Bing Li

Huazhong (Central China) Normal University, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (22)61.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, as the most commonly used plasticizer, is considered to be related to the asthma prevalence. There are studies affirming that the DEHP has an adjuvant effect in the pathogenesis of allergy asthma. Oxidative stress is one possible pathway for DEHP-adjuvant effect. Thus, this study explored whether DEHP could induce adjuvant effect in mouse asthma model via oxidative stress pathway. Male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups: (1) saline group, (2) DEHP group, (3) ovalbumin (OVA) group, (4) DEHP+OVA group, (5) OVA +vitamin E (Vit E) group, (6) DEHP+OVA+Vit E group. The exposure dose of DEHP was 30 mg/kg body weight (bw)/day. After 18 days of the exposure protocol. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione (GSH) and malonaldehyde (MDA) levels and biomarkers related to asthma model were measured. Collectively, these data indicated higher ROS and MDA levels and lower GSH contents in DEHP+OVA group than that in OVA group, while Vit E, an antioxidant, could restore ROS, MDA and GSH levels to control levels and attenuate the DEHP and/or OVA effects. Our observations suggested that there was a relationship between oxidative stress and the adjuvant effect induced by DEHP in this mouse asthma model.
    06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has profound impacts on cancer progression and also on drug resistance, including epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Nowadays there is still no predictive biomarker identified for the use of EGFR-TKIs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with wild-type EGFR. To clarify the role of EMT phenotype as a predictive marker for EGFR-TKI, we performed a retrospective study in 202 stage IV or recurrent NSCLC patients receiving gefitinib or erlotinib therapy from Jun 2008 to Sep 2012 in our institute. Clinical data and EGFR mutational status were collected, while epithelial, epithelial to mesenchymal, not specified or mesenchymal phenotype were classified according to EMT markers such as E-cadherin, fibronectin, N-cadherin and vimentin by immunohistochemistry. Epithelial phenotype was more frequently found in patients with EGFR mutation (P=0.044). Epithelial phenotype was associated with a significantly higher objective response rate (23.5% vs 11.1% vs 0.0% vs 2.4% p=0.011), longer PFS (4.4 vs 1.9 vs 1.7 vs 1.0 months, P<0.001) and longer OS (11.5 vs 8.9 vs 4.5 vs 4.9 months, P<0.001) compared to epithelial to mesenchymal, not specified and mesenchymal phenotype in the wild-type EGFR subgroup. In the subgroup with EGFR mutation, the trend remained but without a statistically significant difference. In conclusion, epithelial phenotype was more likely expressed in patients with EGFR mutation and was associated with a better outcome in advanced NSCLC patients with wild-type EGFR, which indicates that the EMT phenotype might be a potential marker to guide EGFR-TKI therapy in this population. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/2014; · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    Food and Chemical Toxicology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The annexins are a multifamily of calcium-regulated phospholipid-binding proteins. To investigate the roles of annexins in fiber development, four genes encoding putative annexin proteins were isolated from cotton and designated AnnGh3, AnnGh4, AnnGh5 and AnnGh6. Quantitative RT-PCR results indicated that AnnGh3, AnnGh4 and AnnGh5 were preferentially expressed in fibers, while the transcripts of AnnGh6 were predominantly accumulated in roots. During fiber development, the transcripts of AnnGh3/4/5 genes were mainly accumulated in rapidly elongating fibers. With fiber cells further developed, their expression activity was dramatically declined to a relatively low level. In situ hybridization results indicated that AnnGh3 and AnnGh5 were expressed in initiating fiber cells (0-2 DPA). Additionally, their expression in fibers was also regulated by phytohormones and [Ca(2+) ]. Subcellular localization analysis discovered that AnnGh3 protein was localized in the cytoplasm. Overexpression of AnnGh3 in Arabidopsis resulted in a significant increase in trichome density and length on leaves of the transgenic plants, suggesting that AnnGh3 may be involved in fiber cell initiation and elongation of cotton.
    Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 05/2013; · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trypanosoma brucei is a unicellular flagellated eukaryotic parasite that causes African trypanosomiasis in human and domestic animals with devastating health and economic consequences. Recent studies have revealed the important roles of the single flagellum of T. brucei in many aspects, especially that the flagellar motility is required for the viability of the bloodstream form T. brucei, suggesting that impairment of the flagellar function may provide a promising cure for African sleeping sickness. Knowing the flagellum proteome is crucial to study the molecular mechanism of the flagellar functions. Here we present a novel computational method for identifying flagellar proteins in T. brucei, called trypanosome flagellar protein predictor (TFPP). TFPP was developed based on a list of selected discriminating features derived from protein sequences, and could predict flagellar proteins with ∼92% specificity at a ∼84% sensitivity rate. Applied to the whole T. brucei proteome, TFPP reveals 811 more flagellar proteins with high confidence, suggesting that the flagellar proteome covers ∼10% of the whole proteome. Comparison of the expression profiles of the whole T. brucei proteome at three typical life cycle stages found that ∼45% of the flagellar proteins were significantly changed in expression levels between the three life cycle stages, indicating life cycle stage-specific regulation of flagellar functions in T. brucei. Overall, our study demonstrated that TFPP is highly effective in identifying flagellar proteins and could provide opportunities to study the trypanosome flagellar proteome systematically. Furthermore, the web server for TFPP can be freely accessed at http:/wukong.tongji.edu.cn/tfpp.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e54032. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Purpose With the increasing use of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), its acquired resistance has become a major clinical problem. Recent studies revealed that miR-21 was involved into the resistance of cytotoxic agents. The aim of this study was to investigate its role in the acquired resistance of NSCLC to EGFR-TKI. Methods EGFR-TKI-sensitive human lung adenocarcinoma cell line PC9 and the acquired resistant cell line, PC9R, were used. Lentiviral vectors were used to infect PC9 or PC9R to regulate the miR-21 expression. The expression of targeted proteins PTEN and PDCD4 was controlled by RNA interference. MicroRNA array, RT-PCR and TaqMan MicroRNA Assays were used to detect miR-21 expression. The MTT and Annexin V assays were used to determine proliferation and apoptosis. Western Blot and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze target protein expression (PTEN, PDCD4, Akt, p-Akt). We also constructed PC9R xenograft tumor model to observe the relationship between miR-21 and EGFR-TKI resistance in vivo and validated it in the clinical serum specimens of NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-TKI. Result MiR-21 was overexpressed in the EGFR-TKI resistant cell line PC9R relative to PC9. The level of miR-21 was reversely correlated with the expression of PTEN and PDCD4 and positive correlated with PI3 K/Akt pathway. Inhibiting miR-21 with lentivirus vector induces apoptosis in PC9R cell line and inhibiting miR-21with ASO suppressed tumor growth in nude mice treated with EGFR-TKI. Furthermore, serum miR-21 expression in NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-TKI was significantly higher at the time of acquiring resistance than at baseline (p < 0.01). Conclusion miR-21 is involved in acquired resistance of EGFR-TKI in NSCLC, which is mediated by down-regulating PTEN and PDCD4 and activating PI3 K/Akt pathway.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 01/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intersectin-2L(ITSN-2L) is a long isoform of ITSN family, which is a multimodule scaffolding protein functioning in membrane-associated molecular trafficking and signal transduction pathways. ITSN-2L possesses a carboxy-terminal extension encoding a Dbl homology domain (DH), a pleckstrin homology domain (PH) and a C2 domain, suggesting that it could act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho-like GTPases. But the role of C2 domain is obscure in this process. Here we report the crystal structure of human ITSN-2L C2 domain at 1.56 Å resolution. The sequence and structural alignment of ITSN-2L C2 domain with other members of C2 domain protein family indicate its vital cellular roles in membrane trafficking, the generation of lipid-second messengers and activation of GTPases. Moreover, our data show the possible roles of ITSN-2L C2 domain in regulating the activity of Cdc42.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2012; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Experimental evidence suggests that the overexpression of breast cancer-specific tumor suppressor protein 1 (BRCA1) gene enhances sensitivity to docetaxel and resistance to cisplatin and ribonucleotide reductase M1 (RRM1) gene overexpression enhances resistance to gemcitabine. To further examine the effect of BRCA1 and RRM1 mRNA levels on outcome in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we performed this non-randomized phase II clinical trial which tested the hypothesis that customized therapy would confer improved outcome over non-customized therapy. RNA was isolated from fresh tumor tissue. Patients received chemotherapy regimen based on their BRCA1 and RRM1 mRNA levels: both low-cisplatin plus gemcitabine (GP); both high-vinorelbine plus cisplatin (NP); BRCA1 low and RRM1 high-cisplatin plus docetaxel (TP); BRCA1 high and RRM1 low-vinorelbine plus gemcitabine (GN). From Dec 2005 to Nov 2008, 94 metastatic and locally advanced NSCLC patients from our institute were enrolled in this study. The median age was 58 years old. Among them, 21 patients received GP, 30 patients received TP and 43 patients received NP chemotherapy. GP group had a higher response rate, and longer median time to progression (TTP) and median overall survival (OS) time than the other 2 groups. The response rates in the GP, TP and NP groups were 42.9%, 36.7% and 27.9%, respectively (P=0.568). The median TTP was 5.6, 5.0, 4.8 months (P=0.975), respectively, and the median OS time was 12.5, 11.0, 9.7 months (P=0.808), respectively. Chemotherapy customized according to BRCA1 and RRM1 expression levels is associated with higher response rate and longer TTP and OS time in the GP group. This suggests that BRCA1 and RRM1 mRNA levels could be used as biomarkers in individual therapy in NSCLC.
