[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent studies have identified a variant, rs4845625, in the interleukin-6 receptor (IL6R) gene associated with Atrial Fibrillation (AF). Levels of circulating interleukin-6 and other proinflammatory molecules have consistently been associated with a risk for AF and its recurrence after catheter ablation. This study tested the hypothesis that variant rs4845625 is associated with AF recurrence after catheter ablation in a Chinese Han population.
PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e99623. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptors, also known as NMDA Receptors or NMDAR, are glutamate receptors that control calcium ion channels and regulate synaptic plasticity. Acute NMDAR activation can induce ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). However, the influence of chronic NMDAR activation on cardiac electrophysiology remains unknown.
Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 05/2014; · 1.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Depression is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Excessive sympathetic activation and serious myocardial remodeling may contribute to this association. The aim of this study was to discuss the effect of depression on sympathetic activity and myocardial remodeling after MI. Wild-type (WT) rats were divided into a sham group (Sham), a myocardial infarction group (MI), a depression group (D), and a myocardial infarction plus depression group (MI+D). Compared with controls, the MI+D animals displayed depression-like behaviors and attenuated body weight gain. The evaluation of sympathetic activity showed an increased level in plasma concentrations of epinephrine and norepinephrine and higher expression of myocardial tyrosine hydroxylase in the MI+D group than the control groups (p<0.05 for all). Cardiac function and morphologic analyses revealed a decreased fractional shortening accompanied by increased left ventricular dimensions, thinning myocardium wall, and reduced collagen repair in the MI+D group compared with the MI group (p<0.05 for all). Frequent premature ventricular contractions, prolonged QT duration and ventricular repolarization duration, shorted effective refractory period, and increased susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmia were displayed in MI+D rats. These results indicate that sympathetic hyperactivation and exacerbated myocardial remodeling may be a plausible mechanism linking depression to an adverse prognosis after MI.
PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(7):e101734. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Cholinergic nerve plays an important role in the induction and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). Cholinergic innervation at supraventricular tissues is considered to be the histological basis and intervention-associated target site for the arrhythmia; however, the distribution of cholinergic nerve in supraventricular tissues has not been clearly studied. In this study, we investigated the cholinergic nerve innervation in canine supraventricular regions of hearts. METHODS: We performed histological and immunohistochemical staining on canine tissues of left atrial appendage (LAA), right atrial appendage (RAA), left atrium (LA), right atrium (RA), atrial septum (AS), crista terminalis (CT), pulmonary vein (PV), and super vena cava (SVC) using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and antibodies to choline acetyltransferase. RESULTS: Normal canine cardiovascular histological structures were shown from H&E staining. Cholinergic nerve densities at LAA and RAA were significantly higher than LA, which was higher than RA, but no significant difference was observed between LAA and RAA. Furthermore, RA was significantly higher than AS, CT, PV, and SVC and there were no significant differences among the latter four. CONCLUSION: The heterogeneity of different densities of cholinergic nerve innervation of canine supraventricular regions establishes the histological basis of cholinergic nerve-mediated pathological conditions.
Journal of Cardiology 02/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The anomalous mole fraction effect (AMFE) is an important indicator of ion-ion interactions in the pore of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs). The residues at position 1144 that differ in several classes of VGCCs are important to the permeation of the pore. Phe-1144 (F, CaV1) was substituted with glycine (G, CaV2) and lysine (K, CaV3) and the effects of mutation on the voltage and concentration dependency of AMFE were observed. Whole-cell currents were recorded in external solutions with Ca2+ and Ba2+ at the indicated ratios with a total divalent cation concentration of 2, 10 or 20 mM, at holding potentials from -80 to -20 mV. Results showed the ratio of Ba2+ to Ca2+ currents determined at 2 mM to be different from that determined under higher concentrations for wild-type channels but this ratio was not different when tail currents were evoked at different potentials. AMFE was greatest at relatively positive potentials (-20 mV) and when the total divalent cation concentrations were kept low (2 mM). AMFE was attenuated for F/G while it was accentuated for F/K compared with wild-type, respectively. The results demonstrated that glycine and lysine substitutions of Phe-1144 affect AMFE through different mechanisms. Additionally, residues at position 1144 were shown to be major determinates of channel permeation of several classes of VGCCs.
