Bo Yu

Harbin Medical University, Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China

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Publications (25)51.15 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Accumulating evidence suggests that hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) regulates numerous miRNAs and is crucial for cellular response to hypoxia. However, the relationship between HIF-1α and miR-21 in hypoxic cardiomyocytes is little known. We found that hypoxia induced HIF-1α and miR-21 expression. HIF-1α knockdown increased cell apoptosis and reduced miR-21 expression. Furthermore, we found that HIF-1α transcriptionally enhanced miR-21 promoter activity by binding to its promoter, which required the recruitment of CBP/p300. In addition, we found that miR-21 inhibition increased cell apoptosis and reduced HIF-1α expression, and modulated the PTEN/Akt pathway. Our results indicate that HIF-1α-miR-21 feedback contributes to the adaptation of cardiomyocytes to hypoxia, and has potential as therapeutic target for myocardial ischemia.
    FEBS letters. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Chimaphilin, 2,7-dimethyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, is extracted from pyrola [Passiflora incarnata Fisch.]. In this study, the anticancer activity and underlying mechanisms of chimaphilin towards human breast cancer MCF-7 cells are firstly investigated. Chimaphilin could inhibit the viability of MCF-7 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, and the IC50 value was 43.30 μM for 24 h. Chimaphilin markedly induced apoptosis through the investigation of characteristic apoptotic morphological changes, nuclear DNA fragmentation, annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide (PI) double staining. Flow cytometry assay revealed that chimaphilin triggered a significant generation of ROS and disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential. Additionally, western blotting assay showed that chimaphilin suppressed Bcl-2 level and enhanced Bad level, then activated caspase-9 and caspase-3, and further activated the poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP), finally induced cell apoptosis involving the mitochondrial pathway. Furthermore, free radical scavengers N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) pretreatment test testified that chimaphilin could increase the generation of ROS, then induce cell apoptosis. In general, the present results demonstrated that chimaphilin induced apoptosis in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells via a ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 04/2014; · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important regulatory roles in cellular physiology. The contributions of lncRNAs to ischemic heart disease remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the profile of myocardial lncRNAs and their potential roles at early stage of reperfusion. lncRNAs and mRNAs were profiled by microarray and the expression of some highly-dysregulated lncRNAs was further validated using polymerase chain reaction. Our results revealed that 64 lncRNAs were up-regulated and 87 down-regulated, while 50 mRNAs were up-regulated and 60 down-regulated in infarct region at all reperfusion sampled. Gene ontology analysis indicated that dysregulated transcripts were associated with immune response, spermine catabolic process, taxis, chemotaxis, polyamine catabolic process, spermine metabolic process, chemokine activity and chemokine receptor binding. Target gene-related pathway analysis showed significant changes in cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, the chemokine signaling pathway and nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor signaling pathway which have a close relationship with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI). Besides, a gene co-expression network was constructed to identify correlated targets of 10 highly-dysregulated lncRNAs. These lncRNAs may play their roles by this network in post-ischemic heart. Such results provide a foundation for understanding the roles and mechanisms of myocardial lncRNAs at early stage of reperfusion.
