C C Wang

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (46)66.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) have been considered to be attractive and readily available adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and are becoming increasingly popular for use in regenerating cell therapy. However, recent evidence attributed a fibrotic potential to MSCs which differentiated into myofibroblasts with highly increased α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression while transplanted into an injured/regenerating liver in mice. In this study, we studied the role of miR-27b in ASCs and their regenerative potential after partial liver resection in rats. ASCs transfected with control siRNA or miR-27b were intravenously injected into autologous rats undergoing 70% partial hepatectomy (PH). Our data showed that the regenerative capacities of ASCs with overexpressed miR-27b were significantly higher compared with control ASCs. However, the enhanced regeneration, hepatic differentiation, and suppressed liver inflammation, as well as fibrotic activity, were significantly reverted by ZnPP coadministration (heme oxygenase-1 [HO-1] inhibitor) indicating an important role of HO-1 in the regenerating and cytoprotective activities of miR-27b–transfected ASCs. We demonstrated that administration of autologous ASCs overexpressed with miR-27b enhances rapid and early liver regeneration and, importantly, preserves function after PH. The ASCs with miR-27b overexpression might offer a viable therapeutic option to facilitate rapid recovery after liver resection.
    Transplantation Proceedings 05/2014; 46(4):1198–1200. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate portal vein stenosis (PVS) in pediatric liver transplantation (PLT) using Doppler ultrasound (DUS) before and after interventional management for hemodynamic changes. From 2000 to 2010, we encountered 11 PVS cases among 180 PLT that were evaluated using DUS and computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA); all underwent portal stenting. DUS was used to monitor portal hemodynamics. For the diagnosis of PVS, we investigated multiple parameters including stenotic size (SS), stenotic ratio (SR) (SR [%]=PRE-SS/PRE [PRE=stenotic size]), portal flow velocity ratio (VR) (VR=VS/PRE [PRE=velocity at prestenotic site; VS=peak velocity at stenotic site]), spleen size, and platelet count. The incidence of PVS was 5.6% (11/180). The PV was 2.5 mm using DUS and 2.7 mm using CTA. The average SR was 65% fitting the criterion. Low prestenotic portal flow<12 cm/sec and high peak velocity in the stenotic segment (up to 147 cm/sec) were observed in 6 cases. The VR value was high at 7.5:1 and there was splenomegaly with thrombocytopenia. After portal vein stenting, hyperperfusion occurred might after reopening the stenosis: the flow increased to an average of 34 cm/sec and then flow decreased slowly to a stable level 2 weeks later. The size of the spleen decreased from 17 to 12 cm and the thrombocytopenia also improved with platelet counts increasing from 67×10(3) to 178×10(3)/μl at 2 months follow-up. The changes in portal flow, portal vein size, spleen size, and platelet count were significant (P<.05). PVS is diagnosed using DUS by increased intrahepatic PV dilatation, peak flow at the stenotic site, discrepant VR. Early portal stenting showed a better prognosis. DUS is essential and effective for hemodynamic monitoring and management of PVS.
    Transplantation Proceedings 03/2012; 44(2):481-3. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the postoperative portal vein stenosis (PVS) and the diagnostic efficiency of Doppler ultrasound (DUS) in adult living donor liver transplantation (ALDLT). From January 2007 to December 2008, 103 ALDLTs were performed and postoperatively followed by routine DUS. The morphologic narrowing at the anastomotic site (AS) of the PVS was analyzed. We calculated the PV stenotic ratio (SR) using the following formula: SR (%)=PRE-AS/PRE (PRE=pre-stenotic caliber). An SR>50% was defined as the critical point for PVS. We also calculated the velocity ratio (VR) between the AS and PRE, and set the significant VR as >3:1. Statistical analyses were carried out to determine clinical significance. Using the definition of morphologic PVS by DUS, there were total 20 cases (19.4%) in this series with SR>50%, which included 17 cases with VR>3:1. Eight cases of severe PVS had a stenotic AS>5 mm and subsequently underwent interventional management. Doppler criteria of SR and VR values were elevated up to 75.8% and 7.5:1, respectively, in these treated cases. Two cases of severe PVS subsequently developed PV thrombosis. Intervention by balloon dilation and/or stenting was performed successfully in this PVS case. DUS is the most convenient and efficient imaging modality to detect and follow postoperative PVS in ALDLT. The Doppler criteria of SR and VR are both sensitive but less specific. Cases of AS<5 mm require interventional management for good long-term graft survival.
