Bing Li

Huazhong (Central China) Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei, China

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Publications (12)30.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The annexins are a multifamily of calcium-regulated phospholipid-binding proteins. To investigate the roles of annexins in fiber development, four genes encoding putative annexin proteins were isolated from cotton and designated AnnGh3, AnnGh4, AnnGh5 and AnnGh6. Quantitative RT-PCR results indicated that AnnGh3, AnnGh4 and AnnGh5 were preferentially expressed in fibers, while the transcripts of AnnGh6 were predominantly accumulated in roots. During fiber development, the transcripts of AnnGh3/4/5 genes were mainly accumulated in rapidly elongating fibers. With fiber cells further developed, their expression activity was dramatically declined to a relatively low level. In situ hybridization results indicated that AnnGh3 and AnnGh5 were expressed in initiating fiber cells (0-2 DPA). Additionally, their expression in fibers was also regulated by phytohormones and [Ca(2+) ]. Subcellular localization analysis discovered that AnnGh3 protein was localized in the cytoplasm. Overexpression of AnnGh3 in Arabidopsis resulted in a significant increase in trichome density and length on leaves of the transgenic plants, suggesting that AnnGh3 may be involved in fiber cell initiation and elongation of cotton.
    Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 05/2013; · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intersectin-2L(ITSN-2L) is a long isoform of ITSN family, which is a multimodule scaffolding protein functioning in membrane-associated molecular trafficking and signal transduction pathways. ITSN-2L possesses a carboxy-terminal extension encoding a Dbl homology domain (DH), a pleckstrin homology domain (PH) and a C2 domain, suggesting that it could act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho-like GTPases. But the role of C2 domain is obscure in this process. Here we report the crystal structure of human ITSN-2L C2 domain at 1.56 Å resolution. The sequence and structural alignment of ITSN-2L C2 domain with other members of C2 domain protein family indicate its vital cellular roles in membrane trafficking, the generation of lipid-second messengers and activation of GTPases. Moreover, our data show the possible roles of ITSN-2L C2 domain in regulating the activity of Cdc42.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2012; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The G10P[15] rotavirus CC0812-1 isolated from a diarrheal woman in Wuhan, China, in 2008 is phylogenetically close to the Lanzhou lamb rotavirus (LLR) of a monovalent human rotavirus vaccine produced by the Lanzhou Institute of Biological Products, China, and rotavirus Lamb-NT. This rotavirus can be used as the backbone of the attenuated rotavirus reassortant as a rotavirus vaccine candidate. In this study, rotavirus CC0812-1 was purified from the culture supernatant of CC0812-1-infected MA104 cells and used as antigen to immunize BALB/c mice. Four hybridoma clones were developed secreting antibodies that reacted with CC0812-1, designated as 1B1, 1B8, 1F11, and 1G10, respectively. Western blot analysis indicated that the four monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were all specific for VP4 of rotavirus CC0812-1. Isotyping revealed that MAbs 1B1, 1B8, and 1G10 belonged to the IgM class, while MAb 1F11 belonged to the IgG1 subclass. A neutralization test demonstrated that the four MAbs all had the capacity to neutralize rotavirus CC0812-1. The neutralizing titers of the BALB/c mice ascites were 1:2048, 1:1024, 1:512, and 1:512 for MAbs 1B1, 1B8, 1F11, and 1G10, respectively.
    Hybridoma (2005) 08/2012; 31(4):279-83. · 0.33 Impact Factor
  • Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology 07/2012; 55(2):177-80. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA ladder fragments, regarded as a biochemical hallmark of apoptosis, have been separated quickly and successfully by capillary electrophoresis. Inter-nucleosomal DNA fragmentations induced by xylitol selenite were determined for the first time, while hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) was served as the sieving matrix in dynamic sieving capillary electrophoresis. The calibration curve (r(2) = 0.991) was established and multiples of two different nucleosomes (140 and 180 bp) were formed in the presence of xylitol selenite. Selenium compounds inhibited carcinogenesis in animal models, SMMC-7221 cells and several other cells by increasing apoptosis. The described method was useful in elucidating the anticancer activities of xylitol selenite and other selenium compounds, which was more effective to detect small fragments than slab gel electrophoresis.