    Gene 04/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ginsenoside Rb3 is extracted from the plant Panax ginseng and plays important roles in cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. NF-κB is an important transcription factor involved in I/R injury. However, the underlying mechanism of ginsenoside Rb3 in myocardial I/R injury remains poorly understood. In the current study, a model of myocardial I/R injury was induced via oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) followed by reperfusion (OGD-Rep) in mouse cardiac myoblast H9c2 cells. Our data demonstrate that ginsenoside Rb3 suppresses OGD-Rep-induced cell apoptosis by the suppression of ROS generation. By detecting the NF-κB signaling pathway, we discover that the protective effect of ginsenoside Rb3 on the OGD-Rep injury is closely related to the inhibition of NF-κB activity. Ginsenoside Rb3 inhibits the upregulation of phospho-IκB-α and nuclear translocation of NF-κB subunit p65 which are induced by ORD-Rep injury. In addition, the extract also inhibits the OGD-Rep-induced increase in the expression of inflammation-related factors, such as IL-6, TNF-α, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), MMP-2 and MMP-9. However, LPS treatment alleviates the protective roles of ginsenoside Rb3 and activates the NF-κB pathway. Finally, the upstream factors of NF-κB were analyzed, including the Akt/Foxo3a and MAPK signaling pathways. We find that ginsenoside Rb3 pretreatment only decreases the phosphorylation of JNK induced by OGD-Rep injury, an indicator of the MAPK pathway. Importantly, an inhibitor of phospho-JNK, SP600125, protects against OGD-Rep induced apoptosis and inhibited NF-κB signaling pathway, similar to the roles of ginsenoside Rb3. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the protective effect of ginsenoside Rb3 on the OGD-Rep injury is attributed to the inhibition of JNK-mediated NF-κB activation, suggesting that ginsenoside Rb3 has the potential to serve as a novel therapeutic agent for myocardial I/R injury.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(8):e103628. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we found that the naturally occurring stilbene compound resveratrol (RES) could potentiate cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel activity. Because some wild-type CFTR activators also potentiate its mutant forms, we investigated effect of RES on the two most common forms of CF-related mutation (deltaF508 and G551D-CFTR). Cell-based fluorescence studies indicated that RES dose-dependently potentiated both deltaF508 and G551D mutant CFTR Cl- channel activities. Transepithelial Cl- currents were stimulated by RES in deltaF508 and G551D mutant CFTR-expressing FRT cells. Further excised inside-out patch-clamp measurements revealed that RES significantly induced the chloride current of deltaF508 and G551D mutant CFTRs by increasing the open time of the channels. In ex vivo studies, RES stimulated fluid secretion in mouse trachea by optical measurement of single gland secretion. These data suggested that RES is a potent deltaF508 and G551D mutant CFTR potentiator, and RES may present a novel class of therapeutic lead compounds in treating cystic fibrosis.
    Pharmazie 11/2013; 68(11):877-81. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Isoalantolactone, a sesquiterpene lactone, possesses anti-fungal as well as cytotoxic properties. In this study, the effects of Isoalantolactone on cell viability, cell cycle, and apoptosis were investigated in human gastric adenocarcinoma SGC-7901 cells. The results demonstrated that Isoalantolactone induced morphological changes and decreased cell viability. Subsequently, we found that Isoalantolactone induced G2/M and S phase arrest, which was associated with a decrease in the expression level of cyclin B1. Apoptosis triggered by Isoalantolactone was visualized using propidium iodide (PI) and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. Isoalantolactone-induced apoptosis of SGC-7901 cells was associated with the dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ m) that was due to the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and up-regulation of Bax that led to the cleavage of caspase-3. Additionally, it was found that Isoalantolactone was involved in the inhibition of phosphorylation of PI3K/Akt. Isoalantolactone-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis of SGC-7901 cells involve mitochondria-caspase and PI3K/Akt dependent pathways, which gives the rationale for in vivo studies on the utilization of Isoalantolactone as a potential cancer therapeutic compound.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 07/2013; · 1.54 Impact Factor
  • International journal of cardiology 02/2013; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate neointimal coverage obtained using a new method of polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent (PCS) implantation combined with underlying longer sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation using optical coherence tomography. Nine patients were enrolled in this study, including patients with coronary artery perforations, original coronary aneurysms, and acquired coronary aneurysms after drug-eluting stent implantation. All patients were first treated with long SES implantation and then with focal PCS implantation. Postprocedural and follow-up angiographic and optical coherence tomographic examinations were performed in all patients, and intravascular ultrasound was performed in 5 patients. All patients were asymptomatic during follow-up, without recurrent angina. There was no stent-edge or stent-segment binary restenosis. Values of late loss for proximal SES segments, PCS segments, and distal SES segments were similar (0.09, 0.07, and 0.04 mm, respectively, p = 0.8113). The mean neointimal thickness of PCS was less than that of proximal and distal SES. However, no malapposed cross sections or uncovered cross sections were found in PCS segments compared with SES segments (p = 0.0011). In conclusion, the combination of PCS and underlying longer SES implantation can offer better angiographic follow-up results. High-resolution optical coherence tomography provided convincing proof of full neointimal coverage of PCS. This new method of combined PCS and SES implantation may be a better choice compared with direct PCS implantation in certain clinical settings.