Molecular Medicine Reports 11/2012; · 1.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the effects of renal sympathetic denervation on inducibility of atrial fibrillation (AF) during rapid atrial pacing.
Thirteen dogs were selected and divided into control group (n = 7) and renal artery ablation group (RAA) (n = 6). In the control group, the animals were subjected to atrial pacing at 800 beats/min for 7 hours. And atrial effective refractory period (AERP) and induced AF were measured hourly during non-pacing. In the RAA group, after each renal artery ablation, the procedures of pacing and electrophysiological measurement were nearly the same as those in the control group. Blood was collected before and after pacing to measure the levels of rennin, angiotensin AngII (AngII) and aldosterone.
There was a persistent decrease in AERP in both groups. However, after a 7-hour pacing, induced number of times and duration of AF were higher in the control group than those in the RAA group. The plasma concentrations of rennin and aldosterone increased significantly after 7-hour rapid pacing in the control group (rennin: (120 ± 31) to (185 ± 104) pg/ml, P < 0.01, aldosterone: (288 ± 43) to (370 ± 110) pg/ml, P = 0.01). No significant difference existed in the levels of AngII at pre- and post-pacing in the control group ((160 ± 48) to (189 ± 164) pg/ml, P = 0.23). The levels of rennin and aldosterone showed a decreasing trend in the RAA group. But there was no statistical significance.
Episodes of AF during short-time rapid atrial pacing may be decreased by renal sympathetic denervation. This effect is probably related with the decreased activity of RAAS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anxiety appears to be more common in patients with coronary artery disease (CHD) than in the general population, and anxiety symptoms may precede onset of CHD and play an important role in development of CHD. Little is known about the prevalence of anxiety symptoms in Chinese patients with premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Our objective was to study anxiety symptoms and potential risk factors in a Chinese population with PVCs but without structural heart disease.
The Zung self-rating anxiety scale (ZSAS) was used to assess anxiety symptoms. Correlation between anxiety symptoms and socio-demographics and medical factors were analyzed by Logistic regression.
Of 1144 patients with PVCs (487 males and 657 females), age (53 ± 23) years old, disease duration 1 month to 24 years, a total of 381 (33.3%) patients were categorized as having anxiety symptoms. Anxiety symptoms increased with age, low income, low education level, nationality, PVC count/24 hours, bad social support, village settlement type (P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression indicated that six variables-education level, ethnic minorities, dwelling place, age, PVC count/24 hours, and social support-significantly and independently related with anxiety symptoms (P < 0.05).
In the Chinese population, anxiety symptoms in subjects with PVCs were frequent. Education level, ethnic minorities, dwelling place, age, PVC count/24 hours, and social support were independent risk factors for anxiety symptoms. Further research on the relationship between PVCs and anxiety symptoms in China is necessary.
Chinese medical journal 07/2012; 125(14):2466-71. · 0.90 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous studies indicate resveratrol pretreatment can protect cardiomyocytes. However, it is largely unknown whether resveratrol protects cardiomyocytes when applied at reperfusion. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether resveratrol given at reoxygenation could protect cardiomyocytes under the anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) condition and to examine the underlying mechanism. In this study, primary cultures of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were randomly distributed into three groups: control group, A/R group (cultured cardiomyocytes were subjected to 3 h anoxia followed by 2 h reoxygenation), and the resveratrol group (cardiomyocytes were subjected to 3 h anoxia/2 h reoxygenation, and 5, 10 or 20 µM resveratrol was applied 5 min after reoxygenation). In order to evaluate cardiomyocyte damage, cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, caspase-3 activity, and apoptosis were analyzed by the cell counting kit (CCK)-8 assay, colorimetric method and flow cytometry, respectively. The mRNA and protein expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 protein and I-κBα protein levels were also examined by western blot analysis. The levels of proinﬂammatory cytokines in the culture medium were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We found that resveratrol prevented a reduction in cell viability, decreased the amount of LDH release, attenuated apoptotic cells and decreased caspase-3 activity induced by A/R in cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, resveratrol treatment significantly attenuated the TLR4 expression, inhibited NF-κB activation and reduced the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β caused by A/R injury in the culture medium. Treatment with resveratrol shortly after the onset of reoxygenation improves cell survival and attenuates A/R-induced inflammatory response. This protection mechanism is possibly related to the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine 04/2012; 29(4):557-63. · 1.96 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the current status of chronic heart failure (CHF) in Hubei province and analyze the epidemiology of CHF including the general condition, etiology and pharmacological therapy.