    Transplantation Proceedings 04/2010; 42(3):879-81. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of strain induced oxide trap charge on the performance and reliability of contact etch stop SiN layer capped, fully silicided metal gate, fully depleted SOI (FDSOI) CMOSFET is investigated. For an ultra thin nitride oxide, the position of these oxide trap charge can be evaluated by variable frequency noise spectrum and variable frequency charge pumping technique. Gate oxide film bending caused by net stress from these strain technologies was considered as the main reason for bulk oxide trap charge formation. We find that a strained SOI MOSFET with a thinner SOI is more subjective to the stress than the thicker one, and the thinner SOI device possesses a higher oxide/Si interface trap charge density which will degrade the channel mobility. On the other hand, more bulk oxide trap, which existed in the strained device having a thicker SOI, was the dominate factor on current/voltage stress induced device degradation. Introduction With aggressive MOSFET scaling toward the 45nm node and beyond, FET fabricated on the silicon on insulator substrate with a very thin silicon thickness (so-called the fully depleted SOI, FDSOI) is a promising candidate to improve the subthreshold swing and reduce the off-state leakage (I D @V G =0V). However, mobility degradation due to the phonon scattering and threshold voltage V T stability must be minimized. Some strain technologies were implemented to improve MOS device's driving capability [1], such as the contact etch stop SiN layer (CESL) which is a process-compatible choice especially for nFET in terms of reliability and performance [2]. Metal gate such as the fully silicided (FUSI) gate electrode was employed [3] to improve V T stability, increase conductivity and enhance inversion charge density [4]. However, there are very few studies on the impact of oxide trap charge induced from the strain technology on FUSI gate FDSOI MOFET performance especially for reliability. In this work, we will investigate the strain induced oxide/Si interface and bulk oxide traps and their impact on the FDSOI MOSFET characteristic and reliability. For ultra thin nitride oxide (EOT~15Å), the location of oxide trap charge is very difficult to identify, but it can be evaluated by variable frequency noise spectrum analysis and variable frequency charge pumping technique. With CESL capped, we find that channel mobility can be improved effectively in thinner SOI device but with extra strain induced oxide/Si interface trap charge induced. The bulk oxide trap charge possible caused by gate oxide film bending especially those in thicker SOI device will enhance post current/voltage stress induced device degradation (hot carrier effect HCE and negative/positive bias temperature instability N/PBTI).