    The American journal of cardiology 01/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can suppress dendritic cells (DCs) maturation and function, mediated by soluble factors, such as indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), and nitric oxide (NO). Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a common immunosuppressive cytokine, and the downstream signaling of the JAK-STAT pathway has been shown to be involved with DCs differentiation and maturation in the context of cancer. Whether IL-10 and/or the JAK-STAT pathway play a role in the inhibitory effect of MSCs on DCs maturation remains controversial. In our study, we cultured MSCs and DCs derived from rat bone marrow under different culturing conditions. Using Transwell plates, we detected by ELISA that the level of IL-10 significantly increased in the supernatants of MSC-DC co-cultures at 48 hours. The cell immunofluorescence assay suggested that the MSCs secreted more IL-10 than the DCs in the co-cultures. Adding exogenous IL-10 to the DCs monoculture or MSC-DC co-cultures stimulated IL-10 and led to a decrease in IL-12, and lower expression of the DCs surface markers CD80, CD86, OX62, MHC-II and CD11b/c. Supplementing the culture with an IL-10 neutralizing antibody (IL-10NA) showed precisely the opposite effect of adding IL-10. Moreover, we demonstrated that the JAK-STAT signaling pathway is involved in inhibiting DCs maturation. Both JAK1 and STAT3 expression and IL-10 secretion decreased markedly after adding a JAK inhibitor (AG490) to the co-culture plate. We propose that there is an IL-10 positive feedback loop, which may explain our observations of elevated IL-10 and enhanced JAK1 and STAT3 expression. Overall, we demonstrated that MSCs inhibit the maturation of DCs through the stimulation of IL-10 secretion, and by activating the JAK1 and STAT3 signaling pathway.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e55487. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because of their regenerative and paracrine abilities, cardiac stem cells (CSCs) are the most appropriate, optimal and promising candidates for the development of cardiac regenerative medicine strategies. However, native and exogenous CSCs in ischemic hearts are exposed to various pro-apoptotic or cytotoxic factors preventing their regenerative and paracrine abilities. We examined the effects of H2O2 on mouse CSCs (mCSCs), and observed that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) treatment induces mCSCs apoptosis via the caspase 3 pathway, in a dose-dependent manner. We then examined the effects of Wnt1 over-expression on H2O2-induced apoptosis in mCSCs and observed that Wnt1 significantly decreased H2O2-induced apoptosis in mCSCs. On the other hand, inhibition of the canonical Wnt pathway by the secreted frizzled related protein 2 (SFRP2) or knockdown of β-catenin in mCSCs reduced cells resistance to H2O2-induced apoptosis, suggesting that Wnt1 predominantly prevents H2O2-induced apoptosis through the canonical Wnt pathway. Our results provide the first evidences that Wnt1 plays an important role in CSCs' defenses against H2O2-induced apoptosis through the canonical Wnt1/GSK3β/β-catenin signaling pathway.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(3):e58883. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) on the regulation of inflammatory cytokines induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the reduction of neointimal formation in rabbits. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rabbits subjected to iliac artery balloon injury were randomly divided into three groups: control group (balloon injury), LPS group (LPS + balloon injury) and UTI group (UTI + LPS + balloon injury). Systemic markers of inflammation (serum IL-1β and TNF-α levels measured by ELISA) were increased after LPS administration. Arterial nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB/p65) at 28 days after injury was 31.50 ± 7.08 % of total cells in controls and 73.50 ± 6.90 % in LPS group (P < 0.05). Morphometric analysis of the injured arteries at 28 days revealed significantly increased luminal stenosis (45.81 ± 5.31 vs 27.93 ± 2.85 %, P < 0.05) and neointima-to-media ratio (1.40 ± 0.15 vs 0.68 ± 0.12, P < 0.05) in LPS-treated animals compared with controls. This effect was reduced by UTI administration. Serum IL-1β and TNF-α levels and NF-κB/p65 expression were significantly increased in correlation with the severity of intimal hyperplasia and inhibited by UTI. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic inflammatory response concurrently with arterial vascular injury facilitated neointimal formation. UTI reduced neointimal hyperplasia by regulating inflammatory response and could be considered as a potential anti-restenosis supplement.