Data of in-hospital patients with CHF were investigated between 2000 and 2010 from 12 hospitals in Hubei Province. Inclusion criteria: over 18 years of age, organic heart disease and with the symptom of HF including dyspnea and fatigue. Patients with a history of myocardial infarction in the prior 12 months, congenital heart disease, pericardial disease and the history of cancer were excluded.
(1) A total of 12 450 patients were enrolled (7166 male, 57.56%). The average age was (62.0 ± 14.5) years. Patients in the scale of age ≥ 80, 70 - 79, 60 - 69, 50 - 59, 40 - 49 and < 40 was 9.53% (1187/12 450), 30.80% (3835/12 450), 23.45% (2920/12 450), 18.81% (2342/12 450), 10.73% (1336/12 450) and 6.67% (830/12 450), respectively (P < 0.01). The NYHA class I, II, III and IV was 0.60%, 23.20%, 50.31% and 26.50%, respectively. (2) The age of patients was significant reduced from 2000 - 2003, 2004 - 2006 to 2007 - 2010 [(66.4 ± 14.1) years, (64.9 ± 14.4) years and (64.2 ± 14.8) years, P < 0.01]. (3) The major causes of CHF were hypertension (31.54%), coronary heart disease (28.24%), dilated cardiomyopathy (26.57%) and rheumatic valvular heart disease (17.49%). The most frequent etiology for CHF was rheumatic valvular heart disease in patients aged less than 40 years old, dilated cardiomyopathy in patients aged 40 - 49 and 50 - 59 years and hypertension in patients aged 60-69, 70-79 and ≥ 80 years. (4) Drug use was as follows: Digitalis (47.49%), diuretics (68.75%), ACEI (50.66%), β-blocker (44.06%) and aldosterone antagonist (53.08%). Use of digitalis (Wald χ(2) = 903.41, P < 0.01;r = 0.271, P < 0.01), diuretics (Wald χ(2) = 818.05, P < 0.01; r = 0.249, P < 0.01), aldosterone antagonists (Wald χ(2) = 76.92, P < 0.01; r = 0.091, P < 0.01) increased while the β-blocker (Wald χ(2) = 160.65, P < 0.01; r = -0.117, P < 0.01) declined in proportion to NYHA class increase.
The age of in-hospital patients with CHF declined in the previous 10 years. The primary etiology was hypertension for aged CHF in-hospital patients with CHF. There was big gap between guideline recommended standard therapy and current drug use for in-hospital patients with CHF in Hubei province.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 06/2011; 39(6):549-52.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The feasibility and safety of the transradial approach for catheter ablation of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) have not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of transradial approach for catheter ablation in ILVT patients.
Thirty consecutive ILVT patients with negative Allen's test undergoing catheter ablation via transradial approach were enrolled to compare the safety and efficacy with 30 other ILVT patients who previously underwent catheter ablation via transfemoral approach.
Ablation was successfully performed in all patients. In the transradial group, the total procedural and the fluoroscopy time (42.8 ± 6.9 min and 9.7 ± 1.9 min, respectively) were significantly shorter when compared with transfemoral group (52.8 ± 8.4 min and 11.5 ± 2.1 min, respectively) (both P < 0.05). The two groups were similar in the number of current applications (4.1 ± 0.8 vs. 4.4 ± 1.1, P > 0.05), the power energy (47.3 ± 7.3 vs. 49.7 ± 6.9 W, P > 0.05), and the total duration of current application (110.3 ± 15.6 vs. 112.3 ± 16.5 s, P > 0.05), respectively. The duration of hospitalization in transradial group was shorter than that in transfemoral group (4.1 ± 0.9 vs. 5.8 ± 1.1 days, P < 0.05). During follow-up, there was no recurrence of tachycardia in all patients. One patient in transfemoral group developed access site complications while none occurred in the transradial group.