    Chinese Journal of Cancer Research 09/2012; 24(3):226-31. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The G10P[15] rotavirus CC0812-1 isolated from a diarrheal woman in Wuhan, China, in 2008 is phylogenetically close to the Lanzhou lamb rotavirus (LLR) of a monovalent human rotavirus vaccine produced by the Lanzhou Institute of Biological Products, China, and rotavirus Lamb-NT. This rotavirus can be used as the backbone of the attenuated rotavirus reassortant as a rotavirus vaccine candidate. In this study, rotavirus CC0812-1 was purified from the culture supernatant of CC0812-1-infected MA104 cells and used as antigen to immunize BALB/c mice. Four hybridoma clones were developed secreting antibodies that reacted with CC0812-1, designated as 1B1, 1B8, 1F11, and 1G10, respectively. Western blot analysis indicated that the four monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were all specific for VP4 of rotavirus CC0812-1. Isotyping revealed that MAbs 1B1, 1B8, and 1G10 belonged to the IgM class, while MAb 1F11 belonged to the IgG1 subclass. A neutralization test demonstrated that the four MAbs all had the capacity to neutralize rotavirus CC0812-1. The neutralizing titers of the BALB/c mice ascites were 1:2048, 1:1024, 1:512, and 1:512 for MAbs 1B1, 1B8, 1F11, and 1G10, respectively.
    Hybridoma (2005) 08/2012; 31(4):279-83. · 0.33 Impact Factor
  • Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology 07/2012; 55(2):177-80. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have revealed that EGFR mutation and/or EML4-ALK gene fusion rate was higher in the non-smoker Asian females with pulmonary adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of known oncogenic driver mutations in the female non-smoker Asian patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma. 104 consecutively resected lung adenocarcinomas from 396 non-smoker females (less than 100 cigarettes in a lifetime) at a single institution (Tongji University, Shanghai, China) were analyzed for mutations in EGFR, EML4-ALK, KRAS, HER2, BRAF, and PIK3CA. 73 (70.2 %) tumors harbored EGFR mutations; among these, 28 were deletions in exon 19, 44 were L858R missense changes, and eight were T790M mutations. 10 (9.6 %) harbored EML4-ALK fusions, two harbored KRAS mutations, two harbored BRAF mutations, and two harbored PI3K mutations. A majority of the mutations were mutually exclusive, except two with EGFR mutation and BRAF mutation, one with EML4-ALK fusions and PI3K mutation. Thus, 82.7 % (86 of 104; 95 % CI, 75.4-90.0 %) of lung adenocarcinomas from non-smoker females were found to harbor the well-known oncogenic mutations in five genes. Lung cancer in non-smoking Asian females is a distinct entity, with majority of this subgroup being developed by the oncogenic mutations. The prospective mutation examination in this population will be helpful for devising a targeted therapy for a majority of the patients.
    Cell biochemistry and biophysics 06/2012; 64(2):155-60. · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA ladder fragments, regarded as a biochemical hallmark of apoptosis, have been separated quickly and successfully by capillary electrophoresis. Inter-nucleosomal DNA fragmentations induced by xylitol selenite were determined for the first time, while hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) was served as the sieving matrix in dynamic sieving capillary electrophoresis. The calibration curve (r(2) = 0.991) was established and multiples of two different nucleosomes (140 and 180 bp) were formed in the presence of xylitol selenite. Selenium compounds inhibited carcinogenesis in animal models, SMMC-7221 cells and several other cells by increasing apoptosis. The described method was useful in elucidating the anticancer activities of xylitol selenite and other selenium compounds, which was more effective to detect small fragments than slab gel electrophoresis.
