ABSTRACT: St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) is endemic in Argentina. The first outbreak was recorded in Córdoba during the late summer of 2005. This study analyzes the association between social and demographic factors and other variables related to exposure to mosquitoes with SLEV infection in 264 individuals who attended two health centers in the city of Córdoba during the period December 2004-January 2005. Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate the risk coefficients. The seroprevalence was 12.9%, similar to that in previous reports. Risks of infection were associated with the presence of garbage dumps near dwellings, the practice of outdoor activities at night and place of residence. Risk for older people (60-80 years old) was moderate. The identification of risk factors related to SLEV infection would be useful to improve programs for vector control and community health.
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 01/2008; 101(12):1248-52. · 2.16 Impact Factor