The transradial approach is feasible and safe for catheter ablation of ILVT.
Clinical Research in Cardiology 01/2011; 100(1):37-43. · 3.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of curcumin on sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase in heart failure rabbits.
Rabbit heart failure model was made with aortic regurgitation and abdominal aorta constriction and 40 rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups including: (1) heart failure treated with curcumin; (2) heart failure treated with placebo; (3) healthy control treated with curcumin and (4) healthy control treated with placebo. All rabbits were administrated with curcumin capsules or placebo capsules 100 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), respectively. All groups were sacrificed after eight weeks. Myocardial ultrastructural organization was detected by transmission electron microscope. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase in mRNA and protein levels, respectively. Malachite green colorimetric assay was used to evaluate the activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase.
All detected parameters were similar between control curcumin group and control placebo group. Compared with the control groups (Groups 3 and 4), the heart/body weight ratio was significantly increased in the heart failure-curcumin group (Group 1) and the heart failure-placebo group (Group 2, all P < 0.05), but the ratio was significantly lower in heart failure-curcumin group than in heart failure-placebo group (P < 0.05). The degree of heart failure was decreased by curcumin. Activity and mRNA and protein expression for sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase were significantly reduced in the heart failure-placebo group and which could be significantly attenuated by curcumin (all P < 0.05).
Curcumin could improve cardiac function via upregulating the expression of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase in this model.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 04/2010; 38(4):369-73.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ventricular arrhythmia in chronic heart failure (CHF) is considered to be associated with stimulation of β-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs). Three classes of β-ARs have been identified; importantly, distinct from β1 and β2 subtypes, β3-AR could inhibit arrhythmia. Intracellular Ca2+ is considered as a predominant effecter of arrhythmia during heart failure. However, the exact role of β3-AR in arrhythmia and Ca2+ regulation in CHF is not clear yet. Therefore, we studied the effect of BRL37344, a specific β3-AR activator, on CHF-related ventricular arrhythmia and cellular Ca2+ transport. Rabbits with CHF induced by combined aortic insufficiency and aortic constriction were treated with BRL37344 in the presence or absence of β1-AR and β2-AR stimulation. We then evaluated the current produced by sodium calcium exchanger (INCX), an electrical marker of abnormal Ca2+ removal through ion transporter protein sodium calcium exchanger (NCX), Ca2+ transient, a sign of Ca2+ entering the cell, concentration of Ca2+ in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) (SR Ca2+ load) and its abnormal release (SR Ca2+ leak). After treatment with BRL37344, the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias induced by infusion of a β1-AR or β2-AR activator decreased significantly. Similarly, β3-AR stimulation remarkably inhibited increase of INCX, Ca2+ transient, SR Ca2+ load and leak induced by activation of β1-AR or β2-AR. SR59230A, a specific β3-AR blocker, abolished the inhibitory effects of BRL37344. These results suggest that β3-AR activation could inhibit ventricular arrhythmia through regulating intracellular Ca2+. Thus, β3-AR is a feasible therapeutic target that holds promise in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias in CHF.
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 01/2010; 222(3):167-74. · 1.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the properties of electrophysiology and effects of ouabain upon transient outward potassium current (I(to)) and L-type calcium current (I(Ca-L)) of left atrium posterior wall (LAPW) and left atrium appendage tissue (LAA)in rabbit so as to provide the scientific explanations that LAPW and ouabain can enhance atrial fibrillation (AF) vulnerability through increasing electrophysiological heterogeneity and electrical remodeling of different regions of left atrium in rabbits.
Atrial myocytes from LAPWs and LAAs of rabbits on an in vitro heart perfusion system were obtained by enzymatic dissociation. The whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to assess the effects of ouabain upon I(to) and I(Ca-L). The current-voltage (I-V) curves of I(to) and I(Ca-L) in LAPW and LAA myocytes were fitted before and after ouabain administration.