    Biotechnology Letters 05/2012; 34(9):1617-21. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement may predict the outcome of targeted drug therapy and also are associated with the efficacy of chemotherapy in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The authors of this report investigated the relation of EGFR mutation or ALK rearrangement status and the expression of DNA repair or synthesis genes, including excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1), ribonucleotide reductase subunit M1 (RRM1), thymidylate synthetase (TS), and breast cancer-early onset (BRCA1), as a potential explanation for these observations. METHODS: In total, 104 resected lung adenocarcinomas from women who were nonsmokers were analyzed concurrently for EGFR mutations, ALK rearrangements, and mRNA expression of the ERCC1, RRM1, TS, and BRCA1 genes. EGFR mutations were detected with a proprietary detection kit, ALK rearrangements were detected by polymerase chain reaction analysis, and genetic mRNA expression was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. RESULTS: Of 104 patients, 73 (70.2%) had EGFR mutations, and 10 (9.6%) had ALK rearrangements. ERCC1 mRNA levels in patients who had EGFR mutations were 3.44 ± 1.94 × 10(-3) , which were significantly lower than the levels in patients who were positive for ALK rearrangements and in patients who were negative for both biomarkers (4.60 ± 1.95 × 10(-3) and 4.95 ± 2.33 × 10(-3) , respectively; P = .010). However, TS mRNA levels were significantly lower in patients who had EGFR mutations (1.15 ± 1.38 × 10(-3) vs 2.69 ± 3.97 × 10(-3) ; P = .006) or ALK rearrangements (1.21 ± 0.78 × 10(-3) vs 2.69 ± 3.97 × 10(-3) ; P = .020) than in patients who were negative for both biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: NSCLC specimens that harbored activating EGFR mutations were more likely to express low ERCC1 and TS mRNA levels, whereas patients with NSCLC who had ALK rearrangement were more likely to express low TS mRNA levels. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 05/2012; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cisplatin is the major agent in the standard first-line chemotherapy for NSCLC. However, only a small portion of patients achieve a tumor response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy and eventually develop acquired resistance. The aim of this study was to identify potential biomarkers that could predict the efficacy of cisplatin. Human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 was exposed to cisplatin for development of a resistant cell line, A549/DDP, and cisplatin-sensitivity was tested through the MTT assay. The global protein profiles from A549 and A549/DDP were compared using a proteomic approach. Western blot, real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry validated the expression of DDH2 in cell lines and tumor xenografts. Serum levels of DDH2 were measured by ELISA in 105 NSCLC patients treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The resistance of A549/DDP to cisplatin was 8.07-fold higher than that of A549 cells. Proteomic approach identified eight differentially (>5-fold) expressed proteins. Among them, secreted protein DDH2 was further investigated and it was found overexpressed through the method of Western blot, real-time PCR in cell lines, consistent with immunohistochemistry validation in xenograft. Clinical research showed that baseline serum DDH2 level in the patients with a progression disease was significantly higher than the patients of response or stable disease (9.036 vs. 3.529 and 3.982 ng/mL, P<0.001) and serum DDH2 levels were significantly increased after cisplatin-based doublet chemotherapy (5.515 vs. 12.935 vs. 18.406 ng/mL P<0.001, respectively). DDH2 expression might be a potential predictor and monitor of cisplatin efficacy in advanced NSCLC patients.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 04/2012; 77(2):427-32. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Amino acid adenylation domains (A domains) are critical enzymes that dictate the identity of the amino acid building blocks to be incorporated during nonribosomal peptide (NRP) biosynthesis. NRPs represent a large group of valuable natural products that are widely applied in medicine, agriculture, and biochemical research. Salinispora arenicola CNS-205 is a representative strain of the first discovered obligate marine actinomycete genus, whose genome harbors a large number of cryptic secondary metabolite gene clusters. In order to investigate cryptic NRP-related metabolites in S. arenicola CNS-205, we cloned and identified the putative gene sare0718 annotated "amino acid adenylation domain". Firstly, the general features and possible functions of sare0718 were predicted by bioinformatics analysis, which suggested that Sare0718 is a soluble protein with an AMP-binding domain contained in the sequence and its cognate substrate is L-Val. Then, a GST-tagged fusion protein was expressed and purified to further explore the exact adenylation activity of Sare0718 in vitro. By a newly mentioned nonradioactive malachite green colorimetric assay, we found that L-Ala but not L-Val is the actual activated amino acid substrate and the basic kinetic parameters of Sare0718 for it are K(m) = 0.1164±0.0159 (mM), V(max) = 3.1484±0.1278 (µM/min), k(cat) = 12.5936±0.5112 (min(-1)). By revealing the biochemical role of sare0718 gene, we identified an alanine-activating adenylation domain in marine actinomycete Salinispora arenicola CNS-205, which would provide useful information for next isolation and function elucidation of the whole cryptic nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-related gene cluster covering Sare0718. And meanwhile, this work also enriched the biochemical data of A domain substrate specificity in newly discovered marine actinomycete NRPS system, which bioinformatics prediction will largely depend on.