    Agents and Actions 10/2012; · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evodiamine, an alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa, possesses potent anticancer activity. Although many reports have elucidated the cytotoxic effects of evodiamine in a variety of cancer cells, little is known about the mechanism of evodiamine-induced cytotoxic activity in gastric cancer cells. To date, no report has addressed the synchronized role of autophagy and apoptosis in evodiamine-induced cytotoxic activity. This study was conducted to investigate the synchronized role of autophagy and apoptosis in evodiamine-induced cytotoxic activity on SGC-7901 human gastric adenocarcinoma cells and further to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. The MTT assay was used to examine the cytotoxicity of evodiamine against SGC-7901 gastric adenocarcinoma cells. The effects of evodiamine on the cell cycle and apoptosis were measured by flow cyto-metry and cellular morphology was observed under a phase contrast microscope. Acridine orange (AO) staining was used to detect autophagy. The expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by Western blotting. The expression level of Beclin‑1 in SGC-7901 cells was monitored by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Here, we found that evodiamine significantly inhibited the proliferation of SGC-7901 cells and induced G2/M phase cell cycle arrest. Furthermore, both autophagy and apoptosis were activated during the evodiamine-induced death of SGC-7901 cells. Evodiamine-induced autophagy is partially involved in the death of SGC-7901 cells which was confirmed by using the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA). Additionally, Beclin-1 is involved in evodiamine-induced autophagy and the pro-apoptotic mechanisms of evodiamine may be associated with down-regulation of Bcl-2 and up-regulation of Bax expression. The inhibitory effects on SGC-7901 cells were associated with apoptosis, autophagy and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that evodiamine is an effective natural compound for the treatment of gastric cancer and may represent a candidate for in vivo studies of monotherapies or combined antitumor therapies.
    Oncology Reports 05/2012; 27(5):1481-7. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can promote vasa vasorum (VV) proliferation for atherosclerosis in vivo is unclear. Eighteen rabbits with atherosclerosis were randomly assigned into one of three groups of six. Group A received biweekly injections of 10 mL saline after 2 weeks of balloon injury. Groups B and C received biweekly intravenous injections of 3.0 μg LPS in 10 mL saline at weeks 10 and 4, respectively, until study termination. LPS significantly increased the levels of triglycerides and C-reactive protein and decreased the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Group C had significant larger plaques and more macrophages than group A (p = 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively). Contrast enhancement ultrasound imaging and histological detection demonstrated that plaques in group C had a significantly higher VV density than that in group A (p = 0.009 and p = 0.002, respectively). In summary, VV proliferation for plaque destabilization can be accelerated by LPS-induced systemic inflammation and changes in lipid profiles.
