ABSTRACT: AIMP3 (previously known as p18) was shown to up-regulate p53 in response to DNA damage. Here, we show that AIMP3 couples oncogenic stresses to p53 activation to prevent cell transformation. Growth factor- or Ras-dependent induction of p53 was blocked by single allelic loss of AIMP3 as well as by suppression of AIMP3. AIMP3 heterozygous cells became susceptible to cell transformation induced by oncogenes such as Ras or Myc alone. The transformed AIMP3+/- cells showed severe abnormality in cell division and chromosomal structure. Thus, AIMP3 plays crucial roles in p53-mediated tumor-suppressive response against oncogenic stresses via differential activation of ATM and ATR, and in the maintenance of genomic stability.
Cancer Research 08/2006; 66(14):6913-8. · 7.86 Impact Factor