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(5):e37487. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asthma is a complex pulmonary inflammatory disease, which is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, variable airflow obstruction and inflammation in the airways. The majority of asthma is allergic asthma, which is a disease caused by type I hypersensitivity mediated by IgE. Exposures to a number of environmental chemicals are suspected to lead to asthma, one such pollutant is di-(2-ethylheyl) phthalate (DEHP). DEHP is a manufactured chemical that is commonly added in plastic products to make them flexible. Epidemiological studies have revealed a positive association between DEHP exposure and asthma prevalence. The present study was aimed to determine the underlying role of DEHP exposure in airway reactivity, especially when combined with allergen exposure. The biomarkers include pulmonary histopathology, airway hyperresponsiveness (lung function), IgE, IL-4, IFN-γ and eosinophils. Healthy balb/c mice were randomly divided into eight exposure groups (n = 8 each): (1) saline control, (2) 30 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, (3) 300 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, (4) 3000 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, and (5) ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized group, (6) OVA-combined with 30 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, (7) OVA-combined with 300 µg/(kg•d) DEHP, and (8) OVA-combined with 3000 µg/(kg•d) DEHP. Experimental tests were conducted after 52-day DEHP exposure and subsequently one week of challenge with aerosolized OVA. The principal findings include: (1) Strong postive associations exist between OVA-combined DEHP exposure and serum total IgE (T-IgE), as well as histological findings. These positive associations show a dose-dependent low dose sensitive effect of DEHP. (2) IL-4, eosinophil recruitment and lung function are also indicators for adjuvant effect of DEHP. Our results suggest that except the significant changes of immunological and inflammatory biomarkers (T-IgE, IL-4, IFN-γ and eosinophils), the pulmonary histological (histopathological examination) and physiological (lung function) data also support that DEHP may promote and aggravate allergic asthma by adjuvant effect.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(6):e39008. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AbstractBACKGROUND:Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement may predict the outcome of targeted drug therapy and also are associated with the efficacy of chemotherapy in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The authors of this report investigated the relation of EGFR mutation or ALK rearrangement status and the expression of DNA repair or synthesis genes, including excision repair cross‐complementing 1 (ERCC1), ribonucleotide reductase subunit M1 (RRM1), thymidylate synthetase (TS), and breast cancer‐early onset (BRCA1), as a potential explanation for these observations. METHODS:In total, 104 resected lung adenocarcinomas from women who were nonsmokers were analyzed concurrently for EGFR mutations, ALK rearrangements, and mRNA expression of the ERCC1, RRM1, TS, and BRCA1 genes. EGFR mutations were detected with a proprietary detection kit, ALK rearrangements were detected by polymerase chain reaction analysis, and genetic mRNA expression was detected by real‐time polymerase chain reaction analysis. RESULTS:Of 104 patients, 73 (70.2%) had EGFR mutations, and 10 (9.6%) had ALK rearrangements. ERCC1 mRNA levels in patients who had EGFR mutations were 3.44 ± 1.94 × 10−3, which were significantly lower than the levels in patients who were positive for ALK rearrangements and in patients who were negative for both biomarkers (4.60 ± 1.95 × 10−3 and 4.95 ± 2.33 × 10−3, respectively; P = .010). However, TS mRNA levels were significantly lower in patients who had EGFR mutations (1.15 ± 1.38 × 10−3 vs 2.69 ± 3.97 × 10−3; P = .006) or ALK rearrangements (1.21 ± 0.78 × 10−3 vs 2.69 ± 3.97 × 10−3; P = .020) than in patients who were negative for both biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS:NSCLC specimens that harbored activating EGFR mutations were more likely to express low ERCC1 and TS mRNA levels, whereas patients with NSCLC who had ALK rearrangement were more likely to express low TS mRNA levels. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 01/2012; 118(22). · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asthma is a complex pulmonary inflammatory disease, which is characterized by airway hyper-responsiveness, airflow obstruction, and airway inflammation. Exposure to a number of chemicals including formaldehyde (FA) can lead to asthma. This study aimed to explore the underlying role of FA exposure in occupational asthma, especially when it is combined with allergen exposure. Balb/c mice were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6/group): (1) saline control; (2) ovalbumin (OVA)-immunized (OVA(imm)) only; (3) 0.5 mg FA/m(3) exposure; (4) OVA(imm) + 0.5 mg FA/m(3); (5) 3.0 mg FA/m(3) FA exposure; and, (6) OVA(imm) + 3.0 mg FA/m(3). These low and high exposure FA levels were adopted from current (0.5 mg/m(3)) and original (3.0 mg/m(3)) Chinese Occupational Threshold Limit Values. Experiments were conducted after 3 week of combined exposure and a 1-week challenge with aerosolized OVA. Airway hyper-responsiveness, pulmonary tissue damage, eosinophil infiltration, and increased interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-6 levels in lung tissues were found in the OVA + 3.0 mg FA/m(3) hosts as compared to values seen in the OVA-immunized only mice. The results here suggest to us that FA exposure can induce and aggravate asthma in Balb/c mice when it is combined with OVA immunization.
