Are you CLAS Collaboration?

Claim your profile

Publications (29)5.66 Total impact

  • Source
    CLAS Collaboration, W. Gohn, H. Avakian, K. Joo, M. Ungaro
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have measured the moment $A_{LU}^{\sin\phi}$ corresponding to the polarized electron beam-spin asymmetry in SIDIS. $A_{LU}^{\sin\phi}$ is a twist-3 quantity providing information about quark-gluon correlations. Data were taken with the CLAS Spectrometer at Jefferson Lab using a 5.498 GeV longitudinally polarized electron beam and an unpolarized liquid hydrogen target. All three pion channels ($\pi^+$, $\pi^0$ and $\pi^-$) were measured simultaneously over a large range of kinematics within the virtuality range $Q^2 \approx$ 1.0-4.5 GeV$^2$. The observable was measured with good statistical precision over a large range of $z$, $P_T$, $x_B$, and $Q^{2}$, which permits comparison with several reaction models. The discussed measurements provide an upgrade in statistics over previous measurements, and serve as the first evidence for the negative sign of the $\pi^{-}$ $\sin\phi$ moment.
    02/2014;
  • Source
    H. Y. Lu, R. A. Schumacher, CLAS Collaboration
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the first observation of the line shape of the $\Lambda(1405)$ from electroproduction, and show that it is not a simple Breit-Wigner resonance. Electroproduction of $K^+ \Lambda(1405)$ off the proton was studied by using data from CLAS at Jefferson Lab in the range $1.0<Q^2<3.0$ (GeV/c)$^2$. The analysis utilized the decay channels $\Sigma^+ \pi^-$ of the $\Lambda(1405)$ and $p \pi^0$ of the $\Sigma^+$. Neither the standard (PDG) resonance parameters, nor free parameters fitting to a single Breit-Wigner resonance represent the line shape. In our fits, the line shape corresponds approximately to predictions of a two-pole meson-baryon picture of the $\Lambda(1405)$, with a lower mass pole near 1368 MeV/c$^2$ and a higher mass pole near 1423 MeV/c$^2$. Furthermore, with increasing photon virtuality the mass distribution shifts toward the higher mass pole.
    07/2013;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Exclusive $\pi^0$ electroproduction at a beam energy of 5.75 GeV has been measured with the Jefferson Lab CLAS spectrometer. Differential cross sections were measured at more than 1800 kinematic values in $Q^2$, $x_B$, $t$, and $\phi_\pi$, in the $Q^2$ range from 1.0 to 4.6 GeV$^2$,\ $-t$ up to 2 GeV$^2$, and $x_B$ from 0.1 to 0.58. Structure functions $\sigma_T +\epsilon \sigma_L, \sigma_{TT}$ and $\sigma_{LT}$ were extracted as functions of $t$ for each of 17 combinations of $Q^2$ and $x_B$. The data were compared directly with two handbag-based calculations including both longitudinal and transversity GPDs. Inclusion of only longitudinal GPDs very strongly underestimates $\sigma_T +\epsilon \sigma_L$ and fails to account for $\sigma_{TT}$ and $\sigma_{LT}$, while inclusion of transversity GPDs brings the calculations into substantially better agreement with the data. There is very strong sensitivity to the relative contributions of nucleon helicity flip and helicity non-flip processes. The results confirm that exclusive $\pi^0$ electroproduction offers direct experimental access to the transversity GPDs.
    06/2012;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We searched for the Phi--(1860) pentaquark in the photoproduction process off the deuteron in the Xi- pi- decay channel using CLAS. The invariant mass spectrum of the Xi- pi- system does not indicate any statistically significant enhancement near the reported mass M = 1.860 GeV. The statistical analysis of the sideband-subtracted mass spectrum yields a 90% confidence level upper limit of 0.7 nb for the photoproduction cross section of Phi--(1860) with a consecutive decay into Xi- pi- in the photon energy range 4.5 GeV < Egamma < 5.5 GeV.