(1) With holding potential +50 mV and commanding potential +50 mV, the current densities of LAPW I(to) decreased slightly less than that of LAA I(to) in control groups (P > 0.05). After ouabain administration, the current densities of LAPW I(to) were significantly larger than that of LAA I(to) [(10.97 +/- 0.58) pA/pF vs (9.39 +/- 0.83) pA/pF, P < 0.05]. The I-V curve of LAPW I(to) was slightly lowered to I-V curve of LAA I(to) in control groups. But with perfusion of ouabain, the I-V curve of LAPW I(to) opposed to I-V curve of LAA I(to) significantly changed from the bottom to the top with the same upward direction. (2) With the voltage clamp protocol of I(Ca-L), the current densities of LAPW I(Ca-L) markedly decreased compared with that of LAA I(Ca-L) in control groups (P < 0.05). With the addition of ouabain, the peak of amplitude of LAPW I(Ca-L) at +20 mV obviously increased to that of LAA I(Ca-L) [(-11.13 +/- 0.99) pA/pF vs (-8.86 +/- 0.51) pA/pF, P < 0.01]. In the control groups, the I-V curve of LAPW I(Ca-L) was shifted to the bottom of all I-V curves of I(Ca-L). Through the effects of ouabain, the I-V curve of LAPW I(Ca-L) was completely upgraded to the top of other I-V curves of I(Ca-L). However, all shapes and directions of current peak of I-V curves of I(Ca-L) remained unchanged in both groups.
The distribution properties of I(Ca-L) have significant difference in LAPW. Ouabain can accentuate the electrophysiological heterogeneity and electrical remodeling of I(to) and I(Ca-L) in LAPW of rabbits. It may become the triggering factor and persisting basis of AF vulnerability.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our objective was to study depressive symptoms and potential risk factors in Chinese persons with premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) without structural heart disease.
The Zung self-rating depression scale (ZSDS) was used to assess depressive symptoms. Correlations between depressive symptoms and sociodemographic and medical factors were analyzed by logistic regression.
Prevalence of depressive symptoms in coronary heart disease (CHD) is higher that in the general population and those for the majority of other chronic symptoms in patients with premature ventricular contractions (PUCS).
Of 1,144 patients with PVCs (488 males, 656 females), age 51 +/- 23 years, disease duration 1 mo - 23 y, a total of 309 (27%) patients were categorized as having depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms increased with age, income, education level, nationality, PVC count/24h, society support, and settlement type (p < 0.05). Univariate logistic regression showed that being female, level of education, age, settlement type, and PVC count/24h significantly correlated with depressive symptoms (p < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression indicated that 5 variables-female sex, education level, settlement type, age, and PVC count/24h significantly and independently related with depressive symptoms (p < 0.05).
In the Chinese population, depressive symptoms in subjects with PVCs were frequent. The village settlement type, female sex, age, PVC count/24h, and education level were independent risk factors for depressive symptoms. Further research on the relationship between PVCs and depressive symptoms in China is necessary.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) has been increasingly used for the treatment of various kinds of cardiac arrhythmias over the past 20 years. RFCA of symptomatic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) has been reported to be a safe and effective treatment option and may be considered in patients with extremely symptomatic or incapacitating cases who do not respond to medications. Long-term prognosis in patients with truly idiopathic PVCs is excellent, despite frequent recurrences of tachycardia. Sudden death is rare in patients with initially normal left and right ventricular function, in such patients, occult cardiomyopathy is usually identified on postmortem examination. Similarly, progression to diffuse cardiomyopathy is rare. Ablation of PVCs may equal that of supraventricular tachycardia in terms of success rate, safety. These new views will help understand the diagnosis and treatment method for frequent PVCs in patients without heart disease.
Medical Hypotheses 07/2009; 73(5):818-20. · 1.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The safety and efficacy of the transradial approach for radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of left-sided atrioventricular accessory pathways (APs) was evaluated in the present study.