    Journal of Immunotoxicology 08/2011; 8(4):305-14. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The great advances of nanomaterials have brought out broad important applications, but their possible nanotoxicity and risks have not been fully understood. It is confirmed that exposure of environmental particulate matter (PM), especially ultrafine PM, are responsible for many lung function impairment and exacerbation of pre-existing lung diseases. However, the adverse effect of nanoparticles on allergic asthma is seldom investigated and the mechanism remains undefined. For the first time, this work investigates the relationship between allergic asthma and nanosized silicon dioxide (nano-SiO₂). Ovalbumin (OVA)-treated and saline-treated control rats were daily intratracheally administered 0.1 ml of 0, 40 and 80 µg/ml nano-SiO₂ solutions, respectively for 30 days. Increased nano-SiO₂ exposure results in adverse changes on inspiratory and expiratory resistance (Ri and Re), but shows insignificant effect on rat lung dynamic compliance (Cldyn). Lung histological observation reveals obvious airway remodeling in 80 µg/ml nano-SiO₂-introduced saline and OVA groups, but the latter is worse. Additionally, increased nano-SiO₂ exposure also leads to more severe inflammation. With increasing nano-SiO₂ exposure, IL-4 in lung homogenate increases and IFN-γ shows a reverse but insignificant change. Moreover, at a same nano-SiO₂ exposure concentration, OVA-treated rats exhibit higher (significant) IL-4 and lower (not significant) IFN-γ compared with the saline-treated rats. The percentages of eosinophil display an unexpected result, in which higher exposure results lower eosinophil percentages. This was a preliminary study which for the first time involved the effect of nano-SiO₂ to OVA induced rat asthma model. The results suggested that intratracheal administration of nano-SiO₂ could lead to the airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and the airway remolding with or without OVA immunization. This occurrence may be due to the Th1/Th2 cytokine imbalance accelerated by the nano-SiO₂ through increasing the tissue IL-4 production.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(2):e17236. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), the most important textile crop worldwide, often encounters water stress such as drought or waterlog during its growth season (Summer). To investigate molecular mechanism of water regulation in cotton plants, three cDNAs encoding the plasma membrane intrinsic protein (PIP) were isolated from cotton root cDNA library, and designated GhPIP1;1, GhPIP2;1 and GhPIP2;2, respectively. All of the three PIP proteins displayed water channel activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes. GhPIP2;1 and GhPIP2;2 proteins, however, showed much higher water transport activity than that of the GhPIP1;1 protein. Northern blot analysis revealed that all of the three genes were preferentially expressed in young roots. Further analysis by Real-time quantitative RT-PCR revealed that the transcripts of all the three genes were accumulated at high levels in 3-day-old young roots, but dramatically declined to much lower levels in 6-14 days old roots during seedling development, suggesting that expressions of the isolated GhPIP genes are developmentally regulated in roots. Additionally, expressions of the three genes were remarkably up-regulated or down-regulated under different stresses such as NaCl, cold, PEG (polyethylene glycol) treatments. Collectively, the results suggest that these genes may be involved in root development and in response to stresses.
    Plant Cell Reports 11/2008; 28(2):291-300. · 2.51 Impact Factor