    12/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to compare the effects of operation room temperature (ORT) at typical ambient environment (19-21 degrees C) and ORT at 24 degrees C on the core temperature of patients undergoing living donor hepatectomy. Sixty-two patients undergoing living donor hepatectomy were divided into 2 groups. In group I (n = 31), surgery was performed at typical ambient ORT, and in group II (n = 31) in ORT at 24 degrees C. Anesthesia and measures to prevent heat loss, except ORT, were all the same. Nasopharyngeal temperature (NT) was recorded after anesthesia induction, then hourly until completion of the operation. Changes in NTs were analyzed as well as patient age, weight, anesthetic duration, blood loss, intravenous fluids, total urine output, and pre- and postoperative hemoglobin and hematocrit values. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparisons between groups. The patient's characteristics between groups were not statistically different. However, a significantly higher core temperature was noted in group II compared with group I. Increased ORT from 19 to 21 degrees C to 24 degrees C resulted in an increased core temperature of at least 0.5 degrees C during living donor hepatectomy.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2008; 40(8):2463-5. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ObjectiveEarly diagnosis and appropriate management of vascular and biliary complications after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) result in longer survival. We report our institutional experience regarding radiological management of these complications among patients with biliary atresia (BA) who underwent LDLT.MethodsWe analyzed the records of 116 children. All patients underwent Doppler ultrasound (US) at operation, daily for the first 2 postoperative weeks, and when necessary thereafter. After primary evaluation using US, the definite diagnosis of postoperative complication was confirmed using computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and/or operation.ResultsThere were 61 boys and 55 girls. The overall mean age was 2.69 years. The overall mean preoperative weight and height were 13.06 kg and 83.79 cm, respectively. There were 28 (24.13%) biliary and vascular complications. These were cases of biliary stricture (n = 5), bile leakage (n = 3), hepatic artery stenosis (n = 6), hepatic vein stenosis (n = 4), and portal vein thrombosis (n = 17). The diagnostic accuracy of US in detecting biliary complication, hepatic artery stenosis, hepatic venous stenosis, and portal vein thrombosis was 95.69%, 97.41%, 100%, and 100%, respectively. US in combination with multiple imaging modalities and clinical suspicion resulted in 100% diagnostic accuracy. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, thrombolysis, balloon angioplasty, and stent placement were performed for the complications noted. There was an early mortality due to multiple-organ failure after failed radiological invention and subsequent surgical management.ConclusionsDoppler US is accurate in detecting postoperative complications after pediatric LDLT for BA. Radiological interventions for vascular and biliary complications are effective and safe alternatives to reconstructive surgery.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2008; · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess factors influencing the end-tidal concentrations of isoflurane within a bispectral index (BIS) range of 45–55 among healthy live liver donors (n = 11), chronic hepatitis B patients undergoing hepatectomy hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 10), and end-stage liver disease patients undergoing liver transplantation (n = 7). Patients data collected prospectively were compared among the groups using one-way analysis of variance as well as univariate and multivariate techniques. The results showed that end-stage liver disease patients required the least end-tidal isoflurane concentration. Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma with cirrhosis required intermediate end-tidal isoflurane concentrations; healthy live liver donors required the highest end-tidal isoflurane concentrations to provide sufficient anesthetic depth, as monitored by a target BIS (range, 45–55). Upon multivariate analysis, liver function was the only significant factor influencing the likelihood of lowering the end-tidal isoflurane concentration by 4 hours after anesthesia induction (P = .026). In conclusion, we recommend a preset target BIS within the range of 45–55 to monitor the depth of anesthesia during partial hepatectomy and liver transplantation because end-tidal isoflurane concentration requirements are different for patients with various liver status. This strategy may protect the patients from intraoperative recall or anesthesia over-depth as a consequence of insufficient or overdose of anesthesia, respectively.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2008; · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Portal hyperperfusion in a small-size liver graft is one cause of posttransplant graft dysfunction. We retrospectively analyzed the potential risk factors predicting the development of portal hyperperfusion in 43 adult living donor liver transplantation recipients. The following were evaluated: age, body weight, native liver disease, spleen size, graft size, graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR), total portal flow, recipient portal venous flow per 100 g graft weight (RPVF), graft-to-recipient spleen size ratio (GRSSR) and portosystemic shunting. Spleen size was directly proportional to the total portal flow (p = 0.001) and RPVF (p = 0.014). Graft hyperperfusion (RPVF flow > 250 mL/min/100 g graft) was seen in eight recipients. If the GRSSR was < 0.6, 5 of 11 cases were found to have graft hyperperfusion (p = 0.017). The presence of portosystemic shunting was significant in decreasing excessive RPVF (p = 0.059). A decrease in portal flow in the hyperperfused grafts was achieved by intraoperative splenic artery ligation or splenectomy. Spleen size is a major factor contributing to portal flow after transplant. The GRSSR is associated with posttransplant graft hyperperfusion at a ratio of < 0.6.