    Physical Review C 09/2011; 85(1). · 3.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    M Osipenko, CLAS Collaboration
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on the measurement of inclusive electron scattering off a carbon target performed with CLAS at Jefferson Laboratory. A combination of three different beam energies 1.161, 2.261 and 4.461 GeV allowed us to reach an invariant mass of the final-state hadronic system W~2.4 GeV with four-momentum transfers Q2 ranging from 0.2 to 5 GeV2. These data, together with previous measurements of the inclusive electron scattering off proton and deuteron, which cover a similar continuous two-dimensional region of Q2 and Bjorken variable x, permit the study of nuclear modifications of the nucleon structure. By using these, as well as other world data, we evaluated the F2 structure function and its moments. Using an OPE-based twist expansion, we studied the Q2-evolution of the moments, obtaining a separation of the leading-twist and the total higher-twist terms. The carbon-to-deuteron ratio of the leading-twist contributions to the F2 moments exhibits the well known EMC effect, compatible with that discovered previously in x-space. The total higher-twist term in the carbon nucleus appears, although with large systematic uncertainites, to be smaller with respect to the deuteron case for n<7, suggesting partial parton deconfinement in nuclear matter. We speculate that the spatial extension of the nucleon is changed when it is immersed in the nuclear medium. Comment: 37 pages, 15 figures
    02/2010;
  • Source
    CLAS Collaboration, M Battaglieri, R De Vita, A. P. Szczepaniak
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on the results of the first measurement of exclusive $f_0(980)$ meson photoproduction on protons for $E_\gamma=3.0 - 3.8$ GeV and $-t = 0.4-1.0$ GeV$^2$. Data were collected with the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The resonance was detected via its decay in the $\pi^+ \pi^-$ channel by performing a partial wave analysis of the reaction $\gamma p \to p \pi^+ \pi^-$. Clear evidence of the $f_0(980)$ meson was found in the interference between $P$ and $S$ waves at $M_{\pi^+ \pi^-}\sim 1$ GeV. The $S$-wave differential cross section integrated in the mass range of the $f_0(980)$ was found to be a factor of 50 smaller than the cross section for the $\rho$ meson. This is the first time the $f_0(980)$ meson has been measured in a photoproduction experiment.
    11/2008;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The photoproduction of vector mesons on various nuclei has been studied using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Laboratory. The vector mesons, $\rho$, $\omega$, and $\phi$, are observed via their decay to $e^+e^-$, in order to reduce the effects of final state interactions in the nucleus. Of particular interest are possible in-medium effects on the properties of the $\rho$ meson. The $\rho$ spectral function is extracted from the data on various nuclei, carbon, iron, and titanium, and compared to the spectrum from liquid deuterium, which is relatively free of nuclear effects. We observe no significant mass shift for the $\rho$ meson; however, there is some widening of the resonance in titanium and iron, which is consistent with expected collisional broadening. Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures
    07/2007;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The cross section and decay angular distributions for the coherent \phi meson photoproduction on the deuteron have been measured for the first time up to a squared four-momentum transfer t =(p_{\gamma}-p_{\phi})^2 =-2 GeV^2/c^2, using the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The cross sections are compared with predictions from a re-scattering model. In a framework of vector meson dominance, the data are consistent with the total \phi-N cross section \sigma_{\phi N} at about 10 mb. If vector meson dominance is violated, a larger \sigma_{\phi N} is possible by introducing larger t-slope for the \phi N \to \phi N process than that for the \gamma N \to \phi N process. The decay angular distributions of the \phi are consistent with helicity conservation. Comment: 6 pages
    03/2007;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Experimental data on the F2 structure functions of the proton and deuteron, including recent results from CLAS at Jefferson Lab, have been used to construct their n<=12 moments. A comprehensive analysis of the moments in terms of the operator product expansion has been performed to separate the moments into leading and higher twist contributions. Particular attention was paid to the issue of nuclear corrections in the deuteron, when extracting the neutron moments from data. The difference between the proton and neutron moments was compared directly with lattice QCD simulations. Combining leading twist moments of the neutron and proton we found the d/u ratio at x->1 approaching 0, although the precision of the data did not allow to exclude the 1/5 value. The higher twist components of the proton and neutron moments suggest that multi-parton correlations are isospin independent.
    11/2006;
  • Source
    M Osipenko, S. Simula, S. Kulagin, G Ricco, CLAS Collaboration
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The experimental data on F2 structure functions of the proton and deuteron were used to construct their moments. In particular, recent measurements performed with CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab allowed to extend our knowledge of structure functions in the large-x region. The phenomenological analysis of these experimental moments in terms of the Operator Product Expansion permitted to separate the leading and higher twist contributions. Applying nuclear corrections to extracted deuteron moments we obtained the contribution of the neutron. Combining leading twist moments of the neutron and proton we found d/u ratio at x->1 approaching 0, although 1/5 value could not be excluded. The twist expansion analysis suggests that the contamination of higher twists influences the extraction of the d/u ratio at x->1 even at Q2-scale as large as 12 (GeV/c)^2. Comment: To appear in proceedings of Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum VII Conference, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, 2-7 September 2006
    10/2006;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The ratios of inclusive electron scattering cross sections of He4, C12 and Fe56 to He3 have been measured at 1 < x_B < 3. At Q^2 > 1.4 GeV^2, the ratios exhibit two separate plateaus, at 1.5 < x_B < 2 and at x_B > 2.25. This pattern is predicted by models that include 2- and 3-nucleon short-range correlations (SRC). Relative to A=3, the per-nucleon probabilities of 3-nucleon SRC are 2.3, 3.2, and 4.6 times larger for A=4, 12 and 56. This is the first measurement of 3-nucleon SRC probabilities in nuclei. \\ Comment: 5 pages, 1 figure
    08/2005;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Single spin azimuthal asymmetries ALT′ were measured at Jefferson Lab using 2.2 and 4.4 GeV longitudinally polarised electrons incident on 4He and 12C targets in the CLAS detector. ALT′ is related to the imaginary part of the longitudinal-transverse interference and in quasifree nucleon knockout it provides an unambiguous signature for final state interactions (FSI). Experimental values of ALT′ were found to be below 5%, typically |ALT′|⩽3% for data with good statistical precision. Optical model in eikonal approximation (OMEA) and relativistic multiple-scattering Glauber approximation (RMSGA) calculations are shown to be consistent with the measured asymmetries.