Included were 40 consecutive patients with type A Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome who underwent RFCA via the radial artery route, and 30 patients with type A WPW syndrome who underwent RFCA via the transfemoral approach (controls) were retrospectively chosen for control. All 45 APs in the 40 patients were successfully ablated: 35 APs were successfully blocked with 1 ablation attempt, and the other 10 APs were ablated after 2-4 attempts. Compared with the transfemoral approach, the total procedure time for the transradial approach was longer (40 +/- 7.7 vs 32.4 +/- 8.7 min, P<0.05) and the fluoroscopic time was similar (7.2 +/- 2.2 vs 7.9 +/- 3.9 min, P>0.05). There were no vascular complications in the transradial group, but 2 patients in the transfemoral developed local hematoma. There was no recurrence of arrhythmia in either group.
The transradial approach is a safe and effective access for RFCA of left-sided APs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of Curcumin on rabbits with chronic heart failure.
Heart failure was induced by combined aortic regurgitation and aortic stenosis in 20 New Zealand rabbits and treated with placebo (HF, n = 10) and Curcumin (Cur, 100 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1), n = 10) for 8 weeks, 10 sham operated rabbits served as controls (Con). Echocardiography was performed in all rabbits at baseline and 8 weeks later. Aortic diameter (AO), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS), left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVDs), left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVDd), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPW) and interventricular septum thickness (IVS) were measured. Myocardial matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 expressions and fibrosis were determined by immunohistochemistry and Masson staining respectively.
Compared to baseline, LVEF and LVFS were significantly decreased, AO, LVDs, LVDd, LVPW, and IVS significantly increased at 8 weeks after operation in HF group while these changes could be significantly attenuated in Curcumin treated rabbits. The protein expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly down-regulated in HF group and could be significantly up-regulated by Curcumin treatment. The increased collagen deposition in HF group was also significantly reduced by Curcumin treatment.
Curcumin attenuated left ventricular dysfunction and remodeling by up-regulating MMPs expressions and reducing myocardial fibrosis.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 03/2009; 37(3):262-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of recombinant BmKIM (poly-peptide derived from Asian Scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch) on the sodium current (I(Na)) of isolated ventricular myocytes, transmembrane action potential and aconitine induced arrhythmia in vivo in rabbits.
Ventricular myocytes were enzymatically dissociated from adult rabbits. Whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to record voltage-dependent I(Na). Standard transmembrane action potentials in rabbit hearts in vivo were recorded by using floating glass microelectrodes. Incidence of arrhythmias, the early after depolarization (EAD) and/or delay after depolarization (DAD) were measured in vivo in rabbits post aconitine (100 microg/kg, iv) in the absence or presence of BmKIM (50 microg/kg iv).
(1) BmKIM significantly inhibited I(Na) in a voltage-dependent manner and significantly shifted the I-V curves of I(Na) upward. BmKIM left shifted the inactivation curve of I(Na) and voltages at 50% inactivation of I(Na) were changed from (-70.8 +/- 2.6) mV to (-84.8 +/- 3.5) mV (P < 0.05). BmKIM prolonged the recovery of inactivation of I(Na). In the presence of BmKIM, the time constants of recovery (both tau(f) and tau(s)) of I(Na) were significantly prolonged from (28.9 +/- 6.1) ms and (107 +/- 21.6) ms in control group to (54.2 +/- 7.9) ms (P < 0.05) and (211.1 +/- 34.6) ms (P < 0.01), respectively. (2) BmKIM significantly shortened 50% and 90% of action potential duration (APD(50) and APD(90)), and reduced action potential amplitude (APA), declined maximum up stroke velocity of action potential (V(max)) in vivo. The Q-T duration was shortened and heart rate significantly increased post BmKIM injection. (3) Incidence of aconitine induced ventricular arrhythmias (77.8%) was significantly reduced by BmKIM (22.2%, P < 0.01).
BmKIM significantly blocked I(Na) through affecting the inactivated state of I(Na) in rabbit ventricular myocytes. BmKIM could attenuate the influx of I(Na), therefore shorten action potential duration and reduce action potential amplitude and reduce the incidence of aconitine induced arrhythmias.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 02/2009; 37(2):102-7.