    Biotechnology Letters 05/2012; 34(9):1617-21. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Amino acid adenylation domains (A domains) are critical enzymes that dictate the identity of the amino acid building blocks to be incorporated during nonribosomal peptide (NRP) biosynthesis. NRPs represent a large group of valuable natural products that are widely applied in medicine, agriculture, and biochemical research. Salinispora arenicola CNS-205 is a representative strain of the first discovered obligate marine actinomycete genus, whose genome harbors a large number of cryptic secondary metabolite gene clusters. In order to investigate cryptic NRP-related metabolites in S. arenicola CNS-205, we cloned and identified the putative gene sare0718 annotated "amino acid adenylation domain". Firstly, the general features and possible functions of sare0718 were predicted by bioinformatics analysis, which suggested that Sare0718 is a soluble protein with an AMP-binding domain contained in the sequence and its cognate substrate is L-Val. Then, a GST-tagged fusion protein was expressed and purified to further explore the exact adenylation activity of Sare0718 in vitro. By a newly mentioned nonradioactive malachite green colorimetric assay, we found that L-Ala but not L-Val is the actual activated amino acid substrate and the basic kinetic parameters of Sare0718 for it are K(m) = 0.1164±0.0159 (mM), V(max) = 3.1484±0.1278 (µM/min), k(cat) = 12.5936±0.5112 (min(-1)). By revealing the biochemical role of sare0718 gene, we identified an alanine-activating adenylation domain in marine actinomycete Salinispora arenicola CNS-205, which would provide useful information for next isolation and function elucidation of the whole cryptic nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-related gene cluster covering Sare0718. And meanwhile, this work also enriched the biochemical data of A domain substrate specificity in newly discovered marine actinomycete NRPS system, which bioinformatics prediction will largely depend on.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(5):e37487. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asthma is a complex pulmonary inflammatory disease, which is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, variable airflow obstruction and inflammation in the airways. The majority of asthma is allergic asthma, which is a disease caused by type I hypersensitivity mediated by IgE. Exposures to a number of environmental chemicals are suspected to lead to asthma, one such pollutant is di-(2-ethylheyl) phthalate (DEHP). DEHP is a manufactured chemical that is commonly added in plastic products to make them flexible. Epidemiological studies have revealed a positive association between DEHP exposure and asthma prevalence. The present study was aimed to determine the underlying role of DEHP exposure in airway reactivity, especially when combined with allergen exposure. The biomarkers include pulmonary histopathology, airway hyperresponsiveness (lung function), IgE, IL-4, IFN-γ and eosinophils. Healthy balb/c mice were randomly divided into eight exposure groups (n = 8 each): (1) saline control, (2) 30 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, (3) 300 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, (4) 3000 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, and (5) ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized group, (6) OVA-combined with 30 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, (7) OVA-combined with 300 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, and (8) OVA-combined with 3000 µg/(kg•d) DEHP. Experimental tests were conducted after 52-day DEHP exposure and subsequently one week of challenge with aerosolized OVA. The principal findings include: (1) Strong postive associations exist between OVA-combined DEHP exposure and serum total IgE (T-IgE), as well as histological findings. These positive associations show a dose-dependent low dose sensitive effect of DEHP. (2) IL-4, eosinophil recruitment and lung function are also indicators for adjuvant effect of DEHP. Our results suggest that except the significant changes of immunological and inflammatory biomarkers (T-IgE, IL-4, IFN-γ and eosinophils), the pulmonary histological (histopathological examination) and physiological (lung function) data also support that DEHP may promote and aggravate allergic asthma by adjuvant effect.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(6):e39008. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asthma is a complex pulmonary inflammatory disease, which is characterized by airway hyper-responsiveness, airflow obstruction, and airway inflammation. Exposure to a number of chemicals including formaldehyde (FA) can lead to asthma. This study aimed to explore the underlying role of FA exposure in occupational asthma, especially when it is combined with allergen exposure. Balb/c mice were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6/group): (1) saline control; (2) ovalbumin (OVA)-immunized (OVA(imm)) only; (3) 0.5 mg FA/m(3) exposure; (4) OVA(imm) + 0.5 mg FA/m(3); (5) 3.0 mg FA/m(3) FA exposure; and, (6) OVA(imm) + 3.0 mg FA/m(3). These low and high exposure FA levels were adopted from current (0.5 mg/m(3)) and original (3.0 mg/m(3)) Chinese Occupational Threshold Limit Values. Experiments were conducted after 3 week of combined exposure and a 1-week challenge with aerosolized OVA. Airway hyper-responsiveness, pulmonary tissue damage, eosinophil infiltration, and increased interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-6 levels in lung tissues were found in the OVA + 3.0 mg FA/m(3) hosts as compared to values seen in the OVA-immunized only mice. The results here suggest to us that FA exposure can induce and aggravate asthma in Balb/c mice when it is combined with OVA immunization.