    Nuclear Physics A 01/2005; 748:357-373. · 1.53 Impact Factor
  • R. C. Minehart, CLAS Collaboration
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on the status of an extensive program to study the scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from longitudinally polarized NH3 and ND3 targets using the CLAS detector at JLab. The data span a range inQ 2 from 0.05–4.5 (GeV/c)2 and a range inW, the γ* N invariant mass, up to about 3 GeV. With the excellent particle identification available with the CLA, both inclusive and exclusive scattering can be studied. The experimental techniques are reviewed and some preliminary results are presented. This paper focuses on extraction of the spin structure functiongg 1 for the proton and the deuteron.
    Czechoslovak Journal of Physics 12/2004; 55:A109-A118. · 0.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two-proton correlations at small relative momentum q were studied in the eA(3He, 4He, C, Fe)-> e'ppX reaction at E_0 = 4.46 GeV using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. The enhancement of the correlation function at small q was found to be in accordance with theoretical expectation. Emission region sizes were extracted and proved to be dependent on A and proton momentum. The size of the two-proton emission region on the lightest possible nucleus, He, was measured for the first time. Comment: 14 pages, 2 figures
    05/2004;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the first evidence for a nonzero beam-spin azimuthal asymmetry in the electroproduction of positive pions in the deep-inelastic kinematic region. Data for the reaction ep-->e'pi+X have been obtained using a polarized electron beam of 4.3 GeV with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The amplitude of the sin phi modulation increases with the momentum of the pion relative to the virtual photon, z. In the range z=0.5 0.8 the average amplitude is 0.038±0.005±0.003 for a missing mass MX>1.1 GeV and 0.037±0.007±0.004 for MX>1.4 GeV.
    01/2004;
  • Source
    CLAS Collaboration, R A Niyazov, L B Weinstein
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have measured the 3He(e,e'pp)n reaction at 2.2 GeV over a wide kinematic range. The kinetic energy distribution for `fast' nucleons (p > 250 MeV/c) peaks where two nucleons each have 20% or less, and the third nucleon has most of the transferred energy. These fast pp and pn pairs are back-to-back with little momentum along the three-momentum transfer, indicating that they are spectators. Experimental and theoretical evidence indicates that we have measured distorted two-nucleon momentum distributions by striking the third nucleon and detecting the spectator correlated pair. Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, submitted to PRL
    08/2003;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Double-polarization asymmetries for inclusive $ep$ scattering were measured at Jefferson Lab using 2.6 and 4.3 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons incident on a longitudinally polarized NH$_3$ target in the CLAS detector. The polarized structure function $g_1(x,Q^2)$ was extracted throughout the nucleon resonance region and into the deep inelastic regime, for $Q^2 = 0.15 -1.64 $GeV$^2$. The contributions to the first moment $\Gamma_1(Q^2) = \int g_1(x,Q^2)dx$ were determined up to $Q^2=1.2$ GeV$^2$. Using a parametrization for $g_1$ in the unmeasured low $x$ regions, the complete first moment was estimated over this $Q^2$ region. A rapid change in $\Gamma_1$ is observed for $Q^2 < 1 $GeV$^2$, with a sign change near $Q^2 = 0.3 $GeV$^2$, indicating dominant contributions from the resonance region. At $Q^2=1.2$ GeV$^2$ our data are below the pQCD evolved scaling value. Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett
    06/2003;
  • Source
    CLAS Collaboration, K Lukashin, E S Smith
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We studied the exclusive reaction e p --> e' p' phi using the phi --> K^+ K^- decay mode. The data were collected using a 4.2 GeV incident electron beam and the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. Our experiment covers the range in Q^2 from 0.7 to 2.2 GeV^2, and W from 2.0 to 2.6 GeV. Taken together with all previous data, we find a consistent picture of phi production on the proton. Our measurement shows the expected decrease of the t-slope with the vector meson formation time c Delta tau below 2 fm. At = 0.6 fm, we measure b_phi = 2.27 +- 0.42 GeV^-2. The cross section dependence on W as W^{0.2+-0.1} at Q^2 = 1.3 GeV^2 was determined by comparison with phi production at HERA after correcting for threshold effects. This is the same dependence as observed in photoproduction. Comment: 13 pages, LaTeX, 16 eps figures, 3 tables, submitted to Phys Rev C; revised Fig 9 and Subsec "Differential Cross Section"
    01/2001;
  • Physics Letters B. 672(1):12-16.