ABSTRACT: The major sources for intraoperative carbon monoxide (CO) in the breathing circuit are related to patient's hemoglobin catabolism, smoking and the degradation between absorbent and anesthetics. We performed this study to evaluate their combined effects on CO production during low-flow anesthesia. We used a direct-measurement instrument to measure real-time CO concentrations in the breathing circuit during different anesthetic conditions for patients who received desflurane or isoflurane. By applying multiple linear regression models, we determined the significant factors related to CO concentrations in the circuit. We identified patients' smoking status, preoperative smoking and body weight as well as gas flow rates as important factors for affecting peak and time-weighted CO levels. These four factors predicted approximately 44.1% and 42.7% of peak and mean inspiratory CO concentrations respectively. We found that chronic and preoperative smokers and patients with larger body weights are associated with increased CO concentrations, whereas increase in gas flow rates could decrease CO concentrations. After controlling these four important factors, we found that inspiratory CO concentrations were not significantly associated with the choice of anesthetic and its concentration during low-flow anesthesia.
Anesthesia & Analgesia 03/2001; 92(2):542-7. · 3.29 Impact Factor