    Inflammation 04/2012; 35(4):1530-7. · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • Journal of medicinal plant research 04/2012; · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test the hypothesis that over-expressing miR-499 in rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) induces them to differentiate into cardiomyocyte-like cells through the wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Rat BM-MSCs were infected with lentiviral vectors bearing miR-499. The expression of cardiac-specific markers, NKx2.5, GATA4, MEF2C, and cTnI in these cells were examined by rtPCR or Western blot analysis and the activity of the wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway was evaluated by measuring the phosphorylation status of β-catenin. Over-expression of miR-499 in rat BM-MSCs increased the expression of cardiac-specific genes, such as NKx2.5, GATA4, MEF2C, and cTnI and decreased the ratio of phosphorylated/dephosphorylated β-catenin in the wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, thus activating the pathway. Knocking down the expression of Dvl, an adaptor molecule in the wnt/β-catenin signaling, partially blocked the role of the miR-499 and decreased those cardiac-specific genes. Over-expression of miR-499 in rat BM-MSCs induces them toward cardiac differentiation through the activating the wnt/β-catenin signal pathway.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2012; 420(4):875-81. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Artemisia argyi is a widely used medicinal plant in China. The present study was designed to identify the bioactive constituents with antiglioma activity from leaves of Artemesia argyi. A bioactivity guided approach based on MTT assay for cells growth inhibition led to the isolation of a flavonoid, "jaceosidin" from ethanol extract of leaves of Artemesia argyi. The growth inhibitory effect of jaceosidin was explored using flow cytometry and Western blot studies. Our results showed that jaceosidin exerts growth inhibitory effect by arresting the cells at G2/M phase and induction of apoptosis. Furthermore, our study revealed that induction of apoptosis was associated with cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, upregulation of p53 and Bax, decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c, and activation of caspase 3. This mitochondrial-caspase-3-dependent apoptosis pathway was confirmed by pretreatment with caspase 3 inhibitor, Ac-DEVD-CHO. Our findings suggested that jaceosidin induces mitochondrial-caspase-3-dependent apoptosis in U87 cells by arresting the cell cycle at G2/M phase.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2012; 2012:703034. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer with the second highest mortality rate worldwide. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are generally used for the treatment of stomach cancer but only limited clinical response is shown by these therapies and still no effectual therapy for advanced gastric adenocarcinoma patients is available. Therefore, there is a need to identify other therapeutic agents against this life-threatening disease. Plants are considered as one of the most important sources for the development of anticancer drugs. Magnolol, a natural compound possesses anticancer properties. However, effects of Magnolol on human gastric cancer remain unexplored. The effects of Magnolol on the viability of SGC-7901 cells were determined by the MTT assay. Apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential and cell cycle were evaluated by flow cytometry. Protein expression of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3 and PI3K/Akt was analysed by Western blotting. Magnolol induced morphological changes in SGC-7901 cells and its cytotoxic effects were linked with DNA damage, apoptosis and S-phase arrest in a dose-dependent manner. Magnolol triggered the mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis pathway as shown by an increased ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), and sequential activation of caspase-3 and inhibition of PI3K/Akt. Additionally, Magnolol induced autophagy in SGC-7901 cells at high concentration but was not involved in cell death. Magnolol-induced apoptosis of SGC-7901 cells involves mitochondria and PI3K/Akt-dependent pathways. These findings provide evidence that Magnolol is a promising natural compound for the treatment of gastric cancer and may represent a candidate for in vivo studies of monotherapies or combination antitumor therapies.