    American Journal of Transplantation 12/2006; 6(12):2994-9. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Photooxidation of azo dye Reactive Black 5 (RB5) by H202 was performed with a novel supported iron oxide in a batch reactor in the range of pH 2.5-6.0. The iron oxide was prepared through a fluidized-bed reactor (FBR) and much cheaper than the Nafion-based catalysts. Experimental results indicate that the iron oxide can significantly accelerate the degradation of RB5 under the irradiation of UVA light (wavelength = 365 nm). An advantage of the catalyst is its long-term stability, which was confirmed through using the catalyst for multiple runs in the degradation of RB5. In addition, this study focused mainly on determining the proportions of homogeneous catalysis and heterogeneous catalysis in the batch reactor. Conclusively, although heterogeneous catalysis contributes primarily to the oxidation of RB5 during pH 4.5-6.0, the homogeneous catalysis is of increasing importance below pH 4.0 because of the Fe ions leaching from the catalyst to solution.
    Water Science & Technology 02/2006; 53(6):195-201. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The color Doppler ultrasound has been used to evaluate hepatic vein (HV) outflow insufficiency based on flow velocity and waveforms. In our experience, some cases with flat waveforms are clinically asymptomatic. The parameters of HV flow velocity and waveforms are not always correlated with clinical problems. So, we proposed that total HV flow volume (HVFV) may be a more reliable index. From August 2001 to July 2003, 31 cases among 48 adult-to-adult living related transplants of a right liver graft had one HV anastomosis. HV velocity, waveforms, and HVFV were compared both before and after transplantation. We set the minimal HVFV ratio at 80% based on the original HVFV before graft retrieval. There was no significant difference in HVFV before liver graft retrieval between the 2 groups, but there was a significant change after transplantation. There were no cases of HV insufficiency among group A patients (>80%), whose HVFV ranged from 397 to 1181 mL/min with ratios from 75% to 180% (mean 115%). In group B, there were 4 complicated cases with prolonged severe ascites (<80%) with HVFV ratios from 56% to 76% (mean 66%). Fisher exact test showed a great significance (P < .001). Thus the preliminary criteria of 80% minimal HVFV ratio allows detection of HV insufficiency for further interventional management.
    Transplantation Proceedings 03/2005; 37(2):1115-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic outflow insufficiency remains one of the major complications causing postoperative graft failure especially among partial liver graft transplantations (PLT) including living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), reduced size liver transplantation (RLT), and split liver transplantation (SLT). These procedures are different from the whole liver graft transplantations (OLT), which include multiple vascular anastomoses. Color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) was used to evaluate the hepatic venous outflow from grafts before and after radiological interventional management and to document treatment effects. From June 1994 to March 2003, our 136 cases of PLTs included 131 LDLTs, two RLTs, and three SLTs. Seven cases (six children and one adult) showed postoperative hepatic vein outflow obstruction and persistent massive ascites, as detected by color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) and confirmed by interventional angiography. The CDUS showed a monophasic flat waveform with a relatively low hepatic vein average peak velocity (Va) in all cases (mean 11 cm/s). Successful interventional procedures included balloon dilatation in three cases and metallic stent replacement in four cases. CDUS was used with guidance during the procedure to confirm restoration of normal hepatic vein flow with a multiphasic waveform and an objective increase of average flow velocity (high to average 66 cm/s). Ascites disappeared dramatically after the procedure. In conclusion CDUS is the prime modality to diagnose and document a treatment response.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2004; 36(8):2342-3. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation 01/2004; 78:360-361. · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 01/2004; 39(2). · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    Transplantation Proceedings 03/2003; 35(1):68-9. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 03/2003; 35(1):62-3. