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Publications (1)0.2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recent episodes of nosocomial tuberculosis, sometimes due to multiresistant strains, in HIV infected patients in the USA has led to the need for new prevention measures against the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health care facilities. Tuberculosis is transmitted in Pflügge droplets generated when contagious persons cough. After drying, the droplets become aerosolized solid particles which are rapidly dispersed by air flow within the patient's room. People exposed to the same air are thus at high risk of being contaminated. If the air pressure in the patient's room is higher than the rest of the facility, the air coming form the room may contaminate personnel and other patients elsewhere in the facility. Infecting particles can be eliminated rapidly if the room air is ventilated outdoors. If the ventilation is strong enough so that air constantly circulates from the corridor into the room, infecting particles can no longer diffuse to the rest of the ward. It is also possible to use ultraviolet C light to disinfect the air, either within the room or within the ventilation system. These two basically simple systems are the fundamental environmental and prevention measures needed to limit tuberculosis spread in health care facilities. These methods are however technically complex, costly and require constant evaluation and maintenance by specialized personnel. In addition the potential side effects of ultraviolet waves could considerably reduce their application. These environmental methods, which are complementary methods, only have a meaning if the elementary measures for preventing the transmission of tuberculosis are correctly applied.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Revue de Pneumologie Clinique 02/1995; 51(1):13-21. · 0.20 Impact Factor