C Besmond

Centre Hospitalier RĂ©gional Universitaire de Lille, Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France

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Publications (2)2.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the association of the RAGE (Receptor for Advanced Glycation End products) exon3 gene polymorphisms with stages of nephropathy in type 1 diabetes. The RAGE exon 3 genotype was assessed by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) procedure in 487 type 1 diabetic patients with proliferative retinopathy subdivided into four groups according to their level of renal involvement and in 351 control subjects (GENEDIAB study). We reported here three main low frequency dimorphisms, previously submitted to data banks, Gly82Ser, Val89 CTC/CTG, and Arg77Cys. The genotype distribution of these polymorphisms was not statistically different in type 1 diabetic patients compared to healthy controls (p=0.37). Among the three described polymorphisms, only the RAGE Gly82Ser genotype frequency was significantly increased in the group with advanced nephropathy (11%) defined by a chronic renal failure compared to the three others groups: no nephropathy, 5%; incipient (microalbuminuria) 5%; established (macroalbuminuria), 2%) (P=0.04). The 82 Ser allele was identified as an independent risk marker for the stage of advanced nephropathy: adjusted odds ratio 3.17(95% CI 1,32-7,85, p=0.008). These data suggest that the 82 Ser allele of the RAGE gene is a risk allele for developing advanced nephropathy. This suggests that some RAGE gene polymorphisms may be associated with progression to diabetic advanced nephropathy in Caucasian type 1 diabetic patients.
    Diabetes & Metabolism 03/2005; 31(1):35-9. · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are believed to play an important role in the development of diabetic complications. AGEs increase in diabetes and modulate cellular functions through binding to a specific cell surface receptor (RAGE). The RAGE gene maps to chromosome 6p in the HLA class III area and is telomeric to the class II region at 250 kb from DRA. A recent report described the characterization of a major RAGE gene variant as a biallelic single base polymorphism (G/A 557) in the exon 3 sequence leading to a change of a glycine to a serine at position 82. Using DGGE and PCR-RFLP, we have investigated the distribution of this dimorphism in conjunction with HLA class II genes in large populations of type 1 diabetic patients and healthy subjects. Although no association of this RAGE gene polymorphism with disease susceptibility was found, we report a strong linkage disequilibrium between the variant carrying the serine amino acid at position 82 and two HLA-DR2 and HLA-DR4 specificities. In particular, we describe two major extensive HLA class II haplotypes associated with this serine variant and identified as DRB1*0401-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0301 in the diabetic group and DRB1*1501-DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 in control individuals. These data were partially confirmed by family transmission analysis.
    European Journal of Immunogenetics 11/1999; 26(5):343-8.