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    Transplantation Proceedings 03/2003; 35(1):55-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver graft size, anatomy of the bile duct and the vascular inflow and outflow are essential for living related liver transplantation (LRLT). Preoperative delineation of those variations that would change the operative procedure to achieve a successful result especially in an emergency condition. Our aim was to develop a rapid and noninvasive imaging diagnostic method for the detection of anatomical variants that is mandatory for a safe operation when selecting potential liver transplant living donors. We used a different magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique, which enabled to us to exploit the anatomical landmark of the liver, signal enhancement of blood flow in the abdomen, and the intrahepatic biliary routes inside the liver. Then, with the help of Advantage Window workstation reconstruction, the reconstructed single vascular or biliary systems were displaced in a three-dimensional fashion and the whole examination finished within 30 min. Modification of the standard MR technique was performed on a superconductive 1.5T whole body image scanner, MR arteriogaphy, venography, and cholangiography with three-dimensional reconstruction in evaluating the anatomy of the hepatic arteries, hepatic veins, portal venous system, bile ducts, and liver size in potential liver transplant living donors. These anatomical structures were compared with traditional imaging methods. In all 38 cases, as well as delineation of the portal vein detail to the segmental level was satisfactorily obtained in this MR study. The images were well displayed in a three-dimensional fashion, which had good correlation with images from traditional imaging modalities and operative findings. In 86.8% cases, the MR arteriography was well matched with the celiac angiography. Of those 17 operative cases, estimation of liver volume was well correlated with the liver graft within 3.9-12.5% variation. In the major hepatic vein, we obtained 100% accuracy and 88.2% in the minor branches. Of 12 donors received intraoperative cholangiography during liver donation, good correlation of biliary anatomy was achieved. One donor was excluded from graft donation due to the complicated arterial supply to the left liver. According to the anatomical variation, surgical procedures in graft harvesting and anastomosis were readjusted and no major complications were found in those donors and all recipients survived after liver transplantation. MR volumetry, venography, angiography, and cholangiography with three-dimensional reconstruction is sufficient for all major imaging evaluation. It may replace the traditional conventional catheter angiography, computed tomography, sonography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography as a single investigation in the evaluation of the potential liver transplant donors. Angiography is only valuable in suboptimal cases and intraoperative cholangiography is only performed in biliary ductile variants.
    Transplantation 12/2001; 72(9):1527-33. · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 11/2001; 33(7-8):3464-5. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 11/2001; 33(7-8):3450. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative biliary and vascular complications contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality in liver transplantation. Interventional radiologists are an integral part of the multidisciplinary team necessary for optimizing the management of these complications. During a 15-year period, 39 cadaveric and 25 living related liver transplantations were performed at the Chang Gung Memorial hospital, Taiwan. Of 64 liver transplant recipients, 9 (3 adult and 6 pediatric) underwent 13 interventional radiological procedures for the treatment of biliary sludge-casts (n = 2), bile duct occlusion or stenosis (n = 2), hepatic veins thrombosis (n = 1), hepatic veins stenosis (n = 1), portal vein stenosis with splenorenal shunting (n = 1), biloma (n = 1), and infected fluid collection or ascites (n = 4). Antegrade or retrograde interventional approach was used to successfully treat all biliary complications, and all percutaneous drainage procedures were effective in the control of intra-abdominal fluid collections. Portal vein stenosis was treated by balloon dilatation, and the associated splenorenal shunt was closed by metallic coil embolization via transhepatic catheterization of the portal vein. Hepatic vein stenosis was effectively treated by balloon dilatation and expandable metallic stent deployment via transfemoral and jugular venous approaches, respectively. Hepatic vein thrombosis was only partially lysed by transvenous streptokinase administration, and surgical thrombectomy was needed to achieve complete recanalization. The total success rate of the interventional procedures was 92 % with no procedure-related complications. The overall survival rate in this series is 89 %, and all patients who underwent living related liver transplantation maintain to date a 100 % survival rate. We can conclude that interventional radiological procedures are very useful for managing biliary and vascular complications after liver transplantation. These techniques provide a cure in most situations, thus obviating the need for further surgical intervention or re-transplantation.
    Transplant International 09/2001; 14(4):223-9. · 3.16 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

334 Citations
66.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2014
    • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Diagnostic Radiology
      • • Department of Pathology
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1998–2006
    • Chang Gung University
      Hsin-chu-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan
    • Chang Gung University of Science and Technology
      Kao-hsiung-shih, Kaohsiung, Taiwan