    International Journal of Oncology 11/2011; 40(4):1153-61. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypersensitivity and inflammatory responses to polymers may be responsible for late stent thrombosis after implantation of a drug-eluting stent (DES). Polymer-free DES may reduce the prevalence of these adverse reactions in vessels. We evaluated a polymer-free paclitaxel-eluting-stent with a nanoporous surface (nano-PES) for endothelialization and inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and pathology in a porcine model. Nano-PES with high-dose (HD) and low-dose (LD) paclitaxel (1.0 μg/mm(2) and 0.4 μg/mm(2), respectively) was compared with a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and bare-metal stent (BMS) in a porcine model. Fifty-three stents (14 HD, 14 LD, 14 SES, 11 BMS) were implanted in 18 minipigs. At 14 days, nano-PES with HD and LD showed more complete endothelialization compared with SES. BMS had 100% endothelial coverage. At 28 days, a significant reduction in neointimal hyperplasia was detected by OCT in the nano-PES HD group compared with BMS. No benefit in prevention of the neointimal hyperplasia was observed in the nano-PES LD group. Nano-PES stents showed decreased deposition of fibrin and inflammation compared with SES. Pharmacokinetic studies revealed that nano-PES could effectively deliver the drug to the local coronary artery and it released the drug more rapidly than SES. Such a release profile was favorable for rapid endothelialization of nano-PES. The present study showed the nano-PES to be a new drug-delivery technology; that it used a nanoporous stent surface; that it offered desirable drug-elution properties without the use of polymers; that it may translate into an improved safety profile for next-generation DES.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 09/2011; 98(4):629-37. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tannins extracted from immature fruits of Terminalia chebula Fructus Retz. are considered as effective components promoting the process of wound healing. The objective of this study is to explore the optimal extraction and purification technology (OEPT) of tannins, while studying the use of this drug in the treatment of a cutaneous wound of rat as well as its antibacterial effects. The content of tannin extracts was measured by the casein method, and antibacterial ability was studied by the micro-dilution method in vitro. In wound healing experiment, animals in group Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ were treated with vaseline ointment, tannin extracts (tannin content: 81%) and erythromycin ointment, respectively (5 mg of ointment were applied on each wound). To evaluate the process of wound healing, selected pharmacological and biochemical parameters were applied. After optimal extraction and purification, content of tannin extracts was increased to 81%. Tannin extracts showed the inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella Pneumonia in vitro. After excision of wounds, on days 7 and 10, the percent of wound contraction of group Ⅱ was higher than that of group Ⅰ. After being hurt with wounds, on days 3, 7, and 10, the wound healing quality of group Ⅱ was found to be better than that of group Ⅰ in terms of granulation formation and collagen organization. After wound creation, on day 3, the vascular endothelial growth factor expression of group Ⅱ was higher than that of group Ⅰ. The results suggest that tannin extracts from dried immature fruits of Terminalia chebula Fructus Retz. can promote cutaneous wound healing in rats, probably resulting from a powerful anti-bacterial and angiogenic activity of the extracts.
    BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2011; 11:86. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: he study was designed to find novel and targeted anticancer compounds from the Chinese herbs. For this purpose, we screened the ethanol extract of 300 herbs against SGC-7901 cells. Sophora flavescen was also one of them that showed potential cytotoxic activity. The target compound isolated from it and analyzed on analytical HPLC. The chromatogram showed that there was only one peak and the purity was 97%. The ESI-MS spectrum showed two molecular ions: m/z 424(M+) and 438(M+). Furthermore, combining the data of 1HNMR and 13CNMR, it was deduced that this product was a mixture of two compounds; kuraridin (1) and Nor-kurarinone (2). The concentration was [1]:[2]=9:10, the chemical structural formulae are C25H28O6 and C26H30O6. In this study, mechanism involved by the mixture of compounds 1 and 2-induced growth inhibition including apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest in human gastric adenocarcinoma SGC-7901 cells was examined for the first time. The mixture of compounds 1 and 2 triggered the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, as demonstrated by loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, reduction in the Bcl-2/Bax ratio, and significant activation and cleavage of caspase-3. Additionally, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was also increased by the mixture of compounds 1 and 2. Taken together, our results indicated that the cytotoxic efficacy of the mixture of compounds 1 and 2 was mainly due to induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2011; 12. · 1.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

75 Citations
51.15 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2014
    • Harbin Medical University
      • • Department of Pharmacology
      • • Department of Cardiology
      Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China
  • 2013
    • Massachusetts General Hospital
      • Division of Cardiology
      Boston, MA, United States
  • 2011–2013
    • Liaoning Normal University
      • School of Life Science
      Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China
  • 2012
    • Northeast Normal University
      • Membrane Channel Research Laboratory
      Hsin-ching, Jilin Sheng, China