    Journal of Immunotoxicology 08/2011; 8(4):305-14. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The great advances of nanomaterials have brought out broad important applications, but their possible nanotoxicity and risks have not been fully understood. It is confirmed that exposure of environmental particulate matter (PM), especially ultrafine PM, are responsible for many lung function impairment and exacerbation of pre-existing lung diseases. However, the adverse effect of nanoparticles on allergic asthma is seldom investigated and the mechanism remains undefined. For the first time, this work investigates the relationship between allergic asthma and nanosized silicon dioxide (nano-SiO₂). Ovalbumin (OVA)-treated and saline-treated control rats were daily intratracheally administered 0.1 ml of 0, 40 and 80 µg/ml nano-SiO₂ solutions, respectively for 30 days. Increased nano-SiO₂ exposure results in adverse changes on inspiratory and expiratory resistance (Ri and Re), but shows insignificant effect on rat lung dynamic compliance (Cldyn). Lung histological observation reveals obvious airway remodeling in 80 µg/ml nano-SiO₂-introduced saline and OVA groups, but the latter is worse. Additionally, increased nano-SiO₂ exposure also leads to more severe inflammation. With increasing nano-SiO₂ exposure, IL-4 in lung homogenate increases and IFN-γ shows a reverse but insignificant change. Moreover, at a same nano-SiO₂ exposure concentration, OVA-treated rats exhibit higher (significant) IL-4 and lower (not significant) IFN-γ compared with the saline-treated rats. The percentages of eosinophil display an unexpected result, in which higher exposure results lower eosinophil percentages. This was a preliminary study which for the first time involved the effect of nano-SiO₂ to OVA induced rat asthma model. The results suggested that intratracheal administration of nano-SiO₂ could lead to the airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and the airway remolding with or without OVA immunization. This occurrence may be due to the Th1/Th2 cytokine imbalance accelerated by the nano-SiO₂ through increasing the tissue IL-4 production.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(2):e17236. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), the most important textile crop worldwide, often encounters water stress such as drought or waterlog during its growth season (Summer). To investigate molecular mechanism of water regulation in cotton plants, three cDNAs encoding the plasma membrane intrinsic protein (PIP) were isolated from cotton root cDNA library, and designated GhPIP1;1, GhPIP2;1 and GhPIP2;2, respectively. All of the three PIP proteins displayed water channel activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes. GhPIP2;1 and GhPIP2;2 proteins, however, showed much higher water transport activity than that of the GhPIP1;1 protein. Northern blot analysis revealed that all of the three genes were preferentially expressed in young roots. Further analysis by Real-time quantitative RT-PCR revealed that the transcripts of all the three genes were accumulated at high levels in 3-day-old young roots, but dramatically declined to much lower levels in 6-14 days old roots during seedling development, suggesting that expressions of the isolated GhPIP genes are developmentally regulated in roots. Additionally, expressions of the three genes were remarkably up-regulated or down-regulated under different stresses such as NaCl, cold, PEG (polyethylene glycol) treatments. Collectively, the results suggest that these genes may be involved in root development and in response to stresses.
    Plant Cell Reports 11/2008; 28(2):291-300. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fasciclin-like arabinogalactan proteins (FLAs), a subclass of arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs), are usually involved in cell development in plants. To investigate the expression profiling as well as the role of FLA genes in fiber development, 19 GhFLA genes (cDNAs) were isolated from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Among them, 15 are predicted to be glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored to the plasma membranes. The isolated cotton FLAs could be divided into four groups. Real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction results indicated that the GhFLA genes are differentially expressed in cotton tissues. Three genes (GhFLA1/2/4) were specifically or predominantly expressed in 10 days post-anthesis fibers, and the transcripts of the other four genes (GhFLA6/14/15/18) were accumulated at relatively high levels in cotton fibers. Furthermore, expressions of the GhFLA genes are regulated in fiber development and in response to phytohormones and NaCl. The identification of cotton FLAs will facilitate the study of their roles in cotton fiber development and cell wall biogenesis.
    Physiologia Plantarum 07/2008; 134(2):348-59. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pollution of phthalates, including di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), is widespread because of their use in plastics and other daily consumer products. Epidemiological studies have shown that the largest source of general population exposure to DEHP is on dietary. Studies have suggested an association between exposure to phthalate plasticisers, and increased prevalence of asthma. To investigate the adjuvant effect of DEHP on asthmatic pathological changes in ovalbumin-immunised rat model. Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups (eight rats of each group): (1) saline; (2) ovalbumin (OVA); (3) OVA+DEHP 0.7mg·kg·d; (4) OVA+DEHP 70 mg·kg·d; and (5) DEHP 70 mg·kg·d. DEHP treatment groups which were administered to 0.7 mg and 70 mg DEHP/kg/d by gastric gavage for 30d before and during the process of OVA immunisation or saline treatment. The in vivo pulmonary function analysis, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid collection and section histological observation were conducted. DEHP exposure could significantly increase airway hyperresponsiveness, airway remolding, and eosinophil infiltration in the OVA-immunised rats. But the DEHP exposure alone group does not show significant airway structural change and inflammatory cell infiltration, compared with control group. DEHP administered by gastric gavage play an adjuvant effect on respiratory systems in ovalbumin-immunised rat model.
    Food and Agricultural Immunology - FOOD AGRIC IMMUNOL. 01/2008; 19(4):351-362.