the association of TNF-alpha genetic polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have yielded inconclusive results. We investigated the association of TNF-alpha genetic polymorphisms (-1031T/C, -863C/A, -857T/C, -308A/G and +489A/G) with SLE in Taiwanese patients and controls. Our results indicate that 1) the frequency of the A-allele at -863 position was significantly higher in SLE patients (odds ratio = 1.46; 95% CI = 1.02-2.08); 2) the frequency of the A-allele at +489 position was significantly higher in SLE patients (odds ratio = 1.79; 95% CI = 1.21-2.65); 3) the AA or GA genotype frequencies at +489 position were significantly increased in SLE patients (AA genotype: odds ratio = 11.20; 95% CI = 1.36-92.55; GA genotype: odds ratio = 1.63; 95% CI = 1.03-2.58); 4) no significant association of TNF-alpha haplotypic distributions was observed, except for the haplotypes TCCGA, CACGA and CCCGG; and 5) the genotype frequency of the polymorphisms at -1031 was significantly different in patients with antinuclear antibodies (P = 0.022). The allele and genotype frequencies of the polymorphisms at -863 were not significantly different. The genotype frequency of the polymorphisms at -857 was significantly different in patients with haematological disorder (P = 0.025). The frequency of A allele of the polymorphisms at -308 was significantly increased in patients with malar rash (P = 0.033), discoid rash (P = 0.023), photosensitivity (P = 0.037), oral ulcers (P = 0.002) and serositis (P = 0.029). The genotype frequency of the polymorphisms at +489 was significantly different in patients with discoid rash and photosensitivity (data not shown; discoid rash, P = 0.031; photosensitivity, P = 0.044). These results suggest that TNF-alpha genetic polymorphisms contribute to SLE susceptibility in the Taiwanese population.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is associated with chronic inflammation, autoimmune diseases and various cancers and infectious diseases. An IL-18 genetic A/C polymorphism at coding position 105 (rs549908) has been linked with asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. We tested a hypothesis that the IL-18 genetic polymorphism confers systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility. Study participants were Taiwanese SLE patients and a healthy control group. Our results indicate (1) a significantly higher A allele frequency in SLE patients (P = 0.003; OR = 1.97; 95% CI = 1.26-3.08) and (2) a significantly higher A allele frequency in SLE patients with a central nervous system disorder (P = 0.027; OR = 7.18; 95% CI = 0.95-54.28). Our results suggest that the A/C polymorphism contributes to SLE pathogenesis.