[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: P24 protein is the major core protein of HIV virus particle and has been suggested as a specific target for antiviral strategies. Recombinant p24 protein with natural antigenic activity would be useful for various studies, such as diagnostic reagents and multi-component HIV vaccine development. The aim of this study was to express and purify the p24 protein in soluble form in E.coli.
According to the sequence of the p24 gene, a pair of primers was designed, and the target sequence of 700 bp was amplified using PCR. The PCR product was cloned into pQE30 vector, generating the recombinant plasmid pQE30-p24. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that the His-tagged recombinant p24 protein was highly expressed in soluble form after induction in E. coli strain BL21. The recombinant protein was purified by nickel affinity chromatography and used to react with HIV infected sera. The results showed that the recombinant p24 protein could specifically react with the HIV infected sera. To study the immunogenicity of this soluble recombinant p24 protein, it was used to immunize mice for the preparation of polyclonal antibody. Subsequent ELISA and Western-Blot analysis demonstrated that the p24 protein had proper immunogenicity in inducing mice to produce HIV p24 specific antibodies.
In this work, we report the high level soluble expression of HIV-1 p24 protein in E. coli. This soluble recombinant p24 protein specifically react with HIV infected sera and elicit HIV p24 specific antibodies in mice, indicating this soluble recombinant p24 protein could be a promising reagent for HIV diagnosis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) will inevitably develop Alzheimer disease (AD) neuropathology sometime after middle age, which may be attributable to genes triplicated in individuals with DS. The characteristics of AD neuropathology include neuritic plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal loss in various brain regions. The mechanism underlying neurodegeneration in AD and DS remains elusive. Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of DS. Our data show that RCAN1 expression is elevated in the cortex of DS and AD patients. RCAN1 expression can be activated by the stress hormone dexamethasone. A functional glucocorticoid response element was identified in the RCAN1 isoform 1 (RCAN1-1) promoter region, which is able to mediate the up-regulation of RCAN1 expression. Here we show that overexpression of RCAN1-1 in primary neurons activates caspase-9 and caspase-3 and subsequently induces neuronal apoptosis. Furthermore, we found that the neurotoxicity of RCAN1-1 is inhibited by knock-out of caspase-3 in caspase-3(-/-) neurons. Our study provides a novel mechanism by which RCAN1 functions as a mediator of stress- and Aβ-induced neuronal death, and overexpression of RCAN1 due to an extra copy of the RCAN1 gene on chromosome 21 contributes to AD pathogenesis in DS.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2011; 286(11):9049-62. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is a pre-synaptic plasma membrane protein. SNAP-25 plays an important role in synaptic vesicle membrane docking and fusion, which is involved in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. SNAP-25 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders including Schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and Alzheimer's disease. We cloned a 1584 bp segment of the 5' flanking region of the human SNAP-25 gene. A series of nested deletions of the 5' flanking region fragment were subcloned into the pGL3-basic luciferase reporter plasmid. N2A cells were transfected with the SNAP-25 promoter constructs and luciferase activity was measured as an indication of promoter activity. We identified a 188 bp fragment containing the transcription initiation site as the minimal region necessary for promoter activity. Several putative cis-acting elements including SP1, hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), cAMP-response element binding protein, T-cell factor/lymphocyte enhancer factor 1 (TCF/LEF1), AP1 and the signal transducer and activator of transcription-6 (STAT6) are found in the 5' flanking region of SNAP-25 gene. Transcriptional activation and gel shift assays showed that the human SNAP-25 gene promoter contains functional SP1 response elements. Over-expression of SP1 increased SNAP-25 gene expression and inhibition of SP1-mediated transcriptional activation reduced SNAP-25 gene expression. These results suggest that SP1 plays an important role in regulation of the human SNAP-25 gene expression.
Journal of Neurochemistry 05/2008; 105(2):512-23. · 3.97 Impact Factor